Rethinking Agricultural Policy Regimes

Author: Reider Almas
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780523484
Release Date: 2012-03-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Through international case studies, this book evaluates how various policy challenges are having an impact on specific agricultural policy regimes, and what future lessons might be learnt from key policy experiments around neoliberalism and multifunctionality.

Rethinking Agricultural Policy Regimes

Author: Reider Almas
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781780523484
Release Date: 2012-03-15
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Through international case studies, this book evaluates how various policy challenges are having an impact on specific agricultural policy regimes, and what future lessons might be learnt from key policy experiments around neoliberalism and multifunctionality.

Sustainable Food Systems

Author: Terry Marsden
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136185427
Release Date: 2014-01-21
Genre: Business & Economics

In response to the challenges of a growing population and food security, there is an urgent need to construct a new agri-food sustainability paradigm. This book brings together an integrated range of key social science insights exploring the contributions and interventions necessary to build this framework. Building on over ten years of ESRC funded theoretical and empirical research centered at BRASS, it focuses upon the key social, economic and political drivers for creating a more sustainable food system. Themes include: regulation and governance sustainable supply chains public procurement sustainable spatial strategies associated with rural restructuring and re-calibrated urbanised food systems minimising bio-security risk and animal welfare burdens. The book critically explores the linkages between social science research and the evolving food security problems facing the world at a critical juncture in the debates associated with not only food quality, but also its provenance, vulnerability and the inherent unsustainability of current systems of production and consumption. Each chapter examines how the links between research, practice and policy can begin to contribute to more sustainable, resilient and justly distributive food systems which would be better equipped to ‘feed the world’ by 2050.

Food Sovereignty Agroecology and Biocultural Diversity

Author: Michel Pimbert
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317354970
Release Date: 2017-11-08
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Contestations over knowledge – and who controls its production – are a key focus of social movements and other actors that promote food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity. This book critically examines the kinds of knowledge and ways of knowing needed for food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity. ‘Food sovereignty’ is understood here as a transformative process that seeks to recreate the democratic realm and regenerate a diversity of autonomous food systems based on agroecology, biocultural diversity, equity, social justice and ecological sustainability. It is shown that alternatives to the current model of development require radically different knowledges and epistemologies from that on offer today in mainstream institutions (including universities, policy think tanks and donor organisations). To achieve food sovereignty, agroecology and biocultural diversity there is a need to re-imagine and construct knowledge for diversity, decentralisation, dynamic adaptation, and democracy. The authors critically explore the changes in organisations, research paradigms, and professional practice that could help transform and co-create knowledge for a new modernity based on plural definitions of wellbeing. Particular attention is given to institutional, pedagogical, and methodological innovations that can enhance cognitive justice by giving hitherto excluded citizens more power and agency in the construction of knowledge. The book thus contributes to the democratisation of knowledge and power in the domain of food, environment and society.

Norwegian Agricultural History

Author: Bjørn Myhre
Publisher: Akademika Pub
ISBN: 8251918383
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

The book provides an extensive cultural introduction to Norwegian agrarian society over the centuries. The authors cover a broad range of issues including: living conditions for the various groups in rural society; self-identity and patterns of living in rural society; cultivation methods, animal husbandry and use of agricultural implements throughout the ages; conflicts of interest and political issues; forthcoming challenges to Norwegian agriculture.

Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

Author: World Bank
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 9780821375884
Release Date: 2008-10-07
Genre: Social Science

The 'Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook' provides an up-to-date understanding of gender issues and a rich compilation of compelling evidence of good practices and lessons learned to guide practitioners in integrating gender dimensions into agricultural projects and programs. It is serves as a tool for: guidance; showcasing key principles in integrating gender into projects; stimulating the imagination of practitioners to apply lessons learned, experiences, and innovations to the design of future support and investment in the agriculture sector. The Sourcebook draws on a wide range of experience from World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and other donor agencies, governments, institutions, and groups active in agricultural development. The Sourcebook looks at: access to and control of assets; access to markets, information and organization; and capacity to manage risk and vulnerability through a gender lens. There are 16 modules covering themes of cross-cutting importance for agriculture with strong gender dimensions (Policy, Public Administration and Governance; Agricultural Innovation and Education; Food Security; Markets; Rural Finance; Rural Infrastructure; Water; Land; Labor; Natural Resource Management; and Disaster and Post-Conflict Management) and specific subsectors in agriculture (Crops, Livestock, Forestry, and Fisheries). A separate module on Monitoring and Evaluation is included, responding to the need to track implementation and development impact. Each module contains three different sub-units: (1) A Module Overview gives a broad introduction to the topic and provides a summary of major development issues in the sector and rationale of looking at gender dimension; (2) Thematic Notes provide a brief and technically sound guide in gender integration in selected themes with lessons learned, guidelines, checklists, organizing principles, key questions, and key performance indicators; and (3) Innovative Activity Profiles describe the design and innovative features of recent and exciting projects and activities that have been implemented or are ongoing.

