Emphasizes engineering design of soil and water conservation practices and their impact on the environment, primarily air and water quality. As in previous editions, the purpose of this book is to provide a professional text for undergraduate and graduate agricultural and biological engineering students and for others interested in soil and water conservation in rural and urban areas. Subject matter includes all the engineering phases of soil and water conservation for a one- or two-semester course.
About The Book: This book combines engineering practices for the solution of erosion and flood control, drainage and irrigational problems. Sufficient hydrologic information--precipitation, infiltration, evaporation, transpiration and runoff--is given as background for design problems discussed later. The text makes readers aware that the environment must be considered in the design of soil and water facilities. It also features many example problems, with detailed solutions, to facilitate learning.
Modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources.
This textbook focuses specifically on the combined topics of irrigation and drainage engineering. It emphasizes both basic concepts and practical applications of the latest technologies available. The design of irrigation, pumping, and drainage systems using Excel and Visual Basic for Applications programs are explained for both graduate and undergraduate students and practicing engineers. The book emphasizes environmental protection, economics, and engineering design processes. It includes detailed chapters on irrigation economics, soils, reference evapotranspiration, crop evapotranspiration, pipe flow, pumps, open-channel flow, groundwater, center pivots, turf and landscape, drip, orchards, wheel lines, hand lines, surfaces, greenhouse hydroponics, soil water movement, drainage systems design, drainage and wetlands contaminant fate and transport. It contains summaries, homework problems, and color photos. The book draws from the fields of fluid mechanics, soil physics, hydrology, soil chemistry, economics, and plant sciences to present a broad interdisciplinary view of the fundamental concepts in irrigation and drainage systems design.
This book discusses the development of useful models and their applications in soil and water engineering. It covers various modeling methods, including groundwater recharge estimation, rainfall-runoff modeling using artificial neural networks, development and application of a water balance model and a HYDRUS-2D model for cropped fields, a multi-model approach for stream flow simulation, multi-criteria analysis for construction of groundwater structures in hard rock terrains, hydrologic modeling of watersheds using remote sensing, and GIS and AGNPS.
Gain a practical understanding of soil properties and the soil management techniques most important for the effective use of soils with SOIL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT, 6E. This non-technical, reader-friendly book details all aspects of effective soil usage, including management techniques, composition, fertility, erosion, conservation,and irrigation in this practical guide. This edition highlights horticultural uses of soil as well as the latest green methodologies in both agricultural and horticultural practice from the perspective of farmers, horticulturalists, environmentalists and others who are concerned about how soils work and how they can be used most effectively. This edition further examines nutrient management and best practices with the latest updates on legal issues and government programs that make it a useful resource now and invaluable reference for the future. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Streamlined to facilitate student understanding, this second edition, containing the latest techniques and methodologies and some new problems, continues to provide a comprehensive treatment of hydrology of watersheds, soil erosion problems, design and installation of soil conservation practices and structures, hydrologic and sediment yield models, watershed management and water harvesting. It also deals with the special requirements of management of agricultural and forested watersheds. This book is designed for undergraduate students of agricultural engineering for courses in hydrology, and soil and water conservation engineering. It will also be of considerable value to students of agriculture, soil science, forestry, and civil engineering. KEY FEATURES Emphasises fundamentals using numerous illustrations to help students visualise different phenomena Offers lucid presentation of field practices Presents the analysis and design of basic hydraulic structures Devotes an entire chapter to watershed management Provides numerous solved design problems and exercise problems to develop a clear understanding of the theory Gives theoretical questions, and objective type questions with answers to test the students’ understanding.
Author: A.F.E. Wise
Release Date: 2012-05-23
Genre: HOUSE & HOME
Water, sanitary and waste services represent a substantial proportion of the cost of construction, averaging 10% of the capital costs of building and with continuing costs in operation and maintenance. Nevertheless, they are often regarded as a 'Cinderella' within the building process. Parts of many different codes and regulations impact on these services, making an overall viewpoint more difficult to get. This new edition of this classic text draws together material from a variety of sources to provide the comprehensive coverage not available elsewhere. It is a resource for the sound design, operation and maintenance of these services and should be on the bookshelf of every building services engineer and architect.
Author: David Mautner Himmelblau
Publisher: FT Press
Release Date: 2012
Best-selling introductory chemical engineering book - now updated with far more coverage of biotech, nanotech, and green engineering • •Thoroughly covers material balances, gases, liquids, and energy balances. •Contains new biotech and bioengineering problems throughout. •Adds new examples and homework on nanotechnology, environmental engineering, and green engineering. •All-new student projects chapter. •Self-assessment tests, discussion problems, homework, and glossaries in each chapter. Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, 8/e, provides a complete, practical, and student-friendly introduction to the principles and techniques of modern chemical, petroleum, and environmental engineering. The authors introduce efficient and consistent methods for solving problems, analyzing data, and conceptually understanding a wide variety of processes. This edition has been revised to reflect growing interest in the life sciences, adding biotechnology and bioengineering problems and examples throughout. It also adds many new examples and homework assignments on nanotechnology, environmental, and green engineering, plus many updates to existing examples. A new chapter presents multiple student projects, and several chapters from the previous edition have been condensed for greater focus. This text's features include: • •Thorough introductory coverage, including unit conversions, basis selection, and process measurements. •Short chapters supporting flexible, modular learning. •Consistent, sound strategies for solving material and energy balance problems. •Key concepts ranging from stoichiometry to enthalpy. •Behavior of gases, liquids, and solids. •Many tables, charts, and reference appendices. •Self-assessment tests, thought/discussion problems, homework problems, and glossaries in each chapter.
Author: Samuel A. Matz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Technology & Engineering
This book fills a need for a technological guide in a field that has experi enced an almost explosive increase in the last two decades. No other book available to food scientists provides detailed coverage of the ingredients, processes, products, and equipment of nearly every type of snack food made today. Since publication of the First Edition, many changes have occurred in the snack industry, making necessary a thorough revision of all chapters. The text, illustrations, and bibliographies have all been brought up-to-date. My goal has been to provide an accurate and reasona bly detailed description of every major snack processing method and prod uct current in the United States. If any reader believes I have omitted an important topic, I would be glad to learn ofit, in the hope that there will be a Third Edition in which I can incorporate the suggested additions. One of the main purposes of this volume is to provide a source for answers to problems that the technologist encounters in the course of his or her daily work. Extensive bibliographies, in which the emphasis is on recent publications (extending into 1983), should permit the reader to resolve more complex or new questions. With these bibliographies as guides, the food technologist can delve as deeply as he or she wishes into specialized aspects ofthe subject, while at the same time the reader who is interested in the broad overall picture will not be distracted by excess detail.