State Secrets

Author: Vil S. Mirzayanov
Publisher: Outskirts Press
ISBN: 1432725661
Release Date: 2009
Genre: History

"The Mirzayanov case is an immediate legal litmus test of emerging Russian democracy. He is an individual in the true tradition of Andrei Sakharov, a man persecuted under the former regime for telling the truth, but now, rightfully, universally honored."--Dan Ellsberg, author.

Cyclopropanes in Organic Synthesis

Author: Oleg G. Kulinkovich
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118978405
Release Date: 2015-09-30
Genre: Science

This is a practical guidebook about cyclopropanes that thoroughly surveys derivatives and transformations, synthetic methods, and experimental efficiency as a gateway for further research and development in the field. • Provides comprehensive lists and synthetically-oriented synopses of cyclopropane chemistry review references along with publication data on applications in the syntheses of natural and related biologically active compounds • Acts as a resource to help readers better understand cyclopropane applications for the efficient realization of synthetically important organic transformations and popular experimental procedures • Includes new developments and up-to-date information that will lead to original methodologies for complex organic synthesis • Stresses universality, flexibility, and experimental efficiency of a strategy based on preparing cyclopropane derivatives and performing ring cleavage reactions with inexpensive reagents • Focuses on the synthetic potential of cyclopropane applications, for example the synthesis of natural compounds and other target-oriented syntheses via cyclopropane intermediaries, as well on their planning by retrosynthetic analysis

Information Sources in Chemistry

Author: R. T. Bottle
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110976854
Release Date: 1993-01-01
Genre: Reference

The aim of each volume of this series Guides to Information Sources is to reduce the time which needs to be spent on patient searching and to recommend the best starting point and sources most likely to yield the desired information. The criteria for selection provide a way into a subject to those new to the field and assists in identifying major new or possibly unexplored sources to those who already have some acquaintance with it. The series attempts to achieve evaluation through a careful selection of sources and through the comments provided on those sources.

Metal Vinylidenes and Allenylidenes in Catalysis

Author: Christian Bruneau
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527318925
Release Date: 2008-06-23
Genre: Science

Focusing on preparation and applications in synthesis and catalysis, this book finally closes a gap in the literature by summarizing this hot topic for the first time. As such, it gathers in one volume the key features of metal vinylidene and allenylidene complexes as well as reactive species and covers applications in metathesis, polymerization, molecular materials, carbon rich compounds and fine chemical production. The emphasis here is on the selective transformations of alkynes and enynes plus simple and complex molecules containing a triple C-C bond. The result is a must-have ready reference for organic, catalytic, complex, theoretical and polymer chemists, as well as those working with/on organometallics.

Index to Reviews Symposia Volumes and Monographs in Organic Chemistry

Author: Norman Kharasch
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483154909
Release Date: 2013-11-15
Genre: Science

Index to Reviews, Symposia Volumes and Monographs in Organic Chemistry presents the development in organic chemistry for the period 1963—1964. This book covers works in English, German, and French languages, including also English translations of Russian studies. Organized into three parts encompassing 136 chapters, this book starts with a collection of review articles concerning the advances in analytical chemistry and instrumentation. This text then presents the annual collection of review articles on advances in chemical physics, chemotherapy, clinical chemistry, drug research, and fluorine chemistry. Other chapters deal with advances in food research, heterocyclic chemistry, spectroscopy, organic reactions, and tracer methodology. This book presents as well a collection of review articles on pharmaceutical sciences, polymer science, medicinal chemistry, pharmacy, and pharmacology. The final chapter presents a list of monographs concerning chemical engineering, applications of neutron diffraction in chemistry, and mechanochemistry of polymers. This book is a valuable resource for organic chemists, students, and scientists.

Hypervalent Iodine Chemistry

Author: Viktor V. Zhdankin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118341308
Release Date: 2013-10-01
Genre: Science

Hypervalent Iodine Chemistry is the first comprehensive text covering all of the main aspects of the chemistry of organic and inorganic polyvalent iodine compounds, including applications in chemical research, medicine, and industry. Providing a comprehensive overview of the preparation, properties, and synthetic applications of this important class of reagents, the text is presented in the following way: The introductory chapter provides a historical background and describes the general classification of iodine compounds, nomenclature, hypervalent bonding, structural features, and the principles of reactivity of polyvalent iodine compounds. Chapter 2 gives a detailed description of the preparative methods and structural features of all known classes of organic and inorganic derivatives of polyvalent iodine. Chapter 3, the key chapter of the book, deals with the many applications of hypervalent iodine reagents in organic synthesis. Chapter 4 describes the most recent achievements in hypervalent iodine catalysis. Chapter 5 deals with recyclable polymer-supported and nonpolymeric hypervalent iodine reagents. Chapter 6 covers the "green" reactions of hypervalent iodine reagents under solvent-free conditions or in aqueous solutions. The final chapter provides an overview of the important practical applications of polyvalent iodine compounds in medicine and industry. This book is aimed at all chemists interested in iodine compounds, including academic and industrial researchers in inorganic, organic, physical, medicinal, and biological chemistry. It will be particularly useful to synthetic organic and inorganic chemists, including graduate and advanced undergraduate students. It comprehensively covers the green chemistry aspects of hypervalent iodine chemistry, making it especially useful for industrial chemists.

