Author: Ryan Calo
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date: 2016-01-29
Like the Internet before it, robotics is a socially and economically transformative technology. Robot Law explores how the increasing sophistication of robots and their widespread deployment into hospitals, public spaces, and battlefields requires rethinking of a wide variety of philosophical and public policy issues, including how this technology interacts with existing legal regimes, and thus may inspire changes in policy and in law. This volume collects the efforts of a diverse group of scholars who each, in their own way, has worked to overcome barriers in order to facilitate necessary and timely discussions of a technology in its infancy. Identifying controversial legal, ethical, and philosophical problems, the authors reveal how issues surrounding robotics and regulation are more complicated than engineers could have anticipated, and just how much definitional and applied work remains to be done. This groundbreaking examination of a brand-new reality will be of interest and of use to a variety of groups as the authors include engineers, ethicists, lawyers, roboticists, philosophers, and serving military.
Robots auf dem Vormarsch Dr. Susan Calvin war fünfzig Jahre lang als Robotpsychologin bei der U. S. Robot Company angestellt, einem der größten Unternehmen der Welt. Sie erlebte hautnah mit, wie Robots zum alltäglichen Bestandteil der menschlichen Kultur wurden und welche Probleme es mit sich bringt, wenn Menschen mit Robotern zusammenleben. Vor allem aber stellt sich eine Frage: Was passiert, wenn sich Mensch und Roboter kaum noch voneinander unterscheiden? In neun Erzählungen zeigt sie einem jungen Reporter, wie eine Zukunft, geprägt von gigantischen Positronengehirnen, für uns Menschen aussieht.
"Law enforcement robots are designed to complete tasks that may be too difficult or dangerous for humans. They can move over rough terrain, fit in small spaces, and disable bombs. Learn more about how these incredible robots keep us safe."
The three laws of Robotics: 1) A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm 2) A robot must obey orders givein to it by human beings except where such orders would conflict with the First Law. 3) A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law. With these three, simple directives, Isaac Asimov changed our perception of robots forever when he formulated the laws governing their behavior. In I, Robot, Asimov chronicles the development of the robot through a series of interlinked stories: from its primitive origins in the present to its ultimate perfection in the not-so-distant future--a future in which humanity itself may be rendered obsolete. Here are stories of robots gone mad, of mind-read robots, and robots with a sense of humor. Of robot politicians, and robots who secretly run the world--all told with the dramatic blend of science fact and science fiction that has become Asmiov's trademark.
This book explains why AI is unique, what legal and ethical problems it could cause, and how we can address them. It argues that AI is unlike any other previous technology, owing to its ability to take decisions independently and unpredictably. This gives rise to three issues: responsibility--who is liable if AI causes harm; rights--the disputed moral and pragmatic grounds for granting AI legal personality; and the ethics surrounding the decision-making of AI. The book suggests that in order to address these questions we need to develop new institutions and regulations on a cross-industry and international level. Incorporating clear explanations of complex topics, Robot Rules will appeal to a multi-disciplinary audience, from those with an interest in law, politics and philosophy, to computer programming, engineering and neuroscience.
Author: Ugo Pagallo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2013-05-16
This book explores how the design, construction, and use of robotics technology may affect today’s legal systems and, more particularly, matters of responsibility and agency in criminal law, contractual obligations, and torts. By distinguishing between the behaviour of robots as tools of human interaction, and robots as proper agents in the legal arena, jurists will have to address a new generation of “hard cases.” General disagreement may concern immunity in criminal law (e.g., the employment of robot soldiers in battle), personal accountability for certain robots in contracts (e.g., robo-traders), much as clauses of strict liability and negligence-based responsibility in extra-contractual obligations (e.g., service robots in tort law). Since robots are here to stay, the aim of the law should be to wisely govern our mutual relationships.
Author: Patrick Lin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2017-09-01
The robot population is rising on Earth and other planets. (Mars is inhabited entirely by robots.) As robots slip into more domains of human life--from the operating room to the bedroom--they take on our morally important tasks and decisions, as well as create new risks from psychological to physical. This makes it all the more urgent to study their ethical, legal, and policy impacts. To help the robotics industry and broader society, we need to not only press ahead on a wide range of issues, but also identify new ones emerging as quickly as the field is evolving. For instance, where military robots had received much attention in the past (and are still controversial today), this volume looks toward autonomous cars here as an important case study that cuts across diverse issues, from liability to psychology to trust and more. And because robotics feeds into and is fed by AI, the Internet of Things, and other cognate fields, robot ethics must also reach into those domains, too. Expanding these discussions also means listening to new voices; robot ethics is no longer the concern of a handful of scholars. Experts from different academic disciplines and geographical areas are now playing vital roles in shaping ethical, legal, and policy discussions worldwide. So, for a more complete study, the editors of this volume look beyond the usual suspects for the latest thinking. Many of the views as represented in this cutting-edge volume are provocative--but also what we need to push forward in unfamiliar territory.
