The Babylonian Theory of the Planets

Author: N. M. Swerdlow
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400864867
Release Date: 2014-07-14
Genre: Science

In the second millennium b.c., Babylonian scribes assembled a vast collection of astrological omens, believed to be signs from the gods concerning the kingdom's political, military, and agricultural fortunes. The importance of these omens was such that from the eighth or seventh until the first century, the scribes observed the heavens nightly and recorded the dates and locations of ominous phenomena of the moon and planets in relation to stars and constellations. The observations were arranged in monthly reports along with notable events and prices of agricultural commodities, the object being to find correlations between phenomena in the heavens and conditions on earth. These collections of omens and observations form the first empirical science of antiquity and were the basis of the first mathematical science, astronomy. For it was discovered that planetary phenomena, although irregular and sometimes concealed by bad weather, recur in limited periods within cycles in which they are repeated on nearly the same dates and in nearly the same locations. N. M. Swerdlow's book is a study of the collection and observation of ominous celestial phenomena and of how intervals of time, locations by zodiacal sign, and cycles in which the phenomena recur were used to reduce them to purely arithmetical computation, thereby surmounting the greatest obstacle to observation, bad weather. The work marks a striking advance in our understanding of both the origin of scientific astronomy and the astrological divination through which the kingdoms of ancient Mesopotamia were governed. Originally published in 1998. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

The Star of Bethlehem

Author: Mark R. Kidger
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691058237
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Science

A modern astronomer explores the mystery of the "Star of Bethlehem," drawing on Babylonian sky charts, medieval paintings, data from space probes, and other sources to discover a natural explanation for the phenomenon

Music of the Spheres and the Dance of Death

Author: Kathi Meyer-Baer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400872336
Release Date: 2015-03-08
Genre: Music

The roots and evolution of two concepts usually thought to be Western in origin-musica mundana (the music of the spheres) and musica humana (music's relation to the human soul)-are explored. Beginning with a study of the early creeds of the Near East, Professor Meyer-Baer then traces their development in the works of Plato and the Gnostics, and in the art and literature of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Previous studies of symbolism in music have tended to focus on a single aspect of the problem. In this book the concepts of musica humana and musica mundane are related to philosophy, aesthetics, and the history of religion and are given a rightful place in the history of civilization. Originally published in 1970. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Durrenmatt

Author: Timo Tiusanen
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400871469
Release Date: 2015-03-08
Genre: Literary Criticism

Dürrenmatt's apparently conflicting statements about his central concerns have baffled scholars attempting to interpret his works. In his critical approach to Dürrenmatt, Timo Tiusanen emphasizes the author's relation to the theater, and analyzes the thirteen original stage plays, eight radio plays, and five adaptations, using the special concept of "scenic image" developed in an earlier study of O'Neill. Four books by Dürrenmatt on the theater and politics are related to the dramatist's creative practice, and his six books of prose are also carefully considered. Exploring the writer's career to reconcile conflicting attitudes that have been taken toward his work, Timo Tiusanen sees Dürrenmatt's writings as representing a persistent effort to express artistically a paradoxical view of the world. Originally published in 1978. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Romance and Reason

Author: Roberta Casagrande-Kim
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691181844
Release Date: 2018-03-06
Genre: History

Within a century of the Arab Muslim conquest of vast territories in the Middle East and North Africa, Islam became the inheritor of the intellectual legacy of classical antiquity. In an epochal cultural transformation between the eighth and tenth centuries CE, most of what survived in classical Greek literature and thought was translated from Greek into Arabic. This translation movement, sponsored by the ruling Abbasid dynasty, swiftly blossomed into the creative expansion and reimagining of classical ideas that were now integral parts of the Islamic tradition. Romance and Reason, the lavishly illustrated catalogue accompanying the exhibition of the same name at New York University’s Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, explores the breadth and depth of Islamic engagement with ancient Greek thought. Drawing on manuscripts and artifacts from the collections of the National Library of Israel and prominent American institutions, the catalogue’s essays focus on the portrayal of Alexander the Great as ideal ruler, mystic, lover, and philosopher in Persian poetry and art, and how Islamic medicine, philosophy, and science contended with and developed the classical tradition. Contributors include Roberta Casagrande-Kim, Leigh Chipman, Steven Harvey, Y. Tzvi Langermann, Rachel Milstein, Julia Rubanovich, Samuel Thrope, and Raquel Ukeles. Exhibition Dates: February 14, 2018–May 13, 2018

Cleomedes Lectures on Astronomy

Author: Cleomedes
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 0520928512
Release Date: 2004-01-19
Genre: History

At some time around 200 A.D., the Stoic philosopher and teacher Cleomedes delivered a set of lectures on elementary astronomy as part of a complete introduction to Stoicism for his students. The result was The Heavens (Caelestia), the only work by a professional Stoic teacher to survive intact from the first two centuries A.D., and a rare example of the interaction between science and philosophy in late antiquity. This volume contains a clear and idiomatic English translation—the first ever—of The Heavens, along with an informative introduction, detailed notes, and technical diagrams. This important work will now be accessible to specialists in both ancient philosophy and science and to readers interested in the history of astronomy and cosmology but with no knowledge of ancient Greek.

