Author: Taylor & Francis Group
Release Date: 2018-07-30
Published in 1999, this book discusses issues related to the current and possible future technological progress in genetic technology linked to in vitro fertilization, specifically preimplantation diagnosis and germline gene therapy, from a scientific and medical as well as from a social, juridical and ethical point of view. The 31 contributions are divided into six sections medical and scientific view, personal interests and moral implications, moral rights and duties, social concepts and moral implications, choices and decision making, and justice in health care and legal regulation.
Author: Henry T. Greely
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 2016-05-30
Within 40 years many people will stop having sex for reproduction. After IVF and preimplantation genetic diagnosis, parents will pick embryos for implantation, gestation, and birth. It will be easy, safe, lawful, and free, Henry Greely predicts. He explains the new technologies and sets out the deep ethical and legal challenges facing humanity.
This text presents human reproduction from the biological point of view. It is most appropriate for use by non-science students who would like a biological understanding of human reproduction. The three parts of the book may be studied in whatever sequences the instructor desires. Part I contains topics on human inheritance and biotechnology. Part II has in depth coverage of fertilization, and the major biological events of embryonic and fetal development. In Part III, the evolution of sexual reproduction is presumed to have increased biological fitness.
Author: Linda J. Heffner
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2010-03-29
This text explores the breadth of human reproductive biology and pathophysiology in separate sections, giving students the basic science required to understand the reproductive disorders of men and women they will encounter during their clinical training.
Author: David DeGrazia
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Release Date: 2012-06-01
The ethics of creating -- or declining to create -- human beings has been addressed in several contexts: debates over abortion and embryo research; literature on "self-creation"; and discussions of procreative rights and responsibilities, genetic engineering, and future generations. Here, for the first time, is a sustained, scholarly analysis of all of these issues -- a discussion combining breadth of topics with philosophical depth, imagination with current scientific understanding, argumentative rigor with accessibility. The overarching aim of Creation Ethics is to illuminate a broad array of issues connected with reproduction and genetics, through the lens of moral philosophy. With novel frameworks for understanding prenatal moral status and human identity, and exceptional fairness to those holding different views, David DeGrazia sheds new light on the ethics of abortion and embryo research, genetic enhancement and prenatal genetic interventions, procreation and parenting, and decisions that affect the quality of life of future generations. Along the way, he helpfully introduces personal identity theory and value theory as well as such complex topics as moral status, wrongful life, and the "nonidentity problem." The results include a subjective account of human well-being, a standard for responsible procreation and parenting, and a theoretical bridge between consequentialist and nonconsequentialist ethical theories. The upshot is a synoptic, mostly liberal vision of the ethics of creating human beings.
Author: R. Jansen
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 1999-04-15
This is a forward-looking clinical reference of definitive authority on today's headline controversies surrounding in vitro fertilization (IVF) and reproductive genetics. Written by leading experts from medicine, education, psychology, ethics, counseling, and other disciplines studying fertility and genetics, the book contains nearly 70 chapters in seven sections. The introductory section deals with biology, business, morality and society in IVF and reproductive genetics; other sections focus on IVF outcomes, personal ethics and business, biology of the egg, sperm and embryo, implantation, IVF and society, and such 21st century topics as space travel and human reproduction, the disappearing male,and the future of motherhood. Includes bibliographic references and index.
Author: Anver Kuliev
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-08-16
Genre: Health & Fitness
Although treatment remains the major goal in the control of genetic disease, this is not yet a reality for most inherited conditions. In the absence of radical treatment, preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) offers the answer to the control of these inherited conditions by predicting reproductive outcome. PGD is now entering its third decade as an established procedure for genetic and assisted reproduction practices, with new and exciting developments changing the whole concept of prevention of congenital disorders. The availability of practical experience from tens of thousands of PGD cases makes it necessary to update the current information on its accuracy, reliability and safety. The Second Edition of this successful book updates the progress in prevention of genetic disorders to demonstrate the important place of PGD in primary preventive measures and its increasing role in providing the whole range of reproduction options to couples at risk. In addition, it provides an extensive review of the most recent developments within the field of PGD including, PGD for expanding indications such as de novo mutations, cancers, inherited cardiac diseases and combined PGD for single gene disorders, HLA typing and 24 chromosome testing in patients of advance reproductive age. This practical book is vital for all practitioners within the field of fertility, reproductive medicine and medical genetics. It will also be useful for those responsible for planning and organizing PGD services and provides a working manual for the establishment and performance of PGD in the framework of IVF and genetic practices.
