Same Sex Unions in Premodern Europe

Author: John Boswell
Publisher: Vintage
ISBN: 9780804150958
Release Date: 2013-08-28
Genre: Social Science

Both highly praised and intensely controversial, this brilliant book produces dramatic evidence that at one time the Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches not only sanctioned unions between partners of the same sex, but sanctified them--in ceremonies strikingly similar to heterosexual marriage ceremonies.

Wisse die Wege

Author: Hildegard von Bingen
Publisher: Otto Müller Verlag
ISBN: 9783701351572
Release Date: 2013-02-11
Genre: Religion

Leben und Schaffen Hildegard von Bingens (1098-1179) üben bis heute eine ungebrochene Faszination aus; Konsequenz im Glauben, Mut und persönliches Engagement machten sie über ihre Zeit hinaus zu einer Identifikationsfigur. Früh trat die in Bermersheim bei Alzey geborene Mystikerin in das Benediktinerstift Disibodenberg an der Nahe ein. Aufgestiegen zur Äbtissin schrieb sie in den Jahren 1141 bis 1151 ihre Visionen und Gespräche mit Christus nieder; es entstanden die Bücher "Wisse die Wege", ein Lehrbuch der christlichen Sittenlehre, und "Über die Schöpfung und Erlösung der Welt". Hildegard von Bingen verfaßte mystisch-visionäre Schriften, war Heilpraktikerin und Naturwissenschaftlerin, Predigerin und Komponistin. Ihre Schriften lösten bereits unter ihren Zeitgenossen ein gewaltiges Echo aus und führten zu einem regen Briefwechsel mit den bedeutendsten Persönlichkeiten der damaligen Zeit. Der vorliegende Band versammelt die wichtigsten Schriften der Hildegard von Bingen: "Ursachen und Heilungen", "Das Buch der Physika", "Das Buch Scivias", "Das Buch vom verdienstlichen Leben" und "Des einfältigen Menschen Buch von den göttlichen Werken".

Same Sex Marriage in Renaissance Rome

Author: Gary Ferguson
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9781501706554
Release Date: 2016-07-09
Genre: Social Science

Same-sex marriage is a hotly debated topic in the United States, and the world, today. From the tenor of most discussions, however, it would be easy to conclude that the idea of marriage between two people of the same sex is a uniquely contemporary phenomenon. Not so, argues Gary Ferguson in this remarkable book about a same-sex wedding ceremony in sixteenth-century Rome. The case in question involved a group of mostly Spanish and Portuguese men, arrested and executed in Rome in 1578, said to have performed same-sex wedding ceremonies in one of the city's major churches. We know about the incident from a number of sources, including the travel journal of the French essayist Michel de Montaigne. Several substantial fragments of the transcript of the men’s trial have also survived, along with copies of their wills. Making use of all these documents, Ferguson brings the story to life in striking detail. He reveals not only the names of the men but also where they lived, how they were employed, and who their friends were. In particular, he unearths a surprising amount of detail about the men’s sex lives, and how others responded to this information, which allows him to explore attitudes toward marriage, sex, and gender at the time. Emphasizing the instability of marriage in premodern Europe, Ferguson argues that same-sex unions should be considered part of the institution’s complex and contested history.

Quell der Einsamkeit

Author: Radclyffe Hall
Publisher: Verlag Krug & Schadenberg
ISBN: 9783944576657
Release Date: 2015-11-26
Genre: Fiction

»Quell der Einsamkeit« erzählt die Geschichte von Stephen Gordon, einer Frau aus der britischen Oberschicht, die eigentlich ein Sohn hätte werden sollen. Von Kind an hat Stephen das Gefühl, dass mit ihr etwas nicht stimmt - dass sie anders ist: Sie trägt gern Männerkleidung, begeistert sich für Fuchsjagd und Fechtkunst und verliebt sich von früher Jugend an in Frauen - zunächst in das Hausmädchen Collins, später in die mondäne Angela Crossby, deren eifersüchtigen Ehemann Stephen durch ihre Bewunderung seiner Rosenzucht zu beschwichtigen sucht. Als Krankenwagenfahrerin im Ersten Weltkrieg lernt Stephen schließlich Mary Llewellyn kennen und lieben. Die beiden Frauen gehen in den zwanziger Jahren nach Paris, schaffen sich zusammen ein Heim und schließen Freundschaften, doch ihr gemeinsames Glück ist massivem gesellschaftlichen Druck ausgesetzt ... »Quell der Einsamkeit« ist ein bis heute faszinierender historischer Roman und kann als ein Vorläufer von Leslie Feinbergs »Stone Butch Blues« gelten. Er löste Debatten über Sexualität, Homosexualität und Geschlechterrollen aus, die noch immer andauern.

