Author: Christopher Dyer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 1989-03-09
Genre: Business & Economics
Between 1200 and 1520 medieval English society went through a series of upheavals: this was an age of war, pestilence and rebellion. This book explores the realities of life of the people who lived through those stirring times. It looks in turn at aristocrats, peasants, townsmen, wage-earners and paupers, and examines how they obtained their incomes and how they spent them. This revised edition (1998) includes a substantial new concluding chapter and an updated bibliography.
Der Band untersucht die auf den Fernhandel ausgerichtete Textilherstellung im Hanseraum des 14. und 15. Jahrhunderts. Als zentrales Beispiel wird der Absatz von Leinwand aus dem Hanseraum nach London dokumentiert und in den Kontext der exportorientierten Textilproduktion im Hanseraum eingeordnet. Dargestellt werden weiterhin die Entwicklung der Textilproduktion am Beispiel ausgewählter Produktionsorte, die gehandelten Sorten und Mengen sowie die Vertriebswege und das dahinterstehende Handelssystem. Letztlich wird dadurch auch die Bedeutung der binnenhansischen Warenproduktion für das hansische Handelsnetzwerk sichtbar.
Author: John Block Friedman
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Release Date: 1995-01
Challenging an earlier view that hand-produced books before the age of print in northern England were few, purely practical, and crudely written and decorated. John B. Friedman seeks to enlighten readers on the value of their true aesthetic sensibility. Using over 200 relatively unknown manuscripts from the area, he reveals an active northern book trade at York and Durham, which served a wide range of gentry, urban bourgeoisie, and ecclesiastical users. No other work on book production and patronage in the North of England at the end of the Middle Ages exists, and only a few studies in general look at the English provincial book trade. Unlike many aristocratic manuscripts produced in London and typically related to the court or palace, northern manuscripts reflect social and religious changes and regional social currents. Friedman's thesis extends the geographic and class boundaries for the study of late medieval English manuscripts. His work dramatically reveals an unusually broad range of northern books in the mainstream of English taste, books that were used to convey the values of thriving merchants and ecclesiastical figures. In addition to historians and manuscript specialists, this book will have a strong appeal to antiquarians and bibliophiles of the English language.
Author: Gillian Polack & Katrin Kania
Publisher: Amberley Publishing Limited
Release Date: 2015-06-03
To our modern minds, the Middle Ages seem to mix the well-known and familiar with wildly alien concepts and circumstances. The Middle Ages Unlocked provides an invaluable introduction to this complex and dynamic period in England. Exploring a wide range of topics from law, religion and education to landscape, art and magic, between the eleventh and early fourteenth centuries, the structures, institutions and circumstances that formed the basis for daily life and society are revealed. Drawing on their expertise in history and archaeology, Dr Gillian Polack and Dr Katrin Kania look at the tangible aspects of daily life - ranging from the raw materials used for crafts, clothing and jewellery to housing and food - in order to bring the Middle Ages to life. The Middle Ages Unlocked dispels modern assumptions about this period to uncover the complex tapestry of medieval England and the people who lived there.
Trojanische Vorfahren und Stammbäume bis zu Noah und Adam sind ein bekanntes Merkmal mittelalterlicher Adelsgenealogien. Das Wissen um die eigenen Ursprünge, dessen Bewahrung und Verbreitung war Teil der politischen Kommunikation des Mittelalters, denn für den Adel waren Vorfahren und Vorgänger entscheidend für die Selbstlegitimierung und Voraussetzung zur Selbstpositionierung in einer Gesellschaft, die nach streng hierarchischen Rangordnungen lebte. Auch der englische Hochadel nutzte die publizistischen Möglichkeiten, die ihm die Geschichte der eigenen Familie bot. Anders jedoch als ihre kontinentalen Zeitgenossen entwickelte die englische Peerage kein Interesse an einer antiken Abstammung, und auch die biblischen Vorfahren waren kaum von Bedeutung. Stattdessen richtete sich der Blick auf einen anderen Ort und eine andere Zeit. Der vorliegende Band bietet einen Einblick in die englische Adelswelt des späten Mittelalters, indem er den Gebrauch der Genealogie in verschiedenen Kontexten nachvollzieht. Anhand der unterschiedlichen Gattungen genealogischer Literatur wird aufgezeigt, welche Bedeutung die eigene Geschichte für die Adelsfamilie im privaten wie öffentlichen Alltag einnahm und welche Entwicklungen zu Beginn der Neuzeit die englischen Genealogien nachhaltig veränderten.
