Author: Prof Keith Scott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-05-16
Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology brings together the basic concepts of electrochemical science and engineering and shows how these are applied in an industrial context, emphasising the major role that electrochemistry plays within society and industry in providing cleaner, greener and more sustainable technologies. Electrochemistry has many applications for sustainability; it can be used to store energy, synthesise materials and chemicals, to generate power and to recycle valuable resources. Coverage includes Electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis and Thermodynamics Electrochemical Cells, Materials and Reactors Carbon Dioxide Reduction and Electro-Organic Synthesis Hydrogen production and Water Electrolysis Inorganic Synthesis Electrochemical Energy Storage and Power Sources Electrochemical processes for recycling and resource recovery Fuel Cell Technologies This book is targeted at both industrial and academic readers, providing a good technological reference base for electrochemistry. It will enable the reader to build on basic principles of electrochemistry, and takes these through to cell design for various and diverse applications.
This book honors Professor. John O’M. Bockris, presenting authoritative reviews on some of the subjects to which he made significant contributions – i.e., electrocatalysis, fuel cells, electrochemical theory, electrochemistry of single crystals, in situ techniques, rechargeable batteries, passivity, and solar-fuels – and revealing the roles of electrochemical science and technology in achieving a sustainable society. Electrochemistry has long been an object of study and is now growing in importance, not only because of its fundamental scientific interest but also because of the central role it is expected to play in a future sustainable society. Professor John O’M. Bockris contributed greatly to various aspects of fundamental and applied electrochemistry – such as the structure of the double layer, kinetics and mechanism of the electrochemistry of hydrogen and oxygen, electrocatalysis, adsorption and electrochemical oxidation of small organic molecules, fuel cells, electrocrystallization, theoretical electrochemistry, new methods, photoelectrochemistry, bioelectrochemistry, corrosion and passivity, hydrogen in metals, ionic solutions and ionic liquids, and molten silicates and glasses, as well as socio-economic issues such as the hydrogen economy – for over half a century from 1945 until his retirement in 1997.
Author: Alejandro De Las Heras
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2014-04-01
Sustainability Science and Technology: An Introduction explains the root causes of global failures in natural and human systems, as well as the most readily available technological solutions. The book dispels risky scientific and technological ideas that further complicate the current environmental and socioeconomic predicaments. It also bridges gaps among scientific and technological fields and systematically translates current findings for a wide technical and public audience. Written at a level accessible to all, the story is told one bite-sized chapter at a time, about the size of a scientific journal article. The chapters are self-contained, each grappling with a large topic. This provides more in-depth coverage of a topic than a standard encyclopedia article and promotes the widest possible dialog around sustainability issues and their solutions. Case studies from all continents and all technological development levels expound viable solutions for each of the planetary systems: water, soils, and atmosphere. In turn, the wider socioeconomic context of sustainable science and technology is examined. One of the first books to address the full scope of sustainability, it sets the stage for discussion and sustainability re(training) across professional divides. The editor and contributors take a balanced approach that is neither too technical nor too focused on any particular field. They highlight global and regional perspectives and the linkages between different planetary and human systems. The book helps you understand the thorny essence of sustainability issues—often fraught with ethical dilemmas, obsolete technologies, and lifestyle implications—and how to develop solutions to them.
This book offers comprehensive coverage of carbon-based nanomaterials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and strategies. With in-depth discussions ranging from electrochemistry fundamentals to engineering components and applied devices, this all-inclusive reference offers a broad view of various carbon nanomaterials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices.
Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.
Author: Wilhelm Ostwald
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Release Date: 2013-10-10
Wilhelm Ostwald: Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie Erstdruck: Berlin (Klasing) 1926/1927. Vollständige Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2013. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Ostwald, Wilhelm: Lebenslinien. Eine Selbstbiographie, 3 Teile, Berlin: Klasing, 1926/1927. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage unter Verwendung des Bildes: Wilhelm Ostwald (1903). Gesetzt aus Minion Pro, 11 pt. Über den Autor: Neben dessen Gründer Ernst Haeckel war der Freimaurer und Chemie-Nobelpreisträger Wilhelm Ostwald einer der führenden Köpfe des Deutschen Monistenbundes, der eine wissenschaftlich begründbare Weltanschauung nach dem Prinzip der Einheit von Natur und Geist vertrat und dabei christlicher Dogmatik widersprach. Er schlug unter dem Namen »Weltdeutsch« ein vereinfachtes Deutsch als internationale Plansprache vor und setzte sich für ein Weltgeld ein. Nach Differenzen mit der Universität Leipzig legte er seinen Lehrstuhl nieder und lebte als Privatforscher bis zu seinem Lebensende 1932 auf seinem Landsitz in Großbothen.
Ultrasonic irradiation and the associated sonochemical and sonophysical effects are complementary techniques for driving more efficient chemical reactions and yields. Sonochemistry—the chemical effects and applications of ultrasonic waves—and sustainable (green) chemistry both aim to use less hazardous chemicals and solvents, reduce energy consumption, and increase product selectivity. A comprehensive collection of knowledge, Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound covers the most relevant aspects linked to and linking green chemistry practices to environmental sustainability through the uses and applications of ultrasound-mediated and ultrasound-assisted biological, biochemical, chemical, and physical processes. Chapters are presented in the areas of: Medical applications Drug and gene delivery Nanotechnology Food technology Synthetic applications and organic chemistry Anaerobic digestion Environmental contaminants degradation Polymer chemistry Industrial syntheses and processes Reactor design Electrochemical systems Combined ultrasound−microwave technologies While the concepts of sonochemistry have been known for more than 80 years, in-depth understanding of this phenomenon continues to evolve. Through a review of the current status of chemical and physical science and engineering in developing more environmentally friendly and less toxic synthetic processes, this book highlights many existing applications and the enormous potential of ultrasound technology to upgrade present industrial, agricultural, and environmental processes.
