This book is an up-to-date text on rubber science and is a breakthrough among many rubber-related publications. Emphasis is placed on the most modern scientific approaches to rubber science, departing from the usual detailed descriptions of trial-and-error results of traditional rubber technology. The book is a good introduction to modern rubber science both for graduate students and for more or less experienced rubber engineers for updating their way of thinking in handling of technological problems. Due to the increasing importance of pneumatic tires of vehicles and aircraft in modern transportation, this work will be of great use for general readers as well, including those who are concerned with sustainable development.
This sequel to A Prehistory of Polymer Science begins with the Faraday Discussion of 1935 on Polymerization. Patterson then examines the remarkable rise and establishment of polymer science after 1935 from the perspective of the emergence of strong intellectual leaders. While enough biographical detail is presented to gain an appreciation for the role played by each leader, the emphasis of this volume is on the key concepts associated with each individual and how the community embraced these leaders.
Author: L. A. Kleintjens
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Juvenile Nonfiction
'Integration of Fundamental Polymer Science and Technology' is a theme that admits of countless variations. It is admirably exemplified by the scientific work of R. Koningsveld and C. G. Vonk, in whose honour this meeting was organized. The interplay between 'pure' and 'applied' is of course not confined to any particular subdiscipline of chemistry or physics (witness the name IUPAC and IUPAP) but is perhaps rarely so intimate and inevitable as in the macromolecular area. The historical sequence may vary: when the first synthetic dye was prepared by Perkin, considerable knowledge of the molecular structure was also at hand; but polymeric materials, both natural and synthetic, had achieved a fair practical technology long before their macromolecular character was appreciated or established. Such historical records have sometimes led to differences of opinion as to whether the pure or the applied arm should deserve the first place of honour. The Harvard physiologist Henderson, as quoted in Walter Moore's Physical Chemistry, averred that 'Science owes more to the steam engine than the steam engine owes to Science'. On the other hand, few would dispute the proposition that nuclear power production could scarcely have preceded the laboratory observations of Hahn and Strassmann on uranium fission. Whatever history may suggest, an effective and continuous working relationship must recognize the essential contributions, if not always the completely smooth meshing, of both extremes.
Popular Science gives our readers the information and tools to improve their technology and their world. The core belief that Popular Science and our readers share: The future is going to be better, and science and technology are the driving forces that will help make it better.
Author: Sabu Thomas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2014-09-04
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Epoxy resins are polymers which are extensively used as coating materials due to their outstanding mechanical properties and good handling characteristics. A disadvantage results from their high cross-link density: they are brittle and have very low resistance to crack growth and propagation. This necessitates the toughening of the epoxy matrix without impairing its good thermomechanical properties. The final properties of the polymer depend on their structure. The book focuses on the microstructural aspects in the modification of epoxy resins with low molecular weight liquid rubbers, one of the prime toughening agents commonly employed. The book follows thoroughly the reactions of elastomer-modified epoxy resins from their liquid stage to the network formation. It gives an in-depth view into the cure reaction, phase separation and the simultaneous development of the morphology. Chapters on ageing, failure analysis and life cycle analysis round out the book.
Author: Mark R Finlay
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Release Date: 2009-04-24
Growing American Rubber explores America's quest during tense decades of the twentieth century to identify a viable source of domestic rubber. Straddling international revolutions and world wars, this unique and well-researched history chronicles efforts of leaders in business, science, and government to sever American dependence on foreign suppliers. Mark Finlay plots out intersecting networks of actors including Thomas Edison, Henry Ford, prominent botanists, interned Japanese Americans, Haitian peasants, and ordinary citizensùall of whom contributed to this search for economic self-sufficiency. Challenging once-familiar boundaries between agriculture and industry and field and laboratory, Finlay also identifies an era in which perceived boundaries between natural and synthetic came under review. Although synthetic rubber emerged from World War II as one solution, the issue of ever-diminishing natural resources and the question of how to meet twenty-first-century consumer, military, and business demands lingers today.
This book presents selected papers on various aspects of rubber engineering, technology, and exploitation. The contributions range from new methods of the modification of filler surface and crosslinks structure of rubber vulcanizates, through modern functional elastomer composites, to aspects of their thermal stability, flammability, and ozone degradation. Each chapter contains a brief introduction to a particular topic, a description of the experimental techniques, and a discussion on the results obtained, followed by conclusions. The book will help to broaden the knowledge of researchers in the field of rubber compounding, crosslinking, and behavior under various exploitation conditions. The research and development presented in this book has potential for industrial applications as well as for new materials and technologies. The book also details theoretical background to a number of experimental techniques, which should make it interesting to research students and professionals.
Author: Ilene J. Busch-Vishniac
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 1998-12-30
Unlike other treatments of sensors or actuators, this book approaches the devices from the point of view of the fundamental coupling mechanism between the electrical and mechanical behaviour. The principles of operation of the solenoid are the same in both cases, and this book thus treats them together. It begins with a discussion of systems analysis as a tool for modelling transducers, before turning to a detailed discussion of transduction mechanisms. The whole is rounded off by an input/output analysis of transducers.
New analytical methods have provided further insight into the structure, surface characteristics, and chemistries of increasingly small particles. However, current literature offers information on only a limited number of powders being investigated. Written by renowned scientists in the field, Powders and Fibers: Interfacial Science and Applications examines the most appropriate characterization methods for analyzing powders and fibers. Using these techniques, the authors explore the formation and roles of various multiphase interfaces. They consider the potential for enhancing performance and highlight related applications, particularly for powders and fibers. The book details characteristics such as morphology, surface energetics, surface ionization, and electrokinetics for solid-gas, solid-rubber, solid-solid, solid-liquid, and biological interfaces. Areas of multidisciplinary interest also include the adsorption of biomolecules and biocompatibility of powders and fibers, nanoparticles and nanocomposites, biochips, and other biomedical applications, the measurement and significance of wettability, recent rheological data on mixes, and computer simulations used for visualizing complex solid surfaces. As interest in the behavior and applications of powders and fibers steadily increases, Powders and Fibers: Interfacial Science and Applications offers a diverse approach that bridges fundamental aspects of interfacial science with applications of powders and fibers that is useful for newcomers as well as practitioners in related fields.
Author: A. D. Roberts
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 1988
The unique properties of rubber have interested scientists for over 200 years. This volume presents a summary of the present state of the art in the study of this versatile substance. Chapters deal with both the science of rubber--its chemistry, engineering properties, and rheology--and the wide-ranging applications of rubber in the modern world, from the manufacture of car tires to the construction of earthquake protection systems for large buildings. By also providing pointers to the future uses of rubber, this volume will be a standard reference for scientists and researchers for many years to come.