Author: Gregory Nagy
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date: 2013-02-25
Genre: Literary Criticism
The ancient Greeks’ concept of “the hero” was very different from what we understand by the term today. In 24 installments, based on the Harvard course Gregory Nagy has taught and refined since the 1970s, The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours explores civilization’s roots in Classical literature, a lineage that continues to challenge and inspire us.
What does it mean to be a hero? The ancient Greeks who gave us Achilles and Odysseus had a very different understanding of the term than we do today. Based on the legendary Harvard course that Gregory Nagy has taught for well over thirty years, The Ancient Greek Hero in 24 Hours explores the roots of Western civilization and offers a masterclass in classical Greek literature. We meet the epic heroes of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, but Nagy also considers the tragedies of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, the songs of Sappho and Pindar, and the dialogues of Plato. Herodotus once said that to read Homer was to be a civilized person. To discover Nagy's Homer is to be twice civilized. "Fascinating, often ingenious...A valuable synthesis of research finessed over thirty years." --Times Literary Supplement "Nagy exuberantly reminds his readers that heroes--mortal strivers against fate, against monsters, and...against death itself--form the heart of Greek literature...[He brings] in every variation on the Greek hero, from the wily Theseus to the brawny Hercules to the 'monolithic' Achilles to the valiantly conflicted Oedipus." --Steve Donoghue, Open Letters Monthly
Author: Katharina Wesselmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 2011-10-27
Herodotus is often criticised for his mythical representation of historical events. However, this offers an important key to the understanding of the text. Starting with the reconstruction of a contemporary mythical-ritual framework, in her reading of the Histories Katharina Wesselmann uses the associative content of the traditional themes of iniquity, madness, trickery and transition which underpin the Histories. In this way Herodotus no longer appears as the father of history writing, as Cicero called him, but rather as the heir to a tradition of storytelling.
Author: Averil Cameron
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh
Release Date: 2014-07
Konnten Christen 'Dialoge fuhren'? Mit dieser Frage verknupft Averil Cameron ein starkes Pladoyer fur eine intensivere Auseinandersetzung mit einer Gattung christlicher Literatur, die in der Spatantike eine ungeheure Produktivitat entfaltete. Dialoge und Debatten, die sich gegen Haretiker, Juden, Manichaer und spater gegen Muslime richteten, fuhrten zu einer neuen Blute der antiken Dialogform und nicht zu deren Ende, wie haufig gegenteilig behauptet wurde. So vielseitig wie die unterschiedlichen Anlasse waren auch die Formen der Debatten, die haufig in todernster Absicht gefuhrt wurden. Averil Cameron behandelt die Dialoge als Teil der christlichen Literatur, um sie hinsichtlich ihrer gesellschaftlichen Dynamik und ihrer intellektuellen und literarischen Leistung zu untersuchen. Mit seinem Anmerkungsapparat und ausfuhrlichem Literaturverzeichnis ist der Band auch als Einfuhrung in einen lohnenswerten und wichtigen Forschungsbereich geeignet.
Author: Alexandros Kampakoglou
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2018-03-05
Genre: Literary Criticism
Visual culture, performance and spectacle lay at the heart of all aspects of ancient Greek daily routine, such as court and assembly, cult and ritual, and art and culture. Seeing was considered the most secure means of obtaining knowledge, with many citing the etymological connection between ‘seeing’ and ‘knowing’ in ancient Greek as evidence for this. Seeing was also however often associated with mere appearances, false perception and deception. Gazing and visuality in the ancient Greek world have had a central place in the scholarship for some time now, enjoying an abundance of pertinent discussions and bibliography. If this book differs from the previous publications, it is in its emphasis on diverse genres: the concepts ‘gaze’, ‘vision’ and ‘visuality’ are considered across different Greek genres and media. The recipients of ancient Greek literature (both oral and written) were encouraged to perceive the narrated scenes as spectacles and to ‘follow the gaze’ of the characters in the narrative. By setting a broad time span, the evolution of visual culture in Greece is tracked, while also addressing broader topics such as theories of vision, the prominence of visuality in specific time periods, and the position of visuality in a hierarchisation of the senses.
