Rise of the Warrior Cop

Author: Radley Balko
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9781610392129
Release Date: 2013-07-09
Genre: Social Science

The last days of colonialism taught America's revolutionaries that soldiers in the streets bring conflict and tyranny. As a result, our country has generally worked to keep the military out of law enforcement. But according to investigative reporter Radley Balko, over the last several decades, America's cops have increasingly come to resemble ground troops. The consequences have been dire: the home is no longer a place of sanctuary, the Fourth Amendment has been gutted, and police today have been conditioned to see the citizens they serve as an other—an enemy. Today's armored-up policemen are a far cry from the constables of early America. The unrest of the 1960s brought about the invention of the SWAT unit—which in turn led to the debut of military tactics in the ranks of police officers. Nixon's War on Drugs, Reagan's War on Poverty, Clinton's COPS program, the post–9/11 security state under Bush and Obama: by degrees, each of these innovations expanded and empowered police forces, always at the expense of civil liberties. And these are just four among a slew of reckless programs. In Rise of the Warrior Cop, Balko shows how politicians' ill-considered policies and relentless declarations of war against vague enemies like crime, drugs, and terror have blurred the distinction between cop and soldier. His fascinating, frightening narrative shows how over a generation, a creeping battlefield mentality has isolated and alienated American police officers and put them on a collision course with the values of a free society.

Policing America

Author: Willard M. Oliver
Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business
ISBN: 9781454849315
Release Date: 2016-09-28
Genre: Law

Policing America is an introductory textbook to policing in the United States. In a balanced approach, the text presents the theoretical foundations of American policing, with a focus on contemporary police practices and research. Oliver covers all of the key topics in policing, but does not overburden the student with either extraneous material only loosely related to policing or the overly detailed presentation of research more suited to a graduate program. In an engaging and readable style, the author offers an overview of past practices and research in policing, but emphasizes more contemporary policing practices and research. The focus of the book is on a contextual understanding of concepts in American policing. It is supported by the academic research, balanced with the voice of the American police officer. Features: Balanced approach that emphasizes contemporary policing. Written by an academic with police experience, resulting in an approach that combines the theoretical and the practical aspects of police work. Uses hypotheticals to bring the concepts to life for students. Student-friendly and accessible presentation incorporates graphic elements such as boxed features and charts to emphasize and summarize key points. Encourages students to think critically about the role of policing in today’s society. Oliver is an experienced author of textbooks in the criminal justice and policing fields, having authored or co-authored over a dozen books.

Our Enemies in Blue

Author: Kristian Williams
Publisher: AK Press
ISBN: 9781849352154
Release Date: 2015-08-03
Genre: Political Science

Let's begin with the basics: violence is an inherent part of policing. The police represent the most direct means by which the state imposes its will on the citizenry. They are armed, trained, and authorized to use force. Like the possibility of arrest, the threat of violence is implicit in every police encounter. Violence, as well as the law, is what they represent. Using media reports alone, the Cato Institute's last annual study listed nearly seven thousand victims of police "misconduct" in the United States. But such stories of police brutality only scratch the surface of a national epidemic. Every year, tens of thousands are framed, blackmailed, beaten, sexually assaulted, or killed by cops. Hundreds of millions of dollars are spent on civil judgments and settlements annually. Individual lives, families, and communities are destroyed. In this extensively revised and updated edition of his seminal study of policing in the United States, Kristian Williams shows that police brutality isn't an anomaly, but is built into the very meaning of law enforcement in the United States. From antebellum slave patrols to today's unarmed youth being gunned down in the streets, "peace keepers" have always used force to shape behavior, repress dissent, and defend the powerful. Our Enemies in Blue is a well-researched page-turner that both makes historical sense of this legalized social pathology and maps out possible alternatives.

The Death of Money

Author: James Rickards
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 9781101637241
Release Date: 2014-04-08
Genre: Business & Economics

The next financial collapse will resemble nothing in history. . . . Deciding upon the best course to follow will require comprehending a minefield of risks, while poised at a crossroads, pondering the death of the dollar. The U.S. dollar has been the global reserve currency since the end of World War II. If the dollar fails, the entire international monetary system will fail with it. But optimists have always said, in essence, that confidence in the dollar will never truly be shaken, no matter how high our national debt or how dysfunctional our government. In the last few years, however, the risks have become too big to ignore. While Washington is gridlocked, our biggest rivals—China, Russia, and the oil-producing nations of the Middle East—are doing everything possible to end U.S. monetary hegemony. The potential results: Financial warfare. Deflation. Hyperinflation. Market collapse. Chaos. James Rickards, the acclaimed author of Currency Wars, shows why money itself is now at risk and what we can all do to protect ourselves. He explains the power of converting unreliable investments into real wealth: gold, land, fine art, and other long-term stores of value.

