Security and Privacy in Biometrics

Author: Patrizio Campisi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447152309
Release Date: 2013-06-28
Genre: Computers

This important text/reference presents the latest secure and privacy-compliant techniques in automatic human recognition. Featuring viewpoints from an international selection of experts in the field, the comprehensive coverage spans both theory and practical implementations, taking into consideration all ethical and legal issues. Topics and features: presents a unique focus on novel approaches and new architectures for unimodal and multimodal template protection; examines signal processing techniques in the encrypted domain, security and privacy leakage assessment, and aspects of standardization; describes real-world applications, from face and fingerprint-based user recognition, to biometrics-based electronic documents, and biometric systems employing smart cards; reviews the ethical implications of the ubiquity of biometrics in everyday life, and its impact on human dignity; provides guidance on best practices for the processing of biometric data within a legal framework.

Biometric Security and Privacy

Author: Richard Jiang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319473017
Release Date: 2017-01-13
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This book highlights recent research advances on biometrics using new methods such as deep learning, nonlinear graph embedding, fuzzy approaches, and ensemble learning. Included are special biometric technologies related to privacy and security issues, such as cancellable biometrics and soft biometrics. The book also focuses on several emerging topics such as big data issues, internet of things, medical biometrics, healthcare, and robot-human interactions. The authors show how these new applications have triggered a number of new biometric approaches. They show, as an example, how fuzzy extractor has become a useful tool for key generation in biometric banking, and vein/heart rates from medical records can also be used to identify patients. The contributors cover the topics, their methods, and their applications in depth.

Bio Privacy

Author: Nancy Yue Liu
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136638145
Release Date: 2013-03-01
Genre: Law

Bio-Privacy: Privacy Regulations and the Challenge of Biometrics provides an in-depth consideration of the legal issues posed by the use of biometric technology. Focusing particularly on the relationship between the use of this technology and the protection of privacy, this book draws on material across a range of jurisdictions in order to explore several key questions. What are the privacy issues in the biometric context? How are these issues currently dealt with under the law? What principles are applied? Is the current regulation satisfactory? Is it applied consistently? And, more generally, what is the most appropriate way to deal with the legal implications of biometrics? Offering an analysis, and recommendations, with a view to securing adequate human rights and personal data protection, Bio-Privacy: Privacy Regulations and the Challenge of Biometrics will be an important reference point for those with interests in the tension between freedom and security.

Biometric Security

Author: David Chek Ling Ngo
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 9781443874991
Release Date: 2015-02-05
Genre: Computers

Modern biometrics delivers an enhanced level of security by means of a “proof of property”. The design and deployment of a biometric system, however, hide many pitfalls, which, when underestimated, can lead to major security weaknesses and privacy threats. Issues of concern include biometric identity theft and privacy invasion because of the strong connection between a user and his identity. This book showcases a collection of comprehensive references on the advances of biometric security technology. It compiles a total of fourteen articles, all contributed by thirty-two eminent researchers in the field, thus providing concise and accessible coverage of not only general issues, but also state-of-the-art solutions. The book is divided into five parts: (1) Biometric Template Protection, which covers cancellable biometrics and parameter management protocol; (2) Biometric Key and Encryption, focusing on biometric key generation and visual biometric cryptography; (3) Biometric Systems Analysis, dealing with biometric system security, and privacy evaluation and assessment; (4) Privacy-Enhanced Biometric Systems, covering privacy-enhanced biometric system protocol design and implementation; and (5) Other Biometric Security Technologies. The book will be of particular interest to researchers, scholars, graduate students, engineers, practitioners and developers interested in security and privacy-related issues in biometric systems. It will also be attractive to managers of various organizations with strong security needs.

Biometrics for Network Security

Author: Paul Reid
Publisher: Prentice Hall Professional
ISBN: 0131015494
Release Date: 2004-01
Genre: Computers

Covering biometric options, ranging from fingerprint identification to eye scanning, this book describes guidelines, applications, and procedures for implementing them for network security systems. It is for security, system, and network administrators and managers, as well as those interested in the application of biometric technology.

User Centric Privacy and Security in Biometrics

Author: Claus Vielhauer
Publisher: Security
ISBN: 1785612077
Release Date: 2017-11
Genre:

User-Centric Privacy and Security in Biometrics explores how developments in biometrics will address security and privacy aspects. The book surveys and evaluates how biometric techniques can enhance and increase the reliability of security strategies in a variety of applications.

Enhancing Information Security and Privacy by Combining Biometrics with Cryptography

Author: Sanjay G. Kanade
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
ISBN: 9781608458479
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Computers

This book deals with "crypto-biometrics," a relatively new and multi-disciplinary area of research (started in 1998). Combining biometrics and cryptography provides multiple advantages, such as, revocability, template diversity, better verification accuracy, and generation of cryptographically usable keys that are strongly linked to the user identity. In this text, a thorough review of the subject is provided and then some of the main categories are illustrated with recently proposed systems by the authors. Beginning with the basics, this text deals with various aspects of crypto-biometrics, including review, cancelable biometrics, cryptographic key generation from biometrics, and crypto-biometric key sharing protocols. Because of the thorough treatment of the topic, this text will be highly beneficial to researchers and industry professionals in information security and privacy. Table of Contents: Introduction / Cancelable Biometric System / Cryptographic Key Regeneration Using Biometrics / Biometrics-Based Secure Authentication Protocols / Concluding Remarks

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies

Author: Robert Newman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781435441057
Release Date: 2009-09-03
Genre: Computers

Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies presents an introduction to biometrics or the study of recognizing individuals based on their unique physical or behavioral traits, as they relate to computer security. The book begins with the basics of biometric technologies and discusses how and why biometric systems are emerging in information security. An emphasis is directed towards authentication, authorization, identification, and access control. Topics covered include security and management required to protect valuable computer and network resources and assets, and methods of providing control over access and security for computers and networks. Written for a broad level of readers, this book applies to information system and information technology students, as well as network managers, security administrators and other practitioners. Oriented towards the practical application of biometrics in the real world, Security and Access Control Using Biometric Technologies provides the reader with a realistic view of the use of biometrics in the ever-changing industry of information security. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Security with Noisy Data

Author: Pim Tuyls
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846289842
Release Date: 2007-10-24
Genre: Computers

Noisy data appear very naturally in applications where the authentication is based on physical identifiers. This book provides a self-contained overview of the techniques and applications of security based on noisy data. It provides a comprehensive overview of the theory of extracting cryptographic keys from noisy data, and describes applications in the field of biometrics, secure key storage, and anti-counterfeiting.

Touchless Fingerprint Biometrics

Author: Ruggero Donida Labati
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781498707626
Release Date: 2015-08-14
Genre: Computers

Offering the first comprehensive analysis of touchless fingerprint-recognition technologies, Touchless Fingerprint Biometrics gives an overview of the state of the art and describes relevant industrial applications. It also presents new techniques to efficiently and effectively implement advanced solutions based on touchless fingerprinting. The most accurate current biometric technologies in touch-based fingerprint-recognition systems require a relatively high level of user cooperation to acquire samples of the concerned biometric trait. With the potential for reduced constraints, reduced hardware costs, quicker acquisition time, wider usability, and increased user acceptability, this book argues for the potential superiority of touchless biometrics over touch-based methods. The book considers current problems in developing high-accuracy touchless recognition technology. It discusses factors such as shadows, reflections, complex backgrounds, distortions due to perspective effects, uncontrolled finger placement, inconstant resolution of the ridge pattern, and reconstruction and processing of three-dimensional models. The last section suggests what future work can be done to increase accuracy in touchless systems, such as intensive studies on extraction and matching methods and three-dimensional analytical capabilities within systems. In a world where usability and mobility have increasing relevance, Touchless Fingerprint Biometrics demonstrates that touchless technologies are also part of the future. A presentation of the state of the art, it introduces you to the field and its immediate future directions.

Biometrics Crime and Security

Author: Marcus Smith
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351724029
Release Date: 2018-01-31
Genre: Law

This book addresses the use of biometrics – including fingerprint identification, DNA identification and facial recognition – in the criminal justice system: balancing the need to ensure society is protected from harms, such as crime and terrorism, while also preserving individual rights. It offers a comprehensive discussion of biometric identification that includes a consideration of: basic scientific principles, their historical development, the perspectives of political philosophy, critical security and surveillance studies; but especially the relevant law, policy and regulatory issues. Developments in key jurisdictions where the technology has been implemented, including the United Kingdom, United States, Europe and Australia, are examined. This includes case studies relating to the implementation of new technology, policy, legislation, court judgements, and where available, empirical evaluations of the use of biometrics in criminal justice systems. Examples from non-western areas of the world are also considered. Accessibly written, this book will be of interest to undergraduate, postgraduate and research students, academic researchers, as well as professionals in government, security, legal and private sectors.

