Social Censure and Critical Criminology

Author: Anthony Amatrudo
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781349952212
Release Date: 2017-08-01
Genre: Social Science

This edited collection focuses on the sociology of 'social censure' – the sociological term advocated by Colin Sumner in his seminal writing of the 1980s and 1990s. Social censure has become increasingly important in contemporary criminological writing. This can especially be seen in recent writing on gender and race and also in terms of the way that the state's relationship to crime is now understood. This collection addresses a deficit in the published literature and both revisits themes from an earlier era and looks forward to the development of new writing that develops Sumner’s seminal work on social censure. The contributors are drawn from leading scholars from across the Social Sciences and Law and they address a wide range of issues such as: race, youth justice, policing, welfare, and violence. The resulting volume is an interdisciplinary text which will be of special interest to scholars and students of Critical Criminology and Socio-Legal Studies, as well as those interested in the operation of the criminal justice system and criminological theory.

The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism

Author: Mark S. Hamm
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231543774
Release Date: 2017-05-09
Genre: Political Science

The lethality of lone-wolf terrorism has reached an all-time high in the United States. Isolated individuals using firearms with high-capacity magazines are committing brutally efficient killings with the aim of terrorizing others, yet there is little consensus on what connects these crimes and the motivations behind them. In The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism, terrorism experts Mark S. Hamm and Ramón Spaaij combine criminological theory with empirical and ethnographic research to map the pathways of lone-wolf radicalization, helping with the identification of suspected behaviors and recognizing patterns of indoctrination. Reviewing comprehensive data on these actors, including more than two hundred terrorist incidents, Hamm and Spaaij find that a combination of personal and political grievances lead lone wolves to befriend online sympathizers—whether jihadists, white supremacists, or other antigovernment extremists—and then announce their intent to commit terror when triggered. Hamm and Spaaij carefully distinguish between lone wolves and individuals radicalized within a group dynamic. This important difference is what makes this book such a significant manual for professionals seeking richer insight into the transformation of alienated individuals into armed warriors. Hamm and Spaaij conclude with an analysis of recent FBI sting operations designed to prevent lone-wolf terrorism in the United States, describing who gets targeted, strategies for luring suspects, and the ethics of arresting and prosecuting citizens.

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology

Author: Colin Sumner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780470998953
Release Date: 2008-04-15
Genre: Social Science

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology provides a contemporary and global resource to scholarship in both classical and topical areas of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its international perspective and first-rate scholarship, this is truly the first global handbook of criminology. Editors and contributors are international experts in criminology, offering a comparative perspective on theories and systems Contains full discussion of key debates and theories, the implications of new topics, studies and ideas, and contemporary developments Coverage includes: class, gender, and race, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, international crimes, and social control

New Directions in Criminological Theory

Author: Steve Hall
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781843929147
Release Date: 2012
Genre: Social Science

Steve Hall is Professor of Criminology at the Social Futures Institute, Teesside University, UK.He is the co-author of Violent Night (Berg, 2006), his recent co-authored book Criminal Identities and Consumer Culture (Willan/Routledge, 2008) has been described as ' an important landmark in criminology' and he is also the author of Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective (Sage, 2012).

Values in Criminology and Community Justice

Author: Cowburn, Malcolm
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 9781447300366
Release Date: 2015-03-18
Genre: Social Science

This timely and thought-provoking collection of writings considers values in crime theory, criminal justice and research practice, uncovering the many different 'sides' that criminologists, policy makers and researchers take.

The SAGE Dictionary of Criminology

Author: Eugene McLaughlin
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781446200827
Release Date: 2013-03-21
Genre: Social Science

Now in its Third Edition, this bestselling reference text has established itself as the authoritative source covering the key concepts, theories, and methods in criminology and criminal justice. Edited by Eugene McLaughlin and John Muncie, two of the leading figures in the discipline, the book is: Comprehensive: with over 300 entries, the new edition contains multiple revisions, new entries and an expanded editorial introduction Definitive: concepts are precisely defined so students have a clear understanding of the history and development of each topic Student-focused: each entry maps connections across various fields and issues and includes further reading to extend students’ knowledge International: over 90 contributions from internationally renowned academics and practitioners ensure this book is global and comparative throughout

Key Perspectives In Criminology

Author: Tierney, John
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
ISBN: 9780335229147
Release Date: 2009-05-01
Genre: Social Science

This book introduces the important words and themes which students need to know in order to succeed at criminology. It doesn't aim to be a dictionary rather it brings together a comprehensive list of those essential words that students need. It has the advantage of being able to offer longer definitions of terms as well as suggesting terms which are new to the subject area and which are helping change the discipline eg 'green criminology'. The book is a proactive intervention in the development of criminology and includes cross referencing throughout, relevant sources cited, annotated guide to further reading and an overview of critiques of each concept.

