Society Against the State

Author: Pierre Clastres
ISBN: 0942299019
Release Date: 1989-09-01
Genre: Philosophy

"The thesis is radical," writes Marshall Sahlins of this landmark text in anthropology and political science. "We conventionally define the state as the regulation of violence; it may be the origin of it. Clastres's thesis is that economic expropriation and political coercion are inconsistent with the character of tribal society - which is to say, with the greater part of human history."Can there be a society that is not divided into oppressors and oppressed, or that refuses coercive state apparatuses? In this beautifully written book, Pierre Clastres offers examples of South American Indian groups that, although without hierarchical leadership, were both affluent and complex. In so doing he refutes the usual negative definition of tribal society and poses its order as a radical critique of our own Western state of power.Born in 1934, Pierre Clastres was educated at the Sorbonne; throughout the 1960s he lived with Indian groups in Paraguay and Venezuela. From 1971 until his death in 1979 he was Director of Studies at the fifth section of the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris and held the Chair of Religion and Societies of the South American Indians there.Robert Hurley is the translator of the History of Sexuality by Michel Foucault and cotranslator of Anti-Oedipus by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari.

Archeology of Violence

Author: Pierre Clastres
Publisher: Semiotext
ISBN: NWU:35556041258104
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Social Science

Clastres's final, posthumous book on the affirmative role of violence in "primitive societies."

Routledge Handbook of Environmental Anthropology

Author: Helen Kopnina
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 9781317667964
Release Date: 2016-08-12
Genre: Business & Economics

Environmental Anthropology studies historic and present human-environment interactions. This volume illustrates the ways in which today's environmental anthropologists are constructing new paradigms for understanding the multiplicity of players, pressures, and ecologies in every environment, and the value of cultural knowledge of landscapes. This Handbook provides a comprehensive survey of contemporary topics in environmental anthropology and thorough discussions on the current state and prospective future of the field in seven key sections. As the contributions to this Handbook demonstrate, the subfield of environmental anthropology is responding to cultural adaptations and responses to environmental changes in multiple and complex ways. As a discipline concerned primarily with human-environment interaction, environmental anthropologists recognize that we are now working within a pressure cooker of rapid environmental damage that is forcing behavioural and often cultural changes around the world. As we see in the breadth of topics presented in this volume, these environmental challenges have inspired renewed foci on traditional topics such as food procurement, ethnobiology, and spiritual ecology; and a broad new range of subjects, such as resilience, nonhuman rights, architectural anthropology, industrialism, and education. This volume enables scholars and students quick access to both established and trending environmental anthropological explorations into theory, methodology and practice.

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

Author: Didier Fassin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118290583
Release Date: 2012-08-06
Genre: Social Science

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Inventing Western Civilization

Author: Thomas C. Patterson
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9781583674086
Release Date: 1997-01-01
Genre: Social Science

"In this wonderful book, Thomas Patterson effectively dethrones the concept of 'civilization' as an abstract good, transcending human society." --Martin Bernal Drawing on his extensive knowledge of early societies, Thomas C. Patterson shows how class, sexism, and racism have been integral to the appearance of "civilized" societies in Western Europe. He lays out clearly and simply how civilization, with its designs of "civilizing" and "being civilized," has been closely tied to the rise of capitalism in Western Europe and the development of social classes.

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

Author: Markus D Dubber
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191654626
Release Date: 2014-08-21
Genre: Law

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law presents essays in which scholars from various countries and legal systems engage critically with formative texts in criminal legal thought since Hobbes. It examines the emergence of a transnational canon of criminal law by documenting its intellectual and disciplinary history and provides a snapshot of contemporary work on criminal law within that historical and comparative context. Criminal law discourse has become, and will continue to become, more international and comparative, and in this sense global: the long-standing parochialism of criminal law scholarship and doctrine is giving way to a broad exploration of the foundations of modern criminal law. The present book advances this promising scholarly and doctrinal project by making available key texts, including several not previously available in English translation, from the common law and civil law traditions, accompanied by contributions from leading representatives of both systems.