Author: G. L. Harriss
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 1995-01
How power was distributed and exercised is a key issue in understanding attitudes and assumptions in late medieval England. The essays in this volume all deal with those who had the power to make political decisions, whether kings, nobles or gentry, courtiers or clergy. While ultimately power rested on force, it was enshrined in the law and more usually exercised by influence and by the dangling of reward. Most disputes were settled without violence, if often with recourse to prolonged struggles in the courts, but those who offended against established interests could be punished severely, as the cases of Sir John Mortimer and of Bishop Reginald Pecock show. These essays, presented to Gerald Harriss, who has done so much to illuminate the history of the period, show not only how power was exercised but also how men of the time thought about it. Contributors: Rowena E. Archer, Christine Carpenter, Jeremy Catto, Rosemary Horrox, R.W. Hoyle, Maurice Keen, Dominic Luckett, Philippa Maddern, S.J. Payling, Edward Powell, Anthony Smith, Simon Walker, Christopher Woolgar, Edmund Wright.
Author: Sherri Olson
Publisher: Pontifical Inst of Medieval studies
Release Date: 2009
Mainstream historiography has traditionally found the roots of peasant action, and much of the meaning of that action, in legal status difference between lords and peasants, and among peasants themselves. In the last several decades, this older class conflict model has lost some ground to an interpretation of status that still emphasizes difference but focuses on questions of gender, sexuality, and 'alterity.' Other students of medieval rural society have shifted interest away from questions of status, and focused instead on peasant economic influence and self-determination. Such evolving models of peasants' economic and political agency have not only extended our understanding of the complexity of rural life, they have made the issue of villager identity as significant a research objective as the identity of members of the elite, merchants, city-dwellers, and saints. The goal of this study is to gain a more balanced view of medieval society by considering how peasants thought about themselves and their world as revealed in English manorial court rolls and other records of estate administration.
Author: Beat A. Kümin
Release Date: 1996
Genre: Social Science
This is a close examination of the communal life, especially the financial life, of late medieval and Tudor parishes. Predominantly a work of social history, it also sheds new light on the popular religious attitudes of the period. Beat Kumin focuses his study on the role of the laity and, in particular, on the office of churchwarden. He assesses and evaluates the rising levels of parish income, the importance of the social context of the parish for fund-raising activities and the growing expenditure on priests, voluntary activities and administrative duties. The final section of his study discusses the Reformation-related reduction in religious options and the accelerating trend towards oligarchical parish regimes and official local government responsibilities. Throughout, the English experience is put into sharper contrast by comparisons with local ecclesiastical life on the Continent, and appendices provide a detailed financial analysis for a large number of parishes.
Author: British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology. Conference
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Release Date: 2009-12-31
Genre: Social Science
The Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Conference of the British Association for Biological Anthropology and Osteoarchaeology (BABAO) held at the University of Reading in 2007. Contents: 1) A life course perspective of growing up in medieval London: evidence of sub-adult health from St Mary Spital (London) (Rebecca Redfern and Don Walker); 2) Preservation of non-adult long bones from an almshouse cemetery in the United States dating to the late nineteenth to the early twentieth centuries (Colleen Milligan, Jessica Zotcavage and Norman Sullivan); 3) Childhood oral health: dental palaeopathology of Kellis 2, Dakhleh, Egypt. A preliminary investigation (Stephanie Shukrum and JE Molto); 4) Skeletal manifestation of non-adult scurvy from early medieval Northumbria: the Black Gate cemetery, Newcastle-upon-Tyne (Diana Mahoney-Swales and Pia Nystrom); 5) Infantile cortical hyperostosis: cases, causes and contradictions (Mary Lewis and Rebecca Gowland); 6) Biological Anthropology Tuberculosis of the hip in the Victorian Britain (Benjamin Clarke and Piers Mitchell); 7) The re-analysis of Iron Age human skeletal material from Winnall Down (Justine Tracey); 8) Can we estimate post-mortem interval from an individual body part? A field study using sus scrofa (Branka Franicevec and Robert Pastor); 9) The expression of asymmetry in hand bones from the medieval cemetery at Ecija, Spain (Lisa Cashmore and Sonia Zakrezewski); 10) Returning remains: a curator's view (Quinton Carroll); 11) Authority and decision making over British human remains: issues and challenges (Piotr Bienkowski and Malcolm Chapman); 12) Ethical dimensions of reburial, retention and repatriation of archaeological human remains: a British perspective (Simon Mays and Martin Smith); 13) The problem of provenace: inaccuracies, changes and misconceptions (Margaret Clegg); 14) Native American human remains in UK collections: implications of NAGPRA to consultation, repatriation, and policy development (Myra J Giesen); 15) Repatriation - a view from the receiving end: New Zealand (Nancy Tayles).
Author: Nancy C. Cox
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing
Release Date: 2000-01-01
The Complete Tradesman redresses the relative paucity of studies on the history of retailing before 1800. Based upon extensive research into diverse trade sources, Cox takes issue with the surprisingly resilient stereotype of the 'dull' and 'out of date' shopkeeper in the early modern period, showing that the retailing sector was well adapted to the social and economic needs of the day and quick to exploit new opportunities. Chapters cover not only distribution, shop design, customer relations and networks between tradesmen, but also attitudes to retailing, official controls, and the response to novelty.