Ricci Flow and the Sphere Theorem

Author: Simon Brendle
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821849385
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Mathematics

In 1982, R. Hamilton introduced a nonlinear evolution equation for Riemannian metrics with the aim of finding canonical metrics on manifolds. This evolution equation is known as the Ricci flow, and it has since been used widely and with great success, most notably in Perelman's solution of the Poincare conjecture. Furthermore, various convergence theorems have been established. This book provides a concise introduction to the subject as well as a comprehensive account of the convergence theory for the Ricci flow. The proofs rely mostly on maximum principle arguments. Special emphasis is placed on preserved curvature conditions, such as positive isotropic curvature. One of the major consequences of this theory is the Differentiable Sphere Theorem: a compact Riemannian manifold, whose sectional curvatures all lie in the interval (1,4], is diffeomorphic to a spherical space form. This question has a long history, dating back to a seminal paper by H. E. Rauch in 1951, and it was resolved in 2007 by the author and Richard Schoen. This text originated from graduate courses given at ETH Zurich and Stanford University, and it is directed at graduate students and researchers. The reader is assumed to be familiar with basic Riemannian geometry, but no previous knowledge of Ricci flow is required.

The Ricci Flow in Riemannian Geometry

Author: Ben Andrews
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642162855
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

Focusing on Hamilton's Ricci flow, this volume begins with a detailed discussion of the required aspects of differential geometry. The discussion also includes existence and regularity theory, compactness theorems for Riemannian manifolds, and much more.

Fifth International Congress of Chinese Mathematicians

Author: Lizhen Ji
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821875865
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Mathematics

This two-part volume represents the proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Chinese Mathematicians, held at Tsinghua University, Beijing, in December 2010. The Congress brought together eminent Chinese and overseas mathematicians to discuss the latest developments in pure and applied mathematics. Included are 60 papers based on lectures given at the conference.

Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians

Author: Rajendra Bhatia
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814324359
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Electronic books

ICM 2010 proceedings comprise a four-volume set containing articles based on plenary lectures and invited section lectures, the Abel and Noether lectures, as well as contributions based on lectures delivered by the recipients of the Fields Medal, the Nevanlinna, and Chern Prizes. The first volume will also contain the speeches at the opening and closing ceremonies and other highlights of the Congress.

Topics in Extrinsic Geometry of Codimension One Foliations

Author: Vladimir Rovenski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1441999086
Release Date: 2011-07-26
Genre: Mathematics

Extrinsic geometry describes properties of foliations on Riemannian manifolds which can be expressed in terms of the second fundamental form of the leaves. The authors of Topics in Extrinsic Geometry of Codimension-One Foliations achieve a technical tour de force, which will lead to important geometric results. The Integral Formulae, introduced in chapter 1, is a useful for problems such as: prescribing higher mean curvatures of foliations, minimizing volume and energy defined for vector or plane fields on manifolds, and existence of foliations whose leaves enjoy given geometric properties. The Integral Formulae steams from a Reeb formula, for foliations on space forms which generalize the classical ones. For a special auxiliary functions the formulae involve the Newton transformations of the Weingarten operator. The central topic of this book is Extrinsic Geometric Flow (EGF) on foliated manifolds, which may be a tool for prescribing extrinsic geometric properties of foliations. To develop EGF, one needs Variational Formulae, revealed in chapter 2, which expresses a change in different extrinsic geometric quantities of a fixed foliation under leaf-wise variation of the Riemannian Structure of the ambient manifold. Chapter 3 defines a general notion of EGF and studies the evolution of Riemannian metrics along the trajectories of this flow(e.g., describes the short-time existence and uniqueness theory and estimate the maximal existence time).Some special solutions (called Extrinsic Geometric Solutions) of EGF are presented and are of great interest, since they provide Riemannian Structures with very particular geometry of the leaves. This work is aimed at those who have an interest in the differential geometry of submanifolds and foliations of Riemannian manifolds.

Ricci Flow and the Poincar Conjecture

Author: John W. Morgan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 0821843281
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Mathematics

For over 100 years the Poincare Conjecture, which proposes a topological characterization of the 3-sphere, has been the central question in topology. Since its formulation, it has been repeatedly attacked, without success, using various topological methods. Its importance and difficulty were highlighted when it was chosen as one of the Clay Mathematics Institute's seven Millennium Prize Problems. In 2002 and 2003 Grigory Perelman posted three preprints showing how to use geometric arguments, in particular the Ricci flow as introduced and studied by Hamilton, to establish the Poincare Conjecture in the affirmative. This book provides full details of a complete proof of the Poincare Conjecture following Perelman's three preprints. After a lengthy introduction that outlines the entire argument, the book is divided into four parts. The first part reviews necessary results from Riemannian geometry and Ricci flow, including much of Hamilton's work. The second part starts with Perelman's length function, which is used to establish crucial non-collapsing theorems. Then it discusses the classification of non-collapsed, ancient solutions to the Ricci flow equation. The third part concerns the existence of Ricci flow with surgery for all positive time and an analysis of the topological and geometric changes introduced by surgery. The last part follows Perelman's third preprint to prove that when the initial Riemannian 3-manifold has finite fundamental group, Ricci flow with surgery becomes extinct after finite time. The proofs of the Poincare Conjecture and the closely related 3-dimensional spherical space-form conjecture are then immediate. The existence of Ricci flow with surgery has application to 3-manifolds far beyond the Poincare Conjecture. It forms the heart of the proof via Ricci flow of Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture. Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture, which classifies all compact 3-manifolds, will be the subject of a follow-up article. The organization of the material in this book differs from that given by Perelman. From the beginning the authors present all analytic and geometric arguments in the context of Ricci flow with surgery. In addition, the fourth part is a much-expanded version of Perelman's third preprint; it gives the first complete and detailed proof of the finite-time extinction theorem. With the large amount of background material that is presented and the detailed versions of the central arguments, this book is suitable for all mathematicians from advanced graduate students to specialists in geometry and topology. Clay Mathematics Institute Monograph Series The Clay Mathematics Institute Monograph Series publishes selected expositions of recent developments, both in emerging areas and in older subjects transformed by new insights or unifying ideas.

