Spirit Christology complements Logos Christology in the same way in which Christ and the Spirit are mutually constitutive. Or at least this should be the case. The history of Christian thought shows that Logos Christology has dominated, resulting in both an eclipse of Trinitarian doctrine and a diminution of pneumatology. Recently there have been calls to reclaim a theology of the Third Article in order to present a Trinitarian theology that is faithful to Scripture, the Great Tradition, and one that is existentially viable. While studies examine various aspects of Spirit Christology there has yet to appear a work that introduces the doctrine, examines the various mutually exclusive proposals, and offers a constructive trinitarian proposal. The present work does just this, introducing the constituent features of a Spirit Christology that is Trinitarian, orthodox, and contemporary. The current work proposes a model of Spirit Christology that complements rather than replaces Logos Christology and does so in a robustly Trinitarian framework. Within contemporary theology a pneumatically oriented approach to Christology is being advanced across denominational and traditional lines. Those wanting to navigate their way through the many competing proposals for a Third Article theology will find a comprehensive map here.
Author: Michael F. Bird
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release Date: 2017
Adoptionism--the idea that Jesus is portrayed in the Bible as a human figure who was adopted as God's son at his baptism or resurrection--has been commonly accepted in much recent scholarship as the earliest explanation of Jesus's divine status. In this book Michael Bird draws that view into question with a thorough examination of pre-Pauline materials, the Gospel of Mark, and patristic sources. Engaging critically with Bart Ehrman, James Dunn, and other scholars, Bird demonstrates that a full-fledged adoptionist Christology did not emerge until the late second century. As he delves into passages often used to support the idea of an early adoptionist Christology, including Romans 1:3-4 and portions of the speeches in Acts, Bird persuasively argues that early Christology was in fact incarnational, not adoptionist. He concludes by surveying and critiquing notable examples of adoptionism in modern theology.
The volume presents a range of theological standpoints regarding the filioque. With some contributors arguing for its retention and others for its removal, still others contest that its presence or otherwise in the Creed is not what is of central concern, but rather that how it should be understood is of ultimate importance. What contributors share is a commitment to interrogating and developing the central theological issues at stake in a consideration of the filioque, thus advancing ecumenical theology and inter-communal dialogue without diluting the discussion. Contributors span the Christian traditions: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, and Pentecostal. Each of these traditions has its own set of theological assumptions, methods, and politics, many of which are on display in the essays which follow. Nonetheless it is only when we bring the wealth of learning and commitments from our own theological traditions to ecumenical dialogue that true progress can be made. It is in this spirit that the present essays have been conceived and are now presented in this form.
Author: Ernst Troeltsch
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Release Date: 1998
The critical edition of the complete works of the theologian and philosopher of religion Ernst Troeltsch (1865-1923) is inaugurated by this edition of a classic text. In the work "Die Absolutheit des Christentums und die Religionsgeschichte" the theological and philosophical debate about the absolute validity of Christianity is joined with the question of value judgments in modernity, a question that has greatly agitated the cultural sciences since the beginning of the twentieth century. The work on absoluteness, the first and second editions of which are published here for the first time together with handwritten additions by Ernst Troeltsch, gives significant testimony to a constructive historicism that is aimed at establishing universally valid norms in the cultural comparison of religions, while acknowledging the individual forms of historical life. At the end of the twentieth century, the posing of the problem as developed by Troeltsch is of new global relevance in the debates of theology, the study of religion, history, and sociology.
English summary: Pannenberg is of the opinion that life is inevitably religiously defined. This assumption provides a basis for his description of the human identity. In this context Pannenberg also considers comprehensive topics of cultural anthropology. German description: Diese erste umfassende Anthropologie seit den bedeutenden Darstellungen von Scheler, Plessner, Gehlen und Roth geht von der Beobachtung aus, dass menschliches Leben unentrinnbar religios bestimmt ist, und ordnet von daher eine Fulle wissenschaftlicher Einzelbeobachtungen zu einem klaren und herausfordernden Gesamtentwurf. Ausgehend vom Widerspruch zwischen Weltoffenheit und Ichzentriertheit des Menschen wird die Frage nach seiner Identitat verfolgt. Wolfhart Pannenberg behandelt dabei nicht nur die Probleme der personlichen Identitatsbildung in Selbstbewusstsein, Affektivitat und Gewissen, sondern wendet sich auch den ubergreifenden kulturanthropologischen Themen wie Spiel und Sprache, Institutionenbildung und Geschichtlichkeit zu. V&R macht diesen Klassiker wieder verfugbar.
Author: Philip Schaff
Release Date: 2016-10-13
The creeds of Christendom ist ein unveranderter, hochwertiger Nachdruck der Originalausgabe aus dem Jahr 1877. Hansebooks ist Herausgeber von Literatur zu unterschiedlichen Themengebieten wie Forschung und Wissenschaft, Reisen und Expeditionen, Kochen und Ernahrung, Medizin und weiteren Genres.Der Schwerpunkt des Verlages liegt auf dem Erhalt historischer Literatur.Viele Werke historischer Schriftsteller und Wissenschaftler sind heute nur noch als Antiquitaten erhaltlich. Hansebooks verlegt diese Bucher neu und tragt damit zum Erhalt selten gewordener Literatur und historischem Wissen auch fur die Zukunft bei."