Die Homosexualit t des Mannes und des Weibes

Author: Magnus Hirschfeld
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110867800
Release Date: 2001-01-01
Genre: Medical

Magnus Hirschfeld war nicht nur, gemeinsam mit drei anderen Berliner Ärzten- Ivan Bloch, Albert Moll und Max Marcuse - der Begründer einer deutschen, seinerzeit auch international unerreichten Sexualwissenschaft. Er war darüber hinaus Jude und homosexuell veranlagt. Dies alles hat ihn zu einem der ersten prominenten Opfer der Nationalsozialisten werden lassen. Bereits 1930 mußte er in seinem Berliner Institut für Sexualwissenschaft, das er 1919 gegründet hatte, um seine Existenz und sein Leben fürchten. Der drohenden Ermordung entging er nur zufällig, weil er sich bei der Zerstörung des Instituts durch den SA-Mob auf einer Vortragsreise befand. Damit ging ein ruhmreiches Kapitel der deutschen Kulturwissenschaften dramatisch zu Ende. Es sollte bis in die jüngste Zeit dauern, daß man sich der Bedeutung Hirschfelds in ihrer ganzen Tragweite bewußt wurde. Sein erstes großes Hauptwerk verfolgt das Thema Homosexualität in all seinen Facetten. Zugrunde lagen Hirschfelds Ausführungen zahllose Fallstudien und Untersuchungen, die er nach standardisierten Mustern vornahm. In dem umfangreichen Band versuchte er, das Thema in seiner ganze Breite zu erfassen. Auch wenn die biologischen Ausführungen Hirschfelds heutzutage als veraltet gelten, so sind doch seine Analysen immer noch ausgesprochen lesenswert und berühren in ihrer Detailversessenheit- etwa, wenn Hirschfeld den Tascheninhalt des homosexuellen Mannes beschreibt oder die Eigenarten des Schwulenlebens in den südlichen Ländern, die Wohnungseinrichtung und Berufswahl der typischen lesbischen Frau etc. Mit diesen Beschreibungen ging allerdings auch eine Gefahr einher: Hirschfeld lieferte ungewollt den Nationalsozialisten gewissermaßen die Checklisten, mit denen sie dann, verstärkt nach dem Röhm-Putsch von 1934, die Verfolgung der homosexuellen Männer intensivieren konnten.

Contemporary Authors New Revision Series

Author: Thomson Gale
Publisher: Gale Cengage
ISBN: 0787678929
Release Date: 2005-06-01
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

In response to the escalating need for up-to-date information on writers, Contemporary Authors(r) New Revision Series brings researchers the most recent data on the world's most-popular authors. These exciting and unique author profiles are essential to your holdings because sketches are entirely revised and up-to-date, and completely replace the original Contemporary Authors(r) entries. For your convenience, a soft-cover cumulative index is sent biannually

Christianity Social Tolerance and Homosexuality

Author: John Boswell
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 9780226345369
Release Date: 2015-12-10
Genre: Social Science

John Boswell’s National Book Award–winning study of the history of attitudes toward homosexuality in the early Christian West was a groundbreaking work that challenged preconceptions about the Church’s past relationship to its gay members—among them priests, bishops, and even saints—when it was first published thirty-five years ago. The historical breadth of Boswell’s research (from the Greeks to Aquinas) and the variety of sources consulted make this one of the most extensive treatments of any single aspect of Western social history. Now in this thirty-fifth anniversary edition with a new foreword by leading queer and religious studies scholar Mark D. Jordan, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality is still fiercely relevant. This landmark book helped form the disciplines of gay and gender studies, and it continues to illuminate the origins and operations of intolerance as a social force.

Celebrating Christian Marriage

Author: Adrian Thatcher
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 0567088200
Release Date: 2002-04-30
Genre: Religion

The interest in marriage and the future of marriage is urgent and increasing. This collection of expert research, analysis and discussion may be the most significant ever assembled on this subject. There are contributions from different continents and cultures; from Roman Catholic, Protestant, Anglican and Orthodox traditions; from theologians and many other professionals - including historians, social theorists, sex therapists, lawyers, psychiatrists and demographers - all in conversation with the idea of Christian marriage.There are introductions to each topical section by Adrian Thatcher: Marriage at the Start of the Millennium, Beginning Marriage, Love and Marriage, The Marriage Relationship, Children and Marriage, Single-Sex Marriage, Ending Marriage - Roman Catholic Perspectives, Ending Marriage - Anglican Perspectives.

