Police Community Relations Bridging the Gap

Author: WAYNE L. DAVIS, PH.D.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781503533929
Release Date: 2015-02-16
Genre: Reference

This book provides an overview of police-community relations. First, this book examines elderly people and some of their concerns. To best serve the public, the police must understand the concerns of the public. Second, this book discusses various criminal theories and their limitations. Theories are effective for understanding problems and for solving the problems. However, every theory has a limitation. Third, this book discusses ethical systems and police department orientations, which are used to judge good police officer behavior. Fourth, this book discusses communication, deviance, and dealing with disadvantaged individuals. Fifth, this book discusses hot spots, crime prevention through environmental design, community policing, and community intervention. Finally, this book discusses how to estimate the implementation of a police-community relations program and provides several examples of how to evaluate a program via academic research.

Qualitative Research

Author: Wayne L. Davis
Publisher: Balboa Press
ISBN: 9781504348249
Release Date: 2016-03-25
Genre: Social Science

This book is written for college students and focuses on qualitative research. Reading about a problem may be good (a literature review), but learning how to investigate the problem yourself is better. Research is a systematic process of collecting, analyzing, and interpreting information in order to better understand the subject of study. All research involves theory, data collection, and attempts to solve a problem by answering a question. A quantitative research study indicates how variables are numerically related and may be used to determine the method of operandi and to make predictions based on confidence levels; however, a qualitative study indicates why variables are related and may be used to determine motives. In either case, by manipulating the independent variables, the dependent variables may be effectively managed. This book presents information on qualitative research and provides a comprehensive qualitative research study.

Terrorism Homeland Security and Risk Assessment via Research Proposal 3rd ed

Author: Wayne L. Davis, Ph.D.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781499002522
Release Date: 2014-04
Genre: Terrorism

This book discusses issues related to terrorism and suggests how to perform risk assessment via academic research. First, this book discusses several behavioral disorders and theories related to crime. Theories are important because they describe the problem, they control the survey questions during a study (the instrument must be valid), and they provide possible solutions to the problem. Second, this book discusses terrorism and risk management, emergency response, HazMat scenes, agroterrorism, and some of the pros and cons of different strategies for managing terrorism. Finally, this book shows how to investigate a problem via academic research. Several research proposal examples are provided. Reading about a problem is good, but knowing how to solve a problem is better. What the readers will come to realize is that there are many assumptions and limitations related to a study, which may impact the credibility of the study. Hence, readers will come to realize the value of scholarly, peer-reviewed articles.

Critical Thinking Totality of Circumstances Third Edition

Author: Wayne L. Davis, Ph.D.
Publisher: Balboa Press
ISBN: 9781452596587
Release Date: 2014-05
Genre: Education

This book provides an overview of effectively understanding information. One goal of this book is for law enforcers to understand the legality of their actions via math, grammar, and logic. This book applies math and English to the law so that police officers may effectively articulate their actions in court. For example, specific laws and police actions can be evaluated via truth tables and Venn Diagrams. Some of the factors that can influence the value of information include assumptions, limitations, different lenses of truth, different ethical systems, different police department orientations, and the format in which the data are presented. For example, a suspect may attempt to mislead an officer by using existential and universal quantifiers and by using the converse of conditional statements. Another goal of this book is to apply basic math skills to common law enforcement scenarios. For example, the methods of determining angles, distances, and speeds are presented.

Female Masculinity

Author: Judith Halberstam
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822322439
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Social Science

Masculinity without men. In Female Masculinity Judith Halberstam takes aim at the protected status of male masculinity and shows that female masculinity has offered a distinct alternative to it for well over two hundred years. Providing the first full-length study on this subject, Halberstam catalogs the diversity of gender expressions among masculine women from nineteenth-century pre-lesbian practices to contemporary drag king performances. Through detailed textual readings as well as empirical research, Halberstam uncovers a hidden history of female masculinities while arguing for a more nuanced understanding of gender categories that would incorporate rather than pathologize them. She rereads Anne Lister's diaries and Radclyffe Hall's The Well of Loneliness as foundational assertions of female masculine identity. She considers the enigma of the stone butch and the politics surrounding butch/femme roles within lesbian communities. She also explores issues of transsexuality among "transgender dykes"--lesbians who pass as men--and female-to-male transsexuals who may find the label of "lesbian" a temporary refuge. Halberstam also tackles such topics as women and boxing, butches in Hollywood and independent cinema, and the phenomenon of male impersonators. Female Masculinity signals a new understanding of masculine behaviors and identities, and a new direction in interdisciplinary queer scholarship. Illustrated with nearly forty photographs, including portraits, film stills, and drag king performance shots, this book provides an extensive record of the wide range of female masculinities. And as Halberstam clearly demonstrates, female masculinity is not some bad imitation of virility, but a lively and dramatic staging of hybrid and minority genders.

Game Over

Author: Dave Zirin
Publisher: The New Press
ISBN: 9781595588159
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Social Science

Legendary sportscaster Howard Cosell dubbed it rule number one of the jockocracy': sports and politics just don't mix. But as the celebrated alt-sportswriter Dave Zirin shows, politics has entered the modern sports arena with a vengeance. This timely and hard-hitting new book reveals the many ways that sports have become the third rail of world politics, offering insight into the efforts of gay and lesbian athletes to gain acceptance, female athletes' fights to be more than sex symbols and collective bargaining among athletes.'

