Surveillance and Governance

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781849505581
Release Date: 2008-04-08
Genre: Social Science

Presents insights in the sociological study of surveillance and governance in the context of criminal justice and other control strategies. This volume provides a varied set of theoretical perspectives and substantive research domains on the qualities and quantities of some of the transformations of social control.

Sociology of Crime Law and Deviance

Author: Jeffery T. Ulmer
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780762306800
Release Date: 2000
Genre: Science

Annotation. Volume 2 of the Sociology of Crime, Law and Deviance series demonstrates methodological diversity by presenting quantitative studies, ethnographies and discourse analyses. Through an application of these methodologies, the authors examine sanctions, crime and fear, legal and social control organizations and processes, and theory development.

Surveillance and Governance

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9780762314164
Release Date: 2008-04-08
Genre: Social Science

Presents insights in the sociological study of surveillance and governance in the context of criminal justice and other control strategies. This volume provides a varied set of theoretical perspectives and substantive research domains on the qualities and quantities of some of the transformations of social control.

Race Ethnicity and Law

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781787146037
Release Date: 2017-06-01
Genre: Social Science

This new volume of Sociology of Crime, Deviance and Law addresses issues of race and ethnicity within the law and law-related phenomena.

Punished

Author: Victor M. Rios
Publisher: NYU Press
ISBN: 9780814776377
Release Date: 2011-06-27
Genre: Social Science

The author discusses his background as a former gang member and juvenile delinquent in Oakland, California, during the 1980s and 1990s, details his efforts to study the lives of young men from his neighborhood after earning a PhD in sociology at Berkeley, and emphasizes the importance of understanding in order to develop solutions for young men who live in a culture of punishment.

Crime and Human Rights

Author: Stephan Parmentier
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780762313068
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Social Science

Over the past decades, human rights have gained an increasing significance in law, politics and society, at the national and the international level. According to the American scholar Louis Henkin, human rights have become the paradigm of our time, thereby displacing previous paradigms such as religion and socialism. The criminal justice system has not been immune to this rapid rise of human rights. In the past two decades, considerable attention has been paid to the rules of due process for suspects and offenders, during criminal proceedings and in situations of detention. In recent years, the rights of victims have gained more weight in the criminal justice system, also in international tribunals and courts. Moreover, the principles and norms of human rights have received wide attention in conceptualizing crime and delinquency. Some crimes, e.g. trafficking in human beings or violence against women and children, are now defined in terms of human rights violations. The same is true with gross and systematic human rights violations, such as genocide and crimes against humanity. This volume wishes to address these major developments in a systematic way, from the perspective of criminology and sociology, by way of original contributions. In the first part, we look at several types of crimes, old and new, from the angle of human rights and human rights violations, while the second part sketches the influence of the human rights paradigm on some parts of the justice system in North America, Europe and elsewhere. This volume is addressed to students and researchers in criminology and criminal justice studies, and to professionals and policy-makers in the criminal justice system, primarilybut not exclusively in North America and Europe.

Surveillance and Governance

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9780762314164
Release Date: 2008-04-08
Genre: Social Science

Presents insights in the sociological study of surveillance and governance in the context of criminal justice and other control strategies. This volume provides a varied set of theoretical perspectives and substantive research domains on the qualities and quantities of some of the transformations of social control.

Popular Culture Crime and Social Control

Author: Mathieu Deflem
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781849507332
Release Date: 2010-04-21
Genre: Social Science

Contains contributions on the theme of popular culture, crime, and social control. This title includes chapters that tease out various criminologically relevant issues, pertaining to crime/deviance and/or the control thereof, on the basis of an analysis of various aspects and manifestations of popular culture, including music, and movies.

Immigration Crime and Justice

Author: William McDonald
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 9781848554399
Release Date: 2009-04-16
Genre: Social Science

Examines the nexus between immigration and crime from all of the angles. This work addresses not just the evidence regarding the criminality of immigrants but also the research on the victimization of immigrants; human trafficking; domestic violence; the police handling of human trafficking; and, the exportation to crime problems via deportation.

Fixing Broken Windows

Author: George L. Kelling
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 9780684837383
Release Date: 1997
Genre: Political Science

Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Governing Through Crime

Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780195181081
Release Date: 2007-02-03
Genre: History

Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.