Citizen Protectors

Author: Jennifer Carlson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199347568
Release Date: 2015-04-01
Genre: Social Science

From gang- and drug-related shootings to mass shootings in schools, shopping centers, and movie theatres, reports of gun crimes fill the headlines of newspapers and nightly news programs. At the same time, a different kind of headline has captured public attention: a steady surge in pro-gun sentiment among Americans. A Gallup poll conducted just a month after the Newtown school shootings found that 74% of Americans oppose a ban on hand-guns, and at least 11 million people now have licenses to carry concealed weapons as part of their everyday lives. Why do so many Americans not only own guns but also carry them? In Citizen-Protectors, Jennifer Carlson offers a compelling portrait of gun carriers, shedding light on Americans' complex relationship with guns. Delving headlong into the world of gun carriers, Carlson spent time participating in firearms training classes, attending pro-gun events, and carrying a firearm herself. Through these experiences she explores the role guns play in the lives of Americans who carry them and shows how, against a backdrop of economic insecurity and social instability, gun carrying becomes a means of being a good citizen, an idea that not only pervades the NRA's public literature and statements, but its training courses as well. A much-needed counterpoint to the rhetorical battles over gun control, Citizen-Protectors is a captivating and revealing look at gun culture in America, and is a must-read for anyone with a stake in this heated debate.

Curry Buch

Author: Jens Ohlig
Publisher: O'Reilly Germany
ISBN: 9783868993707
Release Date: 2013-07-01
Genre: Computers

Im Alltag der imperativen Programmierung mit JavaScript bringen ungeplante Programmänderungen die gewohnten Abstraktionsmechanismen mitunter an ihre Grenzen. In diesem Buch wird ein Einstieg in die funktionale Programmierung dargeboten, deren Ansatz sich von den übrigen Arten der Programmierung unterscheidet und zu Unrecht als schwierig zu verstehen gilt. Aufbruch in die Welt der funktionalen Programmierung und der Gewürze. Es geht um die praktischen Grundlagen des funktionalen Programmierens und immer wieder Analogien zum Kochen eines Currys, denn gutes Programmieren ist wie gutes Kochen. Bekannte funktionale Programmiersprachen sind Lisp, Haskell oder ML. Oft entstammen diese einer akademischen Welt und sind oft nur in bestimmten Bereichen relevant. Im Gegensatz dazu verwendet dieses Buch JavaScript, die Basis der offenen Web-Standards. Die auffälligste Besonderheit bei der funktionalen Programmierung besteht darin, dass Programmfunktionen wie mathematische Funktionen oder auch Kochrezepte aufgefasst werden. Funktionen höherer Ordnung. Ein wichtiger Aspekt beim funktionalen Programmieren sind Funktionen höherer Ordnung. Dabei handelt es sich um Funktionen, die wiederum Funktionen als Argumente erhalten. Die Leserinnen und Leser lernen diese als Basisgrundlage kennen, um dann Funktionen höherer Ordnung auf Arrays anzuwenden. Anschließend führt die kulinarische Reise zu dem Thema Rekursion, bevor die event-basierte Programmierung und Continuations behandelt werden. Theorie der funktionalen Programmierung. In den ersten Kapiteln kann ohne Paradigmenwechsel und ohne das Erlernen einer neuen Programmiersprache in die funktionale Programmierung eingestiegen werden. In den anschließenden Kapiteln wird die theoretische Seite beleuchtet; zunächst das Lambda-Kalkül, die Grundlage fast aller funktionaler Programmiersprachen. Datentypen und Monaden, mit denen in rein funktionalen Programmiersprachen Seiteneffekte gekapselt werden, tauchen auf. Abgerundet wird alles durch einen Ausblick auf weitere Sprachen. In Nebenrollen haben Vindaloo-Curry, Auberginen und ein Mango-Lassi ihren Auftritt. Namaste und guten Appetit!

Dr Death and the Country Dentist

Author: Radley Balko
Publisher: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 161039691X
Release Date: 2017-08-22
Genre: History

This is a tale of two tragedies. At the heart of the first is Dr. Steven Hayne, a doctor the State of Mississippi employed as its de facto medical examiner for two decades. Beginning in the late 1980s, he performed anywhere from 1,200 to 1,800 autopsies per year, five times more than is recommended, performed at night in the basement of a local funeral home. Autopsy reports claimed organs had been observed and weighed when, in reality, they had been surgically removed from the body years before. But Hayne was the only game in town. He also often brought in local dentist and self-styled “bite mark specialist” Dr. Michael West, who would discover marks on victim's bodies, at times invisible to the naked eye, and then match those marks—“indeed and without doubt”—to law enforcement's lead suspect. This leads to the second tragic tale: that of Kennedy Brewer and Levon Brooks, two black men each convicted in separate cases of the brutal rape and murder of young girls. Dr. Hayne's autopsy and Dr. West's bite mark matching formed the bases for the convictions. Combined the two men served over 30 years in Mississippi's notorious penitentiary - Parchman Farm - before being exonerated in 2008. Brooks' and Brewer's wrongful convictions lie at the intersection of both the most pressing problem facing this country's criminal justice system—structural injustice built on the historic foundation of race and class as well as with the much more contemporary but equally egregious problem of invalid forensic science. The old problem is inextricably bound up with and exacerbates the new. In Dr. Death and the Country Dentist, Radley Balko and Tucker Carrington write a true story of Southern gothic horror—of two innocent men wrongly convicted of vicious crimes and the legally condoned failures that allowed it to happen. Balko and Carrington will shine a light on the institutional and professional failures that allowed this tragic, astonishing story to happen, identify where it may have happened elsewhere, and show how to prevent it from happening again.