Same sex Marriage

Author: David E. Newton
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9781598847079
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Political Science

This book offers an analysis of the past and current status of same-sex marriage in the United States and other nations of the world, accompanied by a balanced review of the arguments in favor of and opposed to the practice. * Presents laws, executive orders, reports, and legal decisions regarding same-sex marriage * Contains a clear chronology of U.S. and international events related to same-sex marriage * Provides an extensive annotated bibliography of books, articles, and electronic sources * Includes bibliographic sketches of important individuals in the history of same-sex marriage * Offers profiles of the major organizations that are actively involved in the issue and represent various perspectives

When Heroes Love

Author: Susan Ackerman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231507257
Release Date: 2012-08-21
Genre: Literary Criticism

Toward the end of the Mesopotamian Epic of Gilgamesh King Gilgamesh laments the untimely death of his comrade Enkidu, "my friend whom I loved dearly." Similarly in the Bible, David mourns his companion, Jonathan, whose "love to me was wonderful, greater than the love of women." These passages, along with other ambiguous erotic and sexual language found in the Gilgamesh epic and the biblical David story, have become the object of numerous and competing scholarly inquiries into the sexual nature of the heroes' relationships. Susan Ackerman's innovative work carefully examines the stories' sexual and homoerotic language and suggests that its ambiguity provides new ways of understanding ideas of gender and sexuality in the ancient Near East and its literature. In exploring the stories of Gilgamesh and Enkidu and David and Jonathan, Ackerman cautions against applying modern conceptions of homosexuality to these relationships. Drawing on historical and literary criticism, Ackerman's close readings analyze the stories of David and Gilgamesh in light of contemporary definitions of sexual relationships and gender roles. She argues that these male relationships cannot be taken as same-sex partnerships in the modern sense, but reflect the ancient understanding of gender roles, whether in same- or opposite-sex relationships, as defined as either active (male) or passive (female). Her interpretation also considers the heroes' erotic and sexual interactions with members of the opposite sex. Ackerman shows that the texts' language and erotic imagery suggest more than just an intense male bonding. She argues that, though ambiguous, the erotic imagery and language have a critical function in the texts and serve the political, religious, and aesthetic aims of the narrators. More precisely, the erotic language in the story of David seeks to feminize Jonathan and thus invalidate his claim to Israel's throne in favor of David. In the case of Gilgamesh and Enkidu, whose egalitarian relationship is paradoxically described using the hierarchically dependent language of sexual relationships, the ambiguous erotic language reinforces their status as liminal figures and heroes in the epic tradition.

Debating Same Sex Marriage

Author: John Corvino
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780199942688
Release Date: 2012-06-01
Genre: Philosophy

Polls and election results show Americans sharply divided on same-sex marriage, and the controversy is unlikely to subside anytime soon. Debating Same-Sex Marriage provides an indispensable roadmap to the ongoing debate. Taking a "point/counterpoint" approach, John Corvino (a philosopher and prominent gay advocate) and Maggie Gallagher (a nationally syndicated columnist and co-founder of the National Organization for Marriage) explore fundamental questions: What is marriage for? Is sexual difference essential to it? Why does the government sanction it? What are the implications of same-sex marriage for children's welfare, for religious freedom, and for our understanding of marriage itself? While the authors disagree on many points, they share the following conviction: Because marriage is a vital public institution, this issue deserves a comprehensive, rigorous, thoughtful debate.

A Handful of Mischief

Author: Donat Gallagher
Publisher: Fairleigh Dickinson
ISBN: 9781611470499
Release Date: 2011-04-18
Genre: Literary Collections

A Handful of Mischief: New Essays on Evelyn Waugh is a collection of essays based on presentations at the Evelyn Waugh Centenary Conference at Hertford College, Oxford, in 2003. There are twelve different essays by authors from various countries, including Australia, Canada, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The essays cover a wide range of material, from Waugh's early novel Black Mischief (1932) to his last travel book, A Tourist in Africa (1960). In addition to essays on well-known novels such as Scoop (1938), Brideshead Revisited (1945), and Helena (1950), the collection includes papers on Waugh's library, his changing conception of Oxford, his writing about religious conversion, and his role in the British evacuation of Crete in 1941. The authors approach Waugh and his work in various ways, and innovative essays explore sovereignty, post-colonialism, and adaptation for radio. Contributors: Baron Alder, Peter G. Christensen, Robert Murray Davis, Marcel DeCoste, Patrick Denman Flanery, Donat Gallagher, Irina Kabanova, Dan S. Kostopulos, Lewis MacLeod, John W. Mahon, Richard W. Oram, Ann Pasternak Slater, John Howard Wilson.

In Support of Same Sex Marriage and Gay Rights in America

Author: Thomas J. Schuh
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
ISBN: 9781412043526
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Social Science

This is intended as a statement in support of Same-Sex Marriage, Gay Rights and a Non-Discrimination Amendment to the U.S. Constitution that includes non-discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. The book covers the social, political, cultural, scientific, religious and legal aspects in a historical perspective. The book includes examples and references from the begining of the Christian era to the present time. Specifically measures tolerance and acceptance factors.