Structure and Dynamics of Solutions

Author: H. Ohtaki
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781483291420
Release Date: 2013-10-22
Genre: Science

Recent advances in the study of structural and dynamic properties of solutions have provided a molecular picture of solute-solvent interactions. Although the study of thermodynamic as well as electronic properties of solutions have played a role in the development of research on the rate and mechanism of chemical reactions, such macroscopic and microscopic properties are insufficient for a deeper understanding of fast chemical and biological reactions. In order to fill the gap between the two extremes, it is necessary to know how molecules are arranged in solution and how they change their positions in both the short and long range. This book has been designed to meet these criteria. It is possible to develop a sound microscopic picture for reaction dynamics in solution without molecular-level knowledge of how reacting ionic or neutral species are solvated and how rapidly the molecular environment is changing with time. A variety of actual examples is given as to how and when modern molecular approaches can be used to solve specific solution problems. The following tools are discussed: x-ray and neutron diffraction, EXAFS, and XANES, molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo computer simulations, Raman, infrared, NMR, fluorescence, and photoelectron emission spectroscopic methods, conductance and viscosity measurements, high pressure techniques, and statistical mechanics methods. Static and dynamic properties of ionic solvation, molecular solvation, ion-pair formation, ligand exchange reactions, and typical organic solvents are useful for bridging the gap between classical thermodynamic studies and modern single-molecule studies in the gas phase. The book will be of interest to solution, physical, inorganic, analytical and structural chemists as well as to chemical kineticists.

Computational Methods for Understanding Riboswitches

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128016183
Release Date: 2015-02-24
Genre: Science

This new volume of Methods in Enzymology continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field. This volume covers computational prediction RNA structure and dynamics, including such topics as computational modeling of RNA secondary and tertiary structures, riboswitch dynamics, and ion-RNA, ligand-RNA and DNA-RNA interactions. Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers computational methods and applications in RNA structure and dynamics Contains chapters with emerging topics such as RNA structure prediction, riboswitch dynamics and thermodynamics, and effects of ions and ligands.

Kinetics and Dynamics

Author: Piotr Paneth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048130344
Release Date: 2010-08-03
Genre: Science

"Kinetics and Dynamics" on molecular modeling of dynamic processes opens with an introductory overview before discussing approaches to reactivity of small systems in the gas phase. Then it examines studies of systems of increasing complexity up to the dynamics of DNA. This title has interdisciplinary character presenting wherever possible an interplay between the theory and the experiment. It provides basic information as well as the details of theory and examples of its application to experimentalists and theoreticians interested in modeling of dynamic processes in chemical and biochemical systems. All contributing authors are renowned experts in their fields and topics covered in this volume represent the forefront of today’s science.

Computational Approaches for Studying Enzyme Mechanism

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780128053638
Release Date: 2016-08-04
Genre: Medical

Computational Approaches for Studying Enzyme Mechanism Part A, is the first of two volumes in the Methods in Enzymology series, focusses on computational approaches for studying enzyme mechanism. The serial achieves the critically acclaimed gold standard of laboratory practices and remains one of the most highly respected publications in the molecular biosciences. Each volume is eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. Now with over 550 volumes, the series remains a prominent and essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences and biotechnology, including biochemistry, chemical biology, microbiology, synthetic biology, cancer research, and genetics to name a few. Focuses on computational approaches for studying enzyme mechanism Continues the legacy of this premier serial with quality chapters authored by leaders in the field Covers research methods in intermediate filament associated proteins, and contains sections on such topics as lamin-associated proteins, intermediate filament-associated proteins and plakin, and other cytoskeletal cross-linkers

Mathematical Challenges from Theoretical Computational Chemistry

Author:
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN: NAP:12877
Release Date: 1995-03-29
Genre: Mathematics

Computational methods are rapidly becoming major tools of theoretical, pharmaceutical, materials, and biological chemists. Accordingly, the mathematical models and numerical analysis that underlie these methods have an increasingly important and direct role to play in the progress of many areas of chemistry. This book explores the research interface between computational chemistry and the mathematical sciences. In language that is aimed at non-specialists, it documents some prominent examples of past successful cross-fertilizations between the fields and explores the mathematical research opportunities in a broad cross-section of chemical research frontiers. It also discusses cultural differences between the two fields and makes recommendations for overcoming those differences and generally promoting this interdisciplinary work.

Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry

Author: John P. Richard
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123740939
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Science

Advances in Physical Organic Chemistry provides the chemical community with authoritative and critical assessments of the many aspects of physical organic chemistry. The field is a rapidly developing one, with results and methodologies finding application from biology to solid state physics. * Reviews the application of quantitative and mathematical methods towards understanding chemical problems * Multidisciplinary volumes cover organic, organometallic, bioorganic, enzymes and materials topics

Mathematical Challenges from Theoretical Computational Chemistry

Author: Committee on Mathematical Challenges from Computational Chemistry
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309560641
Release Date: 1995-04-12
Genre: Mathematics

Computational methods are rapidly becoming major tools of theoretical, pharmaceutical, materials, and biological chemists. Accordingly, the mathematical models and numerical analysis that underlie these methods have an increasingly important and direct role to play in the progress of many areas of chemistry. This book explores the research interface between computational chemistry and the mathematical sciences. In language that is aimed at non-specialists, it documents some prominent examples of past successful cross-fertilizations between the fields and explores the mathematical research opportunities in a broad cross-section of chemical research frontiers. It also discusses cultural differences between the two fields and makes recommendations for overcoming those differences and generally promoting this interdisciplinary work.

Dynamics of Proteins and Nucleic Acids

Author: J. Andrew McCammon
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521356520
Release Date: 1988-04-29
Genre: Science

This book is a self-contained introduction to the theory of atomic motion in proteins and nucleic acids. An understanding of such motion is essential because it plays a crucially important role in biological activity. The authors, both of whom are well known for their work in this field, describe in detail the major theoretical methods that are likely to be useful in the computer-aided design of drugs, enzymes and other molecules. A variety of theoretical and experimental studies is described and these are critically analyzed to provide a comprehensive picture of dynamic aspects of biomolecular structure and function. The book will be of interest to graduate students and research workers in structural biochemistry (X-ray diffraction and NMR), theoretical chemistry (liquids and polymers), biophysics, enzymology, molecular biology, pharmaceutical chemistry, genetic engineering and biotechnology.

Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research 2011 Edition

Author:
Publisher: ScholarlyEditions
ISBN: 9781464963308
Release Date: 2012-01-09
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Materials and Manufacturing Research. The editors have built Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Materials and Manufacturing Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Materials and Manufacturing Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers

Author: Evgeni Starikov
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080461018
Release Date: 2011-08-11
Genre: Science

Modern Methods for Theoretical Physical Chemistry of Biopolymers provides an interesting selection of contributions from an international team of researchers in theoretical chemistry. This book is extremely useful for tackling the complicated scientific problems connected with biopolymers' physics and chemistry. The applications of both the classical molecular-mechanical and molecular-dynamical methods and the quantum chemical methods needed for bridging the gap to structural and dynamical properties dependent on electron dynamics are explained. Also included are ways to deal with complex problems when all three approaches need to be considered at the same time. The book gives a rich spectrum of applications: from theoretical considerations of how ATP is produced and used as ‘energy currency’ in the living cell, to the effects of subtle solvent influence on properties of biopolymers and how structural changes in DNA during single-molecule manipulation may be interpreted. · Presents modern successes and trends in theoretical physical chemistry/chemical physics of biopolymers · Topics covered are of relevant importance to rapidly developing areas in science such as nanotechnology and molecular medicine · Quality selection of contributions from renowned scientists in the field