Gesetz des Todes

Author: Robert Crais
Publisher: Heyne Verlag
ISBN: 9783641137212
Release Date: 2014-07-14
Genre: Fiction

Ein Gangster darf keine Familie haben außer seiner kriminellen Bruderschaft. Wer diese Regel bricht, wird mit dem Tod bestraft ... L. A., Gegenwart: Frank Meyer, ein Modeimporteur mit dunkler Vergangenheit, wird mitsamt seiner Familie regelrecht hingerichtet. Schnell tritt der Ermittler Joe Pike auf den Plan, denn Meyer war einst sein Freund. Die Spur führt zur serbischen Mafia und deren Hintermänner. Getarnt als Waffenhändler begibt Pike sich mithilfe seines Partners Elvis Cole in die Unterwelt von L. A.

De la guerre en Am rique

Author: Thomas RABINO
Publisher: Perrin
ISBN: 9782262037260
Release Date: 2013-08-22
Genre: History

Dans cet essai novateur plébiscité par la critique, l¿historien Thomas Rabino analyse en profondeur la culture de guerre consubstantielle à l¿Amérique, par le biais de l¿histoire diplomatique et militaire, mais aussi sociale et culturelle. Nés d'une guerre d'indépendance et victorieux des deux conflits mondiaux, les Etats-Unis doivent leur puissance à la force de leurs armes depuis plus de deux siècles. Après le 11 septembre 2001, une autre bataille a commencé, celle contre le terrorisme. Avec elle resurgit une culture de guerre profondément ancrée dans la conscience populaire américaine. Une enquête historique doublée d'un essai de premier ordre. Thomas Rabino est journaliste et historien spécialisé dans l'histoire de la Résistance et la civilisation américaine. " Une démonstration [...] que les éditeurs américains seraient inspirés de traduire ! " Le Canard Enchainé " Un livre foisonnant et indispensable. " Emmanuel Todd

Snitch Culture

Author: Jim Redden
Publisher:
ISBN: 0922915636
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Current Events

Welcome to 'Snitch Culture,' a detailed analysis of how the growing surveillance of individuals has created a society far more insidious and pervasive than anything George Orwell ever imagined. Based primarily on the experience in the United States, but equally relevant to the United Kingdom and Europe, the book reveals the enormous energy, effort and money that is being put into creating a vast domestic intelligence network to track every man, woman and child. A fascinating insight into the world of 'big brother'.

Virtuous Policing

Author: David G. Bolgiano
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498723527
Release Date: 2015-08-08
Genre: Computers

"It pulls no punches, shuns no controversial topic, and glosses over no issues or problems that beset America’s law enforcement community in our day. For those who may be prone to suspect the motives of these self-confessed lovers of cops and warriors, the title of this book...should be sufficient to allay such concerns." —John C. Hall, Supervisory Special Agent, FBI (Retd.), from the Foreword Virtuous Policing: Bridging America’s Gulf Between Police and Populace is a vigorous assessment and commentary on governmental uses of force, whether by civilian law enforcement officers in the United States or by military service members overseas. In the wake of recent controversies such as events in Ferguson, Missouri, and Baltimore, Maryland, this book presents strategies to ease rising tensions in citizen–law enforcement relations. The book particularly addresses the growing division between members of the police and citizenry due to a number of factors, including the effects of some press members who are more interested in cultivating sensational stories of "rogue" cops than in discovering and disseminating facts. Also, with the abundance of information—true and false—available on the Internet and the increasing utilization of social media, technology contributes to the rising friction between citizens and police. Rather than make unrealistic arguments for curtailing media and technology, it suggests solutions that are reasonable, practical, and, most importantly, peaceful. The authors examine law enforcement policies, procedures, and leadership methods in relation to four cardinal virtues: self-control, justice, competency, and moral courage. Case studies illustrate ethical, legal, psychological, and tactical issues that law enforcement and the military have to address in establishing and maintaining good and peaceable governance. With an eye toward minimizing or avoiding future violent confrontations between citizens and those who have sworn to protect them, Virtuous Policing makes recommendations on how law enforcement and military leaders can better train and lead their subordinates. It provides legitimate leadership guidance and peaceful solutions to the growing gap between America’s citizenry and its police.