Author: Robert Lima
Publisher: University Press of Kentucky
Release Date: 2005-12-23
Genre: Literary Criticism
“The evil that men do” has been chronicled for thousands of years on the European stage, and perhaps nowhere else is human fear of our own evil more detailed than in its personifications in theater. Early writers used theater to communicate human experiences and to display reverence for the gods governing daily life. Playwrights from Euripides onward sought inspiration from this interplay between the worldly and the occult, using human belief in the divine to govern characters’ actions within a dramatic arena. The constant adherence to the supernatural, despite changing religious ideologies over the centuries, testifies to a deep and continuing belief in the ability of a higher power to interfere in human life. Stages of Evil is the first book to examine the representation and relationship of evil and the occult from the prehistoric origins of drama through to the present day. Drawing on examples of magic, astronomy, demonology, possession, exorcism, fairies, vampires, witchcraft, hauntings, and voodoo, author Robert Lima explores how theater shaped American and European perceptions of the occult and how the dramatic works studied here reflect society back upon itself at different points in history. From representations of Dionysian rites in ancient Greece, to the Mouth of Hell in the Middle Ages, to the mystical cabalistic life of the Hasidic Jews, to the witchcraft and magic of the Elizabethan and Jacobean stage, Lima traces the recurrence of supernatural motifs in pivotal plays and performance works of the Western tradition. Considering numerous myths and cultural artifacts, such as the “wild man,” he describes the evolution and continual representation of supernatural archetypes on the modern stage. He also discusses the sociohistorical implications of Christian and pagan representations of evil and the theatrical creativity that occultism has engendered. Delving into his own theatrical, literary, folkloric, and travel experiences to enhance his observations, Lima assays the complex world of occultism and examines diverse works of Western theater and drama. A unique and comprehensive bibliography of European and American plays concludes the study and facilitates further research into the realm of the social and literary impact of the occult.
Author: S. T. Manning
Publisher: PageFree Publishing, Inc.
Release Date: 2004
One in a very long while a book like this comes along, offering startling insights into the very nature of being. Innovative and provocative, Manning presents a courageous and penetrating ?inside look? into the convoluted religious world and offers some truly original formulas for dealing with society's current religious problems. This stirringly original book draws upon colorful and dramatic proofs in history, mythology, science, and psychology to candidly confront religious fundamentalism - probably the greatest menace facing our world today.
Author: Mark Palmer
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Political Science
With the removal of not only Saddam Hussein but also Jean-Betrand Aristide, as well as the ongoing civil war against Charles Taylor in Liberia, much has changed in the world of dictators since the first publication of this work less than a year ago. Drawing on his 25 years of extensive diplomatic experience, Ambassador Palmer asks us to embrace a bold vision of a world made safe by democracy. This is the story of the remaining dictators, the strategy and tactics to oust them, and the need to empower the people of every nation to control their own destinies.
Author: Hannah Arendt
Publisher: Piper Verlag
Release Date: 2013-02-14
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines
Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.
Author: M. David Eckel
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2011-11-03
Evil is a problem that will not go away. For some it is an inescapable fact of the human condition. For others "evil" is a term that should only be used to name the most horrible of crimes. Still others think that the worst problem lies with the abuse of the term: using it to vilify a misunderstood enemy. No matter how we approach it, "evil" is a concept that continues to call out for critical reflection. This volume collects the results of a two-year deliberation within the Boston University Institute for Philosophy of Religion lecture series, bringing together scholars of religion, literature, and philosophy. Its essays provide a thoughtful, sensitive, and wide-ranging consideration of this challenging problem-and of ways that we might be delivered from it.