Tracking Rural Change

Author: Francesca Merlan
Publisher: ANU E Press
ISBN: 9781921536533
Release Date: 2009-04-01
Genre: History

A key, intensifying change affecting rural areas in the last few decades has been a decline in the proportion of national populations whose principal livelihood is farming. The corresponding re-distribution of population has typically resulted in a net population loss to rural areas, and diversification of rural activity. The corporatization and technological modification of food production has prompted new policy challenges, and has bound rural and urban populations together in new relationships articulated in moral discourses of custodianship, food safety, and sustainability. Contributors to this volume came together in the attempt to stimulate collective insight into trends of rural change in Australia, New Zealand and Europe. The first two countries have been characterised by avowedly `neoliberal' rural policy - with considerable departures from it in practice; Europe, on the other hand, by a mix of policy measures which attempt to integrate land management and sustainability, diversification and maintenance of a competitive farming sector within an overarching policy framework more overtly, though only partially, oriented towards sustaining rural society. Aiming to build on research relating to the character of rural transitions, this volume offers substantive and critical contributions to the understanding of the sources of unpredictability, instability, and continuity, that underpin rural transition. The papers explore changes and continuities in policy, the governance of rural spaces, technological developments relating to rural areas and populations, and social forms of subjectivation and participation in increasingly diverse rural settings.

Multifunctional Agriculture

Author: Guido van Huylenbroeck
Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 0754635767
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Business & Economics

Throughout history, agriculture has played an essential role in the development of rural areas. Thus, despite the fact that over the past few decades, its role as an economic activity has been severely depleted, it continues to be of great importance for rural development, although its role must be radically reformulated. While agriculture is no longer the main source of employment in rural areas, farmers are looking to diversify from their traditional role as food producers by also providing non-commodity goods to society, such as landscape, nature, employment, rural viability, animal welfare, and so on. Public support is increasingly more oriented towards farms which are taking on this multifunctional role. This causes an important change in farm systems and practices requiring a broadening into new activities, an improvement in quality or value for money, or a regrounding (for example, addressing environmental concerns). To cope with such reorientation, farmers require the assistance of extension officers, sociologists and economists. This book brings together such experts to investigate what this reorientation of agriculture means in practice, how it responds to the needs of society, how it can be implemented through legislation and public policies, and how far this gives new opportunities for non-competitive or even marginal farms.

Food Regimes and Agrarian Questions

Author: Philip McMichael
Publisher:
ISBN: 1853398780
Release Date: 2014-12-15
Genre:

Food Regimes re-examines the agrarian question historically and its present-day implications, introducing regional interpretations of the food regime, incorporating gender, labour, financial, ecological and nutritional dimensions into the analysis.

Cities and Agriculture

Author: Henk de Zeeuw
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781317506614
Release Date: 2015-09-16
Genre: Business & Economics

As people increasingly migrate to urban settings and more than half of the world's population now lives in cities, it is vital to plan and provide for sustainable and resilient food systems which reflect this challenge. This volume presents experience and evidence-based "state of the art" chapters on the key dimensions of urban food challenges and types of intra- and peri-urban agriculture. The book provides urban planners, local policy makers and urban development practitioners with an overview of crucial aspects of urban food systems based on an up to date review of research results and practical experiences in both developed and developing countries. By doing so, the international team of authors provides a balanced textbook for students of the growing number of courses on sustainable agriculture, food and urban studies, as well as a solid basis for well-informed policy making, planning and implementation regarding the development of sustainable, resilient and just urban food systems.

Renewing Innovation Systems in Agriculture and Food

Author: E. Coudel
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789086862146
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Present-day society asks more from agriculture than just the production of food. Agriculture is now required to be concerned with the quality of food, ecosystem services, inclusion of marginalized populations, revitalization of rural territories, energy production, etc.This opening up of the future of agriculture encourages rural actors to experiment with new farming systems, using imagination, creativity and determination to replace dominant models. At the same time, low-cost mass-production systems continue on their way, with promises of a future based on green technologies. In this discussion it is important to consider what kind of sustainable development societies really want. Which innovations will help in achieving these developments? What role can research and public policies play in supporting the emergence of these innovations? This book takes the debate beyond the purely technical options and considers social and institutional innovations as well. It demonstrates that innovation is the result of a confrontation between visions of actors who often have divergent interests. There is no single path towards sustainable development and we must find ways to encourage the emergence and co-existence of different types of agriculture and food systems. The success of transitions will not only depend on our capacity to rethink existing models, but especially on our willingness to embark on a creative learning process from which we will inevitably emerge transformed.

Constructing a new framework for rural development

Author: Pierluigi Milone
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781784416218
Release Date: 2015-03-13
Genre: Social Science

This book critically discusses these new practices and the actors engaged in them. In doing so, it deals with several countries in three different continents (Asia, South America and Europe). It proposes new concepts and approaches for a better understanding of the re-emergence of peasants as indispensable part of modern societies.

Agriculture Peasantry and Poverty in Turkey in the Neo liberal Age

Author: Murat Öztürk
Publisher: Wageningen Academic Pub
ISBN: 9789086861927
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Business & Economics

This book investigates recent policies introduced into Turkey which are designed to reduce state activities and open up the country to international investment and trade. The focus is on agriculture and the major effects of a deliberate restructuring of an agrarian economy as seen through the lens of the peasant, the village and poverty. This unique socioeconomic review of Turkey, which is generally thought to be a contemporary success story, argues for a new understanding of the destructive effects of global capitalism. Some issues addressed are the effects on Turkey's countryside as its agricultural sector has been catapulted onto the world market, how farming has changed and what this has meant for small-scale enterprises. Also discussed is how rural communities have fared, capital relations have been transformed in the process and the impact this has had on the nation's poor.

Challenges for African Agriculture

Author: Jean-Claude Devèze
Publisher: World Bank
ISBN: 0821384813
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Business & Economics

This book presents the key demographic, economic, and environmental challenges for agriculture in Africa and proposes courses of action for Africa to be successful in its agricultural transitions.