Sets Logic and Maths for Computing

Author: David Makinson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447124993
Release Date: 2012-02-29
Genre: Computers

This easy-to-follow textbook introduces the mathematical language, knowledge and problem-solving skills that undergraduates need to study computing. The language is in part qualitative, with concepts such as set, relation, function and recursion/induction; but it is also partly quantitative, with principles of counting and finite probability. Entwined with both are the fundamental notions of logic and their use for representation and proof. Features: teaches finite math as a language for thinking, as much as knowledge and skills to be acquired; uses an intuitive approach with a focus on examples for all general concepts; brings out the interplay between the qualitative and the quantitative in all areas covered, particularly in the treatment of recursion and induction; balances carefully the abstract and concrete, principles and proofs, specific facts and general perspectives; includes highlight boxes that raise common queries and clear confusions; provides numerous exercises, with selected solutions.

Programming Languages and Operational Semantics

Author: Maribel Fernández
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781447163688
Release Date: 2014-07-08
Genre: Computers

This book provides an introduction to the essential concepts in programming languages, using operational semantics techniques. It presents alternative programming language paradigms and gives an in-depth analysis of the most significant constructs in modern imperative, functional and logic programming languages. The book is designed to accompany lectures on programming language design for undergraduate students. Each chapter includes exercises which provide the opportunity to apply the concepts and techniques presented.

A Concise and Practical Introduction to Programming Algorithms in Java

Author: Frank Nielsen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1848823398
Release Date: 2009-04-05
Genre: Computers

A Concise and Practical Introduction to Programming Algorithms in Java has two main goals. The first is for novice programmers to learn progressively the basic concepts underlying most imperative programming languages using Java. The second goal is to introduce new programmers to the very basic principles of thinking the algorithmic way and turning the algorithms into programs using the programming concepts of Java. The book is divided into two parts and includes: The fundamental notions of variables, expressions and assignments with type checking - Conditional and loop statements - Explanation of the concepts of functions with pass-by-value arguments and recursion - Fundamental sequential and bisection search techniques - Basic iterative and recursive sorting algorithms. Each chapter of the book concludes with a set of exercises to enable students to practice concepts covered.

Essential Logic for Computer Science

Author: Rex Page
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262039185
Release Date: 2019-01-08
Genre: Computers

An introduction to applying predicate logic to testing and verification of software and digital circuits that focuses on applications rather than theory. Computer scientists use logic for testing and verification of software and digital circuits, but many computer science students study logic only in the context of traditional mathematics, encountering the subject in a few lectures and a handful of problem sets in a discrete math course. This book offers a more substantive and rigorous approach to logic that focuses on applications in computer science. Topics covered include predicate logic, equation-based software, automated testing and theorem proving, and large-scale computation. Formalism is emphasized, and the book employs three formal notations: traditional algebraic formulas of propositional and predicate logic; digital circuit diagrams; and the widely used partially automated theorem prover, ACL2, which provides an accessible introduction to mechanized formalism. For readers who want to see formalization in action, the text presents examples using Proof Pad, a lightweight ACL2 environment. Readers will not become ALC2 experts, but will learn how mechanized logic can benefit software and hardware engineers. In addition, 180 exercises, some of them extremely challenging, offer opportunities for problem solving. There are no prerequisites beyond high school algebra. Programming experience is not required to understand the book's equation-based approach. The book can be used in undergraduate courses in logic for computer science and introduction to computer science and in math courses for computer science students.

Logic Mathematics and Computer Science

Author: Yves Nievergelt
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493932238
Release Date: 2015-10-13
Genre: Mathematics

This text for the first or second year undergraduate in mathematics, logic, computer science, or social sciences, introduces the reader to logic, proofs, sets, and number theory. It also serves as an excellent independent study reference and resource for instructors. Adapted from Foundations of Logic and Mathematics: Applications to Science and Cryptography © 2002 Birkhӓuser, this second edition provides a modern introduction to the foundations of logic, mathematics, and computers science, developing the theory that demonstrates construction of all mathematics and theoretical computer science from logic and set theory. The focuses is on foundations, with specific statements of all the associated axioms and rules of logic and set theory, and provides complete details and derivations of formal proofs. Copious references to literature that document historical development is also provided. Answers are found to many questions that usually remain unanswered: Why is the truth table for logical implication so unintuitive? Why are there no recipes to design proofs? Where do these numerous mathematical rules come from? What issues in logic, mathematics, and computer science still remain unresolved? And the perennial question: In what ways are we going to use this material? Additionally, the selection of topics presented reflects many major accomplishments from the twentieth century and includes applications in game theory and Nash's equilibrium, Gale and Shapley's match making algorithms, Arrow's Impossibility Theorem in voting, to name a few. From the reviews of the first edition: "...All the results are proved in full detail from first principles...remarkably, the arithmetic laws on the rational numbers are proved, step after step, starting from the very definitions!...This is a valuable reference text and a useful companion for anybody wondering how basic mathematical concepts can be rigorously developed within set theory." —MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS "Rigorous and modern in its theoretical aspect, attractive as a detective novel in its applied aspects, this paper book deserves the attention of both beginners and advanced students in mathematics, logic and computer sciences as well as in social sciences." —Zentralblatt MATH

Fundamentals of Discrete Math for Computer Science

Author: Tom Jenkyns
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781447140696
Release Date: 2012-10-16
Genre: Computers

This textbook provides an engaging and motivational introduction to traditional topics in discrete mathematics, in a manner specifically designed to appeal to computer science students. The text empowers students to think critically, to be effective problem solvers, to integrate theory and practice, and to recognize the importance of abstraction. Clearly structured and interactive in nature, the book presents detailed walkthroughs of several algorithms, stimulating a conversation with the reader through informal commentary and provocative questions. Features: no university-level background in mathematics required; ideally structured for classroom-use and self-study, with modular chapters following ACM curriculum recommendations; describes mathematical processes in an algorithmic manner; contains examples and exercises throughout the text, and highlights the most important concepts in each section; selects examples that demonstrate a practical use for the concept in question.

Mit Java programmieren lernen f r Dummies

Author: Barry A. Burd
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9783527691890
Release Date: 2015-03-31
Genre: Computers

Steigen Sie mit diesem Buch in die Welt des Programmierens ein und zwar mit der beliebten Programmiersprache Java! Schritt fï¿1⁄2r Schritt werden Sie mit den Grundlagen, wie zum Beispiel Variablen, Schleifen und objektorientierter Programmierung, vertraut gemacht, probieren viele anschauliche Beispiele aus und schreiben Ihr erstes eigenes Programm. Dieses Buch steht Ihnen bei allen Herausforderungen jederzeit mit hilfreichen Tipps und Lï¿1⁄2sungsvorschlï¿1⁄2gen zur Seite, sodass Sie fï¿1⁄2r Ihren Weg zum Programmierer optimal gerï¿1⁄2stet sind!

UML Classroom

Author: Martina Seidl
Publisher: dpunkt.verlag
ISBN: 9783864911750
Release Date: 2012-10-19
Genre: Computers

Dieses Lehrbuch vermittelt die Grundlagen der objektorientierten Modellierung anhand von UML und bietet eine kompakte Einführung in die fünf Diagramme Klassendiagramm, Anwendungsfalldiagramm, Zustandsdiagramm, Sequenzdiagramm und Aktivitätsdiagramm. Diese decken die wesentlichen Konzepte ab, die für die durchgängige objektorientierte Modellierung in einem kompletten Softwareentwicklungsprozess benötigt werden. Besonderer Wert wird auf die Verdeutlichung des Zusammenspiels unterschiedlicher Diagramme gelegt. Die präsentierten Konzepte werden anhand von illustrativen Beispielen erklärt.

Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science

Author: Peter A. Fejer
Publisher: Springer Verlag
ISBN: 0387974504
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Mathematics

Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, Volume I is the first of two volumes presenting topics from mathematics (mostly discrete mathematics) which have proven relevant and useful to computer science. This volume treats basic topics, mostly of a set-theoretical nature (sets, functions and relations, partially ordered sets, induction, enumerability, and diagonalization) and illustrates the usefulness of mathematical ideas by presenting applications to computer science. Readers will find useful applications in algorithms, databases, semantics of programming languages, formal languages, theory of computation, and program verification. The material is treated in a straightforward, systematic, and rigorous manner. The volume is organized by mathematical area, making the material easily accessible to the upper-undergraduate students in mathematics as well as in computer science and each chapter contains a large number of exercises. The volume can be used as a textbook, but it will also be useful to researchers and professionals who want a thorough presentation of the mathematical tools they need in a single source. In addition, the book can be used effectively as supplementary reading material in computer science courses, particularly those courses which involve the semantics of programming languages, formal languages and automata, and logic programming.

Der Turing Omnibus

Author: A.K. Dewdney
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642788727
Release Date: 2013-03-12
Genre: Computers

Der Turing Omnibus macht in 66 exzellent geschriebenen Beiträgen Station bei den interessantesten Themen aus der Informatik, der Computertechnologie und ihren Anwendungen.

