Space Psychology and Psychiatry

Author: Nick Kanas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402067704
Release Date: 2008-04-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The first edition of this book was voted Winner of the 2004 International Academy of Astronautics Life Sciences Award. The second edition deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research.

Humans in Space

Author: Nick Kanas
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319188690
Release Date: 2015-06-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Using anecdotal reports from astronauts and cosmonauts, and the results from studies conducted in space analog environments on Earth and in the actual space environment, this book broadly reviews the various psychosocial issues that affect space travelers. Unlike other books that are more technical in format, this text is targeted for the general public. With the advent of space tourism and the increasing involvement of private enterprise in space, there is now a need to explore the impact of space missions on the human psyche and on the interpersonal relationships of the crewmembers. Separate chapters of the book deal with psychosocial stressors in space and in space analog environments; psychological, psychiatric, interpersonal, and cultural issues pertaining to space missions; positive growth-enhancing aspects of space travel; the crew-ground interaction; space tourism; countermeasures for dealing with space; and unique aspects of a trip to Mars, the outer solar system, and interstellar travel.

Fundamentals of Space Biology

Author: Gilles Clément
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387379401
Release Date: 2006-10-28
Genre: Science

This book examines the effects of spaceflight at cellular and organism levels. Research on the effects of gravity - or its absence - and ionizing radiation on the evolution, development, and function of living organisms is presented in layman's terms. The book describes the benefits of space biology for basic and applied research to support human space exploration and the advantages of space as a laboratory for scientific, technological, and commercial research.

Psychology of Space Exploration Contemporary Research in Historical Perspective

Author: Douglas A. Vakoch
Publisher: Government Printing Office
ISBN: 9780160897436
Release Date: 2012-01-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Through essays on topics including survival in extreme environments and the multicultural dimensions of exploration, readers will gain an understanding of the psychological challenges that have faced the space program since its earliest days. An engaging read for those interested in space, history, and psychology alike, this is a highly relevant read as we stand poised on the edge of a new era of spaceflight. Each essay also explicitly addresses the history of the psychology of space exploration.

Flow Das Geheimnis des Gl cks

Author: Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Publisher: Klett-Cotta
ISBN: 9783608110036
Release Date: 2017-06-15
Genre: Psychology

Glück kommt nicht von außen, Glück ist das, was wir aus unseren Erfahrungen machen. Dieses Buch zeigt, dass Menschen dadurch, dass sie ihr eigenes Erleben kontrollieren, die Kontrolle über ihre Lebensqualität selbst in die eigene Hand nehmen. Auf diese Weise kommen sie dem Glück immer näher. »Csikszentmihalyi beweist, was Philosophen schon seit Jahrhunderten sagen: Der Weg zum Glücklichsein liegt nicht in hohler Vergnügungssucht, sondern in sinnvoller Herausforderung.« The New York Times Wer das Glück will, muss das Chaos im eigenen Kopf beherrschen. Wer frei sein will, muss nur seine Ziele kennen. Das Buch fasst jahrzehntelange Forschung über die positiven Aspekte menschlicher Erfahrungen zusammen: Freude, Kreativität und den Prozess vollständigen Einsseins mit dem Leben, den der Autor FLOW nennt. Glück ist nichts, was man mit Geld kaufen könnte. Glück ist flow. Jeder hat dieses Gefühl schon erlebt: über sich selbst zu verfügen, im Einklang mit sich und der Welt zu sein und sein Schicksal in die eigene Hand nehmen zu können. Bei diesen seltenen Gelegenheiten spürt man ein Gefühl von Hochstimmung, von tiefer Freude, das lange anhält und zu einem Maßstab dafür wird, wie das Leben aussehen sollte. »FLOW« ist ein Buch der praktischen Lebensweisheit. Zwar gibt es keinen Königsweg zum flow, auch erfordert die Einzigartigkeit jedes Menschen einen individuellen Zugang; aber wer versteht, was flow ist, dem wird es möglich, das eigene Leben zu verändern. Diese Veränderungen hängen nicht so sehr von äußeren Ereignissen ab, sondern eher davon, wie wir sie deuten. - Glück ist ein Zustand, für den man bereit sein muss, den jeder einzelne kultivieren und für sich verteidigen muss. Menschen, die lernen, ihre innere Erfahrung zu kontrollieren, können ihre Lebensqualität bestimmen; und das kommt dem, was wir gewöhnlich Glück nennen, wohl am allernächsten. »"Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks" zeigt, dass Glück nicht vom Himmel fällt. Die Fähigkeit zum Glücklichsein und FLOW zu empfinden, steckt in jedem. Mit Konzentration auf das, was man tut, kann man den Zustand des FLOW erreichen. Ein tolles Buch, das Lust auf Leistung macht.« Wolfgang Joop Flow bezeichnet einen Zustand des Glücksgefühls, in den Menschen geraten, wenn sie gänzlich in einer Beschäftigung »aufgehen«. Entgegen ersten Erwartungen erreichen wir diesen Zustand nahezu euphorischer Stimmung meistens nicht beim Nichtstun oder im Urlaub, sondern wenn wir uns intensiv der Arbeit oder einer schwierigen Aufgabe widmen. Laut The Independent gehört Mihaly Csikszentmihalys »Flow. Das Geheimnis des Glücks« zu den 33 Büchern, die man gelesen haben muss, bevor man 30 wird.

