Should We Eat Meat

Author: Vaclav Smil
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118278697
Release Date: 2013-03-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Meat eating is often a contentious subject, whether consideringthe technical, ethical, environmental, political, or health-relatedaspects of production and consumption. This book is a wide-ranging and interdisciplinary examinationand critique of meat consumption by humans, throughout theirevolution and around the world. Setting the scene with a chapter onmeat’s role in human evolution and its growing influenceduring the development of agricultural practices, the book goes onto examine modern production systems, their efficiencies, outputs,and impacts. The major global trends of meat consumption aredescribed in order to find out what part its consumption plays inchanging modern diets in countries around the world. The heart ofthe book addresses the consequences of the "massive carnivory" ofwestern diets, looking at the inefficiencies of production and atthe huge impacts on land, water, and the atmosphere. Health impactsare also covered, both positive and negative. In conclusion, theauthor looks forward at his vision of “rational meateating”, where environmental and health impacts are reduced,animals are treated more humanely, and alternative sources ofprotein make a higher contribution. Should We Eat Meat? is not an ideological tract for oragainst carnivorousness but rather a careful evaluation of meat'sroles in human diets and the environmental and health consequencesof its production and consumption. It will be of interest to a widereadership including professionals and academics in food andagricultural production, human health and nutrition, environmentalscience, and regulatory and policy making bodies around theworld.

Meat Makes People Powerful

Author: Wilson J. Warren
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 9781609385552
Release Date: 2018-02-15
Genre: Social Science

From large-scale cattle farming to water pollution, meat— more than any other food—has had an enormous impact on our environment. Historically, Americans have been among the most avid meat-eaters in the world, but long before that meat was not even considered a key ingredient in most civilizations’ diets. Labor historian Wilson Warren, who has studied the meat industry for more than a decade, provides this global history of meat to help us understand how it entered the daily diet, and at what costs and benefits to society. Spanning from the nineteenth century to current and future trends, Warren walks us through the economic theory of food, the discovery of protein, the Japanese eugenics debate around meat, and the environmental impact of livestock, among other topics. Through his comprehensive, multifaceted research, he provides readers with the political, economic, social, and cultural factors behind meat consumption over the last two centuries. With a special focus on East Asia, Meat Makes People Powerful reveals how national governments regulated and oversaw meat production, helping transform virtually vegetarian cultures into major meat consumers at record speed. As more and more Americans pay attention to the sources of the meat they consume, Warren’s compelling study will help them not only better understand the industry, but also make more informed personal choices. Providing an international perspective that will appeal to scholars and nutritionists alike, this timely examination will forever change the way you see the food on your plate.

What Should We Eat

Author: Roman Espejo
Publisher: Greenhaven Publishing LLC
ISBN: 9780737773903
Release Date: 2016-02-03
Genre: Young Adult Nonfiction

Gluten, red meat, fish, insects, all things we do or don't eat, but could. Should we? This book explores how best to sustain ourselves, from organic food to fast food. Readers are treated to both sides of current dietary views on how humans should be eating for health and longevity.

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry

Author: Fidel Toldrá
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118522677
Release Date: 2014-10-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Fermented meat products have been consumed for centuries in many different parts of the world and constitute one of the most important groups of food. Bacterial cultures are used in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This fully revised and expanded reference book on meat fermentation presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 54 chapters of this substantial book are grouped into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: overview, production and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance There are five new chapters in the second edition that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavourings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry, Second Edition provides readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics.

Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology

Author: Byong H. Lee
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118384916
Release Date: 2014-12-01
Genre: Science

Food biotechnology is the application of modern biotechnologicaltechniques to the manufacture and processing of food, for examplethrough fermentation of food (which is the oldest biotechnologicalprocess) and food additives, as well as plant and animal cellcultures. New developments in fermentation and enzyme technologicalprocesses, molecular thermodynamics, genetic engineering, proteinengineering, metabolic engineering, bioengineering, and processesinvolving monoclonal antibodies, nanobiotechnology and quorumsensing have introduced exciting new dimensions to foodbiotechnology, a burgeoning field that transcends many scientificdisciplines. Fundamentals of Food Biotechnology, 2nd edition is basedon the author’s 25 years of experience teaching on a foodbiotechnology course at McGill University in Canada. The book willappeal to professional food scientists as well as graduate andadvanced undergraduate students by addressing the latest excitingfood biotechnology research in areas such as genetically modifiedfoods (GMOs), bioenergy, bioplastics, functionalfoods/nutraceuticals, nanobiotechnology, quorum sensing andquenching. In addition, cloning techniques for bacterial and yeastenzymes are included in a “New Trends and Tools”section and selected references, questions and answers appear atthe end of each chapter. This new edition has been comprehensively rewritten andrestructured to reflect the new technologies, products and trendsthat have emerged since the original book. Many new aspectshighlight the short and longer term commercial potential of foodbiotechnology.

Global Food Security and Supply

Author: Wayne Martindale
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118699294
Release Date: 2014-12-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

With the global population projected to reach 9 billion by theyear 2050, the need for nations to secure food supplies for theirpopulations has never been more pressing. Finding better supplychain solutions is an essential part of achieving a secure andsustainable diet for a rapidly increasing population. We are now ina position, through methods including life cycle assessment (LCA),carbon footprinting and other tools, to accurately measure andassess our use – or misuse – of natural resources,including food. The impact of new technologies and managementsystems can therefore improve efficiencies and find new ways toreduce waste. Global Food Security and Supply provides robust, succinctinformation for people who want to understand how the global foodsystem works. The book demonstrates the specific tools availablefor understanding how food supply works, addresses the challengesfacing a secure and safe global food supply, and helps readers toappreciate how these challenges might be overcome. This book is a concise and accessible text that focuses onrecent data and findings from a range of internationalcollaborations and studies. The author provides both asnapshot of global food supply and security today, and a projectionof where these issues may lead us in the future. This book willtherefore be of particular interest to food policy leaders,commercial managers in the food industry, and researchers andstudents seeking a better understanding of a rapidly evolvingtopic.

Meat Eating and Human Evolution

Author: Craig B. Stanford
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195351290
Release Date: 2001-06-14
Genre: Science

When, why, and how early humans began to eat meat are three of the most fundamental unresolved questions in the study of human origins. Before 2.5 million years ago the presence and importance of meat in the hominid diet is unknown. After stone tools appear in the fossil record it seems clear that meat was eaten in increasing quantities, but whether it was obtained through hunting or scavenging remains a topic of intense debate. This book takes a novel and strongly interdisciplinary approach to the role of meat in the early hominid diet, inviting well-known researchers who study the human fossil record, modern hunter-gatherers, and nonhuman primates to contribute chapters to a volume that integrates these three perspectives. Stanford's research has been on the ecology of hunting by wild chimpanzees. Bunn is an archaeologist who has worked on both the fossil record and modern foraging people. This will be a reconsideration of the role of hunting, scavenging, and the uses of meat in light of recent data and modern evolutionary theory. There is currently no other book, nor has there ever been, that occupies the niche this book will create for itself.

Animal Pragmatism

Author: Erin McKenna
ISBN: 0253344220
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Nature

What does American pragmatism contribute to debates about human-animal relationships? These essays address concerns at the intersection of pragmatist philosophy and animal welfare. Covers moral consideration of animals, animal experimentation, institutional animal care, protection of animal habitat, farm animal welfare, and animal communication.

Sex Time and Power

Author: Leonard Shlain
Publisher: Viking Press
ISBN: STANFORD:36105111825290
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science

Explores the mysteries of human evolution and sexuality, addressing such issues as birth, love, homosexuality, menopause, and death, arguing that female sexuality has ultimately shaped the course of humanity.


ISBN: UCSC:32106012693195
Release Date: 1981
Genre: Carnivora

Encyclopedia of Human Biology

Author: Renato Dulbecco
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: STANFORD:36105019324131
Release Date: 1997-09
Genre: Science

The Encyclopedia of Human Biology, Second Edition provides complete coverage of the vast subject area of human biology--no other reference work available offers such a detailed and comprehensive treatment of the subject. Including more than 670 articles in 37 different biological fields, this fully revised edition features one of the most renowned editorial Advisory Boards ever assembled. The Second Edition offers more than 75% new, updated, and revised content including approximately 150 new articles. In keeping with the first editions high standards, all articles have been subjected to rigorous peer review to ensure consistent presentation of the highest quality. Unlike other encyclopedias which use numerous fragmented entries to treat a subject, the Encyclopedia examines each subject in individual, cohesive articles. Arranged alphabetically for easy access, each article--about ten pages in length-contains a brief outline, glossary of unusual terms, a short concise definition of the subject, an in-depth development of the topic, recent bibliography, extensive cross references to other articles in the Encyclopedia, and tables and illustrations including more than 100 color plates. * All articles from the First Edition thoroughly reviewed and completely updated * Articles provide coverage of 37 different subject areas * Nine-volume set, including a separate index volume published simultaneously * 673 full-length articles with cross references * Articles written by more than 700 eminent contributors from around the world * Renowned Editorial Board including several Nobel Laureates * 5000 glossary entries explain key terms * Further reading lists at the end of each entry, more than 4000 references in all * More than 3000 figures and tables complement the text, including more than 100 color plates * Entries arranged alphabetically for easy access * More than 100 completely new topics added for this edition, including: AIDS, Infectious Complications, Cancer Prevention, Cell Cycle, Gene Targeting Techniques, Lyme Disease, In Vitro Fertilization, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Prions, Programmed Cell Death, Tumor Suppressor Genes

Motherhood in human and nonhuman primates

Author: Christopher R. Pryce
Publisher: S Karger Ag
ISBN: 3805561091
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Family & Relationships

Within the disciplines of anthropology, medicine, psychology and zoology, the primate mother-infant relationship has been studied extensively in terms of either its evolution, adaptive function, causation, disruption or consequences. Between these disciplines, however, there has been only limited exchange of theory and evidence relating to the study of motherhood, and this is true for human motherhood specifically and primate motherhood in general. This situation needs rectifying because a clear and detailed understanding of the biosocial regulation of human motherhood is best achieved using a comparative and interdisciplinary approach. Edited by two primatologists and a child psychiatrist, this book contains the proceedings of a recent symposium where the theory and evidence relating to the biosocial regulation of motherhood were integrated across the primate order. Seventeen contributors, representing many of the world's leading groups engaged in research on primate mother-infant behaviour, present their very latest ideas, experimental findings and theoretical interpretations. The application of the evidence from studies of nonhuman primates to human maternal care, and vice versa, is discussed. The major emphasis is on improved understanding of human motherhood, including clarification of the unique aspects of its biosocial regulation. The book should provide a major impetus for future research into primate motherhood at the interface of the natural, social and clinical sciences.