Ricci Flow for Shape Analysis and Surface Registration

Author: Wei Zeng
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461487814
Release Date: 2013-10-18
Genre: Mathematics

​Ricci Flow for Shape Analysis and Surface Registration introduces the beautiful and profound Ricci flow theory in a discrete setting. By using basic tools in linear algebra and multivariate calculus, readers can deduce all the major theorems in surface​ Ricci flow by themselves. The authors adapt the Ricci flow theory to practical computational algorithms, apply Ricci flow for shape analysis and surface registration, and demonstrate the power of Ricci flow in many applications in medical imaging, computer graphics, computer vision and wireless sensor network. Due to minimal pre-requisites, this book is accessible to engineers and medical experts, including educators, researchers, students and industry engineers who have an interest in solving real problems related to shape analysis and surface registration.

Lecture Notes on Functional Analysis

Author: Alberto Bressan
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: 9780821887714
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Mathematics

This textbook is addressed to graduate students in mathematics or other disciplines who wish to understand the essential concepts of functional analysis and their applications to partial differential equations. The book is intentionally concise, presenting all the fundamental concepts and results but omitting the more specialized topics. Enough of the theory of Sobolev spaces and semigroups of linear operators is included as needed to develop significant applications to elliptic, parabolic, and hyperbolic PDEs. Throughout the book, care has been taken to explain the connections between theorems in functional analysis and familiar results of finite-dimensional linear algebra. The main concepts and ideas used in the proofs are illustrated with a large number of figures. A rich collection of homework problems is included at the end of most chapters. The book is suitable as a text for a one-semester graduate course.

The Ricci Flow

Author:
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
ISBN: STANFORD:36105128381675
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Global differential geometry

Entropy, $\mu$-invariant, and finite time singularities Geometric tools and point picking methods Geometric properties of $\kappa$-solutions Compactness of the space of $\kappa$-solutions Perelman's pseudolocality theorem Tools used in proof of pseudolocality Heat kernel for static metrics Heat kernel for evolving metrics Estimates of the heat equation for evolving metrics Bounds for the heat kernel for evolving metrics Elementary aspects of metric geometry Convex functions on Riemannian manifolds Asymptotic cones and Sharafutdinov retraction Solutions to selected exercises Bibliography Index

Differential Manifolds

Author: Antoni A. Kosinski
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 9780486318158
Release Date: 2013-07-02
Genre: Mathematics

Introductory text for advanced undergraduates and graduate students presents systematic study of the topological structure of smooth manifolds, starting with elements of theory and concluding with method of surgery. 1993 edition.

Collected Papers

Author: Mitio Nagumo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431701125
Release Date: 1993-05-22
Genre: Mathematics

Especially among Japanese mathematicians Mitio Nagumo (1905-1995) is regarded as one of the greatest pioneers in research on differential equations. However, so far most of his papers have only been published in Japanese journals and were unavailable in the West. This Collected Papers volume contains practically all mathematical papers Nagumo wrote in languages other than Japanese and will be a basic reference volume and essential working tool for every library and for many active mathematicians in differential equations, topology and differential geometry. In addition, papers that were originally published in Japanese were translated especially for this edition. There are three main sections in this book, devoted to ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations and other equations. Each section is accompanied by a detailed commentary provided by the editors.

Vektoranalysis

Author: Ilka Agricola
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783834896728
Release Date: 2010-05-30
Genre: Mathematics

Dieses Lehrbuch eignet sich als Fortsetzungskurs in Analysis nach den Grundvorlesungen im ersten Studienjahr. Die Vektoranalysis ist ein klassisches Teilgebiet der Mathematik mit vielfältigen Anwendungen, zum Beispiel in der Physik. Das Buch führt die Studierenden in die Welt der Differentialformen und Analysis auf Untermannigfaltigkeiten des Rn ein. Teile des Buches können auch sehr gut für Vorlesungen in Differentialgeometrie oder Mathematischer Physik verwendet werden. Der Text enthält viele ausführliche Beispiele mit vollständigem Lösungsweg, die zur Übung hilfreich sind. Zahlreiche Abbildungen veranschaulichen den Text. Am Ende jedes Kapitels befinden sich weitere Übungsaufgaben. In der ersten Auflage erschien das Buch unter dem Titel "Globale Analysis". Der Text wurde an vielen Stellen überarbeitet. Fast alle Bilder wurden neu erstellt. Inhaltliche Ergänzungen wurden u. a. in der Differentialgeometrie sowie der Elektrodynamik vorgenommen.