Righteous Dopefiend

Author: Philippe I. Bourgois
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520230884
Release Date: 2009-04-29
Genre: Social Science

Explores the world of homelessness and drug addiction in contemporary United States, discussing such themes as violence, race relations, sexuality, family trauma, social inequality, and power relations.

An Applied Visual Sociology Picturing Harm Reduction

Author: Dr Stephen Parkin
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 9781409468417
Release Date: 2014-04-28
Genre: Medical

Exploring the value of photography and video as legitimate forms of social enquiry, An Applied Visual Sociology: Picturing Harm Reduction constitutes a guidebook for conducting applied visual sociology within health related or social science research projects, providing a full account of the visual research journey and presenting a tested template for conducting theoretically-driven, sociologically-informed research. Against the background of the growing popularity of visual methods, this book goes beyond using photographs for illustrative and descriptive purposes, to emphasise the importance of sociological, epistemological and analytical theory, together with methods of data collection and the presentation of images for applied purposes. As such, An Applied Visual Sociology: Picturing Harm Reduction offers a template for considering visual data as applied research, providing a full account of the manner in which visual methods can inform research and specific interventions, together with opportunities for students and practitioners to consider applied visual sociology in a series of practical or self-study tasks . It will therefore appeal not only to students and researchers involved in social and health-related qualitative research, or those seeking to conduct innovative visual projects within the social sciences, but also to scholars interested in research methods, visual ethnography and harm reduction approaches to drug use.

Schl sselwerke der Stadtforschung

Author: Frank Eckardt
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783658104382
Release Date: 2016-08-22
Genre: Social Science

Mit diesem Band sollen wichtige Texte der Stadtforschung einem breiten Publikum vorgestellt werden, das sich für heutige und zukünftige Fragen der Stadtentwicklung interessiert. Es werden vor allem Texte aus den Sozial- und Kulturwissenschaften vorgestellt, die in den letzten zwei Jahrzenten in den stadtbezogenen Diskursen eine große Rolle gespielt haben und die unser Denken über die Stadt maßgeblich beeinflusst haben. Die Schlüsselwerke der Stadtforschungermöglichen den Lesern einen Einblick in die verschiedenen Themen, theoretischen Ansätze und Forschungskontroversen, die in der aktuellen Diskussion um das Leben in der Stadt wichtig erscheinen. Damit soll somit sowohl der professionellen Auseinandersetzung als auch der interessierten Öffentlichkeit insgesamt ein transdisziplinärer Einblick in die Komplexität der urbanen Gesellschaft ermöglicht werden.

Transnationale Vergesellschaftungen

Author: Hans-Georg Soeffner
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783531189710
Release Date: 2012-12-03
Genre: Social Science

Auf ihrem 35. Kongress feierte die Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie (DGS) ihr hundertjähriges Bestehen. Es galt, einen kritischen Rückblick auf die wechselvolle und auch problematische Geschichte der DGS zu verbinden mit aktuellen soziologischen Forschungen, neuen Fragestellungen und Theorien. Fraglos fordern „transnationale Vergesellschaftungen“ von einer nationalen Fachgesellschaft eine neue Ausrichtung und damit mehr als die bloße Übertragung überkommener Begrifflichkeiten, Forschungs- und Theorieansätze auf neue, globale Phänomene. Vielmehr geht es um eine bewusste Überprüfung, Weiterentwicklung und Erneuerung soziologischer Analyse. Der vorliegende Band enthält die Beiträge zu der Eröffnungs- und Abschlussveranstaltung sowie die Vorträge zu den Plenen, Vorlesungen, Foren, Festveranstaltungen, Author meets Critics- und Abendveranstaltungen. Die beigelegte CD-ROM enthält die Referate der Sektionssitzungen und Ad-hoc-Gruppen sowie die Beiträge zur Postersession.

Unwanted

Author: Sandra M. Bucerius
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199968954
Release Date: 2014-08-20
Genre: Social Science

The immigration of Muslims to Europe and the integration of later generations presents many challenges to European societies. Unwanted builds on five years of ethnographic research with a group of fifty-five second-generation Muslim immigrant drug dealers in Frankfurt, Germany to examine the relationship between immigration, social exclusion, and the informal economy. Having spent countless hours with these young men, hanging out in the streets, in cafes or bars and at the local community center, Sandra Bucerius explores the intimate aspects of one of the most discriminated and excluded populations in Germany. Bucerius looks at how the young men negotiate their participation in the drug market while still trying to adhere to their cultural and religious obligations and how they struggle to find a place within German society. The young men considered their involvement in the drug trade a response to their exclusion at the same time that it provides a means of forging an identity and a place within German society. The insights into the lives, hopes, and dreams of these young men, who serve as an example for many Muslim and otherwise marginalized immigrant youth groups in Western countries, provides the context necessary to understand their actions while never obscuring the many contradictory facets of their lives.