The Sociology of Deviance

Author: Colin Sumner
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Group
ISBN: 0335097804
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Deviant behavior

Colin Summer charts the rise and fall of a field of enquiry. He argues that the lack of recent "warfare over the terrain over the sociology of deviance is actually due to the fact that the combatants over the years, in their enthusiasm for the fight, have completely demolished the terrain...the terrain now resembles the Somme in 1918. It is barran, fruitless, full of empty trenches and craters, littered with unexploded mines and eerily silent. No one fights for hegemony over a dangerous graveyard. it is now time to drop arms and show respect for the dead". The first part of this extended obituary documents the formation of the field of sociology of deviance from its conception in the womb of Durkheim's social theory to its coming of age in late 1930s sociology. The second part examines the heyday of the field as a popular science and as a critique of social control in the 1960s. The final part analyzes its death at the hands of the post-1968 critics. Throughout, Colin Summer explores the theoretical matrix that held the sociology of deviance together and sets it in the context of culture, politics and social change.

Transforming Summary Justice

Author: Jenni Ward
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317539469
Release Date: 2016-11-10
Genre: Social Science

Sweeping changes are being introduced into the lower-tier magistrates’ courts in England and Wales in efforts to modernise the system and speed up case processing. They concentrate on delivering prompt justice within a modern, efficient and technologically advanced system. But these transformations are fundamentally changing the way justice is delivered. This book analyses criminal court streamlining processes and argues that there are areas where due process protections are being undermined. Transforming Summary Justice reports empirical research carried out with lay magistrates and criminal justice professionals. Views and experiences drawn from magistrates are valuable because of the central role they perform in lower court justice. Further, magistrates provide a wider understanding of the context in which the lower criminal courts operate and enable a critical appraisal of this unique style of ‘lay justice’. This book is directed at students of criminology, criminal justice and socio-legal studies, who will find the debates stimulating and useful to engage with in contemporary analyses of criminal court justice. It will also be of interest to justice and legal professionals who are seeing swingeing alterations to the field in which they work. The book will have appeal in other common-law jurisdictions, where similar modifications to lower court justice are occurring, and also across Europe, where lay involvement in legal decision-making is being debated and becoming accepted practice.

The Good Cause

Author: Gjalt Graaf
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
ISBN: 9783866496026
Release Date: 2010-08-18
Genre: Political Science

Money makes the world go round - corruption The book presents the state of the art in studying the causes of corruption from a comparative perspective. Leading scholars in the field of corruption analysis shed light on the issue of corruption from different theoretical perspectives. Understanding how different theories define, conceptualize, and eventually deduce policy recommendations will amplify our understanding of the complexity of this social phenomenon and illustrate the spectrum of possibilities to deal with it analytically as well as practically.

Accusation

Author: George Pavlich
Publisher: UBC Press
ISBN: 9780774833776
Release Date: 2016-11-28
Genre: Social Science

Much critical scholarship has detailed the punitive effects of accusations that lead to criminalization. Less well documented is the founding role that accusation plays in creating potential criminals. In an attempt at redress, this collection foregrounds how ideas and rituals of accusation initiate criminalization processes. It offers various perspectives on the mechanisms by which legal persons come to be identified as suitable subjects for criminal justice arenas. By analyzing how criminal accusation operates in theoretical, historical, socio-legal, criminological, political, cultural, and procedural realms, this book launches an important new field of inquiry.

Crime The Mystery of the Common Sense Concept

Author: Robert Reiner
Publisher: Polity
ISBN: 0745660304
Release Date: 2016-07-05
Genre: Law

Crime is a source of endless fascination and fear. Yet behind the apparent consensus that crime must be fought, there is considerable conflict about what should or should not be treated as criminal, and even the most shocking crimes can inspire divisive debate. This concise book explores the seemingly simple, common-sense concept of crime revealing the huge complexities, ambiguities and tensions that lie beneath it. Criminal law is often at odds with different moral perspectives and the practices of different cultures. The mass media distort the picture profoundly, as do politicians in pursuit of law and order votes. The criminal justice system tackles only a limited range of crimes ? almost entirely ones committed by the poor and relatively powerless ? while often neglecting the most dangerous and harmful activities of corporations and states, from the carnage of unjust wars to the tragedies engendered by austerity. It is only by examining the multiple and varied perspectives on crime that we can begin to understand and respond appropriately to this social phenomenon. Written by a world-leading criminologist, this insightful book will be an invaluable and captivating introduction for students and interested readers of criminology, law, sociology and politics.

Corruption Control in Post Reform China

Author: Guoping Jiang
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9789811040504
Release Date: 2017-09-02
Genre: Social Science

The book examines corruption control in post-reform China. Contrary to the normal perception that corruption is a type of behavior that violates the law, the author seeks to approach the issue from a social censure perspective, where corruption is regarded as a form of social censure intended to maintain the hegemony of the ruling bloc. Such an approach integrates societal structure, political goals, and agency into a single framework to explain dynamics in corruption control. With both qualitative data from officials in power and officials in jail and quantitative data from university students, the book explores how the censure on corruption was created and has been applied from 1978 to the present. Though primarily intended for academics, the book is also accessible for general audiences, especially given its intriguing perspective and use of firsthand data on corruption that cannot be found anywhere else.