The 13th Element

Author: John Emsley
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 047144149X
Release Date: 2002-01-21
Genre: Science

The incredible "glowing" history of the "Devil's element "phosphorus Discovered by alchemists, prescribed by apothecaries, exploited by ninth-century industrialists, and abused by twentieth-century combatants, the chemical element phosphorus has fascinated us for more than three centuries. It may even be the cause of will-o'-the wisps and spontaneous human combustion! Now John Emsley has written an enthralling account of this eerily luminescent element. Shining with wonderful nuggets-from murders-by-phosphorus to a match factory strike; from the firebombing of Hamburg to the deadly compounds derived from phosphorus today-The 13th Element weaves together a rich tableau of brilliant and oddball characters, social upheavals, and bizarre events.

The 13th Element

Author: John Emsley
Publisher: Turner Publishing Company
ISBN: 1620456311
Release Date: 2002-01-01
Genre: Science

The incredible ""glowing"" history of the ""Devil's element ""phosphorus Discovered by alchemists, prescribed by apothecaries, exploited by ninth-century industrialists, and abused by twentieth-century combatants, the chemical element phosphorus has fascinated us for more than three centuries. It may even be the cause of will-o'-the wisps and spontaneous human combustion! Now John Emsley has written an enthralling account of this eerily luminescent element. Shining with wonderful nuggets-from murders-by-phosphorus to a match factory strike; from the firebombing of Hamburg to the deadly compounds derived from phosphorus today-The 13th Element weaves together a rich tableau of brilliant and oddball characters, social upheavals, and bizarre events.

The 13th Element

Author: John Emsley
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 0471394556
Release Date: 2000-08-28
Genre: Science

The incredible "glowing" history of the "Devil's element "phosphorus Discovered by alchemists, prescribed by apothecaries, exploited by ninth-century industrialists, and abused by twentieth-century combatants, the chemical element phosphorus has fascinated us for more than three centuries. It may even be the cause of will-o'-the wisps and spontaneous human combustion! Now John Emsley has written an enthralling account of this eerily luminescent element. Shining with wonderful nuggets-from murders-by-phosphorus to a match factory strike; from the firebombing of Hamburg to the deadly compounds derived from phosphorus today-The 13th Element weaves together a rich tableau of brilliant and oddball characters, social upheavals, and bizarre events.

The Thirteenth Tale

Author: Diane Setterfield
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9781409139058
Release Date: 2011-12-08
Genre: Fiction

Angelfield House stands abandoned and forgotten. It was once home to the March family - fascinating, manipulative Isabelle, brutal, dangerous Charlie, and the wild, untamed twins, Emmeline and Adeline. But Angelfield House hides a chilling secret which strikes at the very heart of each of them, tearing their lives apart... Now Margaret Lea is investigating Angelfield's past - and the mystery of the March family starts to unravel. What has Angelfield been hiding? What is its connection with the enigmatic writer Vida Winter? And what is the secret that strikes at the heart of Margaret's own, troubled life? As Margaret digs deeper, two parallel stories unfold, and the tale she uncovers sheds a disturbing light on her own life...

The Tao of Chemistry and Life

Author: Eugene H. Cordes
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199708762
Release Date: 2009-06-04
Genre: Science

Written with the non-scientist in mind, this book employs the molecule and its interactions to explain the characteristics of living organisms in terms of the underlying chemistry of life. Following introductory chapters on the fundamentals of life, attention then turns to small molecules such as hormones and neurotransmitters and subsequently to macromolecules including proteins and nucleic acids. The interactions between small and macromolecules remains a central point throughout the book. These include enzymatic catalysis, hormone action, neurotransmission, regulation of metabolism, biosynthesis of macromolecules, the mechanism of action of drugs, taste, olfaction, learning and memory, and chemical communication. A second central point of emphasis is the sensitive relationship between chemical structure and biological activity. Examples abound and include why subtle changes in fatty acid architecture have positive or negative outcomes for human health in omega-three fatty acids and trans fats and how modest changes in the chemical decoration of the steroid skeleton provide the difference between male and female sex hormones. Beyond these examples taken from the chemistry of small molecules, the book includes a thoughtful consideration of genomics, including the relationship between genome structure and species. The theme of human health appears throughout the book. Cardiovascular medicine, cancer, metabolic diseases, and diseases of the nervous system receive significant attention including consideration of how a variety of drugs work in combating these issues. In sum, the goal of this book is to inform the non-scientist community in a way that will lead to increased understanding of the relationship between chemistry and life.

