Staphylococcus

Author: Jodi A. Lindsay
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
ISBN: 9781904455295
Release Date: 2008
Genre: Science

Focusing on the staphylococcal genetics, this title brings together the expertise and enthusiasm of an international panel of leading staphylococcal researchers to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field.

Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections

Author: Ivano de Filippis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781627031851
Release Date: 2012-11-07
Genre: Science

Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections covers common bacterial pathogenic agents, with the most effective methods for their identification and classification in the light of their specific epidemiology. The book will be a valuable resource for molecular typing of infectious diseases agents encountered in both the research and hospital clinical lab settings, as well as culture collections. Each chapter provides an overview of molecular approaches to typing bacterial pathogens. Part I gives a general overview of typing methods used in the traditional microbiology laboratory in comparison to molecular methods of epidemiology. In Part II, the relative strengths and weaknesses of the different methods applicable to the specific agents of infectious diseases are emphasized. Specific emphasis is placed on recent changes and updates in molecular typing.

Genomes of Foodborne and Waterborne Pathogens

Author: Pina Fratamico
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
ISBN: 9781555814571
Release Date: 2010-12-20
Genre: Science

Detailed interpretation of the environmental consequences of the latest findings from genome sequencing studies—presenting both scientific and public health opportunities. • Explains how understanding pathogen genomics can help ensure the safety of global food and water supplies. • Focuses on specific food- and waterborne pathogens that represent major public health threats. • Examines how global trends, such as climate change, increasing human populations, and rising levels of pollution, are stressing the ecosystems that food- and waterborne pathogens encounter, forcing them to adapt. • Serves as an excellent text for microbiology and genomics researchers, public health officials, regulators, food scientists, and other applicable professionals.

Staphylococcus

Author: Greg A. Somerville
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
ISBN: 9781910190500
Release Date: 2016-10-15
Genre: Medical

In the twenty first century, the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus continues to be a global threat to human and animal health. There is currently no vaccine for preventing S. aureus infections and the bacterium has developed resistance to many, if not most, antibiotics, hence the therapeutic options are rapidly disappearing. The genetic and physiological flexibility that allows this commensal bacterium to become a powerful pathogen and elucidating the myriad of mechanisms it employs to avoid the host and/or antimicrobials are important areas of research. This book brings together respected S. aureus experts from around the world to provide a timely overview of staphylococcal research. Topics covered include: historical background; medical significance in humans and animals; genetic variation; virulence factors; metabolism and physiology; physiological proteomics; cell wall assembly and physiology; transition metal ion homeostasis; molecular strategies of antibiotic resistance; genetic regulation; and immune response. Essential reading for scientists working with staphylococci. This text is an excellent introduction for entry level scientists, as well as those seeking a deeper understanding of this critically important bacterial pathogen.

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance

Author: Om V. Singh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119139164
Release Date: 2016-11-10
Genre: Science

Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology.

Staphylococcus aureus Infection and Disease

Author: Allen Honeyman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306468483
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Genre: Medical

Staphylococcus aureus is now acknowledged as being the most important bacterial pathogen of humans. It usually produces localized disease but can be rapidly invasive, spreading through the tissues, invading bone, and seeding the bloodstream to produce a fulminant picture of septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and rapid death. Moreover, most strains of staph infections are becoming resistant to most antibiotics, thus posing a significant problem for hospitals and health care facilities. This book, a volume in the Infectious Agents and Pathogenesis series, presents chapters by the major researchers in the field.

Rapid Detection and Characterization of Foodborne Pathogens by Molecular Techniques

Author: Robert E. Levin
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142009243X
Release Date: 2009-10-26
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Decades of development of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) have yielded a significant array of associated techniques that make it possible to rapidly detect low numbers of all known pathogenic microorganisms without the traditional, more taxing methods of cultivation and phenotypic characterization. Written by one of the most prolific and respected researchers in food safety, Rapid Detection and Characterization of Foodborne Pathogens by Molecular Techniques describes the application of molecular techniques for the detection and discrimination of major infectious bacteria associated with foods. The book puts a particular focus on genes associated with pathogenicity used in PCR, including real-time PCR for specific detection of pathogenic bacteria and the inherent limitations of such methodology with certain pathogens. It also emphasizes methods for extracting microorganisms from complex food matrices and DNA purification techniques. The coverage begins with a highly comprehensive review of real time PCR, complete with theoretical and operational concepts. Each chapter deals with a specific organism and the techniques applied to that organism. The text includes references on the use of PCR primers and DNA probes, the DNA sequence of each being listed at the end of each chapter to create a complete compendium. This is not a "recipe book", but rather a resource with sufficiently detailed information that allows readers to fully comprehend the methodology described and the significance of the results. Copiously illustrated with figures, tables, charts, and graphs, this is a detailed presentation of the major, contemporary studies involving the molecular detection, quantification, and subspecies differentiation of each organism. With objective assessments of the molecular techniques, their advantages, and limitations, the book allows investigators to readily identify the precise molecular technique and application most suitable for their research.

