Shadows of the Mind

Author: Roger Penrose
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0195106466
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Computers

Presenting a look at the human mind's capacity while criticizing artificial intelligence, the author makes suggestions about classical and quantum physics and the role of microtubules

God and the Folly of Faith

Author: Victor J. Stenger
Publisher: Prometheus Books
ISBN: 9781616146009
Release Date: 2012-04-03
Genre: Religion

A thorough and hard-hitting critique that is a must read for anyone interested in the interaction between religion and science. It has become the prevalent view among sociologists, historians, and some theistic scientists that religion and science have never been in serious conflict. Some even claim that Christianity was responsible for the development of science. In a sweeping historical survey that begins with ancient Greek science and proceeds through the Renaissance and Enlightenment to contemporary advances in physics and cosmology, Stenger makes a convincing case that not only is this conclusion false, but Christianity actually held back the progress of science for one thousand years. It is significant, he notes, that the scientific revolution of the seventeenth century occurred only after the revolts against established ecclesiastic authorities in the Renaissance and Reformation opened up new avenues of thought. The author goes on to detail how religion and science are fundamentally incompatible in several areas: the origin of the universe and its physical parameters, the origin of complexity, holism versus reductionism, the nature of mind and consciousness, and the source of morality. In the end, Stenger is most troubled by the negative influence that organized religion often exerts on politics and society. He points out antiscientific attitudes embedded in popular religion that are being used to suppress scientific results on issues of global importance, such as overpopulation and environmental degradation. When religion fosters disrespect for science, it threatens the generations of humanity that will follow ours. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Proteus im Spiegel

Author: Paul Geyer
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 3826026330
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Critical theory

Einleitung - C. Jünke: Theorie und Praxis einer Kritischen Theorie des Subjekts - Grundlagenreflexion / Methodik - P. Geyer: Kritik des Kritikbegriffs - K. Meyer-Drawe: Zur Doppeldeutigkeit des Subjekts - R. Terdiman: The Subject of the Other: From Alterity to Heterology - K. Röttgers: Autonomes und verführtes Subjekt - Das Subjekt in den Diskursen der Wissenschaft - B. Görlich: Freuds Wissenschaft vom Unbewußten - ihre Bedeutung für eine kritische Theorie des Subjekts - R. Simon: Die nichtsubjektive Sprache des Subjekts in der ästhetischen Erfahrung. Überlegungen zum Begriff der Natur in Adornos Ästhetischer Theorie - P. Weber-Bockholdt: Über das musikalische Hören in Th. W. Adornos Philosophie der neuen Musik - M. Guérin: Visage, autoportrait, portrait (Réflexions sur le jeu des catégories: je, moi, individu, sujet) - B. Gruber: Zur Rolle des Erfahrungsbegriffes in der neueren Literaturwissenschaft. Eine wissenschaftsgeschichtliche Überlegung - M. Klein: Das Menschenbild in der Begriffsjurisprudenz und in der Interessenjurisprudenz - A. Schmitt: Subjektivität und Evolution. Kritische Anmerkungen zu einer kognitionspsychologischen Erklärung von Subjektivität - A. Gierer: Brain, mind, and limitations of a scientific theory of human consciousness - Erscheinungsweisen des Subjekts im 20. Jh. / Archäologie des modernen Subjekts - S. Büttner: Sophokles' Modernität? Subjektivität und Tragik in der Sophokleischen Elektra - V. Ehrich-Haefeli: Transformationen des Begehrens am Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts: Zur psychohistorischen Archäologie der modernen Individualität (Lessing, Wieland, Maler Müller) - G. Mensching: "Urgeschichte des Subjekts" - Variationen über ein Thema von Adorno - F. Spadini: Kulturelles Gedächtnis. Thomas Manns Auseinandersetzung mit der deutschen Identität - Entwürfe des 20. Jahrhunderts - M. Schmitz-Emans: Subjekt und Sprache - J. Leenhardt: Subjektkonstitution im literarischen Austausch - R. Zaiser: Prousts A la recherche du temps perdu: Die epistemologische Krise des Subjekts und ihre Aufhebung in der Leibhaftigkeit des Seins - S. Friedrich: Fokussierungen: Sinnliche Wahrnehmung und ihre Medialisierung in der spanischen Lyrik des frühen 20. Jahrhunderts - N. Würzbach: Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus - M. Messmer: Intersubjectivity as a Way toward Ideology Critique in Virginia Woolf's The Waves - L. Higgins & M.-Chr. Leps : Writing subjects of governance - Woolf and Foucault - H.-G. Pott: Das Subjekt bei Robert Musil - V. Kapp: Individuelles und historisches Bewußtsein in Malraux' La Condition humaine - H. Antor: International Involvement and the Growth of a Canadian Identity in Hugh MacLennan's Barometer Rising - K. Kramer: Praktiken des Raumes: Zur topologischen Konstitution des ästhetischen Subjekts im Prosagedicht Henri Michaux' - P. Geyer: Der existenzielle Ernst des Absurden. Das menschliche Subjekt angesichts seiner Auslöschung - P. Oster: Nathalie Sarraute und Jean-Paul Sartre oder Subjektkonstitution im Zeitalter des Mißtrauens - C. Jünke: Unzuverlässiges Erzählen und Subjektkritik - Cinco horas con Mario von Miguel Delibes - W. Matzat: Subjektivitätsmodellierung im Roman: Eine gattungsgeschichtliche Skizze mit einem Blick auf das Verhältnis von Individuum und Gesellschaft bei Jean-Philippe Toussaint - R. Emans: Personalstil versus Zeitstil in der Musik - Versuchungen der Postmoderne - A. Gutenberg: Uneasy Alliances: The Subject of Feminism and Postmodernism in Theory and the Novel - P. Torrin: De la Crypte aux Fantômes. La transmission historique de l'inconscient - A. v. Graevenitz Der tatsächliche Tod des Subjekts in der Inszenierung seines Kunstwerks als Herausforderung an das wahrnehmende Subjekt - R. Hagenbüchle: Das Ende des 'bürgerlichen' Subjekts: Kulturwandel als Paradi

