Original and insightful, this volume, giving in-depth consideration to the key issues affecting the future of market towns, provides readers with a framework for evaluating policy initiatives and progress in market towns. Through a detailed analysis of the characteristics of over 200 towns and in-depth studies of eleven towns in different parts of England, the authors identify and explore a number of key roles for market towns. Such as: retirement towns commuter towns employment centres service centres tourist towns. Setting the results in the context of past and current policy, they consider in more detail some of the critical issues, including increased personal mobility, aging populations, housing growth and affordability, employment and retail competitiveness. Drawing on this detailed case study material, a final section explores the future role of market towns as sustainable communities and how they might best assure their futures. Addressing issues which have not yet been covered in contemporary planning literature, this comprehensive volume provides a wide-ranging discussion that will appeal to those involved at all levels of practice related to market towns as well as to academics and students working in both rural and urban geography and planning.
Author: J. Mønnesland
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Finance, Public
"Regional and local governments play a crucial role in regional development. They both constitute themselves as a key industrial sector, where employment and activities may have a significant impact on total regional activity figures, and they may engage in schemes and initiatives in order to support the industrial life in their region to atttract newcomers. In such a situation, it is of vital importance to understand how the regional and local levels of government are financed, and to what extent there are national schemes and/ or regulations aiming to influence the distribution of finances between the local and regional units. Having legislative power, the state can attempt to influence the scope of action of local government units. The question is how, and to what extent, should the state influence local government. The state can act legislatively as well as economically, where transfer systems as well as tax regulations will be important aspects of the policy towards the local government sector. This book offers a broad range of analysis on the regional finance systems operating in various European countries. It focuses on the aims as well as the mechanisms, discussing outcomes as well as side-effects. At a time when the financial situation of regional and local governments has come under stress, and the division of power between the different governmental levels is under discussion in most European countries, it is important to look closely at these experiences in a broader European context"--P.  of cover. AŁ
Author: Birgit Jentsch
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2017-07-05
Despite an EU-wide commitment to rural development, research has rarely focused on the lives of young people in rural areas, their experiences in education and employment, their perceptions of policies relevant to them, and their possibilities of participation. Based on a two-year European research project on policies and young people in rural development, this edited volume examines these issues and considers young people's experiences of rural life in Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Portugal and Scotland. The volume is organized thematically with each chapter addressing a specific topic in one or more countries. These topics comprise: the attractiveness of rural areas to young people; the impact of programmes under the European Employment Guidelines; rural youth in local community development and partnerships; rural development programmes and their impact on youth integration; the role of social networks; and the transition from education to employment. A number of implications for policy and practice are drawn out in conclusion. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with the future of rural areas and with those who live in the European countryside.
Author: Graham D. Rowles, PhD
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
Release Date: 2013-02-20
Genre: Social Science
"[This book] addresses issues on both sides of the Atlantic; examines the theoretical underpinnings of environmental gerontology...; and provides useful practical applications and guiding principles....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries The environments in which people live out their later lives have a strong impact on their identity and provide opportunities for nourishing social interactions. This volume translates the insights derived from contemporary research on residential environments and public spaces that enhance well-being into practical recommendations for the design of such beneficial community environments. The text is grounded in the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of current research on place attachment, environmental meaning, and community living in later life. Emphasis is placed on how to design residential spaces that facilitate the development of a sense of place or home, and investigation is made into the kinds of lifestyles such spaces foster and support. A major theme pervading the text is the juxtaposition of private and public space. The book also addresses such themes as the transformation of spaces into places of personal identification and attachment, the need for shared intergenerational spaces, and consideration of diverse populations when designing public spaces. The book also considers how emerging public policy agendas affect the development and management of environments for the elderly. Environmental Gerontology includes the contributions of scholars in anthropology, architecture, economics, education, geography, gerontology, planning, psychology, sociology, and numerous health sciences, who hail from North America, Europe, and Asia. With its strong interdisciplinary focus, this text offers innovative and judicious recommendations for the creation of community environments that are truly beneficial for older adults. Key Features: Provides an up-to-date synthesis of the latest research on the meaning of place to older people and its relationship to well-being Offers fresh insight and critical perspectives on community planning and environmental design Considers private residences, retirement communities, long-term care facilities, and public and private community spaces Includes guiding principles for environmental design and practice relevant to the documented needs of older people Synthesizes contributions from international scholars in many disciplines
Author: Paul Milbourne
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Release Date: 2010-03-30
Genre: Political Science
Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.
Author: Mark Shucksmith
Release Date: 2016-05-20
Genre: Social Science
Rural societies around the world are changing in fundamental ways, both at their own initiative and in response to external forces. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies examines the organisation and transformation of rural society in more developed regions of the world, taking an interdisciplinary and problem-focused approach. Written by leading social scientists from many countries, it addresses emerging issues and challenges in innovative and provocative ways to inform future policy. This volume is organised around eight emerging social, economic and environmental challenges: Demographic change. Economic transformations. Food systems and land. Environment and resources. Changing configurations of gender and rural society. Social and economic equality. Social dynamics and institutional capacity. Power and governance. Cross-cutting these challenges are the growing interdependence of rural and urban; the rise in inequality within and between places; the impact of fiscal crisis on rural societies; neoliberalism, power and agency; and rural areas as potential sites of resistance. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies is required reading for anyone concerned with the future of rural areas.
Author: Yehuda Gradus
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
The fact that approximately one-third of the world's land mass is arid desert may be congenial for the camel and the cactus, but not for people. Nevertheless, well over half a billion people, or 15% of the world's population live in arid desert areas. If the world's population were distributed evenly over the land surface, we would expect to find about 30% of the population inhabiting arid desert areas. Does the fact that 'only' 15% of the world's population live in an arid desert environment reflect the harshness of the environment? Or is it a testimony to the adaptability and ingenuity of mankind? Do we view the glass as half-full? Or half-empty? The contributors to Desert Development: Man and Technology in Sparselands adopt the position that the cup is half-full and, in fact, could be filled much more. Indeed, many arid desert zones do thrive with life, and given appropriate technological develop ment, such areas could support even greater popUlations. While the dire Malthusian prediction that rapid world population growth exceeds the carrying capacity of existent resource systems has gained popularity (typified by the 1972 Club of Rome book, Limits to Growth), there is a growing body of serious work which rejects such pessimistic 'depletion' models, in favor of models which are mildly optimistic.
Author: Martin Kronauer
Publisher: Campus Verlag
Release Date: 2010-04-12
Genre: Social Science
Prekäre Beschäftigung, Arbeitslosigkeit und Armut bringen Formen sozialer Ausgrenzung hervor, die in allen westlichen Gesellschaften ein Problem darstellen. Über die Ursachen und Folgen wird in den Sozialwissenschaften in Europa und den USA breit diskutiert. Martin Kronauer bietet in seiner grundlegenden Studie einen gut verständlichen Überblick über diese umfangreichen Debatten und die sich dahinter verbergende, immer explosiver werdende gesellschaftliche Realität. Dabei zeigt sich, dass sich das Problem der sozialen Exklusion besonders in den Städten verdichtet und die sozialen Grundlagen der Demokratie gefährdet. In seinem jetzt überarbeiteten und um ein aktuelles Nachwort erweiterten Buch gelingt es dem Autor, den Begriff der Exklusion zu schärfen und ihn für weitere Analysen unserer Gesellschaft nutzbar zu machen.