Staphylococci in Human Disease

Author: Kent B. Crossley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444308475
Release Date: 2009-10-13
Genre: Medical

Staphylococci remain the most important cause of hospital-acquiredinfections in the U.S. and MRSA has become the most common cause ofskin and soft tissue infection in many parts of the world. There is now a much greater understanding of the physiology andevolution of the staphylococci and this new edition reflects therapid advancements in knowledge about this pathogen and provides acomprehensive review from both clinical and basic scienceperspectives. The first section addresses the basic biology of thestaphylococci, their molecular genetics, host defenses and hostevasion, virulence determinants, mechanisms of antibioticresistance, and laboratory techniques. The second section dealswith epidemiology, and the third section provides an overview ofthe varied clinical manifestations of human staphylococcalinfections. The fourth section covers prevention and treatment ofthese often life-threatening infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book is essentialreading for all clinicians and basic scientists studying thestaphylococci.

Superantigens

Author: Leung
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824798139
Release Date: 1997-02-20
Genre: Medical

This up-to-date sourcebook covers viral and bacterial superantigens (SAgs) from molecular structure and immunological processes to pathology and treatment of superantigen-mediated human diseases. Discusses diseases beyond Toxic Shock Syndrome, such as autoimmune and inflammatory skin conditions, as well as the role of superantigens in other infectious diseases. Illustrated with molecular structures of superantigens.

Bacterial Pathogenesis

Author: Frank R. DeLeo
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781588297402
Release Date: 2008-01-31
Genre: Medical

Bacterial infections affect world health today as a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. This book presents in-depth methods and state-of-the-art protocols for investigating specific mechanisms of pathogenesis for a wide range of bacteria. Written by experts in the field, this invaluable collection includes protocols to study host-pathogen interactions, animal models of infection, and novel approaches to identifying therapeutic targets designed to control infections.

Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites

Author: Juan-Francisco Martín
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781493911912
Release Date: 2014-09-09
Genre: Science

This volume describes the more relevant secondary metabolites of different fungi with current information on their biosynthesis and molecular genetics. Bolstered with color illustrations and photographs, the book describes the possible application of molecular genetics to directed strain improvement in great detail. The needs for future developments in this field are also discussed at length Written by authorities in the field, Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites provides a cutting-edge perspective on fungal secondary metabolism and underlying genetics and is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, and educators in the field of fungal biology.

Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry

Author: Fidel Toldrá
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118522677
Release Date: 2014-10-27
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Fermented meat products have been consumed for centuries in many different parts of the world and constitute one of the most important groups of food. Bacterial cultures are used in their manufacture to preserve the meat and confer particular textures and sensory attributes. Examples of fermented meats include salami, chorizo, pepperoni and saucisson. This fully revised and expanded reference book on meat fermentation presents all the principle fermented meat products and the processing technologies currently used in their manufacture. The 54 chapters of this substantial book are grouped into the following sections: Meat fermentation worldwide: overview, production and principles Raw materials Microbiology and starter cultures for meat fermentation Sensory attributes Product categories: general considerations Semidry-fermented sausages Dry-fermented sausages Other fermented meats and poultry Ripened meat products Biological and chemical safety of fermented meat products Processing sanitation and quality assurance There are five new chapters in the second edition that address the following topics: Smoking and new smoke flavourings; Probiotics; Methodologies for the study of the microbial ecology in fermented sausages; Low sodium in meat products; and Asian sausages. Handbook of Fermented Meat and Poultry, Second Edition provides readers with a full overview of meat fermentation, the role of microorganisms naturally present and/or added as starter cultures, safety aspects and an account of the main chemical, biochemical, physical and microbiological changes that occur in processing and how they affect final quality. Finally, readers will find the main types of worldwide fermented meat products, typically produced in different areas, with the description of their main characteristics.