Second Treatise of Government

Author: John Locke
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 1603844961
Release Date: 1980-03-01
Genre: Political science

The Second Treatise is one of the most important political treatises ever written and one of the most far-reaching in its influence. In his provocative 15-page introduction to this edition, the late eminent political theorist C. B. Macpherson examines Locke's arguments for limited, conditional government, private property, and right of revolution and suggests reasons for the appeal of these arguments in Locke's time and since.

Locke Political Writings

Author: John Locke
Publisher: Hackett Publishing
ISBN: 0872206769
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Philosophy

John Locke's Second Treatise of Government' (c1681) is perhaps the key founding liberal text. A Letter Concerning Toleration', written in 1685 (a year when a Catholic monarch came to the throne of England and Louis XVI unleashed a reign of terror against Protestants in France), is a classic defence of religious freedom. Yet many of Locke's other writings -- not least the Constitutions of Carolina', which he helped draft -- are almost defiantly anti-liberal in outlook. This comprehensive collection brings together the main published works (excluding polemical attacks on other people's views) with the most important surviving evidence from among Locke's papers relating to his political philosophy. David Wootton's wide-ranging and scholarly Introduction sets the writings in the context of their time, examines Locke's developing ideas and unorthodox Christianity, and analyses his main arguments. The result is the first fully rounded picture of Locke's political thought in his own words.

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag

Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 9783849679361
Release Date: 2017-02-20
Genre: Philosophy

Der Gesellschaftsvertrag gilt als das Hauptwerk des Philosophen Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Es erschien erstmals 1762 in Amsterdam und wurde daraufhin in Frankreich, den Niederlanden, in Genf und Bern sofort verboten. Das Buch ist ein Schlüsselwerk der Aufklärungsphilosophie und ein großer Wegbereiter moderner Demokratie und Demokratietheorie.

PHILOSOPHY AND WORLD PROBLEMS Volume III

Author: John McMurtry
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
ISBN: 9781848264021
Release Date: 2011-12-11
Genre:

Philosophy and World Problems theme is a component of Encyclopedia of Social Sciences and Humanities in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme on Philosophy and World Problems deals, in three volumes and covers several topics, with a myriad of issues of great relevance to our world on Philosophy and World Problems. Philosophy resists conclusions because its method across disagreements – like modern science to which it gives rise - always leaves issues open to counter-argument and furtherance of understanding. This is how philosophy differs from religious, sectarian and other dogmas and closed systems of thinking. Yet agreement across the research contributing to this work is implicit or explicit on one meta principle: whatever is incoherent with organic, social and ecological life requirements through time is false, and evil to the extent of its reduction and destruction of life fields and support systems. These three volumes are aimed at a wide spectrum of audiences: University and College Students, Researchers and Educators.

America s New Working Class

Author: Kathleen R. Arnold
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 9780271073569
Release Date: 2008-01-10
Genre: Political Science

Today’s political controversy over immigration highlights the plight of the working class in this country as perhaps no other issue has recently done. The political status of immigrants exposes the power dynamics of the “new working class,” which includes the former labor aristocracy, women, and people of color. This new working class suffers exploitation in advanced industrial countries as the social cost of capitalism’s success in a neoliberal and globalized political economy. Paradoxically, as borders become more open, they are also increasingly fortified, subjecting many workers to the suspension of law. In this book, Kathleen Arnold analyzes the role of the state’s “prerogative power” in creating and sustaining this condition of severe inequality for the most marginalized sectors of our population in the United States. Drawing on a wide range of theoretical literature from Locke to Marx and Agamben (whose notion of “bare life” features prominently in her construal of this as a “biopolitical” era), she focuses attention especially on the values of asceticism derived from the Protestant work ethic to explain how they function as ideological justification for the exercise of prerogative power by the state. As a counter to this repressive set of values, she develops the notion of “authentic love” borrowed from Simone de Beauvoir as a possible approach for dealing with the complex issues of exploitation in liberal democracy today.

The Cavalier Presidency

Author: Justin P. DePlato
Publisher: Lexington Books
ISBN: 9780739188859
Release Date: 2014-02-14
Genre: Political Science

In The Cavalier Presidency, author Justin P. DePlato analyzes the theory of executive emergency power across a wide breadth of philosophical history and reviews seven U.S. presidencies, concluding that presidents are becoming increasingly reckless when determining and using power during crisis.

Sexuality and Globalization An Introduction to a Phenomenology of Sexualities

Author: L. Bibard
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781137469298
Release Date: 2014-09-15
Genre: Political Science

The book argues that a universally widespread virility currently prevents humans from realizing their sexualities, which are originally the feminine and the masculine. This obstacle may be traced back to Renaissance humanism, whose core intention is to take control over the so-called 'nature."

Grunds tze sozialer Gerechtigkeit

Author: David Miller
Publisher: Campus Verlag
ISBN: 9783593381527
Release Date: 2008-05-13
Genre: Philosophy

Philosophische Theorien der Gerechtigkeit nehmen die Vielfalt alltäglicher Gerechtigkeitsurteile selten zur Kenntnis. Anders dagegen David Miller: Ausgehend von einer Analyse der Kontexte, in denen die in der Gesellschaft kursierenden Gerechtigkeitsvorstellungen entstehen, zeigt er deren Vielgestaltigkeit – und ihren philosophischen Gehalt. Er identifiziert drei Grundsätze, die allen Vorstellungen von sozialer Gerechtigkeit zugrunde liegen: Bedarf, Verdienst und Gleichheit. Seine zentrale These ist, dass mit den unterschiedlichen Formen menschlicher Beziehungen der jeweilige Stellenwert dieser Grundsätze variiert. Millers klar und unprätentiös geschriebenes Buch verdient es, in einem Atemzug mit den Werken von Rawls und Walzer genannt zu werden. Glanzstücke seiner Argumentation sind unter anderem seine Bemerkungen zur Rolle von Glück bei der Beurteilung von Leistungen für das Gerechtigkeitsempfinden.