Author: Orlando Patterson
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 1985-03-15
Genre: Social Science
This is the first full-scale comparative study of the nature of slavery. In a work of prodigious scholarship and enormous breadth, which draws on the tribal, ancient, premodern, and modern worlds, Orlando Patterson discusses the internal dynamics of slavery in sixty-six societies over time. These include Greece and Rome, medieval Europe, China, Korea, the Islamic kingdoms, Africa, the Caribbean islands, and the American South. Slavery is shown to he a parasitic relationship between master and slave, invariably entailing the violent domination of a natally alienated, or socially dead, person. The phenomenon of slavery as an institution, the author argues. is a single process of recruitment, incorporation on the margin of society, and eventual manumission or death.
Author: John Edwin Mason
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
Release Date: 2003
What was it like to be a slave in colonial South Africa? What difference did freedom make? John Edwin Mason presents complex answers after delving into the slaves' experience within the slaveholding patriarchal household, primarily during the period from1820 to 1850.
Author: Ronald P. Salzberger
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2004-01-01
Reparations for Slavery: A Reader is a collection of essays on the topic of reparations for slavery in the United States. Unlike other readers on the topic, the selections in this volume provide rich historical context by giving the reader a vivid sense of the injuries inflicted by slavery, its aftermath, and the continuing history of state-supported discrimination. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Author: Rüdiger Ahrens
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2016-10-10
Genre: Literary Criticism
Essays in this special focus constellate around the diverse symbolic forms in which Caribbean consciousness has manifested itself transhistorically, shaping identities within and without structures of colonialism and postcolonialism. Offering interdisciplinary critical, analytical and theoretical approaches to the objects of study, the book explores textual, visual, material and ritual meanings encoded in Caribbean lived and aesthetic practices.
In Slavery in Árpád-era Hungary in a Comparative Context, Cameron Sutt examines servile labour in the first three centuries of the Hungarian kingdom and compares it with dependent labour in Carolingian Europe.
In the eighteenth century, audiences in Great Britain understood the term ’slavery’ to refer to a range of physical and metaphysical conditions beyond the transatlantic slave trade. Literary representations of slavery encompassed tales of Barbary captivity, the ’exotic’ slaving practices of the Ottoman Empire, the political enslavement practiced by government or church, and even the harsh life of servants under a cruel master. Arguing that literary and cultural studies have focused too narrowly on slavery as a term that refers almost exclusively to the race-based chattel enslavement of sub-Saharan Africans transported to the New World, the contributors suggest that these analyses foreclose deeper discussion of other associations of the term. They suggest that the term slavery became a powerful rhetorical device for helping British audiences gain a new perspective on their own position with respect to their government and the global sphere. Far from eliding the real and important differences between slave systems operating in the Atlantic world, this collection is a starting point for understanding how slavery as a concept came to encompass many forms of unfree labor and metaphorical bondage precisely because of the power of association.
Author: Volker Losemann
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Release Date: 2009
Der Band vereinigt die Beitrage zu der internationalen Tagung Alte Geschichte zwischen Wissenschaft und Politik, die vom 4.-6. April 2008 zum Gedenken an den kurz zuvor verstorbenen angesehenen Marburger Althistoriker Karl Christ veranstaltet wurde. Die Tagungsbeitrage folgen dem von Christ im Fach Alte Geschichte seit den 1970er Jahren etablierten wissenschaftsgeschichtlichen Ansatz. Einerseits werden aktuelle rezeptionsgeschichtliche Themen wie z.B. Wie lange wollen wir noch mit Alexander dem Grossen siegen?, Antiker Sklavenhandel - Moderner Menschenhandel oder Das Liviabild im Wandel behandelt. Andererseits geht es um die Weiterentwicklung moderner "Wissenschaftlergeschichte" gerade auch unter politischem Aspekt: Deren Spektrum reicht von Klassikern wie dem z.Zt. heftig diskutierten J.G. Droysen als Politiker uber Eduard Meyer und die Religionsgeschichte und dem mit dem Ansatz von Christ eng verbundenen fuhrenden italienischen Althistoriker Arnaldo Momigliano bis hin zu dem stimulierenden Vergleich von Hermann Bengtson und Alfred Heuss und Zur Entwicklung der Alten Geschichte in der Zwischen- und Nachkriegszeit. Der Tagungsband dokumentiert den aktuellen Status althistorischer Wissenschafts- und Rezeptionsgeschichte, die innerhalb der Geschichtswissenschaft eine Vorreiterrolle einnimmt.
