Author: John M. Lee
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387227269
Release Date: 2006-04-06
Genre: Mathematics

This text focuses on developing an intimate acquaintance with the geometric meaning of curvature and thereby introduces and demonstrates all the main technical tools needed for a more advanced course on Riemannian manifolds. It covers proving the four most fundamental theorems relating curvature and topology: the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem, the Cartan-Hadamard Theorem, Bonnet’s Theorem, and a special case of the Cartan-Ambrose-Hicks Theorem.

Author: Eric Boeckx
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789814498555
Release Date: 1996-11-09
Genre: Mathematics

This book deals with Riemannian manifolds for which the nullity space of the curvature tensor has codimension two. These manifolds are “semi-symmetric spaces foliated by Euclidean leaves of codimension two” in the sense of Z I Szabó. The authors concentrate on the rich geometrical structure and explicit descriptions of these remarkable spaces. Also parallel theories are developed for manifolds of “relative conullity two”. This makes a bridge to a survey on curvature homogeneous spaces introduced by I M Singer. As an application of the main topic, interesting hypersurfaces with type number two in Euclidean space are discovered, namely those which are locally rigid or “almost rigid”. The unifying method is solving explicitly particular systems of nonlinear PDE. Contents:IntroductionDefinition of Semi-Symmetric Spaces and Early DevelopmentLocal Structure of Semi-Symmetric SpacesExplicit Treatment of Foliated Semi-Symmetric SpacesCurvature Homogeneous Semi-Symmetric SpacesAsymptotic Foliations and Algebraic RankThree-Dimensional Riemannian Manifolds of Conullity TwoAsymptotically Foliated Semi-Symmetric SpacesElliptic Semi-Symmetric SpacesComplete Foliated Semi-Symmetric SpacesApplication: Local Rigidity Problems for Hypersurfaces with Type Number Two in IR4Three-Dimensional Riemannian Manifolds of c-Conullity TwoMore about Curvature Homogeneous SpacesBiolographyIndex Readership: Mathematicians and mathematical physicists. keywords:Riemannian Manifold;Curvature Homogeneous Space;Semi-Symmetric Space;Pseudo-Symmetric Space;Asymptotic Foliation;Hypersurface with Type Number Two;Gromov Conjecture;Lichnerowicz Formula;Nomizu Conjecture;Singer Number

Author: Paul Baird
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198503628
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Mathematics

This is an account in book form of the theory of harmonic morphisms between Riemannian manifolds. Giving a complete account of the fundamental aspects of the subject, this book is self-contained, assuming only a basic knowledge of differential geometry.

Several books deal with Sobolev spaces on open subsets of R (n), but none yet with Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds, despite the fact that the theory of Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds already goes back about 20 years. The book of Emmanuel Hebey will fill this gap, and become a necessary reading for all using Sobolev spaces on Riemannian manifolds. Hebey's presentation is very detailed, and includes the most recent developments due mainly to the author himself and to Hebey-Vaugon. He makes numerous things more precise, and discusses the hypotheses to test whether they can be weakened, and also presents new results.

Author: Krishan L. Duggal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461553151
Release Date: 2013-11-22
Genre: Mathematics

This book provides an upto date information on metric, connection and curva ture symmetries used in geometry and physics. More specifically, we present the characterizations and classifications of Riemannian and Lorentzian manifolds (in particular, the spacetimes of general relativity) admitting metric (i.e., Killing, ho mothetic and conformal), connection (i.e., affine conformal and projective) and curvature symmetries. Our approach, in this book, has the following outstanding features: (a) It is the first-ever attempt of a comprehensive collection of the works of a very large number of researchers on all the above mentioned symmetries. (b) We have aimed at bringing together the researchers interested in differential geometry and the mathematical physics of general relativity by giving an invariant as well as the index form of the main formulas and results. (c) Attempt has been made to support several main mathematical results by citing physical example(s) as applied to general relativity. (d) Overall the presentation is self contained, fairly accessible and in some special cases supported by an extensive list of cited references. (e) The material covered should stimulate future research on symmetries. Chapters 1 and 2 contain most of the prerequisites for reading the rest of the book. We present the language of semi-Euclidean spaces, manifolds, their tensor calculus; geometry of null curves, non-degenerate and degenerate (light like) hypersurfaces. All this is described in invariant as well as the index form.

Author: Vladimir Rovenski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461242703
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This monograph is based on the author's results on the Riemannian ge ometry of foliations with nonnegative mixed curvature and on the geometry of sub manifolds with generators (rulings) in a Riemannian space of nonnegative curvature. The main idea is that such foliated (sub) manifolds can be decom posed when the dimension of the leaves (generators) is large. The methods of investigation are mostly synthetic. The work is divided into two parts, consisting of seven chapters and three appendices. Appendix A was written jointly with V. Toponogov. Part 1 is devoted to the Riemannian geometry of foliations. In the first few sections of Chapter I we give a survey of the basic results on foliated smooth manifolds (Sections 1.1-1.3), and finish in Section 1.4 with a discussion of the key problem of this work: the role of Riemannian curvature in the study of foliations on manifolds and submanifolds.

