Author: Ward Farnsworth
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Release Date: 2014-10-14
Restitution is the body of law concerned with taking away gains that someone has wrongfully obtained. The operator of a Ponzi scheme takes money from his victims by fraud and then invests it in stocks that rise in value. Or a company pays a shareholder excessive dividends or pays them to the wrong person. Or a man poisons his grandfather and then collects under the grandfather’s will. In each of these cases, one party is unjustly enriched at the expense of another. And in all of them the law of restitution provides a way to undo the enrichment and transfer the defendant’s gains to a party with better rights to them. Tort law focuses on the harm, or costs, that one party wrongfully imposes on another. Restitution is the mirror image; it corrects gains that one party wrongfully receives at another’s expense. It is an important topic for every lawyer and for anyone else interested in how the legal system responds to injustice. In Restitution, Ward Farnsworth presents a guide to this body of law that is compact, lively, and insightful—the first treatment of its kind that the American law of restitution has received. The book explains restitution doctrines, remedies, and defenses with unprecedented clarity and illustrates them with vivid examples. Farnsworth demonstrates that the law of restitution is guided by a manageable and coherent set of principles that have remarkable versatility and power. Restitution makes a complex and important area of law accessible, understandable, and interesting to any reader.
Author: Andrew Kull
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
Release Date: 2018-10-15
Restitution is a body of law that has immense practical value and wide application to disputes of all sorts. Simply put, it is the set of rules that govern recovery of gains that a party should not keep—or “unjust enrichment,” as it is formally called; and unjust enrichment occurs every day in both private and commercial transactions. Restitution has the dual distinction of being one of the most useful but overlooked bodies of law, due to its lack of study by several generations of modern lawyers. Without a single casebook in print on the subject, it has been nearly impossible to teach restitution law in the past. Restitution and Unjust Enrichment: Cases and Notes fills that void and presents the substance, remedies and history of restitution in a practical and interesting manner. Professors and students will benefit from: The only casebook available for teaching this important and interesting subject, and the first new one in 50 years. A modern reworking of the topic that adopts the framework of Publication of Restatement Third, Restitution and Unjust Enrichment (2011) (“R3RUE”) for teaching purposes. A complete discussion of Restitution, which is part of the required curriculum for students who receive legal training in other parts of the common-law world. Authorship by leading scholars in the field. Andrew Kull was the sole Reporter for R3RUE, published in two hardcover volumes. Ward Farnsworth is the author of a convenient treatise on Restitution, published by the University of Chicago Press in 2014. He is also co-author of the Wolters Kluwer casebook Torts: Cases and Questions, currently in its second edition.
Author: E. J. H. Schrage
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Increasingly, in both common law and civil law jurisdictions, lawyers are seeking to formulate a law of restitution that can provide a reliable remedy in unjust enrichment actions. This pursuit has generated renewed interest in how the law of obligations should be divided. The movement can be seen as both a product of the recent calls for, and recognition of, an English law of restitution and a consequence, in civil law jurisdictions (where traditionally taxonomy has been taken far more seriously), of the modern quest for a general remedy which will overcome the widely-felt disadvantages of existing alternatives. This collection of essays is concerned with these modern developments. It identifies what constitutes unjust enrichment at the plaintiff's expense, and its available remedies, in a number of jurisdictions. Authors explore the boundaries between the law of restitution, the law of torts, and the law of contract. Their analyses reveal how the principle of restitution has permeated, hesitatingly at first and then with greater force, on a case-by-case basis, not only private law but also administrative law, criminal law, and other branches of the law. In the final analysis, unjust enrichment proves to be anything but a Trojan horse smuggled into the well-built structure of the law of obligations; it is a fully-fledged cause of action deserving an appropriate and satisfactory remedy. Scholars and jurists from thirteen countries met in Amsterdam on 18-20 October 2000, for a conference commemorating the late Professor Marcel Henri Bregstein (1900-1957). This book, which presents revised versions of the papers read during this conference, greatly clarifies the status and primary trends in this important area of legal theory and practice, and is sure to be of value to legal scholars and practitioners everywhere.
Author: Gerhard Dannemann
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 2009
This text provides a comprehensive description in the English language of the German law of unjust enrichment, by explaining how this works in the context of German law, and by discussing the implications this would have if the German system were implemented in an English legal environment.
The Law of Restitution in Nigeria covers the historical development of restitution in law, its scope, and contemporary issues related to it. Some of the issues covered are: Ignorance; Incapacity; Exploitation; Enrichment at the plaintiffs expense; Restitution for wrongs and general principles, torts, breach of contract, equitable wrongdoing, criminal offenses; Defenses relating to changing circumstances; Illegality; and limitation of actions in restitution.
This book studies the fundamental conflicts between the protections on the legal rights and interests of victims and the freedom of infringers to act first. It is divided into four parts, the first of which explores the relevant legal methodology in order to provide possible solutions to difficult problems in Chinese tort liability law. Secondly, it puts forward a range of suggestions on how to resolve key issues in China’s torts liability law, including the general provisions; the provisions concerning the fault principle; the provisions of the non-fault principle; the special liability relation; damages; and defenses and related issues. Thirdly, the book addresses major institutional issues, including: the theory of consensus force; joint infringements; and operators’ duty of care; as well as several key relations: between the right to claim insurance compensation and the right to claim compensation for personal injury; between the right to claim tort liability and the right to exercise property rights; and between the right to claim tort liability and the right to reject unjust enrichment. Further aspects in this section include compensation for death; mental damages; pure economic loss and compensation; punitive compensation; and compensation for road traffic accidents. Lastly, the book explores special issues in tort liability law, e.g. the infringement of media rights, and the specific tort liability in various administrative laws and regulations.
