Structure and Dynamics of Solutions

Author: H. Ohtaki
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483291420
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Recent advances in the study of structural and dynamic properties of solutions have provided a molecular picture of solute-solvent interactions. Although the study of thermodynamic as well as electronic properties of solutions have played a role in the development of research on the rate and mechanism of chemical reactions, such macroscopic and microscopic properties are insufficient for a deeper understanding of fast chemical and biological reactions. In order to fill the gap between the two extremes, it is necessary to know how molecules are arranged in solution and how they change their positions in both the short and long range. This book has been designed to meet these criteria. It is possible to develop a sound microscopic picture for reaction dynamics in solution without molecular-level knowledge of how reacting ionic or neutral species are solvated and how rapidly the molecular environment is changing with time. A variety of actual examples is given as to how and when modern molecular approaches can be used to solve specific solution problems. The following tools are discussed: x-ray and neutron diffraction, EXAFS, and XANES, molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo computer simulations, Raman, infrared, NMR, fluorescence, and photoelectron emission spectroscopic methods, conductance and viscosity measurements, high pressure techniques, and statistical mechanics methods. Static and dynamic properties of ionic solvation, molecular solvation, ion-pair formation, ligand exchange reactions, and typical organic solvents are useful for bridging the gap between classical thermodynamic studies and modern single-molecule studies in the gas phase. The book will be of interest to solution, physical, inorganic, analytical and structural chemists as well as to chemical kineticists.

Structure and Dynamics of Macromolecules Absorption and Fluorescence Studies

Author: J.R. Albani
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080474489
Release Date: 2011-08-30
Genre: Science

Structure and Dynamics of Macromolecules: Absorption and Fluorescence Studies is clearly written and contains invaluable examples, coupled with illustrations that demonstrate a comprehensible analysis and presentation of the data. This book offers practical information on the fundamentals of absorption and fluorescence, showing that it is possible to interpret the same result in different ways. It is an asset to students, professors and researchers wishing to discover or use absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy, and to scientists working on the structure and dynamics of macromolecules. * Offers concise information on the fundamentals of absorption and fluorescence * Critically reviews examples taken from previously published literature * Highly illustrated, it is suitable for academic and institutional libraries and government laboratories

Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers

Author: Evgeni Starikov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080461018
Release Date: 2011-08-11
Genre: Science

Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers provides an interesting selection of contributions from an international team of researchers in theoretical chemistry. This book is extremely useful for tackling the complicated scientific problems connected with biopolymers' physics and chemistry. The applications of both the classical molecular-mechanical and molecular-dynamical methods and the quantum chemical methods needed for bridging the gap to structural and dynamical properties dependent on electron dynamics are explained. Also included are ways to deal with complex problems when all three approaches need to be considered at the same time. The book gives a rich spectrum of applications: from theoretical considerations of how ATP is produced and used as ‘energy currency’ in the living cell, to the effects of subtle solvent influence on properties of biopolymers and how structural changes in DNA during single-molecule manipulation may be interpreted. · Presents modern successes and trends in theoretical physical chemistry/chemical physics of biopolymers · Topics covered are of relevant importance to rapidly developing areas in science such as nanotechnology and molecular medicine · Quality selection of contributions from renowned scientists in the field

Structure Fluctuation and Relaxation in Solutions

Author: H. Nomura
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080544770
Release Date: 1995-12-20
Genre: Science

The results of a special research project carried out for "Molecular Approaches to Non-equilibrium Process in Solution" were presented during The 42nd Yamada Conference on "Structure, Fluctuation and Relaxation in Solution" which was held from 11-15 December, 1994. The following topics were discussed at the conference: 1. Solvation Dynamics 2. Relaxation, Fluctuation and Reaction Dynamics 3. Dynamic Structure and Reaction Mechanisms in Solutions. These topics were the main concern of this conference.