Algorithmen Eine Einf hrung

Author: Thomas H. Cormen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 9783110522013
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: Computers

Der "Cormen" bietet eine umfassende und vielseitige Einführung in das moderne Studium von Algorithmen. Es stellt viele Algorithmen Schritt für Schritt vor, behandelt sie detailliert und macht deren Entwurf und deren Analyse allen Leserschichten zugänglich. Sorgfältige Erklärungen zur notwendigen Mathematik helfen, die Analyse der Algorithmen zu verstehen. Den Autoren ist es dabei geglückt, Erklärungen elementar zu halten, ohne auf Tiefe oder mathematische Exaktheit zu verzichten. Jedes der weitgehend eigenständig gestalteten Kapitel stellt einen Algorithmus, eine Entwurfstechnik, ein Anwendungsgebiet oder ein verwandtes Thema vor. Algorithmen werden beschrieben und in Pseudocode entworfen, der für jeden lesbar sein sollte, der schon selbst ein wenig programmiert hat. Zahlreiche Abbildungen verdeutlichen, wie die Algorithmen arbeiten. Ebenfalls angesprochen werden Belange der Implementierung und andere technische Fragen, wobei, da Effizienz als Entwurfskriterium betont wird, die Ausführungen eine sorgfältige Analyse der Laufzeiten der Programme mit ein schließen. Über 1000 Übungen und Problemstellungen und ein umfangreiches Quellen- und Literaturverzeichnis komplettieren das Lehrbuch, dass durch das ganze Studium, aber auch noch danach als mathematisches Nachschlagewerk oder als technisches Handbuch nützlich ist. Für die dritte Auflage wurde das gesamte Buch aktualisiert. Die Änderungen sind vielfältig und umfassen insbesondere neue Kapitel, überarbeiteten Pseudocode, didaktische Verbesserungen und einen lebhafteren Schreibstil. So wurden etwa - neue Kapitel zu van-Emde-Boas-Bäume und mehrfädigen (engl.: multithreaded) Algorithmen aufgenommen, - das Kapitel zu Rekursionsgleichungen überarbeitet, sodass es nunmehr die Teile-und-Beherrsche-Methode besser abdeckt, - die Betrachtungen zu dynamischer Programmierung und Greedy-Algorithmen überarbeitet; Memoisation und der Begriff des Teilproblem-Graphen als eine Möglichkeit, die Laufzeit eines auf dynamischer Programmierung beruhender Algorithmus zu verstehen, werden eingeführt. - 100 neue Übungsaufgaben und 28 neue Problemstellungen ergänzt. Umfangreiches Dozentenmaterial (auf englisch) ist über die Website des US-Verlags verfügbar.

A Mathematical Introduction to Logic

Author: Herbert Enderton
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080496467
Release Date: 2001-01-23
Genre: Mathematics

A Mathematical Introduction to Logic, Second Edition, offers increased flexibility with topic coverage, allowing for choice in how to utilize the textbook in a course. The author has made this edition more accessible to better meet the needs of today's undergraduate mathematics and philosophy students. It is intended for the reader who has not studied logic previously, but who has some experience in mathematical reasoning. Material is presented on computer science issues such as computational complexity and database queries, with additional coverage of introductory material such as sets. * Increased flexibility of the text, allowing instructors more choice in how they use the textbook in courses. * Reduced mathematical rigour to fit the needs of undergraduate students

A Beginner s Guide to Discrete Mathematics

Author: W.D. Wallis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0817682864
Release Date: 2011-10-08
Genre: Mathematics

Wallis's book on discrete mathematics is a resource for an introductory course in a subject fundamental to both mathematics and computer science, a course that is expected not only to cover certain specific topics but also to introduce students to important modes of thought specific to each discipline . . . Lower-division undergraduates through graduate students. —Choice reviews (Review of the First Edition) Very appropriately entitled as a 'beginner's guide', this textbook presents itself as the first exposure to discrete mathematics and rigorous proof for the mathematics or computer science student. —Zentralblatt Math (Review of the First Edition) This second edition of A Beginner’s Guide to Discrete Mathematics presents a detailed guide to discrete mathematics and its relationship to other mathematical subjects including set theory, probability, cryptography, graph theory, and number theory. This textbook has a distinctly applied orientation and explores a variety of applications. Key Features of the second edition: * Includes a new chapter on the theory of voting as well as numerous new examples and exercises throughout the book * Introduces functions, vectors, matrices, number systems, scientific notations, and the representation of numbers in computers * Provides examples which then lead into easy practice problems throughout the text and full exercise at the end of each chapter * Full solutions for practice problems are provided at the end of the book This text is intended for undergraduates in mathematics and computer science, however, featured special topics and applications may also interest graduate students.

Einf hrung in die Kryptographie

Author: Johannes Buchmann
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783642111860
Release Date: 2010-03-03
Genre: Mathematics

Der Band behandelt die aktuellen Techniken der modernen Kryptographie wie Verschlüsselung und digitale Signaturen. Alle mathematischen Grundlagen werden anhand zahlreicher Beispiele und Übungen behandelt, so dass Lesern ein fundiertes Verständnis der modernen Kryptographie vermittelt wird. In die 5. Auflage hat der Autor die Beweise für die Sicherheit des Lamport-Diffie-Einmalsignaturverfahrens und des Merkle-Signaturverfahrens sowie einen Abschnitt über algebraische Angriffe auf Blockchiffren neu aufgenommen.