Focusing on the staphylococcal genetics, this title brings together the expertise and enthusiasm of an international panel of leading staphylococcal researchers to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field.
Author: Ivano Filippis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-11-07
Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections covers common bacterial pathogenic agents, with the most effective methods for their identification and classification in the light of their specific epidemiology. The book will be a valuable resource for molecular typing of infectious diseases agents encountered in both the research and hospital clinical lab settings, as well as culture collections. Each chapter provides an overview of molecular approaches to typing bacterial pathogens. Part I gives a general overview of typing methods used in the traditional microbiology laboratory in comparison to molecular methods of epidemiology. In Part II, the relative strengths and weaknesses of the different methods applicable to the specific agents of infectious diseases are emphasized. Specific emphasis is placed on recent changes and updates in molecular typing.
Author: Pina Fratamico
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
Release Date: 2010-12-20
Detailed interpretation of the environmental consequences of the latest findings from genome sequencing studies—presenting both scientific and public health opportunities. • Explains how understanding pathogen genomics can help ensure the safety of global food and water supplies. • Focuses on specific food- and waterborne pathogens that represent major public health threats. • Examines how global trends, such as climate change, increasing human populations, and rising levels of pollution, are stressing the ecosystems that food- and waterborne pathogens encounter, forcing them to adapt. • Serves as an excellent text for microbiology and genomics researchers, public health officials, regulators, food scientists, and other applicable professionals.
Author: Greg A. Somerville
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-10-15
In the twenty first century, the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus continues to be a global threat to human and animal health. There is currently no vaccine for preventing S. aureus infections and the bacterium has developed resistance to many, if not most, antibiotics, hence the therapeutic options are rapidly disappearing. The genetic and physiological flexibility that allows this commensal bacterium to become a powerful pathogen and elucidating the myriad of mechanisms it employs to avoid the host and/or antimicrobials are important areas of research. This book brings together respected S. aureus experts from around the world to provide a timely overview of staphylococcal research. Topics covered include: historical background; medical significance in humans and animals; genetic variation; virulence factors; metabolism and physiology; physiological proteomics; cell wall assembly and physiology; transition metal ion homeostasis; molecular strategies of antibiotic resistance; genetic regulation; and immune response. Essential reading for scientists working with staphylococci. This text is an excellent introduction for entry level scientists, as well as those seeking a deeper understanding of this critically important bacterial pathogen.
Author: Om V. Singh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-01-30
Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology. About the Editor Om V. Singh, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Microbiology at the University of Pittsburgh, Bradford in Bradford, PA, USA.
Author: Mariapia Viola Magni
Release Date: 2010-06-22
This publication represents the result of the fruitful workshop organised with the aim to attract the attention on the possibility of bio terrorism attack, with the s- port of NATO funds. In the last years the attention was strongly concentrated on the terrorism view similar to “military type attacks:” bomb on the trains, kamikazes, airplanes etc. As consequence many devices studied are directed to prevent these attacks such as the control of the passengers before the flight. For the people terrorism is therefore equivalent to bomb or similar and nobody think that there is also other possible and sophisticated means that can be used by the terrorist. In 1995 Sarin gas in the Tokio subway killed 12 people and affected 5,000 persons. In the USA anthrax was sent by mail to many federal offices. These events and other cases attract the attention on these possible terrorist attacks and the first recommendations for preventing theses events were\elaborated in the United State and in Europe. The possible agents and the modality that can be used for the diffusion are analysed and food and water are considered the principal and more favourable way. The story and the principal decision about this were reported in the first article of this collection which introduces the concept of bio-terrorism.
Members of the genus Staphylococcus play important roles in disease causation in humans and animals. Over the past decade, the completed sequencing of many staphylococcal genomes has contributed to a surge in the number of publications, which have promoted a tremendous advance in our knowledge of these important pathogens. Significant developments include the emergence of new and highly virulent strains of S. aureus, advances in tracking the evolution of human and animal adapted strains, a heightened appreciation of the role of mobile genetic elements in antibiotic resistance and pathogenesis, and important insights into staphylococcal physiology, immune evasion strategies, and cell surface proteins, as well as significant advances in vaccine development and therapeutics. This Research Topic will focus attention on the latest developments in these areas as they pertain to S. aureus and members of the coagulase-negative Staphylococci, and will also strive to identify areas of future development.
Author: Allen Honeyman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Staphylococcus aureus is now acknowledged as being the most important bacterial pathogen of humans. It usually produces localized disease but can be rapidly invasive, spreading through the tissues, invading bone, and seeding the bloodstream to produce a fulminant picture of septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and rapid death. Moreover, most strains of staph infections are becoming resistant to most antibiotics, thus posing a significant problem for hospitals and health care facilities. This book, a volume in the Infectious Agents and Pathogenesis series, presents chapters by the major researchers in the field.
Release Date: 2013-07-22
Staph Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about Vaccines in a concise format. The editors have built Staph Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Vaccines in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Staph Infections: New Insights for the Healthcare Professional: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
This volume describes the more relevant secondary metabolites of different fungi with current information on their biosynthesis and molecular genetics. Bolstered with color illustrations and photographs, the book describes the possible application of molecular genetics to directed strain improvement in great detail. The needs for future developments in this field are also discussed at length Written by authorities in the field, Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites provides a cutting-edge perspective on fungal secondary metabolism and underlying genetics and is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, and educators in the field of fungal biology.
Author: Yuri E. Nikiforov
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Release Date: 2012-04-20
Diagnostic Pathology and Molecular Genetics of the Thyroid, Second Edition, offers a comprehensive overview of the diagnostic surgical pathology, cytopathology, immunohistochemistry and molecular genetics of the thyroid diseases, including neoplastic and non-neoplastic conditions. The book provides a detailed description of the surgical pathology of thyroid diseases side by side with major advances in immunohistochemistry and molecular genetics that can be used in evaluating thyroid tumors and non-neoplastic diseases.