Reproducing the Future

Author: Marilyn Strathern
Publisher: Manchester University Press
ISBN: 0719036747
Release Date: 1992
Genre: Anthropology

These essays, written at the time when the Bill for Human Fertilization and Embryology Act (1990) was going through Parliament, touch on the British debate (on in vitro fertilization, gamete donation and maternal surrogacy) from an anthropological perspective. The implications of the medical developments that lay behind the Act are world-wide and these new procreative possibilities formulate new possibilities for thinking about kinship. The essays are informed by recent re-thinking of models of kinship in Melanesia.

Reproducing Reproduction

Author: Sarah Franklin
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812215842
Release Date: 1998
Genre: Family & Relationships

Reproducing Reproduction addresses these debates in a range of sites in which reproduction is being redefined and argues persuasively for a renewed appreciation of the centrality of reproductive politics to cultural and historical change.

Ausweichrouten der Reproduktion

Author: Sven Bergmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658059101
Release Date: 2014-05-06
Genre: Social Science

​Immer mehr Paare und Singles mit Kinderwunsch fahren für eine reproduktionsmedizinische Behandlung ins Ausland; dieses Phänomen wird oft als „Reproduktionstourismus“ bezeichnet. Doch im Mittelpunkt der ethnografischen Studie von Sven Bergmann stehen keine Urlaubsaktivitäten, sondern Ausweichpraktiken wie das Umgehen des Verbots der Eizellspende in Deutschland. Ausgangspunkt der Untersuchung sind zwei Infertilitätskliniken in Spanien und Tschechien. Mittels welcher Praktiken wird in diesen Kliniken Verwandtschaft hergestellt? Welche Rolle spielen Anonymität, Ähnlichkeit und Imagination, wenn Keimzellen (Sperma und Eizellen) oder Embryonen von unbekannten Dritten gespendet werden? Fragen wie diesen geht der Autor auf der Basis von teilnehmender Beobachtung und Interviews nach.

Relatedness in Assisted Reproduction

Author: Tabitha Freeman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781107038288
Release Date: 2014-08-14
Genre: Psychology

This multidisciplinary book addresses the nature and meaning of relationships and identity in assisted conception families.

What Can a Body Do

Author: Eva Bischoff
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593396415
Release Date: 2012-05
Genre: Social Science

In den letzten Jahren wurde der Körper zum zentralen Thema in den Kulturwissenschaften. Ausgehend von der Wendung "What can a body do?" (Was vermag ein Körper?) werden in diesem Band sowohl Praktiken (also Handlungs- und Herstellungsweisen) als auch Figurationen (also materialisierte Formen) des Körpers in den Blick genommen. Der ungewöhnliche Band bietet zehn Texte zu Körperpraktiken, die von "Aufführen" über "Essen" bis zu "Sterben" reichen. In 36 Figurationstexten und künstlerischen Arbeiten, vom Avatar über die Leihmutter oder den Radrennfahrer bis hin zum Tanzpaar, wird ein breites Spektrum konkreter Verkörperungen vorgestellt. Da der Band sich aus zwei Richtungen den Verortungen des Körpers in den Kulturwissenschaften annähert, ist er entsprechend als Wendebuch gestaltet: Er kann "auf den Kopf gestellt" und von zwei Seiten gelesen werden. Das Netzwerk "Körper in den Kulturwissenschaften" ist ein von der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft seit 2007 geförderter Zusammenschluss von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern aus verschiedenen Disziplinen. Ziel war es, die unterschiedlichen Konzeptionen und Begriffe von Körper, wie sie in den Kulturwissenschaften und darüber hinaus kursieren, kritisch zueinander in Bezug zu setzen. Der Band präsentiert die Ergebnisse.

Natur Kultur

Author: Annette Schneider, Rolf Wilhelm Brednich, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Volkskunde, Ute Werner
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
ISBN: 3830961006
Release Date:

Wombs in Labor

Author: Amrita Pande
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231538183
Release Date: 2014-09-23
Genre: Social Science

Surrogacy is India's new form of outsourcing, as couples from all over the world hire Indian women to bear their children for a fraction of the cost of surrogacy elsewhere with little to no government oversight or regulation. In the first detailed ethnography of India's surrogacy industry, Amrita Pande visits clinics and hostels and speaks with surrogates and their families, clients, doctors, brokers, and hostel matrons in order to shed light on this burgeoning business and the experiences of the laborers within it. From recruitment to training to delivery, Pande's research focuses on how reproduction meets production in surrogacy and how this reflects characteristics of India's larger labor system. Pande's interviews prove surrogates are more than victims of disciplinary power, and she examines the strategies they deploy to retain control over their bodies and reproductive futures. While some women are coerced into the business by their families, others negotiate with clients and their clinics to gain access to technologies and networks otherwise closed to them. As surrogates, the women Pande meets get to know and make the most of advanced medical discoveries. They traverse borders and straddle relationships that test the boundaries of race, class, religion, and nationality. Those who focus on the inherent inequalities of India's surrogacy industry believe the practice should be either banned or strictly regulated. Pande instead advocates for a better understanding of this complex labor market, envisioning an international model of fair-trade surrogacy founded on openness and transparency in all business, medical, and emotional exchanges.

