Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline Second Edition

Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 9781438433561
Release Date: 2010-09-01
Genre: POLITICAL SCIENCE

New edition of the classic ethnographic study of Malay women factory workers. In the two decades since its original publication, Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline has become a classic in the fields of anthropology, labor, gender and globalization studies. Based on intensive fieldwork, the book captures a moment of profound transformation for rural Muslim women even as their labor helped launch Malaysia’s rise as a tiger economy. Aihwa Ong’s analysis of the disruptions, conflicts, and ambivalences that roiled the lives of working women has inspired later generations of feminist ethnographers in their study of power, resistance, religious upheavals, and subject formation in the industrial periphery. With a critical introduction by anthropologist Carla Freeman, this new edition upholds an exemplary model of anthropological inquiry into cultural modes of resistance to the ideology, discipline, and workings of global capitalism. “This work … remains powerful for its refusal to over-simplify the complexities of export industrialization as a model for economic development, and for its demonstration of the intimate dialectics of culture, economy, gender, religion, and class, and the meaningfulness of place amid the swirling forces of global capitalism … [It] opened up many of the questions that should continue to inspire our analyses of globalization today. Indeed, these questions are equally compelling for the reader returning to this work after twenty years and for the reader new to this text and to the intriguing and complex puzzles of globalization.” — from the Introduction by Carla Freeman

Spirits of Resistance and Capitalist Discipline

Author: Aihwa Ong
Publisher: SUNY Press
ISBN: 0887063810
Release Date: 1987-07-15
Genre: Social Science

Why are Malay women workers periodically seized by spirit possession on the shopfloors of modern factories? In this book, Aihwa Ong captures the disruptions, conflicts, and ambivalences in the lives of Malay women and their families as they make the transition from peasant society to industrial production. To discover the meaning that the market economy and wage labor hold for Malay peasants, Ong conducted anthropological field work in an agricultural district in Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia, which is undergoing rapid proletarianization. Weaving together history, ethnography, and quantitative analysis, she addresses many questions pertaining to peasants and state policies. The book shows how the diverging roles of young men and women are increasingly channelled, by educational and labor market pressures, toward conformity with corporate culture and capitalist discipline. A unique feature of this book is the portrayal of Malay women workers in Japanese factories, caught between their culture and the culture of capitalism. Ong argues that cultural values and practices—both Islamic-Malay and foreign—are reworked and reconstituted in the industrial hierarchy. Her vivid accounts of hysterical episodes, violent incidents, and women’s self-perceptions provide insights into their attitudes toward capitalist relations. By illuminating the encounter of Malay peasants with global industrial production, the book also throws light on the attitude of neophyte wage workers elsewhere in the Third World.

Dulcinea in the Factory

Author: Ann Farnsworth-Alvear
Publisher: Duke University Press
ISBN: 9780822380269
Release Date: 2000-02-25
Genre: Political Science

Before it became the center of Latin American drug trafficking, the Colombian city of Medellín was famous as a success story of industrialization, a place where protectionist tariffs had created a “capitalist paradise.” By the 1960s, the city’s textile industrialists were presenting themselves as the architects of a social stability that rested on Catholic piety and strict sexual norms. Dulcinea in the Factory explores the boundaries of this paternalistic order by investigating workers’ strategies of conformity and resistance and by tracing the disciplinary practices of managers during the period from the turn of the century to a massive reorganization of the mills in the late 1950s. Ann Farnsworth-Alvear’s analyses of archived personnel records, internal factory correspondence, printed regulations, and company magazines are combined with illuminating interviews with retired workers to allow a detailed reconstruction of the world behind the mill gate. In a place where the distinction between virgins and nonvirgins organized the labor market for women, the distance between chaste and unchaste behavior underlay a moral code that shaped working women’s self-perceptions. Farnsworth-Alvear challenges the reader to understand gender not as an opposition between female and male but rather as a normative field, marked by “proper” and “improper” ways of being female or male. Disputing the idea that the shift in the mills’ workforce over several decades from mainly women to almost exclusively men was based solely on economic factors, the author shows how gender and class, as social practices, converged to shape industrial development itself. Innovative in its creative employment of subtle and complex material, Dulcinea in the Factory addresses long-standing debates within labor history about proletarianization and work culture. This book’s focus on Colombia will make it valuable to Latin Americanists, but it will also appeal to a wide readership beyond Latin American and labor studies, including historians and sociologists, as well as students of women’s studies, social movements, and anthropology.

Pacific Affairs

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSD:31822007220478
Release Date: 1988
Genre: Pan-Pacific relations


Anthropologica

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: IND:30000093099376
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Austronesian languages

"Literatur-overzicht" issued with v. 95.

Disabling Globalization

Author: Gillian Patricia Hart
Publisher: University of Kwazulu Natal Press
ISBN: STANFORD:36105111041468
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Business & Economics

Disabling Globalization is a richly detailed comparative study which offers fresh critical understandings of globalization and unique insights into post-apartheid South Africa. Based on research between 1994 and 2001, the book traces contrasting political dynamics in two former white towns and adjacent black townships in KwaZulu-Natal, and their connections with Taiwan and Mainland China. The book focuses on histories and memories of racialized dispossession, struggles in industrial workplaces, the tensions of an actively developmental local government, and the fragility of the neoliberal project in post-apartheid South Africa. Engaging with wide-ranging debates, Gillian Hart draws on East Asian connections to suggest the value of rethinking the land question in South Africa in terms of a social wage. She provides a clear sense of how and why popular and academic discourses of globalization are so deeply disabling.

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: UCSD:31822015802093
Release Date: 1991
Genre: Asia


Gender at work in economic life

Author: Gracia Clark
Publisher: Altamira Pr
ISBN: STANFORD:36105111842451
Release Date: 2003-10
Genre: Business & Economics

This new volume from SEA illuminates the importance of gender as a frame of reference in the study of economic life. The contributors are economic anthropologists who consider the role of gender and work in a cross-cultural context, examining issues of: historical change, the construction of globalization, household authority and entitlement, and entrepreneurship and autonomy. The book will be a valuable resource for researchers in anthropology and in the related fields of economics, sociology of work, gender studies, women's studies, and economic development.