Der Pfad des friedvollen Kriegers

Author: Dan Millman
Publisher: Ansata
ISBN: 9783641078751
Release Date: 2012-01-11
Genre: Body, Mind & Spirit

Atemberaubende Erfahrungen und berührende Erlebnisse erwarten Sie auf dem Pfad des friedvollen Kriegers Ein absolutes Kultbuch – immer wieder als das beste Einstiegsbuch in die Welt der echten Spiritualität empfohlen. Folgen Sie dem Autor auf seinem Weg, der ebenso atemberaubende wie berührende Erlebnisse auch für Sie bereit hält. Seite für Seite werden Sie zu einer neuen, faszinierenden Bewusstheit heranwachsen.

Die Physik des Bewusstseins

Author: Michio Kaku
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 9783644036413
Release Date: 2014-03-07
Genre: Science

Träume, die auf Video aufgenommen werden, Schreiben per Gedankensteuerung, Querschnittgelähmte, die Gliedmaßen wieder bewegen können - das alles gibt es schon. In den vergangenen 15 Jahren ist durch die Erfindung der Kernspintomografie eine Verbindung von Physik, Technik und Hirnforschung entstanden, die unser Wissen über Gehirn und Bewußtsein im Eiltempo gesteigert hat. Mithilfe komplexer Rechner und Maschinen werden wir in fernerer Zukunft Gedanken direkt aufzeichnen können, Musikstücke komponieren zum Beispiel oder Bücher verfassen. Via Internet könnten wir von Bewußtsein zu Bewußtsein kommunizieren. Es wird möglich sein, fremde Erinnerungen auf unser Hirn spielen und gute oder schlechte Gefühle. Unser Begriff von Bewußtsein und Intelligenz selbst und wird sich verändern. Wir stehen am Anfang einer wissenschaftlich-technischen Revolution, wohin wird sie uns führen? Michio Kaku entfaltet in diesem Buch ein grandioses Panorama des Wissens und der wissenschaftlichen Voraussage. Er hat sorgfältig recherchiert und dazu rund 300 Experten befragt. Manche denken weit voraus: Nicht auszuschließen, dass sich dereinst das Bewusstsein ganz vom Körper lösen lässt, um vielleicht auf fremden Planeten spazieren zu gehen. So faszinierend solche Entwicklungen sind, es wird schon jetzt Zeit, sie ethisch und politisch zu ordnen, erklärt der weltbekannte Physiker.