Defining the Family

Author: Janet L. Dolgin
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814721070
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Law

Defining the Family: Law, Technology, and Reproduction in an Uneasy Age provides a sweeping portrait of the family in American law from the nineteenth century to the present. The family today has come to be defined by individuality and choice. Pre-nuptial agreements, non-marital cohabitation, gay and lesbian marriages have all profoundly altered our ideas about marriage and family. In the last few years, reproductive technology and surrogacy have accelerated this process of change at a breathtaking rate. Once simple questions have taken on a dizzying complexity: Who are the real parents of a child? What are the relationships and responsibilities between a child, the woman who carried it to term, and the egg donor? Between viable sperm and the wife of a dead donor? The courts and the law have been wildly inconsistent and indecisive when grappling with these questions. Should these cases be decided in light of laws governing contracts and property? Or it is more appropriate to act in the best interests of the child, even if that child is unborn, or even unconceived? No longer merely settling disputes among family members, the law is now seeing its own role expand, to the point where it is asked to regulate situations unprecedented in human history. Janet L. Dolgin charts the response of the law to modern reproductive technology both as it transforms our image of the family and is itself transformed by the tide of social forces.

Relative Values

Author: Sarah Franklin
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 0822327961
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Social Science

DIVA collection of essays that redefine and transform the field of kinship./div

They Know Us Better Than We Know Ourselves

Author: Bridget Brown
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 0814799213
Release Date: 2007-08-01
Genre: History

Since its emergence in the 1960s, belief in alien abduction has saturated popular culture, with the ubiquitous image of the almond-eyed alien appearing on everything from bumper stickers to bars of soap. Drawing on interviews with alleged abductees from the New York area, Bridget Brown suggests a new way for people to think about the alien phenomenon, one that is concerned not with establishing whether aliens actually exist, but with understanding what belief in aliens in America may tell us about our changing understanding of ourselves and our place in the world. They Know Us Better Than We Know Ourselves looks at how the belief in abduction by extraterrestrials is constituted by and through popular discourse and the images provided by print, film, and television. Brown contends that the abduction phenomenon is symptomatic of a period during which people have come to feel increasingly divested of the ability to know what is real or true about themselves and the world in which they live. The alien abduction phenomenon helps us think about how people who feel left out create their own stories and fashion truths that square with their own experience of the world.

Better Britons

Author: Nadine Attewell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 9781442667075
Release Date: 2014-02-05
Genre: Literary Criticism

In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.

Son Preference

Author: Navtej K. Purewal
Publisher: Berg
ISBN: 9781847887535
Release Date: 2010-04-01
Genre: Social Science

The preference for male children transcends many societies and cultures, making it an issue of local and global dimensions. While son preference is not a new phenomenon and has existed historically in many parts of Asia, its contemporary expressions illustrate the gendered outcomes of social power relations as they interact and intersect with culture, economy and technologies. Son Preference brings together key debates on the subject of son preference by assessing existing work in the field and providing new insights through primary research. The book covers a broad range of social science discussions and draws upon textual and ethnographic material from India. Son Preference will be useful to students, scholars, activists and anyone interested in the issues surrounding gender inequity, sex selection and skewed sex ratios.

Ethnographies of Breastfeeding

Author: Tanya Cassidy
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 9781472569264
Release Date: 2015-01-29
Genre: Social Science

Breastfeeding is an intimate and deeply rooted bodily practice, as well as a highly controversial sociocultural process which invokes strong reactions from advocates and opponents. Touching on a wide range of issues such as reproduction, sexuality, power and resources, and maternal and infant health, the controversies and cultural complexities underlying breastfeeding are immense. Ethnographies of Breastfeeding features the latest research on the topic. Some of the leading scholars in the field explore variations in breastfeeding practices from around the world. Based on empirical work in areas such as Brazil, West Africa, Darfur, Ireland, Italy, France, the UK and the US, they examine the cross-cultural challenges facing mothers feeding their infants. Reframing the traditional nature/culture debate, the book moves beyond existing approaches to consider themes such as surrogacy, the risk of milk banks, mother-to-mother sharing networks facilitated by social media, and the increasing bio-medicalization of breast milk, which is leading its transformation from process to product. A highly important contribution to global debates on breast milk and breastfeeding.

Bodily Citations

Author: Ellen T. Armour
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231508643
Release Date: 2006-07-11
Genre: Social Science

In such works as Gender Trouble and Bodies That Matter Judith Butler broke new ground in understanding the construction and performance of identities. While Butler's writings have been crucial and often controversial in the development of feminist and queer theory, Bodily Citations is the first anthology centered on applying her theories to religion. In this collection scholars in anthropology, biblical studies, theology, ethics, and ritual studies use Butler's work to investigate a variety of topics in biblical, Islamic, Buddhist, and Christian traditions. The authors shed new light on Butler's ideas and highlight their ethical and political import. They also broaden the scope of religious studies as they bring it into conversation with feminist and queer theory. Subjects discussed include the woman's mosque movement in Cairo, the ordination of women in the Catholic Church, the possibility of queer ethics, religious ritual, and biblical constructions of sexuality. Contributors include: Karen Trimble Alliaume, Lewis University; Teresa Hornsby, Drury University; Amy Hollywood, Harvard Divinity School; Christina Hutchins, Pacific School of Religion; Saba Mahmood, University of California, Berkeley; Susanne Mrozik, Mount Holyoke College; Claudia Schippert, University of Central Florida; Rebecca Schneider, Brown University; Ken Stone, Chicago Theological Seminary