Author: C. Udriste
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401583909
Release Date: 2013-11-11
Genre: Mathematics

The object of this book is to present the basic facts of convex functions, standard dynamical systems, descent numerical algorithms and some computer programs on Riemannian manifolds in a form suitable for applied mathematicians, scientists and engineers. It contains mathematical information on these subjects and applications distributed in seven chapters whose topics are close to my own areas of research: Metric properties of Riemannian manifolds, First and second variations of the p-energy of a curve; Convex functions on Riemannian manifolds; Geometric examples of convex functions; Flows, convexity and energies; Semidefinite Hessians and applications; Minimization of functions on Riemannian manifolds. All the numerical algorithms, computer programs and the appendices (Riemannian convexity of functions f:R ~ R, Descent methods on the Poincare plane, Descent methods on the sphere, Completeness and convexity on Finsler manifolds) constitute an attempt to make accesible to all users of this book some basic computational techniques and implementation of geometric structures. To further aid the readers,this book also contains a part of the folklore about Riemannian geometry, convex functions and dynamical systems because it is unfortunately "nowhere" to be found in the same context; existing textbooks on convex functions on Euclidean spaces or on dynamical systems do not mention what happens in Riemannian geometry, while the papers dealing with Riemannian manifolds usually avoid discussing elementary facts. Usually a convex function on a Riemannian manifold is a real valued function whose restriction to every geodesic arc is convex.

Author: Wolfgang Erb
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
ISBN: 9783832527440
Release Date: 2011
Genre:

In this thesis, the Heisenberg-Pauli-Weyl uncertainty principle on the real line and the Breitenberger uncertainty on the unit circle are generalized to Riemannian manifolds. The proof of these generalized uncertainty principles is based on an operator theoretic approach involving the commutator of two operators on a Hilbert space. As a momentum operator, a special differential-difference operator is constructed which plays the role of a generalized root of the radial part of the Laplace-Beltrami operator. Further, it is shown that the resulting uncertainty inequalities are sharp. In the final part of the thesis, these uncertainty principles are used to analyze the space-frequency behavior of polynomial kernels on compact symmetric spaces and to construct polynomials that are optimally localized in space with respect to the position variance of the uncertainty principle.

Author: F. Tricerri
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521274890
Release Date: 1983-06-23
Genre: Mathematics

The central theme of this book is the theorem of Ambrose and Singer, which gives for a connected, complete and simply connected Riemannian manifold a necessary and sufficient condition for it to be homogeneous. This is a local condition which has to be satisfied at all points, and in this way it is a generalization of E. Cartan's method for symmetric spaces. The main aim of the authors is to use this theorem and representation theory to give a classification of homogeneous Riemannian structures on a manifold. There are eight classes, and some of these are discussed in detail. Using the constructive proof of Ambrose and Singer many examples are discussed with special attention to the natural correspondence between the homogeneous structure and the groups acting transitively and effectively as isometrics on the manifold.

Author: Ovidiu Calin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780817644215
Release Date: 2006-03-30
Genre: Mathematics

* A geometric approach to problems in physics, many of which cannot be solved by any other methods * Text is enriched with good examples and exercises at the end of every chapter * Fine for a course or seminar directed at grad and adv. undergrad students interested in elliptic and hyperbolic differential equations, differential geometry, calculus of variations, quantum mechanics, and physics

Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461241829
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Mathematics

This is the third version of a book on differential manifolds. The first version appeared in 1962, and was written at the very beginning of a period of great expansion of the subject. At the time, I found no satisfactory book for the foundations of the subject, for multiple reasons. I expanded the book in 1971, and I expand it still further today. Specifically, I have added three chapters on Riemannian and pseudo Riemannian geometry, that is, covariant derivatives, curvature, and some applications up to the Hopf-Rinow and Hadamard-Cartan theorems, as well as some calculus of variations and applications to volume forms. I have rewritten the sections on sprays, and I have given more examples of the use of Stokes' theorem. I have also given many more references to the literature, all of this to broaden the perspective of the book, which I hope can be used among things for a general course leading into many directions. The present book still meets the old needs, but fulfills new ones. At the most basic level, the book gives an introduction to the basic concepts which are used in differential topology, differential geometry, and differential equations. In differential topology, one studies for instance homotopy classes of maps and the possibility of finding suitable differentiable maps in them (immersions, embeddings, isomorphisms, etc.).

Author: Krishan L. Duggal
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789812706478
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Science

This is a first textbook that is entirely focused on the up-to-date developments of null curves with their applications to science and engineering. It fills an important gap in a second-level course in differential geometry, as well as being essential for a core undergraduate course on Riemannian curves and surfaces. The sequence of chapters is arranged to provide in-depth understanding of a chapter and stimulate further interest in the next. The book comprises a large variety of solved examples and rigorous exercises that range from elementary to higher levels. This unique volume is self-contained and unified in presenting: ? A systematic account of all possible null curves, their Frenet equations, unique null Cartan curves in Lorentzian manifolds and their practical problems in science and engineering.? The geometric and physical significance of null geodesics, mechanical systems involving curvature of null curves, simple variation problems and the interrelation of null curves with hypersurfaces.