Focusing on the staphylococcal genetics, this title brings together the expertise and enthusiasm of an international panel of leading staphylococcal researchers to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field.
Author: Ivano Filippis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-11-07
Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections covers common bacterial pathogenic agents, with the most effective methods for their identification and classification in the light of their specific epidemiology. The book will be a valuable resource for molecular typing of infectious diseases agents encountered in both the research and hospital clinical lab settings, as well as culture collections. Each chapter provides an overview of molecular approaches to typing bacterial pathogens. Part I gives a general overview of typing methods used in the traditional microbiology laboratory in comparison to molecular methods of epidemiology. In Part II, the relative strengths and weaknesses of the different methods applicable to the specific agents of infectious diseases are emphasized. Specific emphasis is placed on recent changes and updates in molecular typing.
Author: Om V. Singh
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2016-11-10
Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology.
Author: Greg A. Somerville
Publisher: Caister Academic Press
Release Date: 2016-10-15
In the twenty first century, the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus continues to be a global threat to human and animal health. There is currently no vaccine for preventing S. aureus infections and the bacterium has developed resistance to many, if not most, antibiotics, hence the therapeutic options are rapidly disappearing. The genetic and physiological flexibility that allows this commensal bacterium to become a powerful pathogen and elucidating the myriad of mechanisms it employs to avoid the host and/or antimicrobials are important areas of research. This book brings together respected S. aureus experts from around the world to provide a timely overview of staphylococcal research. Topics covered include: historical background; medical significance in humans and animals; genetic variation; virulence factors; metabolism and physiology; physiological proteomics; cell wall assembly and physiology; transition metal ion homeostasis; molecular strategies of antibiotic resistance; genetic regulation; and immune response. Essential reading for scientists working with staphylococci. This text is an excellent introduction for entry level scientists, as well as those seeking a deeper understanding of this critically important bacterial pathogen.
Author: Kent B. Crossley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2009-10-13
Staphylococci remain the most important cause of hospital-acquired infections in the U.S. and MRSA has become the most common cause of skin and soft tissue infection in many parts of the world. There is now a much greater understanding of the physiology and evolution of the staphylococci and this new edition reflects the rapid advancements in knowledge about this pathogen and provides a comprehensive review from both clinical and basic science perspectives. The first section addresses the basic biology of the staphylococci, their molecular genetics, host defenses and host evasion, virulence determinants, mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, and laboratory techniques. The second section deals with epidemiology, and the third section provides an overview of the varied clinical manifestations of human staphylococcal infections. The fourth section covers prevention and treatment of these often life-threatening infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book is essential reading for all clinicians and basic scientists studying the staphylococci.
Author: Pina Fratamico
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press
Release Date: 2010-12-20
Detailed interpretation of the environmental consequences of the latest findings from genome sequencing studies—presenting both scientific and public health opportunities. • Explains how understanding pathogen genomics can help ensure the safety of global food and water supplies. • Focuses on specific food- and waterborne pathogens that represent major public health threats. • Examines how global trends, such as climate change, increasing human populations, and rising levels of pollution, are stressing the ecosystems that food- and waterborne pathogens encounter, forcing them to adapt. • Serves as an excellent text for microbiology and genomics researchers, public health officials, regulators, food scientists, and other applicable professionals.
Author: Mariapia Viola Magni
Release Date: 2010-06-22
This publication represents the result of the fruitful workshop organised with the aim to attract the attention on the possibility of bio terrorism attack, with the s- port of NATO funds. In the last years the attention was strongly concentrated on the terrorism view similar to “military type attacks:” bomb on the trains, kamikazes, airplanes etc. As consequence many devices studied are directed to prevent these attacks such as the control of the passengers before the flight. For the people terrorism is therefore equivalent to bomb or similar and nobody think that there is also other possible and sophisticated means that can be used by the terrorist. In 1995 Sarin gas in the Tokio subway killed 12 people and affected 5,000 persons. In the USA anthrax was sent by mail to many federal offices. These events and other cases attract the attention on these possible terrorist attacks and the first recommendations for preventing theses events were\elaborated in the United State and in Europe. The possible agents and the modality that can be used for the diffusion are analysed and food and water are considered the principal and more favourable way. The story and the principal decision about this were reported in the first article of this collection which introduces the concept of bio-terrorism.
