Author: Benjamin J Muller
Release Date: 2010-02-25
This book examines a series of questions associated with the increasing application and implications of biometrics in contemporary everyday life. In the wake of the events of 9/11, the reliance on increasingly sophisticated and invasive technologies across a burgeoning field of applications has accelerated, giving rise to the term 'biometric state'. This book explores how these ‘virtual borders’ are created and the effect they have upon the politics of citizenship and immigration, especially how they contribute to the treatment of citizens as suspects. Finally and most importantly, this text argues that the rationale of 'governing through risk' facilitates pre-emptory logics, a negligent attitude towards 'false positives', and an overall proliferation of borders and ubiquitous risk, which becomes integral to contemporary everyday life, far beyond the confined politics of national borders and frontiers. By focusing on specific sites, such as virtual borders in airports, trusted traveller programs like the NEXUS program and those delivered by airlines and supported by governmental authorities (TSA and CATSA respectively), this book raises critical questions about the emerging biometric state and its commitment and constitution vis-à-vis technology of ‘governing through risk’. This book will be of interest to students of biopolitics, critical security, surveillance studies and International Relations in general. Benjamin J. Muller is assistant professor in International Relations at Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada. He completed his PhD in the School of Politics and International Studies at Queen’s University Belfast, Northern Ireland, in 2005.
This volume brings together a group of distinguished scholars to engage in a dialogue on key developments in the study of security. The book provides a comprehensive overview of theoretical, empirical and methodological developments within security studies, whose political and societal importance has grown significantly in recent years. By bringing together scholars who hold differing perspectives on security, this volume provides insights into a variety of approaches and their newest developments, including ‘mainstream’ as well as heterodox perspectives on security. Thus, it aims to build bridges of communication between different ‘camps’ by initiating a dialogue on the identity and diversity of security studies. It does so in three parts: The first part of the book includes paradigmatic approaches to security that are closely connected to major debates in International Relations such as realism, institutionalism, constructivism as well as approaches to the culture, ethics of security and critical security studies. The second part places emphasis on the broadening and deepening of the concept of security in recent decades. It discusses key empirical frontiers including the continued centrality of the state, the link between democracy and security, environmental security as well as financial security. The third part of the book presents various methodological approaches to the question of security and peace. It provides an overview of new approaches such as the visual turn, quantifying security and method combinations. This book will be of much interest to students of critical security studies, international relations and research methods.
Author: Annick T. R. Wibben
Release Date: 2010-12-16
Genre: Political Science
This book rethinks security theory from a feminist perspective – uniquely, it engages feminism, security, and strategic studies to provide a distinct feminist approach to security studies. The volume explicitly works toward an opening up of security studies that would allow for feminist (and other) narratives to be recognized and taken seriously as security narratives. To make this possible, it presents a feminist reading of security studies that aims to invigorate the debate and radicalize critical security studies. Since feminism is a political project, and security studies are, at their base, about particular visions of the political and their attendant institutions, this is of necessity a political intervention. The book works through and beyond security studies to explore possible spaces where an opening of security, necessary to make way for feminist insights, can take place. While it develops and illustrates a feminist narrative approach to security, it is also intended as an intervention that challenges the politics of security and the meanings for security legitimized in existing practices. This book provides develops a comprehensive framework for the emerging field of feminist security studies and will be of great interest to students and scholars of feminist IR, critical security studies, gender studies and IR and security studies in general.