Muscular Christianity

Author: Clifford Putney
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674042409
Release Date: 2009-06-01
Genre: History

Dissatisfied with a Victorian culture focused on domesticity and threatened by physical decline in sedentary office jobs, American men in the late nineteenth century sought masculine company in fraternal lodges and engaged in exercise to invigorate their bodies. One form of this new manly culture, developed out of the Protestant churches, was known as muscular Christianity. In this fascinating study, Clifford Putney details how Protestant leaders promoted competitive sports and physical education to create an ideal of Christian manliness.

Brainwashed

Author: Tom Burrell
Publisher: ReadHowYouWant.com
ISBN: 9781458751188
Release Date: 2010-08-16
Genre: African Americans

''Black people are not dark-skinned white people,'' says advertising visionary Tom Burrell. In fact, they are a lot more. They are survivors of the Middle Passage and centuries of humiliation and deprivation, who have excelled against the odds, constantly making a way out of ''no way! '' At this point in history, the idea of black inferiority should have had a ''Going-Out-of-Business Sale.'' After all, Barack Obama has reached the Promised Land. Yet, as Brainwashed: Challenging the Myth of Black Inferiority testifies, too much of black America is still wandering in the wilderness. In this powerful examination of ''the greatest propaganda campaign of all time'' - the masterful marketing of black inferiority - Burrell poses 10 provocative questions that will make black people look in the mirror and ask why, nearly 150 years after the Emancipation Proclamation, so many blacks still think like slaves. Brainwashed is not a reprimand; it is a call to deprogram ourselves of self-defeating attitudes and actions. Racism is not the issue; how we respond to racism is the issue. We must undo negative brainwashing and claim a new state of race-based self-esteem and self-actualization.

In a Classroom of Their Own

Author: Keisha Lindsay
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
ISBN: 9780252050404
Release Date: 2018-07-02
Genre: Social Science

Many advocates of all-black male schools (ABMSs) argue that these institutions counter black boys’ racist emasculation in white, “overly” female classrooms. This argument challenges racism and perpetuates antifeminism. Keisha Lindsay explains the complex politics of ABMSs by situating these schools within broader efforts at neoliberal education reform and within specific conversations about both "endangered” black males and a “boy crisis” in education. Lindsay also demonstrates that intersectionality, long considered feminist, is in fact a politically fluid framework. As such, it represents a potent tool for advancing many political agendas, including those of ABMSs supporters who champion antiracist education for black boys while obscuring black girls’ own race and gender-based oppression in school. Finally, Lindsay theorizes a particular means by which black men and other groups can form antiracist and feminist coalitions even when they make claims about their experiences that threaten bridge building. The way forward, Lindsay shows, allows disadvantaged groups to navigate the racial and gendered politics that divide them in pursuit of productive—and progressive—solutions. Far-thinking and boldly argued, In a Classroom of Their Own explores the dilemmas faced by professionals and parents in search of equitable schooling for all students—black boys and otherwise.

Say it Loud

Author: Roxanne Jones
Publisher: Espn Books
ISBN: 9780345515896
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science

Presents a tribute to the accomplishments of African American athletes who risked their well-being to promote social and legal changes, and includes coverage of such figures as Jesse Owens, Arthur Ashe, and Jackie Robinson.

Understanding Violence Against Women

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309175836
Release Date: 1996-06-07
Genre: Social Science

Violence against women is one factor in the growing wave of alarm about violence in American society. High-profile cases such as the O.J. Simpson trial call attention to the thousands of lesser-known but no less tragic situations in which women's lives are shattered by beatings or sexual assault. The search for solutions has highlighted not only what we know about violence against women but also what we do not know. How can we achieve the best understanding of this problem and its complex ramifications? What research efforts will yield the greatest benefit? What are the questions that must be answered? Understanding Violence Against Women presents a comprehensive overview of current knowledge and identifies four areas with the greatest potential return from a research investment by increasing the understanding of and responding to domestic violence and rape: What interventions are designed to do, whom they are reaching, and how to reach the many victims who do not seek help. Factors that put people at risk of violence and that precipitate violence, including characteristics of offenders. The scope of domestic violence and sexual assault in America and its conequences to individuals, families, and society, including costs. How to structure the study of violence against women to yield more useful knowledge. Despite the news coverage and talk shows, the real fundamental nature of violence against women remains unexplored and often misunderstood. Understanding Violence Against Women provides direction for increasing knowledge that can help ameliorate this national problem.

Against Football

Author: Steve Almond
Publisher: Melville House Pub
ISBN: 9781612194158
Release Date: 2014
Genre: Sports & Recreation

Argues that not only is American football hazardous to players' health, and especially to their brains, but also that American support of the sport encourages violence, prejudices, and other ethically troubling behavior.

Slavery by Another Name

Author: Douglas A. Blackmon
Publisher: Icon Books
ISBN: 9781848314139
Release Date: 2012-10-04
Genre: Social Science

A Pulitzer Prize-winning history of the mistreatment of black Americans. In this 'precise and eloquent work' - as described in its Pulitzer Prize citation - Douglas A. Blackmon brings to light one of the most shameful chapters in American history - an 'Age of Neoslavery' that thrived in the aftermath of the Civil War through the dawn of World War II. Using a vast record of original documents and personal narratives, Blackmon unearths the lost stories of slaves and their descendants who journeyed into freedom after the Emancipation Proclamation and then back into the shadow of involuntary servitude thereafter. By turns moving, sobering and shocking, this unprecedented account reveals these stories, the companies that profited the most from neoslavery, and the insidious legacy of racism that reverberates today.

Notable Black American Women

Author: Jessie Carney Smith
Publisher: VNR AG
ISBN: 0810391775
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Reference

Provides brief biographies of business executives, writers, journalists, lawyers, physicians, actresses, singers, musicians, artists, educators, religious leaders, civil rights activists, politicians, aviators, athletes, and scientists