Author: Mark D. Kielsgard
Release Date: 2015-07-30
Developments in the understanding and treatment of genocide through the twentieth century have involved a combination of politics, public opinion, social trends, and economic development, and led to the substantive law of genocide and the assumption of international jurisdiction. This book analyzes incidences of genocide and mass atrocities, focusing on the political factors involved in modern counter-genocide efforts. Drawing on incidences of genocide and mass atrocity such as the Holocaust, the Rwandan genocide, and the Armenian genocide, Mark Kielsgard adopts a conceptual model that reveals the political factors which impact the international law of genocide, such as barriers and catalysts to transitional justice and the politics of genocide denial. As a work which provides a focused picture of those influences and their significance to genocide studies, this book will be of great use and interest to students and researchers in international criminal law, conflict studies, and conflict resolution.
Author: Barbara Harff
Release Date: 2018-09-03
Genre: Political Science
What can be done to warn about and organize political action to prevent genocide and mass atrocities? The international contributors to this volume are either experts or practitioners, often both, who have contributed in substantial ways to analyzing high risk situations, recommending preventive policies and actions, and in several instances helping to organize remedial actions. Whereas current literature on the prevention of genocide is theoretically well grounded, this book explores what can be done, and has been done, in real-world situations. Recommendations and actions are rooted in a generation of experience, based on solid historical, comparative, and empirical research and with a grounding in quantitative methods. This volume examines historical cases to understand the general causes and processes of mass violence and genocide, and engages with ongoing genocidal crises including Darfur and Syria, as well as other forms of related violence such as terrorism and civil conflict. It will be key reading for all students and scholars of genocide, war and conflict studies, human security and security studies in general.
Author: Andreas J. Wiesand
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2016-11-07
Genre: Political Science
The WROCLAW COMMENTARIES address legal questions as well as political consequences related to freedom of, and access to, the arts and (old/new) media; questions of religious and language rights; the protection of minorities and other vulnerable groups; safeguarding cultural diversity and heritage; and further pertinent issues. Specialists from all over Europe and the world summarise and comment on core messages of legal instruments, the essence of case-law as well as prevailing and important dissenting opinions in the literature, with the aim of providing a user-friendly tool for the daily needs of decision or law-makers at different juridical, administrative and political levels as well as others working in the field of culture and human rights.
Author: Joseph J. Darowski
Release Date: 2017-03-13
Genre: Literary Criticism
"These essays provide an insightful and entertaining exploration of how a superhero team, spearheaded by America's most iconic pop culture creations, reflects, and sometimes critiques, American attitudes toward justice, morality and the use of power."--Randy Duncan, director of Henderson State University's Comics Studies program, co-author of The Power of Comics. "Joseph J. Darowski's The Ages of the Justice League: Essays on America's Greatest Superheroes in Changing Times is an exceptional study that is highly informative, critically brilliant, and fun to read. It cements his already outstanding reputation as one of the foremost comics scholars in America."--Gary Hoppenstand, Michigan State University. The first superhero team from the Silver Age of comics, DC's Justice League has seen many iterations since its first appearance in 1960. As the original comic book continued and spin-off titles proliferated, talented writers, artists and editors adapted the team to appeal to changing audience tastes. This collection of new essays examines more than five decades of Justice League comics and related titles. Each essay considers a storyline or era of the franchise in its historical and social contexts.
A leading political scientist identifies "political evil" as wrongdoing perpetrated by individuals with specific political goals, cites specific examples throughout the world and explains that important changes can be initiated through adjustments in how political evil is treated.
Author: Stefan Ihrig
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 2016-01-04
As Stefan Ihrig shows in this first comprehensive study, many Germans sympathized with the Ottomans’ longstanding repression of the Armenians and with the Turks’ program of extermination during World War I. In the Nazis’ version of history, the Armenian Genocide was justifiable because it had made possible the astonishing rise of the New Turkey.
Author: Hyeran Jo
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2015-08-21
Genre: Political Science
Seventeen million people have died in civil wars and rebel violence has disrupted the lives of millions more. In a fascinating contribution to the active literature on civil wars, this book finds that some contemporary rebel groups actually comply with international law amid the brutality of civil conflicts around the world. Rather than celebrating the existence of compliant rebels, the author traces the cause of this phenomenon and argues that compliant rebels emerge when rebel groups seek legitimacy in the eyes of domestic and international audiences that care about humanitarian consequences and human rights. By examining rebel groups' different behaviors such as civilian killing, child soldiering, and allowing access to detention centers, Compliant Rebels offers key messages and policy lessons about engaging rebel groups with an eye toward reducing civilian suffering in war zones.