Structure and Dynamics of Solutions

Author: H. Ohtaki
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483291420
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Recent advances in the study of structural and dynamic properties of solutions have provided a molecular picture of solute-solvent interactions. Although the study of thermodynamic as well as electronic properties of solutions have played a role in the development of research on the rate and mechanism of chemical reactions, such macroscopic and microscopic properties are insufficient for a deeper understanding of fast chemical and biological reactions. In order to fill the gap between the two extremes, it is necessary to know how molecules are arranged in solution and how they change their positions in both the short and long range. This book has been designed to meet these criteria. It is possible to develop a sound microscopic picture for reaction dynamics in solution without molecular-level knowledge of how reacting ionic or neutral species are solvated and how rapidly the molecular environment is changing with time. A variety of actual examples is given as to how and when modern molecular approaches can be used to solve specific solution problems. The following tools are discussed: x-ray and neutron diffraction, EXAFS, and XANES, molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo computer simulations, Raman, infrared, NMR, fluorescence, and photoelectron emission spectroscopic methods, conductance and viscosity measurements, high pressure techniques, and statistical mechanics methods. Static and dynamic properties of ionic solvation, molecular solvation, ion-pair formation, ligand exchange reactions, and typical organic solvents are useful for bridging the gap between classical thermodynamic studies and modern single-molecule studies in the gas phase. The book will be of interest to solution, physical, inorganic, analytical and structural chemists as well as to chemical kineticists.

Introduction to Computational Chemistry

Author: Frank Jensen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781118825952
Release Date: 2016-12-14
Genre: Science

Introduction to Computational Chemistry 3rd Edition provides a comprehensive account of the fundamental principles underlying different computational methods. Fully revised and updated throughout to reflect important method developments and improvements since publication of the previous edition, this timely update includes the following significant revisions and new topics: * Polarizable force fields * Tight-binding DFT * More extensive DFT functionals, excited states and time dependent molecular properties * Accelerated Molecular Dynamics methods * Tensor decomposition methods * Cluster analysis * Reduced scaling and reduced prefactor methods Additional information is available at: www.wiley.com/go/jensen/computationalchemistry3

Computational studies of RNA and DNA

Author: Jirí Šponer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402048517
Release Date: 2006-10-05
Genre: Science

This book integrates modern computational studies of nucleic acids, ranging from advanced electronic structure quantum chemical calculations through explicit solvent molecular dynamics (MD) simulations up to mesoscopic modelling, with the main focus given to the MD field. It gives an equal emphasis to the leading methods and applications while successes as well as pitfalls of the computational techniques are discussed.

Mathematical Challenges from Theoretical Computational Chemistry

Author:
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: NAP:12877
Release Date: 1995-03-29
Genre: Mathematics

Computational methods are rapidly becoming major tools of theoretical, pharmaceutical, materials, and biological chemists. Accordingly, the mathematical models and numerical analysis that underlie these methods have an increasingly important and direct role to play in the progress of many areas of chemistry. This book explores the research interface between computational chemistry and the mathematical sciences. In language that is aimed at non-specialists, it documents some prominent examples of past successful cross-fertilizations between the fields and explores the mathematical research opportunities in a broad cross-section of chemical research frontiers. It also discusses cultural differences between the two fields and makes recommendations for overcoming those differences and generally promoting this interdisciplinary work.

Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Piotr Paneth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048130344
Release Date: 2010-08-03
Genre: Science

"Kinetics and Dynamics" on molecular modeling of dynamic processes opens with an introductory overview before discussing approaches to reactivity of small systems in the gas phase. Then it examines studies of systems of increasing complexity up to the dynamics of DNA. This title has interdisciplinary character presenting wherever possible an interplay between the theory and the experiment. It provides basic information as well as the details of theory and examples of its application to experimentalists and theoreticians interested in modeling of dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical systems. All contributing authors are renowned experts in their fields and topics covered in this volume represent the forefront of today’s science.

Physical Chemistry of Polyelectrolytes

Author: Tsetska Radeva
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0824704630
Release Date: 2001-02-21
Genre: Science

An examination of the fundamental nature of polyelectrolytes, static and dynamic properties of salt-free and salt-added solutions, and interactions with other charged and neutral species at interfaces with applications to industry and medicine. It applies the Metropolis Monte Carlo simulation to calculate counterion distributions, electric potentials, and fluctuation of counterion polarization for model DNA fragments.

An Introduction to Theoretical Chemistry

Author: Jack Simons
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521530474
Release Date: 2003-03-20
Genre: Science

Textbook on modern theoretical chemistry suitable for advanced undergraduate or graduate students.