Author: Brian R. Doak
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2019
Authors from the ancient world rarely used great detail to describe the physical features of characters in their works. When they did mention bodies, they did so with very specific goals in mind. In particular, the bodies of "heroic" figures, such as warriors, kings, and other leaders became loaded sites of meaning for encoding cultural, religious, and political values on a number of fronts. Brian Doak analyzes the way biblical authors described the bodies of some of their most iconic male figures, such as Jacob, the Judges, Saul, and David. These bodies represent not mere individuals-they communicate as national bodies, signaling the ambiguity of Israel's murky pre-history, the division during the period of settlement in the land, and the contest of leading bodies fought between Saul and David. Heroic Bodies in Ancient Israel examines the heroic world of ancient Israel within the Hebrew Bible, and shows that ancient Israelite literature operated within and against a world of heroic ideals in its ancient context. The heroic body tells a story of Israel's remembered history in the eventual making of the monarchy, marking a new kind of individual power. Not merely a textual study of the Hebrew Bible in isolation, this book also considers iconography and compares Israelite literature with other ancient Mediterranean and Near Eastern materials, illustrating Israel's place among a wider construction of heroic bodies.
Author: Marília P. Futre Pinheiro
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2017-12-04
Genre: Literary Criticism
The protagonists of the ancient novels wandered or were carried off to distant lands, from Italy in the west to Persia in the east and Ethiopia in the south; the authors themselves came, or pretended to come, from remote places such as Aphrodisia and Phoenicia; and the novelistic form had antecedents in a host of classical genres. These intersections are explored in this volume. Papers in the first section discuss “mapping the world in the novels.” The second part looks at the dialogical imagination, and the conversation between fiction and history in the novels. Section 3 looks at the way ancient fiction has been transmitted and received. Space, as the locus of cultural interaction and exchange, is the topic of the fourth part. The fifth and final section is devoted to character and emotion, and how these are perceived or constructed in ancient fiction. Overall, a rich picture is offered of the many spatial and cultural dimensions in a variety of ancient fictional genres.
Viele Menschen glauben, dass die Gründe, die sie daran hindern, erfolgreich zu sein, in ihrer Umwelt zu finden sind. Aber in Wirklichkeit steckt der größte Feind in jedem von uns selbst: unser Ego. Es macht uns blind für unsere Fehler, verhindert, dass wir aus ihnen lernen, und hemmt unsere Entwicklung. Denn gerade in Zeiten, in denen die schamlose Selbstdarstellung in sozialen Netzwerken oder im Reality-TV eine Selbstverständlichkeit ist, liegt die wahre Herausforderung in der Idee, weniger Zeit in das Erzählen der eigenen Größe zu stecken und stattdessen die wirklich wichtigen Missionen des Lebens zu meistern. Mit einer Fülle an Beispielen aus Literatur, Philosophie und Geschichte zeigt Ryan Holiday eindrucksvoll und praxisnah, wie die Überwindung des eigenen Egos zum unnachahmlichen Erfolg verhilft. Bewaffnet mit den Erkenntnissen aus diesem Buch kann sich jeder seinem größten Feind stellen – dem eigenen Ego.
An examination of remedies for violent rage rediscovered in ancient Greek myths Millennia ago, Greek myths exposed the dangers of violent rage and the need for empathy and self-restraint. Homer’s Iliad, Euripides’ Hecuba, and Sophocles’ Ajax show that anger and vengeance destroy perpetrators and victims alike. Composed before and during the ancient Greeks’ groundbreaking movement away from autocracy toward more inclusive political participation, these stories offer guidelines for modern efforts to create and maintain civil societies. Emily Katz Anhalt reveals how these three masterworks of classical Greek literature can teach us, as they taught the ancient Greeks, to recognize violent revenge as a marker of illogical thinking and poor leadership. These time-honored texts emphasize the costs of our dangerous penchant for glorifying violent rage and those who would indulge in it. By promoting compassion, rational thought, and debate, Greek myths help to arm us against the tyrants we might serve and the tyrants we might become.