Speaking of Spain

Author: Antonio Feros
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674045514
Release Date: 2017-04-03
Genre: History

Momentous changes swept Spain in the fifteenth century: royal marriage united its two largest kingdoms, the last Muslim emirate fell to Catholic armies, and conquests in the Americas were turning Spain into a great empire. Yet few people could define “Spanishness” concretely. Antonio Feros traces Spain’s evolving ideas of nationhood and ethnicity.

The Imperial Nation

Author: Josep M. Fradera
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691183930
Release Date: 2018-10-30
Genre: History

How the legacy of monarchical empires shaped Britain, France, Spain, and the United States as they became liberal entities Historians view the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries as a turning point when imperial monarchies collapsed and modern nations emerged. Treating this pivotal moment as a bridge rather than a break, The Imperial Nation offers a sweeping examination of four of these modern powers—Great Britain, France, Spain, and the United States—and asks how, after the great revolutionary cycle in Europe and America, the history of monarchical empires shaped these new nations. Josep Fradera explores this transition, paying particular attention to the relations between imperial centers and their sovereign territories and the constant and changing distinctions placed between citizens and subjects. Fradera argues that the essential struggle that lasted from the Seven Years’ War to the twentieth century was over the governance of dispersed and varied peoples: each empire tried to ensure domination through subordinate representation or by denying any representation at all. The most common approach echoed Napoleon’s “special laws,” which allowed France to reinstate slavery in its Caribbean possessions. The Spanish and Portuguese constitutions adopted “specialness” in the 1830s; the United States used comparable guidelines to distinguish between states, territories, and Indian reservations; and the British similarly ruled their dominions and colonies. In all these empires, the mix of indigenous peoples, European-origin populations, slaves and indentured workers, immigrants, and unassimilated social groups led to unequal and hierarchical political relations. Fradera considers not only political and constitutional transformations but also their social underpinnings. Presenting a fresh perspective on the ways in which nations descended and evolved from and throughout empires, The Imperial Nation highlights the ramifications of this entangled history for the subjects who lived in its shadows.

Encyclopedia of Race Ethnicity and Society

Author: Richard T. Schaefer
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781412926942
Release Date: 2008-03-20
Genre: Social Science

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Understanding Spanish speaking South Americans

Author: Skye Stephenson
Publisher: Nicholas Brealey Publishing
ISBN: UOM:39015059592058
Release Date: 2003
Genre: Social Science

The book you need if you plan to work in one or more of the nine South American countries, study or get more out of your travel in the region.

American Crucible

Author: Gary Gerstle
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691102775
Release Date: 2001
Genre: History

This sweeping history of 20th-century America follows the changing and often conflicting ideas about the fundamental nature of American society. Gary Gerstle traces the forces of civic and racial nationalism, arguing that both profoundly shaped America.

The Politics of Language in the Spanish Speaking World

Author: Clare Mar-Molinero
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781134730704
Release Date: 2002-11-01
Genre: History

Spanish is now the third most widely spoken language in the world after English and Chinese. This book traces how and why Spanish has arrived at this position, examining its role in the diverse societies where it is spoken from Europe to the Americas. Providing a comprehensive survey of language issues in the Spanish-speaking world, the book outlines the historical roots of the emergence of Spanish or Castilian as the dominant language, analyzes the situation of minority language groups, and traces the role of Spanish and its colonial heritage in Latin America. The book is structured in four sections: Spanish as a national language: conflict and hegemony Legislation and the realities of linguistic diversity Language and education The future of Spanish. Throughout the book Clare Mar-Molinero asks probing questions such as: How does language relate to power? What is its link with identity? What is the role of language in nation-building? Who decides how language is taught?

Undocumented Immigrants in the United States An Encyclopedia of Their Experience 2 volumes

Author: Anna Ochoa O'Leary
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 9780313384257
Release Date: 2014-02-25
Genre: Social Science

This two-volume reference work addresses the dynamic lives of undocumented immigrants in the United States and establishes these individuals' experiences as a key part of our nation's demographic and sociological evolution. • Offers a comprehensive, contemporary portrait of undocumented immigrants living in the United States • Provides timely insights about struggles for inclusion and the many diverse and valuable contributions to the fabric of American society • Presents evidence-based information that can help promote rational assessment of the issues arising from irregular immigration in the United States • Illuminates issues of undocumented immigrant assimilation and adaptation, especially as they affect subsequent generations in their quest for the American Dream • Shows immigration and border enforcement issues that challenge the lives of those present in the United States without authorization • Offers a way to compare regions and different contexts within a geographically vast and culturally diverse United States • Supplies a reference set ideal for upper high school and undergraduate students as well as the general public

Latinos and the Nation s Future

Author: Henry Cisneros
Publisher: Arte Publico Press
ISBN: 9781558855427
Release Date: 2009-01-01
Genre: Social Science

Latinos and the Nation's Future contains hard facts and well-grounded predictions about the role Latinos will and must play if the United States is to maintain its standing in the world. Included in this survey are assessments by the leading experts from various fields.

Critical Perspectives on Afro Latin American Literature

Author: Antonio D. Tillis
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136662553
Release Date: 2012-04-23
Genre: Literary Criticism

After generations of being rendered virtually invisible by the US academy in critical anthologies and literary histories, writing by Latin Americans of African ancestry has become represented by a booming corpus of intellectual and critical investigation. This volume aims to provide an introduction to the literary worlds and perceptions of national culture and identity of authors from Spanish-America, Brazil, and uniquely, Equatorial Guinea, thus contextually connecting Africa to the history of Spanish colonization. The importance of Latin America literature to the discipline of African Diaspora studies is immeasurable, and this edited collection provides a ripe cultural context for critical comparative analysis among the vast geographies that encompass African and African Diaspora studies. Scholars in the area of African Diaspora Studies, Black Studies, Latin American Studies, and American literature will be able to utilize the eleven essays in this edition to enhance classroom instruction and further academic research.

