Teeth

Author: Simon Hillson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521837014
Release Date: 2005-07-21
Genre: Medical

An examination of dental studies in archaeology and related disciplines, first published in 2005.

Zooarchaeology

Author: Elizabeth J. Reitz
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139467742
Release Date: 2008-01-14
Genre: Social Science

This is an introductory text for students interested in identification and analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. The emphasis is on animals whose remains inform us about the relationship between humans and their natural and social environments, especially site formation processes, subsistence strategies, the processes of domestication, and paleoenvironments. Examining examples from all over the world, from the Pleistocene period up to the present, this volume is organized in a way that is parallel to faunal study, beginning with background information, bias in a faunal assemblage, and basic zooarchaeological methods. This revised edition reflects developments in zooarchaeology during the past decade. It includes sections on enamel ultrastructure and incremental analysis, stable isotyopes and trace elements, ancient genetics and enzymes, environmental reconstruction, people as agents of environmental change, applications of zooarchaeology in animal conservation and heritage management, and a discussion of issues pertaining to the curation of archaeofaunal materials.

Vertebrate Taphonomy

Author: R. Lee Lyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521458404
Release Date: 1994-07-07
Genre: History

In recent years archaeologists and paleontologists have become increasingly interested in how and why vertebrate animal remains become, or do not become, fossils. Vertebrate Taphonomy introduces interested researchers to the wealth of analytical techniques developed by archaeologists and paleontologists to help them understand why prehistoric animal remains do or do not preserve, and why those that preserve appear the way they do. This book is comprehensive in scope, and will serve as an important work of reference for years to come.

Mammal Bones and Teeth

Author: Simon Hillson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315424996
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science

This guide is designed as an introduction to the basic methods for identifying mammal bones and teeth. It is intended to highlight for beginners the main points on which identifications can be made on the bulk of bones and teeth from a small range of common Old World mammals.

Palaeopathology

Author: Tony Waldron
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139474006
Release Date: 2008-10-20
Genre: Social Science

Palaeopathology is designed to help bone specialists with diagnosis of diseases in skeletal assemblages. It suggests an innovative method of arriving at a diagnosis in the skeleton by applying what are referred to as 'operational definitions'. The aim is to ensure that all those who study bones will use the same criteria for diagnosing disease, which will enable valid comparisons to be made between studies. This book is based on modern clinical knowledge and provides background information so that those who read it will understand the natural history of bone diseases, and this will enable them to draw reliable conclusions from their observations. Details of bone metabolism and the fundamentals of basic pathology are also provided, as well as a comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography. A short chapter on epidemiology provides information on how best to analyze and present the results of a study of human remains.

Medicine and Healing in the Ancient Mediterranean

Author: D. Michaelides
Publisher: Oxbow Books
ISBN: 9781782972358
Release Date: 2014-05-30
Genre: Medical

There are many recoverable aspects and indications concerning medicine and healing in the ancient past Ð from the archaeological evidence of skeletal remains, grave-goods comprising medical and/or surgical equipment and visual representations in tombs and other monuments thorough to epigraphic and literary sources. The 42 papers presented here cover many aspects medicine in the Mediterranean world during Antiquity and early Byzantine times, bringing together both internationally established specialists on the history of medicine and researchers in the early stages of their career. The contributions are grouped under a series of headings: medicine and archaeology; media (online access to electronic corpus); the Aegean; medical authors/schools of medicine; surgery; medicaments and cures; skeletal remains; new research in Cyprus; Asklepios and incubation; and Byzantine, Arab and medieval sources. These subject areas are addressed through a combination of wide ranging archaeological and osteological data and the examination and interpretation of philosophical, literary and historiographical texts to provide a comprehensive suite of studies into early practices in this fundamental field of human experience.

Bioarchaeology

Author: Clark Spencer Larsen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521838696
Release Date: 2015-03-30
Genre: History

A synthetic treatment of the study of human remains from archaeological contexts for current and future generations of bioarchaeologists.

Phytoliths

Author: Dolores R. Piperno
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 9780759114463
Release Date: 2006-01-30
Genre: Social Science

Introductory guide to the analysis of plant phytoliths in archaeology.