Making Public Places Safer

Author: Brandon C. Welsh
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199716951
Release Date: 2009-11-04
Genre: Law

The United Kingdom has more than 4.2 million public closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras-one for every fourteen citizens. Across the United States, hundreds of video surveillance systems are being installed in town centers, public transportation facilities, and schools at a cost exceeding $100 million annually. And now other Western countries have begun to experiment with CCTV to prevent crime in public places. In light of this expansion and the associated public expenditure, as well as pressing concerns about privacy rights, there is an acute need for an evidence-based approach to inform policy and practice. Drawing on the highest-quality research, criminologists Brandon C. Welsh and David P. Farrington assess the effectiveness and social costs of not only CCTV, but also of other important surveillance methods to prevent crime in public space, such as improved street lighting, security guards, place managers, and defensible space. Importantly, the book goes beyond the question of "Does it work?" and examines the specific conditions and contexts under which these surveillance methods may have an effect on crime as well as the mechanisms that bring about a reduction in crime. At a time when cities need cost-effective methods to fight crime and the public gradually awakens to the burdens of sacrificing their privacy and civil rights for security, Welsh and Farrington provide this timely and reliable guide to the most effective and non-invasive uses of surveillance to make public places safer from crime.

Elite Deviance

Author: David R. Simon
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781351668644
Release Date: 2018-02-05
Genre: Social Science

Tracing the causes of elite deviance to the structure of U.S. power and wealth, this book introduces students to theories of elite deviance and covers both criminal and non-criminal elite acts that cause significant harm. This considerably updated, 11th edition enriches its coverage of both historical and contemporary elite deviance. Updates include: New and expanded discussions on history, property, and historical critique from Revolutionary America onward. New analysis on Donald Trump: his cabinet members of the political elite, his relationship with the EPA, and his business connections. Investigation into Caribbean and European tax havens. An extended review on elite deviance and increasing inequalities. Very current information and examples of scandals in international conflicts. The section on changing media patterns.

Social Control

Author: James J. Chriss
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780745680743
Release Date: 2013-06-13
Genre: Law

What is social control? How do social controls become part of everyday life? What role does the criminal justice system play in exerting control? Is the diagnosis and treatment of mental illness a form of social control? Do we need more social controls to prevent terrorist atrocities? In this new edition of his popular and engaging introduction, James J. Chriss carefully guides readers through the debates about social control. The book provides a comprehensive guide to historical debates and more recent controversies, examining in detail the criminal justice system, medicine, everyday life, and national security. Assuming no specialist knowledge on the part of readers, Chriss uses a rich range of contemporary examples to illustrate the ways in which social control is exerted and maintained. The updated edition includes new and expanded discussion of the 2011 Tucson shootings, post-9/11 counterterrorism laws in the transition from the Bush to the Obama administrations, the death of bin Laden, racial profiling, housing segregation and white flight, hate crimes, (counter)surveillance and flash mobs, the diagnosis of conditions such as ADHD, and agents of socialization in the areas of work and consumption, religion, the family, and the mass media. This new edition of Social Control: An Introduction will be essential reading for students taking courses in deviance and social control, and will also appeal to those studying criminology, the sociology of law, and medical sociology.

Surveillance and Crime

Author: Roy Coleman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9781849204446
Release Date: 2010-10-15
Genre: Social Science

Surveillance has a long-standing relationship with crime and its identification, prevention, detection and punishment. With information on each citizen spanning up to 700 databases, and over 4 million CCTV cameras in the United Kingdom alone, this book explores how new technologies have given rise to new forms of monitoring and control. Offering a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between surveillance, crime and criminal justice, this book explores: the development of surveillance technologies within a broad historical context how new surveillance technologies are shaped by existing social relations, political practices, cultural traditions and organizational contexts the implications of the use of surveillance in responding to crime (including biometrics, DNA samples and electronic monitoring) how 'new' surveillance technologies reinforce 'old' social divisions - particularly along the lines of class, race, gender and age. The book draws upon theoretical debates from a range of disciplines to shed light on this topical subject. Engaging and authoritative, this is an important read for advanced students and academics in criminology, criminal justice, social policy and sociology. The Key Approaches to Criminology series celebrates the removal of traditional barriers between disciplines and, specifically, reflects criminology’s interdisciplinary nature and focus. It brings together some of the leading scholars working at the intersections of criminology and related subjects. Each book in the series helps readers to make intellectual connections between criminology and other discourses, and to understand the importance of studying crime and criminal justice within the context of broader debates. The series is intended to have appeal across the entire range of undergraduate and postgraduate studies and beyond, comprising books which offer introductions to the fields as well as advancing ideas and knowledge in their subject areas.