The Language of Blood

Author: John M. Nieto-Phillips
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 082632424X
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

When the United States declared war on Spain in 1898, rumors abounded throughout the nation that the Spanish-speaking population of New Mexico secretly sympathized with the enemy. At the end of the war,The New York Timeswarned that New Mexico's "Mexicans professed a deep hostility to American ideas and American policies." As long as Spanish remained the primary language of public instruction, theTimesadmonished, "the majority of the inhabitants will remain 'Mexican' and retain a pseudo-allegiance [to Spain]." This perception of Spanish-speaking New Mexicans as "un-American" was widely shared. Such allegations of disloyalty, coupled with the prevalent views that all Mexican peoples were racially non-white and "unfit" to assume the rights and responsibilities of full citizenship, inspired powerful reactions among the Spanish-speaking people of New Mexico. Most sought to distinguish themselves from Mexican immigrants by emphasizing their "Spanish" roots. Tourism, too, began to foster the myth that nuevomexicanos were culturally and racially Spanish. Since the 1950s, historians, sociologists, and anthropologists have dismissed the ubiquitous Spanish heritage claimed by many New Mexicans. John M. Nieto-Phillips, himself anuevomexicano,argues that Spanish-American identity evolved out of a medieval rhetoric about blood purity, or limpieza de sangre, as well as a modern longing to enter the United States's white body politic.

Race Mixture in Nineteenth century U S and Spanish American Fictions

Author: Debra J. Rosenthal
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807855642
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Literary Criticism

Race mixture has played a formative role in the history of the Americas, from the western expansion of the United States to the political consolidation ofLatin America. This text examines 19th-century authors in the United States and Spanish America who struggled to give voice to contemporary dilemmas about interracial sexual and cultural mixing.

Guide to Psychological Assessment with Hispanics

Author: Lorraine T. Benuto
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461444114
Release Date: 2012-09-19
Genre: Psychology

This book focuses on diversity, culture, and ethnicity as they relate to psychological assessment of Hispanics. It is a how-to guide for clinicians, researchers, and instructors working with Hispanic clients. Each chapter contains an overview of cultural considerations needed for assessing the Hispanic client followed by a specific exploration of the assessment measures available and the research that has been conducted on these measures with Hispanic participants. An exploration of the strengths and limitations of each assessment measure is included. Considering that ethnocultural minority individuals who are of Hispanic/Latino origin make up the largest ethnocultural minority group in the United States, guidelines for working with this population are a must. Given that a large subset of this percentage is composed of immigrants many of whom do not speak English or who have learned English as a second language, special considerations for effective psychological assessment are neccessary.This book fills a gap in the scientific literature by consolidating the research on psychological assessment with Hispanic samples into one comprehensive volume and providing simple recommendations for the psychological assessment of Hispanic clients. An exploration of the general psychological assessment domains (e.g., personality, intelligence) is included with references to research on the major assessment measures used in the field. A more specific exploration of psychodiagnostic assessment measures follows, including the assessment of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, sexual dysfunction, psychosis, etc. Several chapters are dedicated to specialized assessment, including neuropsychological assessment, forensic assessment, and school-based assessment, overall creating the most comprehensive, up-to-date, research-based compendium of psychological assessment measures for use with Hispanic clients.

Languages In The World

Author: Julie Tetel Andresen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118531280
Release Date: 2015-11-23
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This innovative introduction outlines the structure and distribution of the world s languages, charting their evolution over the past 200,000 years. Balances linguistic analysis with socio–historical and political context, offering a cohesive picture of the relationship between language and society Provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the study of language by drawing not only on the diverse fields of linguistics (structural, linguist anthropology, historical, sociolinguistics), but also on history, biology, genetics, sociology, and more Includes nine detailed language profiles on Kurdish, Arabic, Tibetan, Hawaiian, Vietnamese, Tamil, !Xóõ (Taa), Mongolian, and Quiché A companion website offers a host of supplementary materials including, sound files, further exercises, and detailed introductory information for students new to linguistics

Studies in Spanish Renaissance Thought

Author: Carlos G. Noreña
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789401016735
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: History

In spite of its carefully planned - and fully justified - modesty, the title of this book might very well surprise more than one potential reader. It is not normal to see such controversial concepts as "Renaissance," "Renaissance Thought," "Spanish Renaissance," or even "Spanish Thought" freely linked together in the crowded intimacy of one single printed line. The author of these essays is painfully aware of the com plexity of the ground he has dared to cover. He is also aware that all the assumptions and connotations associated with the title of this book have been the subject of great controversy among scholars of high repute who claimed (and probably had) revealing insight into human affairs and ideas. That these pages have been written at all therefore needs some justification. I am convinced that certain of the disputes among historians of ideas do not touch upon matters of substance, but rather reveal the taste and intellectual idiosyncracies of their authors. Much of the disagreement is, I think, a matter of aesthetics. Those who find special gratification in well-defined labels, clear-cut schemes, and compre hensive generalizations, can hardly bear the company of those who insist upon detail, complexity, and organic growth. The nightmarish dilemma, still unresolved, between Unity and Diversity, between the Universal and the Individual, haunts the History of Ideas.