High Performance Spark

Author: Holden Karau
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781491943151
Release Date: 2017-05-25
Genre: Computers

Apache Spark is amazing when everything clicks. But if you haven’t seen the performance improvements you expected, or still don’t feel confident enough to use Spark in production, this practical book is for you. Authors Holden Karau and Rachel Warren demonstrate performance optimizations to help your Spark queries run faster and handle larger data sizes, while using fewer resources. Ideal for software engineers, data engineers, developers, and system administrators working with large-scale data applications, this book describes techniques that can reduce data infrastructure costs and developer hours. Not only will you gain a more comprehensive understanding of Spark, you’ll also learn how to make it sing. With this book, you’ll explore: How Spark SQL’s new interfaces improve performance over SQL’s RDD data structure The choice between data joins in Core Spark and Spark SQL Techniques for getting the most out of standard RDD transformations How to work around performance issues in Spark’s key/value pair paradigm Writing high-performance Spark code without Scala or the JVM How to test for functionality and performance when applying suggested improvements Using Spark MLlib and Spark ML machine learning libraries Spark’s Streaming components and external community packages

Benefit Cost Analysis of Data Used to Allocate Funds

Author: Bruce Spencer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781461260998
Release Date: 2012-12-06
Genre: Business & Economics

This monograph treats the question of determining how much to spend for the collection and analysis of public data. This difficult problem for government statisticians and policy-makers is likely to become even more pressing in the near future. The approach taken here is to estimate and compare the benefits and costs of alternative data programs. Since data are used in many ways, the benefits are hard to measure. The strategy I have adopted focuses on use of data to determine fund allocations, particularly in the General Revenue Sharing program. General Revenue Sharing is one of the largest allocation programs in the United States. That errors in population counts and other data cause sizable errors in allocation has been much publicized. Here we analyze whether the accuracy of the 1970 census of population and other data used by General Revenue Sharing should be improved. Of course it is too late to change the 1970 census program, but the method and techniques of analysis will apply to future data programs. In partic ular, benefit-cost analyses such as this are necessary for informed decisions about whether the expense of statistical programs is justi fied or not. For example, although a law authorizing a mid-decade census was enacted in 1976, there exists great doubt whether funds will be provided so a census can take place in 1985. (The President's Budget for 1981 allows no money for the mid-decade census, despite the Census Bureau's request for $1. 9 million for planning purposes.

The 13th Sign

Author: Kristin O'Donnell Tubb
Publisher: Feiwel & Friends
ISBN: 9781250037664
Release Date: 2013-01-08
Genre: Juvenile Fiction

What if there was a 13th zodiac sign? You're no longer Sagittarius, but Ophiuchus, the healer, the 13th sign. Your personality has changed. So has your mom's and your best friend's. What about the rest of the world? What if you were the one who accidentally unlocked the 13th sign, causing this world-altering change, and infuriating the other 12 signs? In this book by Kristin O'Donnell Tubb, Jalen did it, and now she must use every ounce of her strength and cunning to send the signs back where they belong. Lives, including her own, depend upon it.

The Periodic Table

Author: Eric R. Scerri
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195345673
Release Date: 2006-10-12
Genre: Science

The periodic table is one of the most potent icons in science. It lies at the core of chemistry and embodies the most fundamental principles of the field. The one definitive text on the development of the periodic table by van Spronsen (1969), has been out of print for a considerable time. The present book provides a successor to van Spronsen, but goes further in giving an evaluation of the extent to which modern physics has, or has not, explained the periodic system. The book is written in a lively style to appeal to experts and interested lay-persons alike. The Periodic Table begins with an overview of the importance of the periodic table and of the elements and it examines the manner in which the term 'element' has been interpreted by chemists and philosophers. The book then turns to a systematic account of the early developments that led to the classification of the elements including the work of Lavoisier, Boyle and Dalton and Cannizzaro. The precursors to the periodic system, like D?bereiner and Gmelin, are discussed. In chapter 3 the discovery of the periodic system by six independent scientists is examined in detail. Two chapters are devoted to the discoveries of Mendeleev, the leading discoverer, including his predictions of new elements and his accommodation of already existing elements. Chapters 6 and 7 consider the impact of physics including the discoveries of radioactivity and isotopy and successive theories of the electron including Bohr's quantum theoretical approach. Chapter 8 discusses the response to the new physical theories by chemists such as Lewis and Bury who were able to draw on detailed chemical knowledge to correct some of the early electronic configurations published by Bohr and others. Chapter 9 provides a critical analysis of the extent to which modern quantum mechanics is, or is not, able to explain the periodic system from first principles. Finally, chapter 10 considers the way that the elements evolved following the Big Bang and in the interior of stars. The book closes with an examination of further chemical aspects including lesser known trends within the periodic system such as the knight's move relationship and secondary periodicity, as well at attempts to explain such trends.