Author: Edward E. Baptist
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Release Date: 2006
These essays, by some of the most prominent young historians writing about slavery, fill gaps in our understanding of such subjects as enslaved women, the Atlantic and internal slave trades, the relationships between Indians and enslaved people, and enslavement in Latin America. Inventive and stimulating, the essays model the blending of methods and styles that characterizes the new cultural history of slavery’s social, political, and economic systems. Several common themes emerge from the volume, among them the correlation between race and identity; the meanings contained in family and community relationships, gender, and life’s commonplaces; and the literary and legal representations that legitimated and codified enslavement and difference. Such themes signal methodological and pedagogical shifts in the field away from master/slave or white/black race relations models toward perspectives that give us deeper access to the mental universe of slavery. Topics of the essays range widely, including European ideas about the reproductive capacities of African women and the process of making race in the Atlantic world, the contradictions of the assimilation of enslaved African American runaways into Creek communities, the consequences and meanings of death to Jamaican slaves and slave owners, and the tensions between midwifery as a black cultural and spiritual institution and slave midwives as health workers in a plantation economy. Opening our eyes to the personal, the contentious, and even the intimate, these essays call for a history in which both enslaved and enslavers acted in a vast human drama of bondage and freedom, salvation and damnation, wealth and exploitation.
Author: Michael Zeuske
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2013-08-29
Genre: Social Science
This handbook is the first publication to systematically present the history of slavery in the context of global history. The point of departure is an understanding of slavery as the capitalization of the human body. The most diverse types of slavery are analyzed – on all continents, under its respective names and in its historical context. This broad empirical basis leads to a history of slavery beginning around 10,000 BC and continuing to the present day.
Mass incarceration is one of the most pressing ethical and political issues of our time. In this volume, philosophers join activists and those incarcerated on death row to grapple with contemporary U.S. punishment practices and draw out critiques around questions of power, identity, justice, and ethical responsibility. This work takes shape against a backdrop of disturbing trends: The United States incarcerates more of its own citizens than any other country in the world. A disproportionate number of these prisoners are people of color, and, today, a black man has a greater chance of going to prison than to college. The United States is the only Western democracy to retain the death penalty, even after decades of scholarship, statistics, and even legal decisions have depicted a deeply flawed system structured by racism and class oppression. Motivated by a conviction that mass incarceration and state execution are among the most important ethical and political problems of our time, the contributors to this volume come together from a diverse range of backgrounds to analyze, critique, and envision alternatives to the injustices of the U.S. prison system, with recourse to deconstruction, phenomenology, critical race theory, feminism, queer theory, and disability studies. They engage with the hyper-incarceration of people of color, the incomplete abolition of slavery, the exploitation of prisoners as workers and as "raw material" for the prison industrial complex, the intensive confinement of prisoners in supermax units, and the complexities of capital punishment in an age of abolition. The resulting collection contributes to a growing intellectual and political resistance to the apparent inevitability of incarceration and state execution as responses to crime and to social inequalities. It addresses both philosophers and activists who seek intellectual resources to contest the injustices of punishment in the United States.
Author: Sophie B. Roberts
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2017-08-31
Professor Roberts examines the relationship between antisemitism and the practices of citizenship in a colonial context. She focuses on the experience of Algerian Jews and their evolving identity as citizens as they competed with the other populations in the colony, including newly naturalised non-French settlers and Algerian Muslims, for control over the scarce resources of the colonial state. The author argues that this resulted in antisemitic violence and hotly contested debates over the nature of French identity and rights of citizenship. Tracing the ambiguities and tensions that Algerian Jews faced, the book shows that antisemitism was not coherent or stable but changed in response to influences within Algeria, and from metropolitan France, Europe and the Middle East. Written for a wide audience, this title contributes to several fields including Jewish history, colonial and empire studies, antisemitism within municipal politics, and citizenship, and adds to current debates on transnationalism and globalization.