Exotic No More

Author: Jeremy MacClancy
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226500128
Release Date: 2002-07
Genre: Social Science

The contributing anthropologists demonstrate the tremendous contributions that anthropology can make to contemporary society. They cover issues ranging from fundamentalism to forced migration, human rights to environmentalism.

Violence at the Urban Margins

Author: Javier Auyero
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780190221485
Release Date: 2015-03-09
Genre: Social Science

In the Americas, debates around issues of citizen's public safety--from debates that erupt after highly publicized events, such as the shootings of Jordan Davis and Trayvon Martin, to those that recurrently dominate the airwaves in Latin America--are dominated by members of the middle and upper-middle classes. However, a cursory count of the victims of urban violence in the Americas reveals that the people suffering the most from violence live, and die, at the lowest of the socio-symbolic order, at the margins of urban societies. The inhabitants of the urban margins are hardly ever heard in discussions about public safety. They live in danger but the discourse about violence and risk belongs to, is manufactured and manipulated by, others--others who are prone to view violence at the urban margins as evidence of a cultural, or racial, defect, rather than question violence's relationship to economic and political marginalization. As a result, the experience of interpersonal violence among the urban poor becomes something unspeakable, and the everyday fear and trauma lived in relegated territories is constantly muted and denied. This edited volume seeks to counteract this pernicious tendency by putting under the ethnographic microscope--and making public--the way in which violence is lived and acted upon in the urban peripheries. It features cutting-edge ethnographic research on the role of violence in the lives of the urban poor in South, Central, and North America, and sheds light on the suffering that violence produces and perpetuates, as well as the individual and collective responses that violence generates, among those living at the urban margins of the Americas.

Better Must Come

Author: Matthew D. Marr
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801455537
Release Date: 2015-01-26
Genre: Social Science

In Better Must Come, Matthew D. Marr reveals how social contexts at various levels combine and interact to shape the experiences of transitional housing program users in two of the most prosperous cities of the global economy, Los Angeles and Tokyo. Marr, who has conducted fieldwork in U.S. and Japanese cities for over two decades, followed the experiences of thirty-four people as they made use of transitional housing services and after they left such programs. This comparative ethnography is groundbreaking in two ways—it is the first book to directly focus on exits from homelessness in American or Japanese cities, and it is the first targeted comparison of homelessness in two global cities. Marr argues that homelessness should be understood primarily as a socially generated, traumatic, and stigmatizing predicament, rather than as a stable condition, identity, or culture. He pushes for movement away from the study of “homeless people” and “homeless culture” toward an understanding of homelessness as a condition that can be transcended at individual and societal levels. Better Must Come prescribes policy changes to end homelessness that include expanding subsidized housing to persons without disabilities and experiencing homelessness chronically, as well as taking broader measures to address vulnerabilities produced by labor markets and housing markets, as well as the rapid deterioration of social safety nets that often results from neoliberal globalization.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118290583
Release Date: 2012-08-06
Genre: Social Science

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Clarity Cut and Culture

Author: Susan Falls
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9781479834396
Release Date: 2014-06-13
Genre: Social Science

Images of diamonds appear everywhere in American culture. And everyone who has a diamond has a story to tell about it. Our stories about diamonds not only reveal what we do with these tiny stones, but also suggest how we create value, meaning, and identity through our interactions with material culture in general. Things become meaningful through our interactions with them, but how do people go about making meaning? What can we learn from an ethnography about the production of identity, creation of kinship, and use of diamonds in understanding selves and social relationships? By what means do people positioned within a globalized political-economy and a compelling universe of advertising interact locally with these tiny polished rocks? This book draws on 12 months of fieldwork with diamond consumers in New York City as well as an analysis of the iconic De Beers campaign that promised romance, status, and glamour to anyone who bought a diamond to show that this thematic pool is just one resource among many that diamond owners draw upon to engage with their own stones. The volume highlights the important roles that memory, context, and circumstance also play in shaping how people interpret and then use objects in making personal worlds. It shows that besides operating as subjects in an ad-burdened universe, consumers are highly creative, idiosyncratic, and theatrical agents.

Exiting Prostitution

Author: R. Matthews
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137289421
Release Date: 2014-09-29
Genre: Political Science

How people move from deviant to conventional lifestyles is an issue that has attracted considerable interest over the past few years. However, much of this work has focused on men desisting from crime. This book provides one of the first examinations of desistance which is centred on women and, more specifically, how they exit prostitution.

Bullshit Jobs

Author: David Graeber
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608115062
Release Date: 2018-08-30
Genre: Political Science

Ein Bullshit-Job ist eine Beschäftigungsform, die so völlig sinnlos, unnötig oder schädlich ist, dass selbst der Arbeitnehmer ihre Existenz nicht rechtfertigen kann. Es geht also gerade nicht um Jobs, die niemand machen will, sondern um solche, die eigentlich niemand braucht. Im Zuge des technischen Fortschritts sind zahlreiche Arbeitsplätze durch Maschinen ersetzt worden. Trotzdem ist die durchschnittliche Arbeitszeit nicht etwa gesunken, sondern auf durchschnittlich 41,5 Wochenstunden gestiegen. Wie konnte es dazu kommen? David Graeber zeigt in seinem bahnbrechenden neuen Buch, warum immer mehr überflüssige Jobs entstehen und welche verheerenden Konsequenzen diese Entwicklung für unsere Gesellschaft hat. Im Jahr 1930 sagte der britische Ökonom John Maynard Keynes voraus, dass durch den technischen Fortschritt heute niemand mehr als 15 Stunden pro Woche arbeiten müsse. Fast ein Jahrhundert danach stellt David Graeber fest, dass die Gegenwart anders aussieht: Die durchschnittliche Arbeitszeit ist gestiegen und immer mehr Menschen üben Tätigkeiten aus, die unproduktiv und daher eigentlich überflüssig sind – als Immobilienmakler, Investmentbanker oder Unternehmensberater. Es sind Jobs, die keinen sinnvollen gesellschaftlichen Beitrag leisten. Es sind Bullshit-Jobs. Warum bezahlt eine Ökonomie solche Tätigkeiten, die sie nicht braucht? Wie ist es zu dieser Entwicklung gekommen? Und was können wir dagegen tun? David Graeber, einer der radikalsten politischen Denker unserer Zeit, geht diesem Phänomen auf den Grund. Ein packendes Plädoyer gegen die Ausweitung sinnloser Arbeit, die die moralischen Grundfesten unserer Gesellschaft ins Wanken bringt.

Keine Zeit

Author: Arlie Hochschild
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3531144685
Release Date: 2006-01-16
Genre: Social Science

Diese Studie aus den USA untersucht die Situation berufstätiger Eltern zwischen den Anforderungen einer globalisierten Arbeitswelt und denen des Familienlebens. Es bleibt buchstäblich ,Keine Zeit'. Warum das so ist, zeigt dieses Publikation über die Praxis eines Unternehmens im Mittleren Westen der USA. In Interviews mit den Beschäftigten eines großen amerikanischen Konzerns geht die Autorin der Frage nach, warum so viele Eltern über Zeitnot klagen und trotzdem nur wenige die familienfreundlichen Arbeitszeitregelungen des Unternehmens nutzen. Noch vor dem ersten Interview ermittelte Hochschild, dass nur 3 % aller Beschäftigten mit Kindern von 13 Jahren und jünger Teilzeit arbeiteten; nur ein Prozent machte Job Sharing; gerade ein Drittel der Eltern hatten flexible Arbeitszeiten - die übrigen arbeiteten neun oder zehn Stunden am Tag mit festen Zeiten. Alle kannten das vielfältige Angebot der fortschrittlichen Unternehmung, welche zum Ziel hat, die Karriere und Familie problemlos miteinander zu verbinden. Weshalb nutzten so viele Eltern nicht die großzügigen Angebote von Amerco? In den 130 Interviews kristallisierte sich heraus, dass sie weitgehend dem Bild vom "idealen" Angestellten entsprechen wollten - ein in den USA weit verbreitetes Leitbild, in dessen Zentrum Flexibilität steht: die Bereitschaft, ohne Widerspruch andere Aufgaben in der Firma zu übernehmen, Überstunden zu machen, in Notfällen die Arbeit anderer mit zu erledigen oder jederzeit umzuziehen.

Scrambling for Africa

Author: Johanna Tayloe Crane
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801469053
Release Date: 2013-09-06
Genre: Social Science

Countries in sub-Saharan Africa were once dismissed by Western experts as being too poor and chaotic to benefit from the antiretroviral drugs that transformed the AIDS epidemic in the United States and Europe. Today, however, the region is courted by some of the most prestigious research universities in the world as they search for “resource-poor” hospitals in which to base their international HIV research and global health programs. In Scrambling for Africa, Johanna Tayloe Crane reveals how, in the space of merely a decade, Africa went from being a continent largely excluded from advancements in HIV medicine to an area of central concern and knowledge production within the increasingly popular field of global health science. Drawing on research conducted in the U.S. and Uganda during the mid-2000s, Crane provides a fascinating ethnographic account of the transnational flow of knowledge, politics, and research money—as well as blood samples, viruses, and drugs. She takes readers to underfunded Ugandan HIV clinics as well as to laboratories and conference rooms in wealthy American cities like San Francisco and Seattle where American and Ugandan experts struggle to forge shared knowledge about the AIDS epidemic. The resulting uncomfortable mix of preventable suffering, humanitarian sentiment, and scientific ambition shows how global health research partnerships may paradoxically benefit from the very inequalities they aspire to redress. A work of outstanding interdisciplinary scholarship, Scrambling for Africa will be of interest to audiences in anthropology, science and technology studies, African studies, and the medical humanities.