Mammal Bones and Teeth

Author: Simon Hillson
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315424996
Release Date: 2016-06-16
Genre: Social Science

This guide is designed as an introduction to the basic methods for identifying mammal bones and teeth. It is intended to highlight for beginners the main points on which identifications can be made on the bulk of bones and teeth from a small range of common Old World mammals.

The Archaeology of Human Bones

Author: Simon Mays
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781136971778
Release Date: 2010-04-21
Genre: Science

The Archaeology of Human Bones provides an up to date account of the scientific analysis of human skeletal remains from archaeological sites. This completely revised edition reflects the latest developments in scientific techniques for studying human skeletons and the latest applications of those techniques in archaeology. In particular, the sections on ancient DNA and bone stable isotopes have been comprehensively updated, and two completely new chapters have been introduced, covering metric study of the postcranial skeleton and ethical dimensions of the study of human remains. The Archaeology of Human Bones introduces students to the anatomy of bones and teeth, utilising a large number of images. It analyzes the biasing effects of decay and incomplete recovery on burial data from archaeological sites, and discusses what we may learn about burial rites from human remains. Subsequent chapters focus on demographic analysis of earlier populations, normal skeletal variation, disease and injury, isotopic and DNA analysis of bone, the study of cremated bone and ethical aspects of working with ancient human remains. Current scientific methods are explained, alongside a critical discussion of their strengths and weaknesses. The ways in which scientific analyses of human skeletal remains can contribute to tackling major archaeological or historical issues is illustrated by means of examples drawn from studies from around the world. Technical jargon is kept to a minimum, and each chapter contains a summary of the main points that a student should grasp and a list of further reading targeted to enable students to follow up major issues covered in the book. Featuring case studies from around the world and with copious illustrations, The Archaeology of Human Bones continues to be a crucial work for students of archaeology.

Photography in Archaeology and Conservation

Author: Peter G. Dorrell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 0521455545
Release Date: 1994-09-29
Genre: Photography

Describes the use and methods of photography in field archaeology, surveys, conservation and archaeological laboratories.

Quantitative Paleozoology

Author: R. Lee Lyman
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139471121
Release Date: 2008-03-31
Genre: Social Science

Quantitative Paleozoology describes and illustrates how the remains of long-dead animals recovered from archaeological and paleontological excavations can be studied and analyzed. The methods range from determining how many animals of each species are represented to determining whether one collection consists of more broken and more burned bones than another. All methods are described and illustrated with data from real collections, while numerous graphs illustrate various quantitative properties.

Demography in Archaeology

Author: Andrew T. Chamberlain
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139455343
Release Date: 2006-07-06
Genre: Social Science

Demography in Archaeology, first published in 2006, is a review of current theory and method in the reconstruction of populations from archaeological data. Starting with a summary of demographic concepts and methods, the book examines historical and ethnographic sources of demographic evidence before addressing the methods by which reliable demographic estimates can be made from skeletal remains, settlement evidence and modern and ancient biomolecules. Recent debates in palaeodemography are evaluated, new statistical methods for palaeodemographic reconstruction are explained, and the notion that past demographic structures and processes were substantially different from those pertaining today is critiqued. The book covers a wide span of evidence, from the evolutionary background of human demography to the influence of natural and human-induced catastrophes on population growth and survival. This is essential reading for any archaeologist or anthropologist with an interest in relating the results of field and laboratory studies to broader questions of population structure and dynamics.

Lithics

Author: William Andrefsky, Jr
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139448192
Release Date: 2005-12-08
Genre: Social Science

This book is a fully updated and revised edition of William Andrefsky Jr's ground-breaking manual on lithic analysis. Designed for students and professional archaeologists, this highly illustrated book explains the fundamental principles of the measurement, recording and analysis of stone tools and stone tool production debris. Introducing the reader to lithic raw materials, classification, terminology and key concepts, it comprehensively explores methods and techniques, presenting detailed case studies of lithic analysis from around the world. It examines new emerging techniques, such as the advances being made in lithic debitage analysis and lithic tool analysis, and includes a new section on stone tool functional studies. An extensive and expanded glossary makes this book an invaluable reference for archaeologists at all levels.