Biometrics in Identity Management

Author: Shimon K. Modi
Publisher: Artech House
ISBN: 9781608070183
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Biometric identification

In todayOCOs digital infrastructure we have to interact with an increasing number of systems, both in the physical and virtual world. Identity management (IdM) -- the process of identifying an individual and controlling access to resources based on their associated privileges -- is becoming progressively complex. This has brought the spotlight on the importance of effective and efficient means of ascertaining an individualOCOs identity. Biometric technologies like fingerprint recognition, face recognition, iris recognition etc. have a long history of use in law enforcement applications and are now transitioning towards commercial applications like password replacements, ATM authentication and others.This unique book provides you with comprehensive coverage of commercially available biometric technologies, their underlying principles, operational challenges and benefits, and deployment considerations. It also offers a look at the future direction these technologies are taking. By focusing on factors that drive the practical implementation of biometric technologies, this book serves to bridge the gap between academic researchers and industry practitioners. This book focuses on design, development, and deployment issues related to biometric technologies, including operational challenges, integration strategies, technical evaluations of biometric systems, standardization and privacy preserving principles, and several open questions which need to be answered for successful deployments."

Advances in Biometrics

Author: N. K. Ratha
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781846289200
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Computers

Written for researchers, advanced students and practitioners to use as a handbook, this volume captures the very latest state-of-the-art research contributions from leading international researchers in the field.

Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems

Author: John R. Vacca
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080488394
Release Date: 2007-03-16
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Biometric Technologies and Verification Systems is organized into nine parts composed of 30 chapters, including an extensive glossary of biometric terms and acronyms. It discusses the current state-of-the-art in biometric verification/authentication, identification and system design principles. It also provides a step-by-step discussion of how biometrics works; how biometric data in human beings can be collected and analyzed in a number of ways; how biometrics are currently being used as a method of personal identification in which people are recognized by their own unique corporal or behavioral characteristics; and how to create detailed menus for designing a biometric verification system. Only biometrics verification/authentication is based on the identification of an intrinsic part of a human being. Tokens, such as smart cards, magnetic stripe cards, and physical keys can be lost, stolen, or duplicated. Passwords can be forgotten, shared, or unintentionally observed by a third party. Forgotten passwords and lost "smart cards" are a nuisance for users and an expensive time-waster for system administrators. Biometric security solutions offer some unique advantages for identifying and verifying/ authenticating human beings over more traditional security methods. This book will serve to identify the various security applications biometrics can play a highly secure and specific role in. * Contains elements such as Sidebars, Tips, Notes and URL links * Heavily illustrated with over 150 illustrations, screen captures, and photographs * Details the various biometric technologies and how they work while providing a discussion of the economics, privacy issues and challenges of implementing biometric security solutions

Vein Pattern Recognition

Author: Chuck Wilson
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781439857564
Release Date: 2011-06-03
Genre: Business & Economics

As one of the most promising biometric technologies, vein pattern recognition (VPR) is quickly taking root around the world and may soon dominate applications where people focus is key. Among the reasons for VPR’s growing acceptance and use: it is more accurate than many other biometric methods, it offers greater resistance to spoofing, it focuses on people and their privacy, and has few negative cultural connotations. Vein Pattern Recognition: A Privacy-Enhancing Biometric provides a comprehensive and practical look at biometrics in general and at vein pattern recognition specifically. It discusses the emergence of this reliable but underutilized technology and evaluates its capabilities and benefits. The author, Chuck Wilson, an industry veteran with more than 25 years of experience in the biometric and electronic security fields, examines current and emerging VPR technology along with the myriad applications of this dynamic technology. Wilson explains the use of VPR and provides an objective comparison of the different biometric methods in use today—including fingerprint, eye, face, voice recognition, and dynamic signature verification. Highlighting current VPR implementations, including its widespread acceptance and use for identity verification in the Japanese banking industry, the text provides a complete examination of how VPR can be used to protect sensitive information and secure critical facilities. Complete with best-practice techniques, the book supplies invaluable guidance on selecting the right combination of biometric technologies for specific applications and on properly implementing VPR as part of an overall security system.