Websprache net

Author: Torsten Siever
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 311018110X
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Foreign Language Study

Websprache.net thematisiert den Sprachgebrauch, die kommunikativen Verhaltensweisen und die medienspezifischen Entwicklungen in den zentralen Bereichen der Sprache und Kommunikation im Internet. Der Band wird in die Abschnitte "Das Internet als Medium", "Kommunikationspraxen", "Redaktionelles im Internet", "Literatur und Internet", "Text und Bild im Fokus" und "Kommunikationsgemeinschaften" unterteilt. Er gibt neben der Deskription immer auch einen prospektiven Blick für die weitere Entwicklung von Sprache und Kommunikation im Internet und wird unter A href="http://www.mediensprache.net/"http://www.mediensprache.net/ umfassend unterstützt.

Minds and Bodies

Author: Colin McGinn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195354400
Release Date: 1997-08-28
Genre: Philosophy

In Minds and Bodies, Colin McGinn offers proof that contemporary philosophy, in the hands of a consummate reviewer, can be the occasion not only sharp critical assessment, but also writing so clear and engaging that readers with no special background in the subject but simply a taste for challenging idea can feel welcome. Gathering nearly forty review-essays printed mainly in nonspecialist publications over the past twenty years, McGinn, a distinguished philosopher and teacher, measures the best of recent Anglo-American philosophical writing, considering books by Thomas Nagel, John Searle, and Daniel Dennett, among others, and navigating with energy and wit important new work in ethics, philosophy of language, and philosophy of mind. Opening with a section on philosophical lives--books written on or by Ludwig Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, Charles Peirce, and A. J. Ayer-- McGinn moves to the question of consciousness, offering readers two dozen crisp and provocative pieces on work seeking to define and illuminate the mind, its activity, and its relation to the world of physical objects. Closing with a section on ethics, McGinn brings a bold and sharply original perspective to argument in such controversial areas as animal rights and feminist moral theory. A bracing collection of masterfully written reviews that together form an accessible picture of philosophy as it is practiced today, Minds and Bodies makes permanent the critical reflections of a gifted philosopher and writer and is destined to find an appreciative audience both within the philosophical community and in the wider culture of intellectually curious readers.

Actual Consciousness

Author: Ted Honderich
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191023866
Release Date: 2014-07-10
Genre: Philosophy

What is it for you to be conscious? There is no agreement whatever in philosophy or science: it has remained a hard problem, a mystery. Is this partly or mainly owed to the existing theories not even having the same subject, not answering the same question? In Actual Consciousness, Ted Honderich sets out to supersede dualisms, objective physicalisms, abstract functionalism, externalisms, and other positions in the debate. He argues that the theory of Actualism, right or wrong, is unprecedented, in nine ways. (1) It begins from gathered data and proceeds to an adequate initial clarification of consciousness in the primary ordinary sense. This consciousness is summed up as something's being actual. (2) Like basic science, Actualism proceeds from this metaphorical or figurative beginning to what is wholly literal and explicit—constructed answers to the questions of what is actual and what it is for it to be actual. (3) In so doing, the theory respects the differences of consciousness within perception, consciousness that is thinking in a generic sense, and consciousness that is generic wanting. (4) What is actual with your perceptual consciousness is a subjective physical world out there, very likely a room, differently real from the objective physical world, that other division of the physical world. (5) What it is for the myriad subjective physical worlds to be actual is for them to be subjectively physical, which is exhaustively characterized. (6) What is actual with cognitive and affective consciousness is affirmed or valued representations. The representations being actual, which is essential to their nature, is their being differently subjectively physical from the subjective physical worlds. (7) Actualism, naturally enough when you think of it, but unlike any other existing general theory of consciousness, is thus externalist with perceptual consciousness but internalist with respect to cognitive and affective consciousness. (8) It satisfies rigorous criteria got from examination of the failures of the existing theories. In particular, it explains the role of subjectivity in thinking about consciousness, including a special subjectivity that is individuality. (9) Philosophers and scientists have regularly said that thinking about consciousness requires just giving up the old stuff and starting again. Actualism does this. Science is served by this main line philosophy, which is concentration on the logic of ordinary intelligence—clarity, consistency and validity, completeness, generality.

