Science and Culture

Author: J. Agassi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401729468
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Philosophy

This work addresses scientism and relativism, two false philosophies that divorce science from culture in general and from tradition in particular. It helps break the isolation of science from the rest of culture by promoting popular science and reasonable history of science. It provides examples of the value of science to culture, discussions of items of the general culture, practical strategies and tools, and case studies. It is for practising professionals, political scientists and science policy students and administrators.

Society in Focus

Author: William E. Thompson
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9781442255982
Release Date: 2016-04-20
Genre: Social Science

Examining the role of mass media and information technology in contemporary society, Society In Focus, Eighth Edition, emphasizes the increasing diversity and globalization of societies everywhere. It is designed to help students think clearly and critically about sociological issues, concepts, and methods. Questioning is at the heart of this approach, and as students read this book they are encouraged to become part of the sociological enterprise—rather than remain passive observers. Every element of the text is designed to challenge students to evaluate social issues and, guided by the sociological imagination, to clearly formulate their own positions. By asking questions that demand sociological and creative thought, students are reminded that their conclusions and decisions, as well as their non-decisions and inaction, may have important social consequences. New to this edition: • New coauthor Mica Thompson, an experienced teacher of introduction to sociology, brings a fresh new perspective as well as a wide array of different life experiences to this edition of Society in Focus. • An expanded critical analysis in Chapter 1 introduces all forms of media and technology, and every chapter examines an aspect of their powerful social influence. • Chapters 9, 16, and 17 have been updated to include the most recent worldwide financial and economic developments, to help explain globalization and cultural diversity. • Expanded application of feminist theory in every chapter to help students recognize the importance of gender diversity and the contributions of that theoretical perspective in sociology. • Updated and brand new boxes throughout encourage students to take a closer look at society and selected social issues.

Advances in Sociological Knowledge

Author: Nikolai Genov
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783663092155
Release Date: 2013-06-29
Genre: Social Science

Das englischsprachige Buch zieht eine Bilanz der widersprüchlichen intellektuellen Entwicklung der Soziologie über ein halbes Jahrhundert. Die Disziplin braucht diese Aufarbeitung der eigenen Erfahrung, um mit den neuen sozialen und kognitiven Herausforderungen fertig zu werden.

Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9781483364759
Release Date: 2014-05-19
Genre: Education

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.

Essays Sociology Knowledge

Author: Karl Mannheim
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136187407
Release Date: 2013-07-04
Genre: Social Science

First published in 1952. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Soziologie

Author: Anthony Giddens
Publisher:
ISBN: 3901402160
Release Date: 2009
Genre: Soziologie - Lehrbuch

Anthony Giddens "Soziologie" gilt weltweit als das Einführungswerk in das gleichnamige Fach. Gekennzeichnet durch hohe Lesbarkeit und eine für Lehrbücher ungemeine Aktualität und Zeitbezogenheit, hat es diesen Ruf auch zu Recht: Man wird förmlich in das Werk hineingezogen; der Autor führt einen Dialog mit der LeserIn Waren Sie schon einmal verliebt?, in dem zuerst einmal in groben Zügen die Geschichte der Soziologie präsentiert wird. Danach wird es immer spezifischer: Über Kultur, Gesellschaft und Individuum und Gesellschaftstypen führt der Dialog weiter zu Geschlecht und Sexualität, Körper und Familie, um schließlich Moderne Organisationen, Massenmedien, Arbeit und Wirtschaftsleben oder den Globalen Wandel und die Umweltkrise zu diskutieren. Immer wird dabei mit plastischen Bildern gearbeitet, und immer hat man als LeserIn den Eindruck, mittendrin und dabei zu sein was die Lektüre des Buches zu einem beeindruckenden Gespräch über Soziologie macht und den Lerneffekt garantiert. (Verlagstext).

On the Practice of Sociology

Author: Pitirim A. Sorokin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226768287
Release Date: 1998-08-15
Genre: Social Science

Sorokin (1889-1968) rose from a peasant childhood in Russia to become one of the most erudite, insightful, and critical figures in the history of sociology. He was, however, considered both a pioneer and an outcast. Essays range from his early Russian years to his final works in the 60s, this collection provides a much-needed introduction to one of sociology's most controversial thinkers.