Author: Elisabeth Herrmann-Otto
Publisher: Georg Olms Verlag
Release Date: 2015-06-17
Trotz der Abschaffung von Sklaverei und Sklavenhandel im 19. Jahrhundert und trotz wiederholter Verkündung der Menschenrechte im 20./21. Jahrhundert erlebt die Sklaverei in vielfältigen Formen in unserer globalisierten Welt einen Aufschwung ungeahnten Ausmaßes. Da Versklavung und Sklavenhaltung ein Phänomen der Menschheitsgeschichte zu sein scheinen, wird hier eine Rückbesinnung auf die Grundfragen der antiken Sklaverei vorgelegt, die sich mit Theorie und Praxis dieser mehr als tausendjährigen, in der Antike selbstverständlichen Institution auseinandersetzt. Ziel der Untersuchungen ist, unter anderem, der Versuch einer Antwort auf die Frage, ob es Ähnlichkeiten zwischen der heutigen und der antiken Sklaverei gibt oder ob den antiken Gesellschaften ein ganz anderes politisches, ökonomisches und ethisch-philosophisches Selbstverständnis zugrunde liegt. Zu diesem Zweck werden die Motive zur Sklavenhaltung und die theoretischen Grundlagen der Sklaverei einer quellenbasierten Analyse unterzogen. Despite the abolition of slavery and the slave trade in the 19th century, and despite repeated proclamations of human rights in the 20th and 21st centuries, slavery in many forms is experiencing a revival on an unforeseen scale in our globalised world. Since enslavement and slave-owning appear to be a phenomenon of human history, this study returns to the basic issues surrounding ancient slavery and examines the theory and practice of an institution which was taken for granted for over a thousand years in the ancient world. One of the aims of the study is to try and answer the question of whether there are similarities between contemporary and ancient slavery or whether the self-conception of ancient societies had a completely different political, economic and ethical-philosophical basis. To this end the motives for slave-owning and the theoretical foundations of slavery are subjected to a source-based analysis.
Author: Ramesh Mallipeddi
Publisher: University of Virginia Press
Release Date: 2016-04-29
Genre: Literary Criticism
Spectacular Sufferingfocuses on commodification and discipline, two key dimensions of Atlantic slavery through which black bodies were turned into things in the marketplace and persons into property on plantations. Mallipeddi approaches the problem of slavery as a problem of embodiment in this nuanced account of how melancholy sentiment mediated colonial relations between English citizens and Caribbean slaves. The book’s first chapters consider how slave distress emerged as a topic of emotional concern and political intervention in the writings of Aphra Behn, Richard Steele, and Laurence Sterne. As Mallipeddi shows, sentimentalism allowed metropolitan authors to fashion themselves as melancholy witnesses to racial slavery by counterposing the singular body to the abstract commodity and by taking affective property in slaves against the legal proprietorship of slaveholders. Spectacular Suffering then turns to the practices of the enslaved, tracing how they contended with the effects of chattel slavery. The author attends not only to the work of African British writers and archival textual materials but also to economic and social activities, including slaves’ petty production, recreational forms, and commemorative rituals. In examining the slaves’ embodied agency, the book moves away from spectacular images of suffering to concentrate on slow, incremental acts of regeneration by the enslaved. One of the foremost contributions of this study is its exploration of the ways in which the ostensible objects of sentimental compassion—African slaves—negotiated the forces of capitalist abstraction and produced a melancholic counterdiscourse on slavery. Throughout, Mallipeddi’s keen reading of primary texts alongside historical and critical work produce fresh and persuasive insights. Spectacular Suffering is an important book that will alter conceptions of slave agency and of sentimentalism across the long eighteenth century.