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis 1981

Author: L. G. Wade
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483104058
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis—1981 presents an annual review of synthetically useful information that would prove beneficial to nearly all organic chemists, both specialist and nonspecialist in synthesis. It should help relieve some of the information storage burden of the specialist and should aid the nonspecialist who is seeking help with a specific problem to become rapidly aware of recent synthetic advances. In producing this volume the editors abstracted 48 primary chemistry journals, selecting useful synthetic advances. All reactions and methods which are new, synthetically useful, and reasonably general are included. Each entry is comprised primarily of structures accompanied by very few comments. The purpose of this is to aid the reader in rapidly scanning the book. Chapters I-III are organized by reaction type and constitute the major part of the book. Chapter IV deals with methods of synthesizing heterocyclic systems. Chapter V covers the use of new protecting groups. Chapter VI is divided into three main parts and covers those synthetically useful transformations that do not fit easily into the first three chapters. The first part deals only with functional group synthesis. The second part covers ring expansion and contraction, and the third part involves useful multistep sequences.

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis 1978

Author: L. G. Wade
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483104096
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis – 1978 presents a collection of 45 abstracted chemistry journals that cover organic synthesis. This book is comprised of eight chapters that cover different aspects of organic synthesis, such as reaction types and methods. The first three chapters tackle carbon–carbon bond forming reactions, oxidations, and reductions. Chapter IV discusses synthesis of heterocycles, and Chapter V covers the use of protecting groups. Chapter VI talks about useful synthetic preparations. Chapters VII and VIII cover the miscellaneous reactions and reviews. The information provided by this text will be most useful to organic chemists.

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis 1983

Author: Martin J. O'Donnell
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483141169
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis—1983 presents an annual review of synthetically useful information that would prove beneficial to nearly all organic chemists, both specialist and nonspecialist in synthesis. It should help relieve some of the information storage burden of the specialist and should aid the nonspecialist who is seeking help with a specific problem to become rapidly aware of recent synthetic advances. In producing this volume the editors abstracted 47 primary chemistry journals, selecting useful synthetic advances. All reactions and methods which are new, synthetically useful, and reasonably general are included. Each entry is comprised primarily of structures accompanied by very few comments. The purpose of this is to aid the reader in rapidly scanning the book. Chapters I-III are organized by reaction type and constitute the major part of the book. Chapter IV deals with methods of synthesizing heterocyclic systems. Chapter V covers the use of new protecting groups. Chapter VI is divided into three main parts and covers those synthetically useful transformations that do not fit easily into the first three chapters. The first part deals only with functional group synthesis. The second part covers ring expansion and contraction, and the third part involves useful multistep sequences.

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis 1984

Author: Martin J. O'Donnell
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483141152
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis—1984 is a bibliography of papers on organic synthesis from primary chemistry journals. Topics covered range from carbon-carbon bond forming reactions to oxidations, reductions, synthesis of heterocycles, and synthetic preparations. This book consists of seven chapters and begins with a list of papers on carbon-carbon bond forming reactions, including carbon-carbon single, double, and triple bonds. The chapters that follow focus on oxidations and reductions, methods of synthesizing heterocyclic systems, and the use of protecting groups. Synthetically useful transformations that do not fit easily into the first three chapters are considered next, with emphasis on functional group synthesis, ring expansion and contraction, and useful multistep transformations. The final chapter deals with miscellaneous reviews on topics ranging from cycloadditions to asymmetric catalysis, metalation, electrophilic substitutions, and pyrylium-mediated transformations of primary amino groups into other functional groups. This monograph will be of value to organic chemists, both specialist and nonspecialist in synthesis.

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis 1975

Author: R. Bryan Miller
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781483100951
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Annual Reports in Organic Synthesis – 1975 is a collection of useful information about the advancements in the field of organic chemistry. Said information is presented in the form of pictures and/or organic chemistry equations. The book covers topics such as carbon-carbon bond forming reactions; oxidations; reductions; synthesis of heterocycles; synthetic preparations; and other miscellaneous reactions. The monograph is recommended for organic chemists who would like to know more about the advancements in the field without the need to read extensive texts.

Practical Guide to Polyimides

Author: Marc J. M. Abadie
Publisher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
ISBN: 1847350585
Release Date: 2007-01-01
Genre: Science

Polyimides are very durable, easy to machine and have exceptional heat and chemical resistance. They are also highly insulative and do not contaminate their surroundings. Their strength and heat and chemical resistance are so great that they are often used to replace glass and metals, such as steel, in many demanding industrial applications. Polyimides are even used in many everyday applications. They are used in cars both externally and internally because they can withstand the intense heat and the corrosive lubricants, fuels, and coolants found in cars. They are also used in the construction.

Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization

Author: Rehab O. Abdel Rahman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118511978
Release Date: 2014-08-28
Genre: Science

Cementitious materials are an essential part in any radioactive waste disposal facility. Conditioning processes such as cementation are used to convert waste into a stable solid form that is insoluble and will prevent dispersion to the surrounding environment. It is incredibly important to understand the long-term behavior of these materials. This book summarises approaches and current practices in use of cementitious materials for nuclear waste immobilisation. It gives a unique description of the most important aspects of cements as nuclear waste forms: starting with a description of wastes, analyzing the cementitious systems used for immobilization and describing the technologies used, and ending with analysis of cementitious waste forms and their long term behavior in an envisaged disposal environment. Extensive research has been devoted to study the feasibility of using cement or cement based materials in immobilizing and solidifying different radioactive wastes. However, these research results are scattered. This work provides the reader with both the science and technology of the immobilization process, and the cementitious materials used to immobilize nuclear waste. It summarizes current knowledge in the field, and highlights important areas that need more investigation. The chapters include: Introduction, Portland cement, Alternative cements, Cement characterization and testing, Radioactive waste cementation, Waste cementation technology, Cementitious wasteform durability and performance assessment.