Ditmarsh Penitentiary holds many secrets within its walls. A maximum-security prison, it contains every breed of hatred, self-destruction, greed, and regret. Its inmates aren't the only ones who grapple with these emotions. Under constant threat yet given absolute authority, the guards routinely cross the divide between law enforcement and criminality. Corrections Officer Kali Williams takes pains to avoid the complicated traps of inmates and guards alike. Then a young inmate named Joshua comes to her for help. He claims that another prisoner has drawn an elaborate comic book, which holds a guide to the illicit underworld of Ditmarsh. The struggle to obtain the information encoded in its pages has been the cause of ever-increasing violence throughout the prison. At first Kali can't take Joshua seriously. But soon afterward, the artist-inmate disappears completely. As she retraces his steps, she enters a labyrinthine world inside the prison with unexpected connections to the outside world. Along the way, she uncovers the most bewildering secret of all ... Keith Hollihan's The Four Stages of Cruelty is a story of the mystery of human compassion, the twisted forms it can take, and the violence and redemption it makes possible.
Author: J. Harold Ellens
Release Date: 2011
In this three-volume set, international scholars from across a broad spectrum of scholarly fields examine the concept of evil throughout history and world cultures from religious, scientific, psychological, and political perspectives. * Contains original contributions from 75 distinguished scholars from various religious and cultural backgrounds, including psychologists, academic and clinical sociologists, historians, philosophers, theologians, and professors of political science, ethics, and law
Can people ever really change? Do they ever become more ethical, and if so, how? Overcoming Our Evil focuses on the way ethical and religious commitments are conceived and nurtured through the methodical practices that Pierre Hadot has called "spiritual exercises." These practices engage thought, imagination, and sensibility, and have a significant ethical component, yet aim for a broader transformation of the whole personality. Going beyond recent philosophical and historical work that has focused on ancient Greco-Roman philosophy, Stalnaker broadens ethical inquiry into spiritual exercises by examining East Asian as well as classical Christian sources, and taking religious and seemingly "aesthetic" practices such as prayer, ritual, and music more seriously as objects of study. More specifically, Overcoming Our Evil examines and compares the thought and practice of the early Christian Augustine of Hippo, and the early Confucian Xunzi. Both have sophisticated and insightful accounts of spiritual exercises, and both make such ethical work central to their religious thought and practice. Yet to understand the two thinkers' recommendations for cultivating virtue we must first understand some important differences. Here Stalnaker disentangles the competing aspects of Augustine and Xunxi's ideas of "human nature." His groundbreaking comparison of their ethical vocabularies also drives a substantive analysis of fundamental issues in moral psychology, especially regarding emotion and the complex idea of "the will," to examine how our dispositions to feel, think, and act might be slowly transformed over time. The comparison meticulously constructs vivid portraits of both thinkers demonstrating where they connect and where they diverge, making the case that both have been misunderstood and misinterpreted. In throwing light on these seemingly disparate ancient figures in unexpected ways, Stalnaker redirects recent debate regarding practices of personal formation, and more clearly exposes the intellectual and political issues involved in the retrieval of "classic" ethical sources in diverse contemporary societies, illuminating a path toward a contemporary understanding of difference.
Author: Steven A. Grasse
Publisher: Quirk Books
Release Date: 2007
They invented slums. They invented child labor. They put Saddam Hussein in power. They burned Joan of Arc at the stake, and they enslaved the globe to get their tea fix. We're talking about England, of course, and the terrible evils they've set loose on the world. In The Evil Empire, American author Steven Grasse documents the 101 worst atrocities of Mother England everything from foxhunting to the invention of the concentration camp. With an irreverent mix of historical facts, smart commentary, and red-blooded American arrogance, Grasse offers a devastating critique of the country that gave us the machine gun, factory labor, and the metric system. Publishing just in time for the Queen's birthday (April 21), The Evil Empire is essential reading for true-blue Americans and others oppressed by the English throughout history.