Statistical Modelling in GLIM

Author: Murray Aitkin
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198522037
Release Date: 1989-01-01
Genre: Mathematics

The analysis of data by statistical modelling is becoming increasingly important. This book presents both the theory of statistical modelling with generalized linear models and the application of the theory to practical problems using the widely available package GLIM. The authors have takenpains to integrate the theory with many practical examples which illustrate the value of interactive statistical modelling. Throughout the book theoretical issues of formulating and simplifying models are discussed, as are problems of validating the models by the detection of outliers and influential observations. The book arises from short courses given at the University of Lancaster's Centre for Applied Statistics, with an emphasis on practical programming in GLIM and numerous examples. A wide range of case studies is provided, using the normal, binomial, Poisson, multinomial, gamma, exponential andWeibull distributions. A feature of the book is a detailed discussion of survival analysis. Statisticians working in a wide range of fields, including biomedical and social sciences, will find this book an invaluable desktop companion to aid their statistical modelling. It will also provide a text for students meeting the ideas of statistical modelling for the first time.

Radioactivity

Author: Michael F. L'Annunziata
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780444634962
Release Date: 2016-05-13
Genre: Science

A recipient of the PROSE 2017 Honorable Mention in Chemistry & Physics, Radioactivity: Introduction and History, From the Quantum to Quarks, Second Edition provides a greatly expanded overview of radioactivity from natural and artificial sources on earth, radiation of cosmic origins, and an introduction to the atom and its nucleus. The book also includes historical accounts of the lives, works, and major achievements of many famous pioneers and Nobel Laureates from 1895 to the present. These leaders in the field have contributed to our knowledge of the science of the atom, its nucleus, nuclear decay, and subatomic particles that are part of our current knowledge of the structure of matter, including the role of quarks, leptons, and the bosons (force carriers). Users will find a completely revised and greatly expanded text that includes all new material that further describes the significant historical events on the topic dating from the 1950s to the present. Provides a detailed account of nuclear radiation – its origin and properties, the atom, its nucleus, and subatomic particles including quarks, leptons, and force carriers (bosons) Includes fascinating biographies of the pioneers in the field, including captivating anecdotes and insights Presents meticulous accounts of experiments and calculations used by pioneers to confirm their findings

IBPS Bank Clerk Preliminary Exam MegaBook Guide Past Papers 15 Practice Sets 2nd Edition

Author: Disha Experts
Publisher: Disha Publications
ISBN: 9789386629548
Release Date: 2017-08-29
Genre:

The IBPS Clerk Prelim Exam MEGABOOK covers all the 3 sections as per the latest syllabus English Language, Quantitative Aptitude and Reasoning. The book now comes with 2015 & 2016 Prelim Exam Solved Papers. The book has 2 parts. The Part A provides well illustrated theory with exhaustive fully solved examples for learning. This is followed with an exhaustive collection of solved questions in the form of Exercise. The Part B provides 15 practice sets for the Prelim exam exactly on the new pattern. The book is the perfect solution for the prelim exam.

The New IBPS Bank PO MT Guide to Preliminary Exam with 2015 2016 Solved Papers 2nd Edition

Author: Disha Experts
Publisher: Disha Publications
ISBN: 9789386323514
Release Date: 2017-08-01
Genre:

The New IBPS Bank PO Guide to Preliminary Exam with 2015 & 2016 Solved Papers 2nd Edition covers all the 3 sections as per the latest syllabus English Language, Quantitative Aptitude and Reasoning. The book has been updated with the 2015 & 2016 Solved Papers. The book provides well illustrated theory with exhaustive fully solved examples for learning. This is followed with an exhaustive collection of solved questions in the form of Exercise. The book is the perfect solution for the prelim exam.