Author: Andreas Langenohl
Release Date: 2013-12-06
Genre: Social Science
Der Sammelband fragt nach den Konjunktionen von Finanzmarkt und den Krisen der modernen Gesellschaft, und zwar unter dem Aspekt von Öffentlichkeit beziehungsweise unterschiedlicher Finanzmarktpublika. Denn es sind insbesondere Öffentlichkeit und Publikumsstrukturen, in deren Wandel sich das Paradigmatische von Finanzmärkten für allgemeine Mechanismen der Integration, Kohäsion und Imagination moderner Gesellschaften zeigt. Finanzmarktpublika sind Szenerien der Konstitution der (Un-)Moralität der Finanzmärkte, Austragungsorte gesellschaftlicher und finanzökonomischer Krisen und zugleich Projektionsflächen nicht nur ökonomischer, sondern gesellschaftlicher Teilhabe. Solche Momente finanzmarktlicher Paradigmatizität werden auf der Grundlage konzeptioneller Überlegungen und empirischer Befunde zu Verhältnissen zwischen Operationsweisen von Finanzmärkten, der Konstitution von Öffentlichkeiten und der Strukturierung moderner Gesellschaften freigelegt und zur Diskussion gestellt.
Author: Abdelwahab El-Affendi
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release Date: 2014-11-20
Genre: Political Science
This book offers a novel and productive explanation of why 'ordinary' people can be moved to engage in destructive mass violence (or terrorism and the abuse of rights), often in large numbers and in unexpected ways. Its argument is that narratives of insecurity (powerful horror stories people tell and believe about their world and others) can easily make extreme acts appear acceptable, even necessary and heroic. As in action or horror movies, the script dictates how the 'hero' acts. The book provides theoretical justifications for this analysis, building on earlier studies but going beyond them in what amount to a breakthrough in mapping the context of mass violence. It backs its argument with a large number of case studies covering four continents, written by prominent scholars from the relevant countries or with deep knowledge of them. A substantial introduction by the UN's Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide demonstrates the policy relevance of this path-breaking work.
Author: Werner Weidenfeld
Publisher: Nomos Verlag
Release Date: 2018-12-05
Genre: Political Science
Das Jahrbuch der Europäischen Integration des Instituts für Europäische Politik (Berlin) dokumentiert und bilanziert seit 1980 zeitnah und detailliert den europäischen Integrationsprozess. Entstanden ist in 38 Jahren eine einzigartige Dokumentation der europäischen Zeitgeschichte. Das "Jahrbuch der Europäischen Integration 2018" führt diese Tradition fort. In mehr als 100 Beiträgen zeichnen die Autorinnen und Autoren in ihren jeweiligen Forschungsschwerpunkten die europapolitischen Ereignisse des Berichtszeitraums 2017/2018 nach und informieren über die Arbeit der europäischen Institutionen, die Entwicklung der einzelnen Politikbereiche der EU, Europas Rolle in der Welt und die Europapolitik in den Mitgliedstaaten und Kandidatenländern.
Author: Howard S. Levie
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2007-10-17
Volume 82 focuses on domestic security, and the documents of this volume focus specifically on infrastructure security, maritime security, and the homeland's lavel of preparedness for various threats. Authoritative information on these topics changes often, and this volume will elucidate for readers the many changes that have occurred so far this year. Both the Congressional testimony and the agency reports provided in this volume serve that purpose. Terrorism: Documents of International and Local Control is a hardbound series that provides primary-source documents on the worldwide counter-terrorism effort. Chief among the documents collected are transcripts of Congressional testimony, reports by such federal government bodies as the Congressional Research Service and the Government Accountability Office, and case law covering issues related to terrorism. Most volumes carry a single theme, and inside each volume the documents appear within topic-based categories. The series also includes a subject index and other indexes that guide the user through this complex area of the law.
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Technology, Terrorism, and Government Information
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Political Science
Globalization and Crime provides a comprehensive and accessible account of the consequences of globalization in the post 9/11 world. It explains theories around globalization and how these shed light upon the study of crime. Furthermore, the book examines the challenges the various global flows represent for the nature of governance, state sovereignty, and crime control. Presenting an expert and interdisciplinary summary of complex debates, this book addresses a variety of highly topical issues.
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Homeland Security. Subcommittee on Emerging Threats, Cybersecurity, and Science and Technology
Release Date: 2011
Genre: United States