Author: Philip G. Zimbardo
Release Date: 2016-10-27
Was bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun? Wie können normale Bürger dazu verleitet werden, unmoralisch zu handeln? Wo liegt die Grenze zwischen Gut und Böse, und wer läuft Gefahr, sie zu überschreiten? Mit Der Luzifer-Effekt hat der renommierte amerikanische Sozialpsychologe Philip Zimbardo ein bedeutendes und brisantes Buch vorgelegt. Es schlägt den Bogen von den Details des weltberühmten Stanford Prison Experiment bis zu den grausamen Geschehnissen im Gefängnis von Abu Ghraib im Irak, und es offenbart verstörende Wahrheiten: über physische und psychische Gewalt, über Misshandlungen und Folter, über Kriegsverbrechen und Massenmorde – und über die Menschen, die sie ausführen, anordnen, ermöglichen oder zulassen. Zimbardos These: Nicht die Veranlagung bringt gute Menschen dazu, Böses zu tun, sondern die Situation, in der sie sich befinden oder in die man sie versetzt. Die Macht der Umstände schafft Täter und Opfer, und in oft diffusen Verantwortungsgeflechten verlieren moralische Maßstäbe allzu leicht ihr Fundament. Bei aller Beklemmung, die die Lektüre dieser ungemein detailreichen Studie unweigerlich auslöst, öffnet das Buch aber auch ein Fenster der Hoffnung: So wie man Situationen schaffen kann, die Menschen zum Bösen verführen, so können auch Zivilcourage und heldenhaftes Verhalten durch geeignete Rahmenbedingungen und gesellschaftliche Weichenstellungen gefördert werden. Der „Banalität des Bösen" setzt Zimbardo die „Banalität des Heldentums" entgegen. Ein beeindruckendes Stück Forschung zur Natur des Bösen und zu den Systemen und Situationen, die es entfesseln. Observer Eine Reise in Herz und Gehirn der Finsternis. Focus online Ein notwendiges und wichtiges Buch. Gehirn und Geist Ein fesselnder, gleichwohl erschreckender Blick auf unsere dunkle Seite ... Für alle, die sich fragen, wie Böses entsteht und bekämpft werden kann. Emotion Pflichtlektüre nicht nur für Sozialwissenschaftler, sondern auch für Politiker, Entscheidungsträger und Erzieher. American Scientist
Author: Claude Julien Rawson
Publisher: Associated University Presse
Release Date: 2008-01
Genre: Literary Criticism
"This book throws important light on the fiction, drama, and society of eighteenth-century England, as reflected in the career of one of its greatest writers, Henry Fielding (1707-1754). It explores the range of Henry Fielding's career as one of the early masters of the English novel, the leading English playwright of his day, and an influential political journalist, magistrate, and social thinker."--BOOK JACKET.
Author: Marilyn McCord Adams
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
Release Date: 1990
This collection of important writings fills the need for an anthology that adequately represents recent work on the problem of evil. This is perhaps one of the most discussed topics in the philosophy of religion, and is of perennial interest to philosophers and theologians.
Author: C. Fred Alford
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Release Date: 1999
In this investigation of the contemporary notion of evil, C. Fred Alford asks what we can learn about this concept, and about ourselves, by examining a society where it is unknown--where language contains no word that equates to the English term "evil." Does such a society look upon human nature more benignly? Do its members view the world through rose-colored glasses? Korea offers a fascinating starting point, and Alford begins his search for answers there.In conversations with hundreds of Koreans from diverse religions and walks of life--students, politicians, teachers, Buddhist monks, Confucian scholars, Catholic priests, housewives, psychiatrists, and farmers--Alford found remarkable agreement about the nonexistence of evil. Koreans regard evil not as a moral category but as an intellectual one, the result of erroneous Western thinking. For them, evil results from the creation of dualisms, oppositions between people and ideas.Alford's interviews often led to discussions about imported ways of thinking and the impact of globalization upon society at large. In particular, he was struck by how Koreans' responses to globalization matched Westerners' views about evil. In much of the world, he argues, globalization is the ultimate dualism--attractive for the enlightenment and freedom it brings, terrifying for the great social and personal upheaval it can cause.