Author: Carlos Simón
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2017-12-14
Different genetic diagnostic and treatment options are used worldwide to improve routine IVF procedures for the benefit of patients. This handbook updates the new genetic diagnostic technologies that have been translated to practice aiming to improve outcomes in the clinic and have a healthy baby at home. Chapters cover the use of genetic technologies in a personalized manner to unravel the possible genetic risks for the couple wishing to conceive, in terms of sperm, the embryo, the endometrium, miscarriage, and finally the fetus. ?
Author: Robert Martin
Publisher: Basic Books (AZ)
Release Date: 2013-06-11
A primatologist explores the mystery of the origins of human reproduction, explaining that understanding the evolutionary past can provide insight into what worked, what didn't, and what it all means for the future of mankind.
Author: Alberto Revelli
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Release Date: 2002-12-31
Since the birth of the first successful IVF baby over twenty years ago, the field of assisted reproduction has grown exponentially. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, gamete and embryo freezing, and embryo cloning are only a few examples of reproductive biotechnologies that have stimulated a worldwide debate. Biotechnology of Human Reproduction presents an up-to-date basis for this debate. The book supplies a complete overview of how new biotechnologies benefit human reproductive medicine, from the viewpoints of both basic research and clinical application. The book explores the most relevant issues in the field, including reproductive genetics, biology, pharmacology, endocrinology, surgery, and assisted reproduction technology. In each chapter, scientists and clinicians give insight into a particular aspect of human reproduction. The science and technology in this field has expanded beyond all expectations, and will only continue to grow. The wealth of information available and the continuing growth in this field creates a continuing need for up-to-date knowledge. Biotechnology of Human Reproduction provides an expert and comprehensive overview of the field as it is understood and practiced today, and in the future.
Author: Werner A. Mueller
Release Date: 2015-01-03
This book describes human development including sexual reproduction and stem cell research with the development of model organisms that are accessible to genetic and experimental analysis in readily understandable texts and 315 multi-colored graphics. The introductory account of model organisms selected from the entire animal kingdom presents general principles, which are then outlined in subsequent chapters devoted to, for example, sexual development; genes controlling development and their contemporary molecular-analysis methods; production of clones and transgenic animals; development of the nervous and circulatory systems; regenerative medicine and ageing. Finally the evolution of developmental toolkits and novelties is discussed including the genetic basis of the enlargement of the human forebrain. Separate boxes are devoted to controversial questions such as the benefits and problems of prenatal diagnostics or the construction of ancient body plans.
Author: Björn Glantz
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release Date: 2010
Infertility is a major increasing concern. As the male factor contributes to about half of the infertility cases, sperm analysis is extremely important for diagnosis and investigation of infertility. In this book, the cytometric techniques used to evaluate sperm DNA/chromatin integrity together with some other functional properties of the male gamete are described and advantages and limitations are discussed. In addition, the authors provide an overview of how antioxidative and redox systems participate in spermatogenesis and in pathological conditions, such as heat stress, in the testes. Oxidative stress-induced damage to both oocytes in vivo and embryos in culture are also examined, as well as the role of ROS signalling in embryo development. Furthermore, endometriosis is an oestrogen-dependent disease which affects 6% to 30% of women in reproductive age and is associated with infertility in approximately 60% of cases. In this book, classic and recently proposed etiopathogenic mechanisms or endometriosis-related infertility are discussed, as well as some aspects of its clinical investigation and medical treatment. Other chapters in this book assess the capability of combining of Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and embryo quality as predictors of pregnancy outcome and an examination of how the use of animal models can help us to understand the female reproductive system and the aetiology of some female infertile disorders.