Author: Vanessa Mak
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Release Date: 2018-12-28
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
The use of data in society has seen an exponential growth in recent years. Data science, the field of research concerned with understanding and analyzing data, aims to find ways to operationalize data so that it can be beneficially used in society, for example in health applications, urban governance or smart household devices. The legal questions that accompany the rise of new, data-driven technologies however are underexplored. This book is the first volume that seeks to map the legal implications of the emergence of data science. It discusses the possibilities and limitations imposed by the current legal framework, considers whether regulation is needed to respond to problems raised by data science, and which ethical problems occur in relation to the use of data. It also considers the emergence of Data Science and Law as a new legal discipline.
Author: Donald M. Hassler
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Literary Criticism
Surveying the vast expanse of politically-charged science fiction, this book posits that the defining dilemma for these tales rests in whether identity and meaning germinate from progressive linear changes or progress, or from a continuous return to primitive realities of war, death and the competition for survival.
Author: Ian Graham
Publisher: Evans Brothers
Release Date: 2010-05-01
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
Robot Technology looks at robots that are used in space exploration, and developments that may happen in the future, for example, landing on Mars. It looks at robot explorers that go to places humans cannot reach, such as the sea bed, and into the craters of volcanoes. The title explores military machines, and discusses the possibility of humanoid robots. It also asks important questions about whether advances in robot technology could threaten humans. New Technology is an exciting, up-to-date look at new technology and the effect it is having on the world. Each title looks forward to likely future technological advances that will affect our everyday lives.
Author: John Frank Weaver
Release Date: 2013-11-26
The only book of its kind to look at how our legal system needs to change to accommodate a world in which machines, in addition to people, make decisions. • Describes court cases, regulations, and statutes that are affected by the technological advances of artificial intelligence • Eschews overtly technical or legalistic discussions to provide clear, accessible information • Discusses a number of popular, topical, and controversial technologies, providing historical background for each and their legal implications • Focuses on devices that are already in use to illustrate where the law falls short in governing artificial intelligence and how legal models should be amended
Building robots is a snap with LEGO Technic Robotics! This book shows you how to use LEGO bricks and Power Functions components such as motors and remote controls to create all kinds of robots. Best of all, you don’t have to learn any programming. You just need your imagination and the expert building principles that you’ll find inside LEGO Technic Robotics. Author Mark Rollins teaches you the hows and whys of Technic project design. You’re not just snapping pieces here and there; with LEGO Technic Robotics you’re actively learning the fundamentals of good design so you can go on to create truly spectacular LEGO robot creations. From robots that run on wheels, walk on two or four legs, or move and function in ways that only you can dream up, this book will help you create your own robot army. Turn to LEGO Technic Robotics and build with real power! After you’ve mastered the techniques in this book, if you’re looking to build more creations, check out Practical LEGO Technics, also written by Mark Rollins, and discover how to build vehicles that can roll, run, and more. Please note: the print version of this title is black & white; the eBook is full color. You can download the color diagrams in the book from http://www.apress.com/9781430249801
The vision of seamless human-robot interaction in our everyday life that allows for tight cooperation between human and robot has not become reality yet. However, the recent increase in technology maturity finally made it possible to realize systems of high integration, advanced sensorial capabilities and enhanced power to cross this barrier and merge living spaces of humans and robot workspaces to at least a certain extent. Together with the increasing industrial effort to realize first commercial service robotics products this makes it necessary to properly address one of the most fundamental questions of Human-Robot Interaction: How to ensure safety in human-robot coexistence? In this authoritative monograph, the essential question about the necessary requirements for a safe robot is addressed in depth and from various perspectives. The approach taken in this book focuses on the biomechanical level of injury assessment, addresses the physical evaluation of robot-human impacts, and isolates the major factors that cause human injuries. This assessment is the basis for the design and exploration of various measures to improve safety in human-robot interaction. They range from control schemes for collision detection, reflex reaction, and avoidance to the investigation of novel joint designs that equip robots with fundamentally new capabilities. By the depth of its analysis and exceptionally salient experimental work, this monograph offers one of the most comprehensive treatments of the safety challenge in the field.
Author: John D. Barrow
Publisher: Random House
Release Date: 2010-01-26
'If people do not believe that mathematics is simple, it is only because they do not realize how complicated life is.' John von Neumann Mathematics can tell you things about the world that can't be learned in any other way. This hugely informative and wonderfully entertaining Brain Shot answers a few essential questions about existence. It unravels the knotty, clarifies the conundrums and sheds light into dark corners. From winning the lottery, financial investment with Time Travelers and the weirdest football match ever to Sherlock Holmes, Elections, game theory, drunks, packing for your holiday and the madness of crowds; from chaos to infinity and everything in between, Essential Things You Didn't Know You Didn't Know has all the answers! BRAIN SHOTS: The byte-sized guide to all the things you didn't know you didn't know...
The next twenty-five years could be the most interesting, if not the most prosperous, for humankind in all human history. Whether or not we will reach the point that futurist Ray Kurzweil termed The Singularity, when computers become smarter than people, advancements in computers, biotechnology, and robotics will create unique options and dilemmas for mankind. Sascha=s World is the story of a chimpanzee with a human brain, whose talents and imagination and luck take us to a future on the brink of the evolution of a new species of man, who never grows old. But, to make the perfection of the human race a reality, Sascha will have to deal with the corporate oligarchs who have taken over the United States, following the defeat of President Obama in 2012. Sascha=s efforts lead to a climactic campaign for President. Will there be a chimpanzee in the White House in 2033?