Author: Roger Cohen
Publisher: Random House
Release Date: 2010-10-20
In this brilliant book, Roger Cohen of The New York Times weaves together the history of Yugoslavia and the story of the Bosnian War of 1992 to 1995, as experienced by four families. “I have tried to treat the story of Yugoslavia, which lived for seventy-three years, as a human one,” Cohen writes in this masterly book, which, like Thomas L. Friedman’s From Beirut to Jerusalem and David Remnick’s Lenin’s Tomb, makes us eyewitnesses at the center of historic events. In the aftermath of the Cold War, the Bosnian conflict shattered the West’s confidence, reviving Europe’s darkest ghosts and exposing an America reluctant to confront or acknowledge an act of genocide on European soil. Through Cohen’s compelling reconstruction of the twentieth-century history that led up to the war, and his account of the war’s effect on everyday lives, we at last find the key to understanding Europe’s most explosive region and its peoples. “This was a war of intimate betrayals,” Cohen goes on to say, and in Hearts Grown Brutal, the betrayals begin in the family of a man named Sead. Through his search for his lost father, we relive the history of Yugoslavia, founded at the end of World War I with the encouragement of President Woodrow Wilson. Sead’s desperate quest is punctuated by the lies, half truths, and pain that mark other sagas of Yugoslavia. Through three more families—one Muslim-Serb, one Muslim, and one Serb-Croat—we experience the war in Bosnia as it breaks up marriages and sets relative against relative. The reality of the Balkans is illuminated, even as the hypocrisy of the international response to the war is exposed. Hearts Grown Brutal is a remarkable book, a testament to the loss of a multi-ethnic European state and a warning that the violence could return. It is a magnificent achievement that blends history and journalism into a profoundly moving human story.
Author: Michael V. Bhatia
Publisher: Kumarian Press
Release Date: 2003
* Explains developments in recent peacekeeping operations and politico-military environments * Bridges the gap between peace and conflict scholarship * Highlights new aspects of war studies War and Interventionreveals how the past decade has witnessed key developments in the nature of both war and intervention. While armed paramilitary groups, who have diverse sources of funding and arms, direct their focus on civilians through terror and propaganda, peace operations are expanding in breadth and depth. Not only is the United Nations directing the transitional governance of territory and the accompanying executive powers, but other actors, from national military contingents to the World Bank and NGOs, have also adapted to meet a cascade of tasks. War and Interventionallows readers from a range of different disciplines--military, academic, humanitarian, political, and diplomatic--to understand the priorities and methods of different actors in today's peace operations.
Author: Mark D. Kielsgard
Publisher: Brill - Nijhoff
Release Date: 2010
Why has the United States taken such a firm stance against the International Criminal Court (ICC) and expended such diplomatic goodwill in an attempt to dismantle a tribunal that poses no serious risk to its citizens? This book critiques causal ideologies such as American exceptionalism, state sovereignty and laissez-faire capitalism to show how U.S. opposition is driven by pervasive political, legal, historic, military and economic conditioning factors. It shows how U.S. attitudes transcend partisan politics and predicts how the U.S.-ICC relationship will be affected by the economic crisis, shifting international geopolitical power structures, the crisis in the U.S. military, unfolding international human rights law and the politics of change promised by the nascent Obama administration. The United States has been at the centre of international criminal justice initiatives, from Nuremberg to the more recent ad hoc tribunals for the former Yugoslavia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Lebanon. But its position has been lukewarm and sometimes, in the darkest days of the Bush administration, outright hostile to the International Criminal Court. Filling a gap in the literature, Dr Mark Kielsgard reviews the history of American policy, analysing the factors that have driven it, making useful and practical suggestions aimed at greater engagement of the United States with the International Criminal Court. "Professor William A. Schabas"
Author: Aniceto Masferrer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-05-09
The terrorist attacks occurred in the United States on 11 September 2001 have profoundly altered and reshaped the priorities of criminal justice systems around the world. Atrocities like the 9/11 attacks, the Madrid train bombings of March 2003, and the terrorist act to the United Kingdom of July 2005 threatened the life of democratic nations. The volume explores the response of democratic nation-states to the problems of terrorism and counter-terrorism within the framework of the Rule of Law. One of the primary subjects of study is the ways in which the interests of the state (security from external threats, the maintenance of civil peace, and the promotion of the commonwealth) are balanced or not with the liberty and freedom of the citizens of the state. The distinctive aspect of this focus is that it brings a historical, political, philosophical and comparative approach to the contemporary shape and purposes of the criminal justice systems around the world.
Author: University of Montana--Missoula
Publisher: University of Montana
Release Date: 2003-09
A collaboration between the University of Montana and the Montana Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Commission, this symposium was structured to explore the relationships that developed between the Native peoples and Euro-Americans both during the Lewis and Clark Expedition and in the 200 years following. The influences of Euro-American emigration and development of the region as it relates to Native American culture are discussed. The DVD provides highlights of the presentations grouped by the symposium's themes.
Author: James William Daschuk
Publisher: University of Regina Press
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Social Science
James Daschuk examines the roles that Old World diseases, climate, and Canadian politics--the politics of ethnocide--played in the deaths and subjugation of thousands of aboriginal people in the realization of Sir John A. Macdonald's "National Dream."
Author: Alfred L. Brophy
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 2006-09-14
Reparations: Pro and Con concludes with a frank and sober look at the case for reparations and where, if anywhere, the movement is going." "A comprehensive yet concise introduction to the moral and legal case for and against reparations, this book offers valuable historical and legal perspective for reparations advocates and critics alike."--BOOK JACKET.