On Orbit and Beyond

Author: Douglas A. Vakoch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642305832
Release Date: 2012-12-20
Genre: Technology & Engineering

As we stand poised on the verge of a new era of spaceflight, we must rethink every element, including the human dimension. This book explores some of the contributions of psychology to yesterday’s great space race, today’s orbiter and International Space Station missions, and tomorrow’s journeys beyond Earth’s orbit. Early missions into space were typically brief, and crews were small, often drawn from a single nation. As international cooperation in space exploration has increased over the decades, the challenges of communicating across cultural boundaries and dealing with interpersonal conflicts have become all the more important, requiring different coping skills and sensibilities than “the right stuff” expected of early astronauts. As astronauts travel to asteroids or establish a permanent colony on the Moon, with the eventual goal of reaching Mars, the duration of expeditions will increase markedly, as will the psychosocial stresses. Away from their home planet for extended times, future spacefarers will need to be increasingly self-sufficient, while simultaneously dealing with the complexities of heterogeneous, multicultural crews. "On Orbit and Beyond: Psychological Perspectives on Human Spaceflight," the second, considerably expanded edition of "Psychology of Space Exploration: Contemporary Research in Historical Perspective," provides an analysis of these and other challenges facing future space explorers while at the same time presenting new empirical research on topics ranging from simulation studies of commercial spaceflights to the psychological benefits of viewing Earth from space. This second edition includes an all new section exploring the challenges astronauts will encounter as they travel to asteroids, Mars, Saturn, and the stars, requiring an unprecedented level of autonomy. Updated essays discuss the increasingly important role of China in human spaceflight. In addition to examining contemporary psychological research, several of the essays also explicitly address the history of the psychology of space exploration. Leading contributors to the field place the latest theories and empirical findings in historical context by exploring changes in space missions over the past half century, as well as reviewing developments in the psychological sciences during the same period. The essays are innovative in their approaches and conclusions, providing novel insights for behavioral researchers and historians alike.

Solar System Maps

Author: Nick Kanas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461408963
Release Date: 2013-09-25
Genre: Science

In recent years, there has been increased interest in our Solar System. This has been prompted by the launching of giant orbiting telescopes and space probes, the discovery of new planetary moons and heavenly bodies that orbit the Sun, and the demotion of Pluto as a planet. In one generation, our place in the heavens has been challenged, but this is not unusual. Throughout history, there have been a number of such world views. Initially, Earth was seen as the center of the universe and surrounded by orbiting planets and stars. Then the Sun became the center of the cosmos. Finally, there was no center, just a vast array of galaxies with individual stars, some with their own retinue of planets. This allowed our Solar System to be differentiated from deep-sky objects, but it didn’t lose its mystery as more and more remarkable bodies were discovered within its boundaries. This book tells the exciting story of how we have conceptualized and mapped our Solar System from antiquity to modern times. In addition to the complete text, this story is made more vivid by: • 162 Solar System and planetary maps, diagrams, and images (over a third in color); • direct quotes and figures from antiquarian, contemporary, and Space Age documents and photographs that allow the reader to track how humans have viewed the Solar System from original sources; • nine tables that compare the various world views, relative planetary positions, and components of the Solar System with each other. Broad in scope and rich in imagery, this book will draw the reader into the story of our Solar System and how it has been mapped since the beginning of recorded time.

Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry

Author: Elena Grigorenko
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461409045
Release Date: 2012-02-18
Genre: Psychology