Author: James M. Fischer
Release Date: 2010-12-07
This comprehensive Understanding treatise provides an introduction to the basic legal rules and principles that constitute the law of remedies as applied by United States courts. The Second Edition of Understanding Remedies represents a major reworking of the original work. The chapters have been reorganized so that the materials follow the customary approach of teaching remedies: (1) General principles applicable to damages, injunctions, and restitution; (2) Remedy defenses; (3) Applications, e.g., bodily injury remedies, breach of contract remedies; (4) Special problems, e.g., punitive damages, attorneys' fees. The materials are comprehensive and respect the nuance and subtlety of the subject. Understanding Remedies presents the richness of the topic to students who wish to gain both a fundamental appreciation of the subject and an insight into the myriad ways remedies influence the shape and dimension of modern American law.
Author: Paula Giliker
Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release Date: 2007
This collection of essays addresses some of the fundamental questions facing the law of contract and of unjust enrichment in the twenty-first century from a comparative perspective. Leading academics from Canada and the United Kingdom analyse the nature and development of the principles of unjust enrichment, their relationship with contract and fiduciary obligations and their impact upon traditional contractual doctrines such as mistake, undue influence, frustration and the assessment of damages. The text provides an insightful, contemporary and provocative examination of this fast-developing area of law.
Author: Charlie Webb
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2016-02-11
In law, gains, like losses, don't always lie where they fall. That there exists a body of law dealing with liability for gains is now settled and the circumstances in which the law requires defendants to give up their gains are well documented in the work of unjust enrichment lawyers. The same cannot be said, however, of the reasons for ordering restitution of such gains. It is often suggested that unjust enrichment's existence can be demonstrated without inquiry into these reasons, into the principles of justice it represents and invokes. Yet while we can indeed show that there exists a body of claims dealing with the recovery of mistaken payments and the like without going on to inquire into their rationale, the same cannot be said for unjust enrichment's existence as a distinct ground of such claims. For if unjust enrichment exists as a body of like cases and claims, truly independent of contract and tort, then it does so by virtue of the distinct reasons it identifies and to which these claims respond. Reason and Restitution offers an analysis of the reasons which support and shape claims in unjust enrichment and how these reasons bear on the law's application and development. The identity of these reasons matters since it establishes how, and to what extent, unjust enrichment really is independent of contract and tort, giving us a clearer understanding of unjust enrichment's relationship to these and other concepts and categories. But, more importantly, it matters to those charged with the practical tasks of deciding cases and making laws, for it is these reasons alone which can direct how judges and legislators ought respond to these claims.
Author: Charles Mitchell
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2014-07-18
The publication of the Restatement Third: Unjust Enrichment and Restitution by the American Law Institute in July 2010 was an event of major importance, not only for the development of the law of unjust enrichment in the US, but also for global scholarship relating to this area of private law. The Restatement First appeared in 1937, and the Restatement Second was abandoned; hence the Restatement Third is the most significant survey of the American law on this topic for over 70 years. Private law has been a comparatively neglected area of study in US law schools for several decades, and this is particularly true of the law of unjust enrichment. However, the appearance of the Restatement Third has prompted a renewal of interest in the subject among US scholars, and it is hoped that the present volume of essays will contribute to this revival, while reflecting on the lessons to be learned from the Restatement by other legal systems. Featuring the work of leading scholars from the UK, Germany, South Africa, Canada, Hong Kong and Australia, the essays undertake critical and comparative analysis of the Restatement, and offer fresh insights into the rules that it articulates.
Author: Thomas Krebs
Release Date: 2001
This book contrasts two competing models of unjust enrichment liability: the common law model and the civil law model. The former bases restitution on concrete, pragmatic 'unjust factors', rendering an enrichment unjust in the eyes of the law, while the latter operates with the negative requirement that restitution will follow if an enrichment is not supported by a 'legal ground' or 'juristic reason'. The common law of unjust enrichment is a very young subject, while its civil law counterpart is based on two millennia of development. Should English law therefore accept that the civil law model is superior and adopt an anglicised version of 'legal ground' reasoning? This is indeed suggested by German commentators, and the English case law seems to be moving English enrichment law in that direction. This book considers such arguments by examining the reasons for restitution in English and German law.
Author: Andrew Burrows
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Release Date: 2000-11-15
NEW in paperback From the Reviews of the hardback edition: This is a fascinating and thought-provoking collection of eight essays..... Taken together they represent a coherent and compelling exposition of the English law of obligations.... One is left with the picture of an [author] ... who remains a devotee of "practical scholarship" and the deductive technique of the common law and has a grasp on its intricacies second to non." Edwin Peel, The Law Quarterly Review, 1999 "[These essays], all concerned with various aspects of contract, tort and unjust enrichment, are a pleasure to peruse, and a distinct cut above the usual lacklustre collection of past triumphs now beyond their sell-by date. Without exception they are both topical and relevant: ... together they form a readable, scholarly and eclectic mixture of exposition and polemic, of speculation and analysis" Andrew Tettenborn, The Cambridge Law Journal, 1999 "..quite simply the most convincing and complete explanation of the law of obligations that is currently available - the book is thorough, compelling, definitive, and highly important." Paul Kearns, Anglo-American Law Review, 1999 "an extremely important work, produced by a leading academic." David Wright, Adelaide Law Review
Author: Graham Virgo
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2015-04-09
The third edition of The Principles of the Law of Restitution has been substantially rewritten to reflect the significant changes in the law of restitution and the expansion in the theoretical and critical commentary on the subject. It focuses on the identification and analysis of the principles which underpin the law of restitution as a whole, but with reference to its three distinct parts: unjust enrichment, restitution for wrongs, and the vindication ofproperty rights.