This book has been edited by Martine Poux, Patrick Cognet and Christophe Gourdon from the Laboratoire de Génie Chimique/ENSIACET, Toulouse. It presents an ensemble of methods and new chemical engineering routes that can be integrated in industrial processing for safer, more flexible, economical, and ecological production processes in the context of green and sustainable engineering. Different methods for improving process performance are dealt with, including: • Eco-design and process optimization by systemic approaches • New technologies for intensification • Radical change of industrial processes via the use of new media and new routes for chemical synthesis These various methods are fully illustrated with examples and industrial cases, making this book application oriented.
Author: Richard C. Alkire
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2013-09-25
Bioelectrochemistry is a fast growing field at the interface between electrochemistry and other sciences such as biochemistry, analytical chemistry and medicinal chemistry. In the recent years, the methods and the understanding of the fundamentals have seen significant progress, which has led to rapid development in the field. Here, the expert editors have carefully selected contributions to best reflect the latest developments in this hot and rapidly growing interdisciplinary topic. The resulting excellent and timely overview of this multifaceted field covers recent methodological advances, as well as a range of new applications for analytical detection, drug screening, tumor therapy, and for energy conversion in biofuel cells. This book is a must-have for all Electrochemists, Biochemists, Analytical Chemists, and Medicinal Chemists.
Author: Evan S. Beach
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-06-12
Volume 10 in the Handbook of Green Chemistry series provides useful and practical tools, databases, and laboratory approaches to support chemists working in both academia and industry in achieving their green chemistry goals. Among many other helpful techniques covered, the authors offer prediction software, life cycle assessment methodology, and screening tools.
Author: Sanjay K. Sharma
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-12-02
Genre: Technology & Engineering
With its unique focus on specifically addressing the problems for societies and economies associated with corrosion and their solution, this book provides an up-to-date overview of the progress in corrosion chemistry and engineering. International experts actively involved in research and development place particular emphasis on how to counter the economic and environmental consequences of corrosion with the help of science and technology, making this a valuable resource for researchers as well as decision makers in industry and politics. Further major parts of the book are devoted to corrosion prevention in the naval and energy sector as well as to corrosion monitoring and waste management.
Author: Carl H. Hamann
Publisher: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH
Release Date: 2005
Die vierte Auflage eines echten Klassikers: Elektrochemie von den physikalisch-chemischen Grundlagen bis zu technischen, besonders auch energietechnischen, Anwendungen. Die erfahrenen Lehrbuchautoren stellen die schwierige Materie anschaulich und einfach, aber dennoch exakt, dar. Zahlreiche informative Grafiken unterstützen dieses Ziel, Tabellen liefern das nötige Zahlenmaterial mit. Das Spektrum dieses Buches erstreckt sich über - physikalisch-chemische Grundlagen - moderne Untersuchungsmethoden der Elektrochemie wie Spektroelektrochemie und Massenspektrometrie - elektrochemische Analytik einschließlich Sensorik - elektrochemische Produktionsverfahren - Brennstoffzellen - Bioelektrochemische Methoden und Fragestellungen - Mikro- und Nanotechnologie Ein Muß für jeden Chemiestudenten im Hauptstudium sowie für Chemieingenieure, Materialwissenschaftler und Physiker mit Chemie als Nebenfach!
Author: Sumio Sakka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Ceramic materials
Since Dr. Disiich of Germany prepared a glass lens by the sol-gel method around 1970, sol-gel science and technology has continued to develop. Since then this field has seen remarkable technical developments as well as a broadening of the applications of sol-gel science and technology. There is a growing need for a comprehensive reference that treats both the fundamentals and the applications, and this is the aim of "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology."The primary purpose of sol-gel science and technology is to produce materials, active and non-active including optical, electronic, chemical, sensor, bio- and structural materials. This means that sol-gel science and technology is related to all kinds of manufacturing industries. Thus Volume 1, "Sol-Gel Processing," is devoted to general aspects of processing. Newly developed materials such as organic-inorganic hybrids, photonic crystals, ferroelectric coatings, photocatalysts will be covered. Topics in this volume include: Volume 2, "Characterization of Sol-Gel Materials and Products, "highlights the important fact that useful materials are only produced when characterization is tied to processing. Furthermore, characterization is essential to the understanding of nanostructured materials, and sol-gel technology is a most important technology in this new field. Since nanomaterials display their functional property based on their nano- and micro-structure, "characterization" is very important. Topics found in Volume 2 include: Sol-gel technology is a versatile technology, making it possible to produce a wide variety of materials and to provide existing substances with novel properties. This technology was applied to producingnovel materials, for example organic-inorganic hybrids, which are quite difficult to make by other fabricating techniques, and it was also applied to producing materials based on high temperature superconducting oxides. "Applications of Sol-Gel Technology," (Volume 3), will cover applications such as: