When does Renaissance philosophy end, and Early Modern philosophy begin? Do Renaissance philosophers have something in common, which distinguishes them from Early Modern philosophers? And ultimately, what defines the modernity of the Early Modern period, and what role did the Renaissance play in shaping it? The answers to these questions are not just chronological. This book challenges traditional constructions of these periods, which partly reflect the prejudice that the Renaissance was a literary and artistic phenomenon, rather than a philosophical phase. The essays in this book investigate how the legacy of Renaissance philosophers persisted in the following centuries through the direct encounters of subsequent generations with Renaissance philosophical texts. This volume treats Early Modern philosophers as joining their predecessors as ‘conversation partners’: the ‘conversations’ in this book feature, among others, Girolamo Cardano and Henry More, Thomas Hobbes and Lorenzo Valla, Bernardino Telesio and Francis Bacon, René Descartes and Tommaso Campanella, Giulio Cesare Vanini and the anonymous Theophrastus redivivus.
The 14 essays in this volume look at both the theory and practice of monarchical governments from the Thirty Years War up until the time of the French Revolution. Contributors aim to unravel the constructs of ‘absolutism’ and ‘monarchism’, examining how the power and authority of monarchs was defined through contemporary politics and philosophy.
Author: William J. Bulman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2015-05-12
This is an original interpretation of the early European Enlightenment and the religious conflicts that rocked England and its empire under the later Stuarts. In a series of vignettes that move between Europe and North Africa, William J. Bulman shows that this period witnessed not a struggle for and against new ideas and greater freedoms, but a battle between several novel schemes for civil peace. Bulman considers anew the most apparently conservative force in post-Civil War English history: the conformist leadership of the Church of England. He demonstrates that the church's historical scholarship, social science, pastoral care and political practice amounted not to a culturally backward spectacle of intolerance, but to a campaign for stability drawn from the frontiers of erudition and globalization. In seeking to sever the link between zeal and chaos, the church and its enemies were thus united in an Enlightenment project, but bitterly divided over what it meant in practice.
Author: Paul Christianson
Publisher: Univ of Toronto Pr
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Biography & Autobiography
In early seventeenth-century England, many able magistrates, artists, divines, lawyers, and scholars spoke, wrote, created, and acted to uphold what they conceived of as the proper governance of the commonwealth. They regularly articulated constitutionalist principles of governance in the discourse of the English common law and disputed particular policies in royal courts and parliaments. In an attempt to interpret aspects of political and historical thought in early Stuart England, especially in relationship to English common law discourse, Continental customary and civil law discourse, and a Grotian natural law discourse, this volume concentrates upon the relevant ideas and actions of John Selden. Selden (1584-1654) was a common lawyer, a scholar of the civil law, and an authority on constitutional law. Well-read in ancient and medieval history as well as the history of English law, he was a member of Parliament and an author in both Latin and English. In short, he was a major scholar and an important political figure of his time. Paul Christianson analyses the relevant books and public speeches of Selden from 1610 to 1635 as a means of understanding the genesis of constitutional conflict in seventeenth-century England. He discusses Selden's early histories of English and European institutions showing how Selden's interpretations changed over time in relation to his scholarship, his politics, and his view of the English constitution as a `mixed monarchy.' Christianson also analyses Selden's historical method and demonstrates how Titles of Honor (1631) provided his most mature scholarly portrayal of European constitutions and how Mare Clausum marked his first major move toward a natural law theory of politics.