The Sixties

Author: David Farber
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 9781469608730
Release Date: 2012-12-01
Genre: History

This collection of original essays represents some of the most exciting ways in which historians are beginning to paint the 1960s onto the larger canvas of American history. While the first literature about this turbulent period was written largely by participants, many of the contributors to this volume are young scholars who came of age intellectually in the 1970s and 1980s and thus write from fresh perspectives. The essayists ask fundamental questions about how much America really changed in the 1960s and why certain changes took place. In separate chapters, they explore how the great issues of the decade--the war in Vietnam, race relations, youth culture, the status of women, the public role of private enterprise--were shaped by evolutions in the nature of cultural authority and political legitimacy. They argue that the whirlwind of events and problems we call the Sixties can only be understood in the context of the larger history of post-World War II America. Contents "Growth Liberalism in the Sixties: Great Societies at Home and Grand Designs Abroad," by Robert M. Collins "The American State and the Vietnam War: A Genealogy of Power," by Mary Sheila McMahon "And That's the Way It Was: The Vietnam War on the Network Nightly News," by Chester J. Pach, Jr. "Race, Ethnicity, and the Evolution of Political Legitimacy," by David R. Colburn and George E. Pozzetta "Nothing Distant about It: Women's Liberation and Sixties Radicalism," by Alice Echols "The New American Revolution: The Movement and Business," by Terry H. Anderson "Who'll Stop the Rain?: Youth Culture, Rock 'n' Roll, and Social Crises," by George Lipsitz "Sexual Revolution(s)," by Beth Bailey "The Politics of Civility," by Kenneth Cmiel "The Silent Majority and Talk about Revolution," by David Farber

The Powerful Presence of the Past

Author: Jacqueline Knörr
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004190009
Release Date: 2010-10-25
Genre: Social Science

This book conceptualizes integration and conflict as interrelated dimensions of social interaction impacted by specific historical experiences. Contributions aim at a better understanding of the social mechanisms affecting processes of integration and conflict at the local, national and regional levels.

Philosophy of Development

Author: A.W. van Haaften
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401587822
Release Date: 2013-04-17
Genre: Education

Philosophy of development is a fascinating area of research at the intersection of philosophy, psychology, and education. This book is unique in that it combines a broad sketch of contemporary developmental theory with detailed discussions of its central issues, in order to construct a general framework for understanding and analyzing theories of individual and collective development in various domains ranging from cognitive and moral development to developments in art. Special attention is also given to the rich relations between conceptual development and education.

Development Identities representations alternatives

Author: Stuart Corbridge
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 0415207959
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Developing countries

A six volume collection of selected contributions on development and related issues such as growth, modernism, ecology, industrialization, democracy, civil society, religions and ethnicity, dating from 1916 to 1998. The collection contains journal articles, reviews and excerpts from books. The volumes are organized under the following subject headings: Volume I: Doctrines of Development: The Invention of Development, The Age of High Modernism: Development as Mimicry, Growth, Development and Welfare, The Development of Underdevelopment, The Counter-Revolution in Development Theory and Policy, Feminism and Development, Post-Colonialism and Post-Development, A New Mainstream? Asymmetric Information, Intitutions and Social Capital. Volume II: The Great Transformation (Part One): The Agrarian Question: Food, Famine, Peasant and Farmers, Political Ecology: Science, Agribusiness and the Environment, The Countryside and the City, Merchants, Markets and Workers. Volume III: TheGreat Transformation (Part Two): The Political Economy of Industrialization, The Global Political Economy I: Trade and Aid, The Global Political Economy II: Money Power and Space. Volume IV: States, Politics andCivil Society: Passive Revolutions, Development States, Soldier States, Violent States, Governance and Democracy, Corruption, Franchised States, NGOs, States, Citizens and Civil Society, Resistance. Volume V: Identities, Representations, Alternatives: Religions, (Re-)presentations, Cities, Consumption, Alternatives. Volume VI: Challenges for Development: Capabilities, Ethics, Sustainability, Regulation.


Author: Thomas Hobbes
ISBN: 9602350210
Release Date: 1989
Genre: Political science

Political Anthropology

Author: Ted C. Lewellen
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0897898915
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science

Standard text for teachers and students of political anthropology.