Mind Matter and Quantum Mechanics

Author: Henry P. Stapp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540407618
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Science

"Scientists other than quantum physicists often fail to comprehend the enormity of the conceptual change wrought by quantum theory in our basic conception of the nature of matter," writes Henry Stapp. Stapp is a leading quantum physicist who has given particularly careful thought to the implications of the theory that lies at the heart of modern physics. In this book, which contains several of his key papers as well as new material, he focuses on the problem of consciousness and explains how quantum mechanics allows causally effective conscious thought to be combined in a natural way with the physical brain made of neurons and atoms. The book is divided into four sections. The first consists of an extended introduction. Key foundational and somewhat more technical papers are included in the second part, together with a clear exposition of the "orthodox" interpretation of quantum mechanics. The third part addresses, in a non-technical fashion, the implications of the theory for some of the most profound questions that mankind has contemplated: How does the world come to be just what it is and not something else? How should humans view themselves in a quantum universe? What will be the impact on society of the revised scientific image of the nature of man? The final part contains a mathematical appendix for the specialist and a glossary of important terms and ideas for the interested layman. This third edition has been significantly expanded with two new chapters covering the author's most recent work.

Fantastic Realities

Author: Frank Wilczek
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812774300
Release Date: 2006
Genre: Science

The fantastic reality that is modern physics is open for your exploration, guided by one of its primary architects and interpreters, Nobel Prize winner Frank Wilczek. Some jokes, some poems, and extracts from wife Betsy Devine's sparkling chronicle of what it's like to live through a Nobel Prize provide easy entertainment. There's also some history, some philosophy, some exposition of frontier science, and some frontier science, for your lasting edification. 49 pieces, including many from Wilczek's award-winning Reference Frame columns in Physics Today, and some never before published, are gathered by style and subject into a dozen chapters, each with a revealing, witty introduction. Profound ideas, presented with style: What could be better? Enjoy.

The Nature of Consciousness

Author: Ned Joel Block
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262522101
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Philosophy

This text is an introduction to consciousness which aims to impose structure on the relating philosophical literature. There are sections covering stream of consciousness, theoretical issues, function of consciousness, subjectivity and the explanatory gap, the knowledge argument and qualia.

Philosophy of Mind

Author: William Jaworski
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444397583
Release Date: 2011-02-16
Genre: Philosophy

Philosophy of Mind introduces readers to one of the liveliest fields in contemporary philosophy by discussing mind-body problems and the various solutions to them. It provides a detailed yet balanced overview of the entire field that enables readers to jump immediately into current debates. Treats a wide range of mind-body theories and arguments in a fair and balanced way Shows how developments in neuroscience, biology, psychology, and cognitive science have impacted mind-body debates Premise-by-premise arguments for and against each position enable readers to grasp the structure of each argument quickly and easily Diagrams and illustrations help readers absorb the more complex ideas Bibliographic essays at the end of each chapter bring readers up to date on the latest literature Written in a clear, easy to read style that is free of technical jargon, and highly accessible to a broad readership The only book to explain systematically how a hylomorphic theory such as Aristotle’s can contribute to current mind-body debates and vie with current mind-body theories Online chapters on free will and the philosophy of persons make the book a flexible teaching tool for general and introductory philosophy courses - available at www.wiley.com/go/jaworski

Let There Be Light

Author: Howard Smith, Ph.D.
Publisher: New World Library
ISBN: 9781577317463
Release Date: 2010-10-04
Genre: Religion

In Let There Be Light, Howard Smith, a research astrophysicist and traditionally observant Jew, explores how modern scientific understandings of the cosmos complement Judaism's ancient mystical theology, the Kabbalah. He argues that science and religion are not only compatible, but that a healthy, productive dialogue between the two sheds light on ethics, free will, and the nature of life, while at the same time rejecting fundamentalist misinterpretation and the pseudoscience of creationism. Written for a general audience, yet supported by the most current and accurate scientific research, the book discusses topics such as modern quantum mechanics and mystical notions of awareness; how Kabbalah's ten sefirot mirror the developing phases of an inflationary universe; and the surprising parallels that exist between the Big Bang theory and Kabbalah's origin theory. Smith delves into complex ideas without resorting to jargon or mathematical equations, creating an intelligent, authoritative work accessible to all readers.