Members of the genus Staphylococcus play important roles in disease causation in humans and animals. Over the past decade, the completed sequencing of many staphylococcal genomes has contributed to a surge in the number of publications, which have promoted a tremendous advance in our knowledge of these important pathogens. Significant developments include the emergence of new and highly virulent strains of S. aureus, advances in tracking the evolution of human and animal adapted strains, a heightened appreciation of the role of mobile genetic elements in antibiotic resistance and pathogenesis, and important insights into staphylococcal physiology, immune evasion strategies, and cell surface proteins, as well as significant advances in vaccine development and therapeutics. This Research Topic will focus attention on the latest developments in these areas as they pertain to S. aureus and members of the coagulase-negative Staphylococci, and will also strive to identify areas of future development.
Staphylococcus aureus provides information on food borne outbreaks of disease and their impact on human health. It is for anyone interested in the features of the pathogen, and its food safety aspects, as well as its prevalence and possible control and eradication options. This is a practical reference for those in the food industry, but also includes some theoretical information useful for advising. The book introduces detailed features and molecular biology of the pathogen, as well as selective methods of detection, prevention and eradication essential for research. It covers methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus for food related industries, information on genetic lineages, cell wall components, cell division machinery, molecular characterization, and capillary electrophoresis for detecting and characterizing staphylococcus aureus. Includes information on established and novel antibiotic agents for experimental studies and methods of control and eradication Presents use cases of outbreak studies in molecular and cell biology Provides summary points of detection methods and applicability of those methods to other foodborne pathogens Covers the Staphylococcus aureus’ mode of transmission, detection, biology and impact on foodborne illness
The molecular age has brought about dramatic changes in medical microbiology, and great leaps in our understanding of the mechanisms of infectious disease. Molecular Medical Microbiology is the first book to synthesise the many new developments in both molecular and clinical research in a single comprehensive resource. This timely and authoritative three-volume work is an invaluable reference source of medical bacteriology. Comprising more than 100 chapters, organized into 17 major sections, the scope of this impressive work is wide-ranging. Written by experts in the field, chapters include cutting-edge information, and clinical overviews for each major bacterial group, in addition to the latest updates on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology. Topics covered include bacterial structure, cell function, and genetics; mechanisms of pathogenesis and prevention; antibacterial agents; and infections ranging from gastrointestinal to urinary tract, centrtal nervous system, respiratory tract, and more. The first comprehensive and accessible reference on molecular medical microbiology Full color presentation througout In-depth discussion of individual pathogenic bacteria in a system-oriented approach Includes a clinical overview for each major bacterial group Presents the latest information on vaccine development, molecular technology, and diagnostic technology More than 100 chapters covering all major groups of bacteria Written by an international panel of authors who are experts in their respective disciplines
Author: Taraprasad Das
Release Date: 2017-10-15
This book is an on-the-go resource on all aspects of endophthalmitis essential for practicing ophthalmologists and fellows in training. Endophthalmitis is a devastating condition of the eye. It occurs after surgery, trauma and by endogenous spread of infection. Endophthalmitis: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management deals comprehensively on all aspects of endophthalmitis management-the clinical and applied clinical aspects including the microbiology of the infecting organisms, pharmacokinetics of drugs used in management, investigations into cluster infection, and prophylaxis. An exclusive section is devoted to understanding the clinical trials in endophthalmitis and its analysis.
Author: Allen Honeyman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2006-04-11
Staphylococcus aureus is now acknowledged as being the most important bacterial pathogen of humans. It usually produces localized disease but can be rapidly invasive, spreading through the tissues, invading bone, and seeding the bloodstream to produce a fulminant picture of septic shock, disseminated intravascular coagulation, and rapid death. Moreover, most strains of staph infections are becoming resistant to most antibiotics, thus posing a significant problem for hospitals and health care facilities. This book, a volume in the Infectious Agents and Pathogenesis series, presents chapters by the major researchers in the field.
Author: Michel Tibayrenc
Release Date: 2017-01-12
Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease