The Archaeology of American Cities

Author: Nan A. Rothschild
Publisher:
ISBN: 0813049725
Release Date: 2014-08-01
Genre: Social Science

“Unrivaled in scope. An essential work for urban historical archaeologists.”—Adrian Praetzellis, author ofDug to Death “An engaging and astonishingly comprehensive work that reveals just how much our knowledge of America's cities and the lives of city dwellers has been enriched through urban archaeology.”—Mary C. Beaudry, coeditor ofArchaeologies of Mobility and Movement American cities have been built, altered, redeveloped, destroyed, reimagined, and rebuilt for nearly 300 years in order to accommodate growing and shrinking populations and their needs. Urban archaeology is a unique subfield with its own peculiar challenges and approaches to fieldwork. Understanding the social forces that influenced the development of American cities requires more than digging; it calls for the ability to extrapolate from limited data, an awareness of the dynamics that drive urban development, and theories that can build bridges to connect the two. At the forefront of this exciting field of research, Nan Rothschild and Diana Wall are well suited to introduce this fascinating topic to a broad readership. Following a brief introduction, the authors offer specific case studies of work undertaken in New York, Philadelphia, Tucson, West Oakland, and many other cities. Ideal for undergraduates,The Archaeology of American Cities utilizes the material culture of the past to highlight recurring themes that reflect distinctive characteristics of urban life in the United States.

Iowa s Archaeological Past

Author: Lynn Marie Alex
Publisher: University of Iowa Press
ISBN: 1609380150
Release Date: 2010-09-13
Genre: History

Iowa has more than eighteen thousand archaeological sites, and research in the past few decades has transformed our knowledge of the state's human past. Examining the projectile points, potsherds, and patterns that make up the archaeological record, Lynn Alex describes the nature of the earliest settlements in Iowa, the development of farming cultures, the role of the environment and environmental change, geomorphology and the burial of site, interaction among native societies, tribal affiliation of early historic groups, and the arrival and impact of Euro-Americans. In a final chapter, she examines the question of stewardship and the protection of Iowa's many archaeological resources.

The Archaeology of Engagement

Author: Dana Lee Pertermann
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
ISBN: 9781623492946
Release Date: 2015-10-16
Genre: History

When a historic battlefield site is discovered and studied, the focus is often on the “hardware”: remnants of weaponry, ammunition, supplies, and equipment that archaeologists carefully unearth, analyze, conserve, and frequently place on display in museums. But what about the “software”? What can archaeology teach us about the humans involved in the conflict: their social mores and cultural assumptions; their use and understanding of power? In The Archaeology of Engagement: Conflict and Revolution in the United States, Dana L. Pertermann and Holly K. Norton have assembled a collection of studies that includes sites of conflicts between groups of widely divergent cultures, such as Robert E. Lee's mid-1850s campaign along the Concho River and the battles of the River Raisin during the War of 1812. Notably, the second half of the book applies the editors’ principles of conflict event theory to the San Jacinto Battlefield in Texas, forming a case study of one of America's most storied—and heavily trafficked—battle sites.

GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling

Author: Mark W. Mehrer
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780203563359
Release Date: 2005-12-21
Genre: Technology & Engineering

Although archaeologists are using GIS technology at an accelerating rate, publication of their work has not kept pace. A state-of-the-art exploration the subject, GIS and Archaeological Site Location Modeling pulls together discussions of theory and methodology, scale, data, quantitative methods, and cultural resource management and uses location models and case studies to illustrate these concepts. This book, written by a distinguished group of international authors, reassesses the practice of predictive modeling as it now exists and examines how it has become useful in new ways. A guide to spatial procedures used in archaeology, the book provides a comprehensive treatment of predictive modeling. It draws together theoretical models and case studies and explains how modeling may be applied to future projects. The book illustrates the various aspects of academic and practical applications of predictive modeling. It also discusses the need to assess the reliability of the results and the implications of reliability assessment on the further development of predictive models. Of the books available on GIS, some touch on archaeological applications but few cover the topic in such depth. Both up to date and containing case studies from a wide range of geographical locations including Europe, the USA, and Australia, this book sets a baseline for future developments.

Beyond the Blockade

Author: Susan Kepecs
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 9780817356330
Release Date: 2010-12-12
Genre: History

Explores issues surrounding Cuban archeology, including the controversial relationship between Cuba and Florida native peoples; social, religious and cultural aspects of Cuba; and heritage-conservation and tourism issues. Simultaneous.

Archaeology Down to Earth

Author: Robert Kelly
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133608646
Release Date: 2013-01-01
Genre: Social Science

This new brief edition pairs two of archaeology’s most recognized names -- David Hurst Thomas of the American Museum of Natural History and Robert L. Kelly of the University of Wyoming. Their well-chosen examples show how archaeologists have worked through actual problems in the field and in the lab. After using this book, readers will be better able to ask questions, solve problems, and discern truth from fiction. They will learn about the nature of archaeological data and how archaeologists do such things as archaeological survey and excavation. They also will develop their sense of scientific logic and gain a better understanding of career opportunities available to archaeologists. This edition’s enhanced full-color design improves the visual presentation and enables users to more clearly see the key points of an image. A rich array of supplemental resources includes a new companion website, as well as the option to use the Doing Fieldwork: Archaeological Demonstrations CD-ROM, Version 2.0, also developed by the authors. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Urban Archaeology Municipal Government and Local Planning

Author: Sherene Baugher
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783319554907
Release Date: 2017-07-28
Genre: Social Science

Improving the relationship between archaeology and local government represents one of the next great challenges facing archaeology –specifically archaeology done in urban settings. Not only does local government have access to powerful legal tools and policy mechanisms that can offer protection for privately owned archaeological sites, but because local government exists at the grassroots level, it is also often closer to people who have deep knowledge about the community itself, about its values, and about the local meaning of the sites most in need of protection. This partnership between archaeology and local government can also provide visibility and public programing for heritage sites. This book will explore the experiences, both positive and negative, of small and large cities globally. We have examined programs in the Commonwealth of Nations (formerly known as the British Commonwealth) and in the United States. These countries share similar perspectives on preservation and heritage, although the approaches these cities have taken to address municipal archaeology reveals considerable diversity. The case studies highlight how these innovative partnerships have developed, and explain how they function within local government. Engaging with the political sphere to advocate for and conduct archaeology requires creativity, flexibility, and the ability to develop collaborative partnerships. How these archaeological partnerships benefit the community is a vital part of the equation. Heritage and tourist benefits are discussed. Economic challenges during downturns in the economy are analyzed. The book also examines public outreach programs and the grassroots efforts to protect and preserve a community's archaeological heritage.

Consumer Choice in Historical Archaeology

Author: Suzanne M. Spencer-Wood
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0306423189
Release Date: 1987-06-30
Genre: History

Historical archaeology has made great strides during the last two decades. Early archaeological reports were dominated by descriptions of features and artifacts, while research on artifacts was concentrated on studies of topology, technology, and chronology. Site reports from the 1960s and 1970s commonly expressed faith in the potential artifacts had for aiding in the identifying socioeconomic status differences and for understanding the relationships be tween the social classes in terms of their material culture. An emphasis was placed on the presence or absence of porcelain or teaware as an indication of social status. These were typical features in site reports written just a few years ago. During this same period, advances were being made in the study of food bone as archaeologists moved away from bone counts to minimal animal counts and then on to the costs of various cuts of meat. Within the last five years our ability to address questions of the rela tionship between material culture and socioeconomic status has greatly ex panded. The essays in this volume present efforts toward measuring expendi ture and consumption patterns represented by commonly recovered artifacts and food bone. These patterns of consumption are examined in conjunction with evidence from documentary sources that provide information on occupa tions, wealth levels, and ethnic affiliations of those that did the consuming. One of the refreshing aspects of these papers is that the authors are not afraid of documents, and their use of them is not limited to a role of confirmation.

Keine Posaunen vor Jericho

Author: Israel Finkelstein
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 9783406655395
Release Date: 2015-04-30
Genre: Bibles

Bisher diente biblische Archäologie zum Beweis der Heiligen Schrift. Die beiden international renommierten Archäologen drehen den Spieß um und lassen die Ausgrabungen eine eigene Sprache sprechen. Ihr dramatisch neues, archäologisch fundiertes Bild von der Geschichte Israels zwingt zum Umdenken. Der Auszug aus Ägypten, die Einnahme Kanaans, das Großreich unter König David und der Tempelbau in Jerusalem unter König Salomon galten lange auch bei den kritischsten Wissenschaftlern als gesichert. Neueste Ausgrabungen, bisher nur Experten bekannt, zeigen ein ganz anderes Bild: " Den Auszug aus Ägypten gab es ebensowenig wie eine "Landnahme". " Jerusalem unter David und Salomon war ein größeres Dorf sicher ohne zentralen Tempel und großen Palast. " Der Monotheismus hat sich viel später entwickelt als bisher angenommen & Das klar und anschaulich geschriebene Buch ist in zwölf Kapitel gegliedert: Auf die Nacherzählung der biblischen Geschichte folgt jeweils die archäologische Spurensuche. Im nächsten Schritt rekonstruieren die Autoren (Israel Finkelstein ist der Direktor des israelischen Instituts Tel Aviv) den tatsächlichen historischen Ablauf, um abschließend zu fragen, wann und warum die Geschichte aufgeschrieben wurde.

Engendering African American Archaeology

Author: Jillian E. Galle
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
ISBN: 1572332778
Release Date: 2004
Genre: History

"Taken together, these essays represent a departure in historical archaeology, an important foray into the study of the construction of gender within various African American communities that is based in the archaeological record. Those interested in historical archaeology, history, women's studies, and African American studies will find this a valuable addition to the literature. Topics range from gendered residential and consumption patterns in colonial Virginia and the construction of identity in Middle Tennessee to midwifery practices in postbellum Louisiana. Contributors to this volume include Melanie Cabak, Marie Danforth, Garrett Fesler, Jillian Galle, Barbara Heath, Larry McKee, Patricia Samford, Elizabeth Scott, Brian Thomas, Larissa Thomas, Laura Wilkie, Kristin Wilson, and Amy Young."--BOOK JACKET.

The Archaeology of American Mining

Author: Paul J. White
Publisher: American Experience in Archaeo
ISBN: 0813054559
Release Date: 2017
Genre: History

Mining was, and remains, a crucial and controversial aspect of America's extracted economies. This monograph explores the various types of mining sites to be found in America. With over 400 years of relevant activity in North America, this overview discusses the broader cultural, social, and economic impacts of this vital industrial development.

Contemporary Archaeology and the City

Author: Laura McAtackney
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780192525512
Release Date: 2017-07-27
Genre: Social Science

Contemporary Archaeology and the City foregrounds the archaeological study of post-industrial and other urban transformations through a diverse, international collection of case studies. Over the past decade contemporary archaeology has emerged as a dynamic force for dissecting and contextualizing the material complexities of present-day societies. Contemporary archaeology challenges conventional anthropological and archaeological conceptions of the past by pushing temporal boundaries closer to, if not into, the present. The volume is organized around three themes that highlight the multifaceted character of urban transitions in present-day cities - creativity, ruination, and political action. The case studies offer comparative perspectives on transformative global urban processes in local contexts through research conducted in the struggling, post-industrial cities of Detroit, Belfast, Indianapolis, Berlin, Liverpool, Belém, and post-Apartheid Cape Town, as well as the thriving urban centres of Melbourne, New York City, London, Chicago, and Istanbul. Together, the volume contributions demonstrate how the contemporary city is an urban palimpsest comprised by archaeological assemblages - of the built environment, the surface, and buried sub-surface - that are traces of the various pasts entangled with one another in the present. This volume aims to position the city as one of the most important and dynamic arenas for archaeological studies of the contemporary by presenting a range of theoretically-engaged case studies that highlight some of the major issues that the study of contemporary cities pose for archaeologists.

Unearthing Gotham

Author: Anne-Marie E. Cantwell
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300097999
Release Date: 2003-10-01
Genre: History

This book looks at New York from a new perspective, an archaeological one. Describing the exciting discoveries of long lost worlds found beneath the modern metropolis, the authors present a narrative of the many peoples who shared and shaped the land that is now New York City, including nineteenth-century families, Dutch and English colonists, enslaved Africans, and the Native Americans who arrived eleven thousand years ago.