Transdisciplinary Perspectives on Transitions to Sustainability

Author: Edmond Byrne
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317007937
Release Date: 2016-06-17
Genre: Science

Demonstrating how a university can, in a very practical and pragmatic way, be re-envisioned through a transdisciplinary informed frame, this book shows how through an open and collegiate spirit of inquiry the most pressing and multifaceted issue of contemporary societal (un)sustainability can be addressed and understood in a way that transcends narrow disciplinary work. It also provides a practical exemplar of how far more meaningful deliberation, understandings and options for action in relation to contemporary sustainability-related crises can emerge than could otherwise be achieved. Indeed it helps demonstrate how only through a transdisciplinary ethos and approach can real progress be achieved. The fact that this can be done in parallel to (or perhaps underneath) the day-to-day business of the university serves to highlight how even micro seed initiatives can further the process of breaking down silos and reuniting C.P. Snow’s ‘two cultures’ after some four centuries of the relentless project of modernity. While much has been written and talked about with respect to both sustainability and transdisciplinarity, this book offers a pragmatic example which hopefully will signpost the ways others can, will and indeed must follow in our common quest for real progress.

Hidden in Plain Sight

Author: Eviatar Zerubavel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199366637
Release Date: 2015-03-13
Genre: Social Science

Many of us take for granted that what we perceive is a completely accurate representation of the world around us. Yet we have all had the experience of suddenly realizing that the keys or glasses that we had been looking for in vain were right in front of us the whole time. The capacity of our sense organs far exceeds our mental capabilities, and as such, looking at something does not guarantee that we will notice it. Our minds constantly prioritize and organize the information we take in, bringing certain things to the foreground, while letting others - that which we deem irrelevant - recede into the background. What ultimately determines what we perceive, and what we do not? In this fascinating book, noted sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel argues that we perceive things not just as human beings but as social beings. Drawing on fascinating examples from science, the art world, optical illusions, and all walks of life, he shows that what we notice or ignore varies across cultures and throughout history, and illustrates how our environment and our social lives - everything from our lifestyles to our professions to our nationalities - play a role in determining how we actually use our senses to access the world. A subtle yet powerful examination of one of the central features of our conscious life, this book offers a way to think about all that might otherwise remain hidden in plain sight.

Biosecurity Interventions

Author: Andrew Lakoff
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231511773
Release Date: 2008-10-21
Genre: Medical

In recent years, new disease threats such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

Psychology of Media in Europe

Author: Peter Winterhoff-Spurk
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783322942517
Release Date: 2013-03-13
Genre: Social Science

Die europäische Medienlandschaft ändert sich gegenwärtig durch die Verfügbarkeit neuer Technologien und durch veränderte politische Rahmenbedingungen - wie z. B. die Zulassung privatwirtschaftlicher Sender - in einem schnellen Tempo, das durch die bevorstehende europäische Einigung noch zusätzlich forciert wird. Damit kommen auf die Medienwissenschaft wie auch auf die Medienpsychologie neue Fragestellungen und Anforderungen zu, die von Medienforschern und -praktikern aus zehn europäischen Ländern in diesem in englischer Sprache verfaßten Band aufgezeigt und erörtert werden.

Social Theory and Social Practice

Author:
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
ISBN: 1412834554
Release Date: 1962
Genre: Social Science

Social Theory and Social Practice is a unique effort at applied social theory. Hans L. Zetterberg believes that social research has now advanced so far that social scientists can give advice without being restricted to new research projects. They can use previously proven theories as the basis for sound practical recommendations. This approach has profound implications in the application of social science to problems in business management, labor strife, government decision-making, in such areas as education, health and human welfare. It remains a pioneering discourse for practitioners of social research and social policy. Zetterberg gives a searching review of the various ways in which social practitioners attempt to use the accumulated knowledge of social science. He proceeds with a compact summary of the knowledge of the academicians of social science, noting that practitioners are often unaware of much useful academic knowledge. The process by which this knowledge is transformed into practical advice is spelled out in detail, and is illustrated with examples from an actual consultation about problems faced by an art museum that wanted to increase its audience. Chapter 1 identifies the problem; chapter 2, "The Knowledge of Social Practitioners," outlines practitioners' reliance on scientific knowledge; chapter 3, "The Knowledge of Social Theorists," discusses sociological terms and sociological law; chapter 4, "The Practical Use of Social Theory through Scholarly Consultants," explores the actual specificity of social theory and its uses, while the concluding chapter examines the uses of consultants, covering some prerequisites for the successful use of applied science. The book rejects the widespread view that in order to put social science to use, we have to popularize its content. Zetterberg's approach is rather to translate a client's problem into a powerful theoretical statement, the solution to which is calculated and then presented to the client as down-to-earth advice. This volume will be of immediate interest to scholars in the field of social theory; to consultants and practitioners who give advice on social problems and policy decisions; and to executives who use advice from social scientists. Hans L. Zetterberg was the founding director of the City University of Stockholm. Earlier he served as a consulting sociologist in New York City and a professor of sociology at Columbia University and then at Ohio State University. He is the author of On Theory and Verification in Sociology, Sexual Life in Sweden, and Before and Beyond the Welfare State. He has been the subject of a festschrift published by Transaction in 1999.