Juvenile justice centers have a long tradition as an unfortunate stop for young offenders who need mental health care. Reports estimate that as many as 70% of the youth in detention centers meet criteria for mental health disorders. As juvenile justice systems once again turn their focus from confinement to rehabilitation, mental health providers have major opportunities to inform and improve both practice and policy. The Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry explores these opportunities by emphasizing a developmental perspective, multifaceted assessment, and evidence-based practice in working with juvenile offenders. This comprehensive volume provides insights at virtually every intersection of mental health practice and juvenile justice, covering areas as wide-ranging as special populations, sentencing issues, educational and pharmacological interventions, family involvement, ethical issues, staff training concerns, and emerging challenges. Together, its chapters contain guidelines not only for changing the culture of detention but also preventing detention facilities from being the venue of choice in placing troubled youth. Key issues addressed in the Handbook include: Developmental risks for delinquency. Race and sex disparities in juvenile justice processing. Establishing standards of practice in juvenile forensic mental health assessment. Serving dually diagnosed youth in the juvenile justice system. PTSD among court-involved youth. Female juvenile offenders. Juvenile sex offenders. The Handbook of Juvenile Forensic Psychology and Psychiatry is an essential reference for researchers, professors, allied clinicians and professionals, and policy makers across multiple fields, including child and school psychology, child and adolescent psychiatry, developmental psychology, criminology, juvenile justice, forensic psychology, neuropsychology, social work, and education.

Extreme

Author: Emma Barrett
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 9780191645662
Release Date: 2014-10-23
Genre: Psychology

Why do some people risk their lives regularly by placing themselves in extreme and challenging situations? For some, such as astronauts, the extreme environments are part of the job. For others, they involve the thrill and competition of extreme sports, or the achievement of goals such as being the first to reach the South Pole or climb Everest. Whether for sport or employment, all these people have made the personal choice to put themselves in environments in which there is significant risk. What drives such people? And what skills and personality traits enable the best to succeed? What abilities are shared by the successful mountaineer, astronaut, caver, or long-distance solo sailer? And are there lessons the rest of us can learn from them? The psychology of those who have to cope with extreme conditions has been a matter of much research. It is important, for example to those planning manned space programmes or the makeup of teams who will spend months in an isolated or hostile environment such as Antarctica, to understand the psychological pressures involved, and to recognize those best equipped to handle them. In Extreme, Emma Barrett and Paul Martin explore the challenges that people in extreme environments face, including pain, physical hardship, loneliness, and friction between individuals, and the approaches taken to overcome them. Using many fascinating examples and personal accounts, they argue that we can all benefit from the insights gained.

Die 4 Stunden Woche

Author: Timothy Ferriss
Publisher: Ullstein eBooks
ISBN: 9783843704458
Release Date: 2012-12-21
Genre: Business & Economics

Warum arbeiten wir uns eigentlich zu Tode? Haben wir nichts Besseres zu tun? Und ob! - sagt Timothy Ferriss. Der junge Unternehmer war lange Workaholic mit 80-Stunden-Woche. Doch dann erfand er MBA - Management by Absence - und ist seitdem freier, reicher, glücklicher. Mit viel Humor, provokanten Denkanstößen und erprobten Tipps erklärt Ferriss, wie sich die 4-Stunden-Woche bei vollem Lohnausgleich verwirklichen lässt. Der Wegweiser für eine Flucht aus dem Hamsterrad und ein Manifest für eine neue Gewichtung zwischen Leben und Arbeiten.

Das kleine Kaninchen das so gerne einschlafen m chte

Author: Carl-Johan Forssén Ehrlin
Publisher: Mosaik Verlag
ISBN: 9783641189563
Release Date: 2015-10-14
Genre: Family & Relationships

Das kleine Kaninchen, das Ihr Kind ins Reich der Träume entführt ... Will Ihr Kind oft nicht zu Bett gehen? Oder kann nicht einschlafen? Die Geschichte von Konrad Kaninchen und seiner Reise zum Schlafzauberer ist die Lösung. Sie lädt zum Vorlesen ein und führt Ihr Kind schnell zu angenehmer Entspannung und in tiefen Schlaf. Die vom Autor entwickelte Methode basiert auf Techniken des Autogenen Trainings sowie Neurolinguistischen Programmierens und wird von Psychologen und Therapeuten auf der ganzen Welt empfohlen. Machen Sie aus dem Zubettgehen Ihres Kindes ein sorgenfreies und unkompliziertes Ritual.

Ancient Psychology and Psychiatry

Author: Farhad Pour-Golafshan
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
ISBN: 9781477155882
Release Date: 2012-08-14
Genre: Psychology

When it comes to ancient medical sciences misunderstandings and confusion prevails. Everything and anything is claimed to be cure for this or that. In this confusion many opportunists including some medical doctors are making big gains, fast. Ultimately it is the consumer and the sick who are the biggest losers under such circumstances. This book is attempting to set some benchmarks for identification and evaluation of ancient medical sciences in general, and ancient psychology and psychiatry in particular, and their specific treatments, in order to help minimize the current confusion. There is a detailed treatment of the history of sciences both ancient and modern as it is required for understanding the present situation. As examples, the ancient treatments of Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for a few psychological disorders are provided in some depth. There is also an extensive discussion on Evolution Theory, Darwinism, and Progressivism as the historical background that has lead to the current situation.