For the Sake of Learning 2 vols

Author: Ann Blair
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004263314
Release Date: 2016-06-09
Genre: History

In this tribute to Anthony Grafton, fifty-eight contributors present new research across the many areas in which Grafton has been active in the history of scholarship and learned culture.

On Their Own Terms

Author: Benjamin A. ELMAN
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674036475
Release Date: 2009-06-30
Genre: History

Since the middle of the nineteenth century, imperial reformers, early Republicans, Guomindang party cadres, and Chinese Communists have all prioritized science and technology. In this book, Elman gives a nuanced account of the ways in which native Chinese science evolved over four centuries, under the influence of both Jesuit and Protestant missionaries. In the end, he argues, the Chinese produced modern science on their own terms.

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Author: Вячеслав Иванов
Publisher: Litres
ISBN: 9785041073688
Release Date: 2018-03-24
Genre: Social Science

Седьмой том избранных трудов Вяч. Вс. Иванова включает в себя исследования по истории науки. В первую книгу 7-го тома вошел общий курс, излагающий историю науки по новейшим данным, включающим возможности соединения реконструкций, основанных на изучении генома человека, данных о графике Палеолита и на сравнении праязыков лингвистических макросемей. Излагаются результаты исследования мегалитических сооружений типа Стоунхенджа, сводятся вместе сведения о развитии наук в странах Ближнего Востока, в частности о первой научной революции, произошедшей благодаря успехам математической астрономии в Вавилоне. Рассматриваются гипотезы о характере влияния древневосточной математики и астрономии на древнегреческую. Изучены общие истоки древнегреческих и древнеиндийских научных представлений. Характеризуются особенности передачи научных знаний в Средневековой Евразии, дается периодизация развития науки и техники за минувшее тысячелетие в свете идей Н. Д. Кондратьева, описывается движение научной мысли от Ренессанса до научно-технической революции, изучается типология и принципы диахронического эволюционного подхода в разных областях знания, синтезирующие теории и актуальные вопросы наступившего века. Детально исследуется становление Леви-Строса и других антропологов нового времени; обозревается история и состояние отдельных разделов языковедения, хеттологии и буддологии.Во второй книге тома изучаются конкретные вопросы истории хеттской филологии и истории письма в Центральной и Восточной Азии, работа священника Я. Нецветова над русско-алеутским словарем. Специально изучены вопросы связи современного авангарда с наукой, в частности их проявления в творчестве В. Хлебникова и С. Эйзенштейна. Даны биографические характеристики отдельных ученых.Книга может представлять интерес для преподавания и изучения курсов по истории науки, истории письма, истории лингвистических учений, сравнительного языкознания, индоевропеистики, хеттологии, буддологии.

Ancient Astronomy and Celestial Divination

Author: Noel M. Swerdlow
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262194228
Release Date: 1999
Genre: Science

This volume presents recent work on Babylonian celestialdivination and on the Greek inheritors of the Babyloniantradition.

Labyrinths

Author: Jorge Luis Borges
Publisher: New Directions Publishing
ISBN: 0811216993
Release Date: 1964
Genre: Fiction

A new edition of a classic work by a late forefront Argentinean writer features the 1964 augmented original text and is complemented by a biographical essay, a tribute to the writer's body of work, and a chronology of his life. Reprint.

Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

Author: Laila Lalami
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
ISBN: 015603087X
Release Date: 2005
Genre: Fiction

Set in modern-day Morocco, the story of four vastly different Moroccans who illegally cross the Strait of Gibraltar in an inflatable boat headed for Spain chronicles the circumstances that drive them to risk their lives and the rewards that may or may not prove to be worth the danger. Reprint.

Jane s Mines and Mine Clearance 2007 2008

Author: Colin King
Publisher: Janes Information Group
ISBN: 0710628080
Release Date: 2007-09-01
Genre: Reference

Essential reference for all mine-related issues including details and analysis of mines, booby traps and fuses found all over the world. Each entry includes a full description, complete with specifications and operational characteristics, a guide on neutralization and disarming procedures. Key contents include: Characteristics of mines and booby traps and generic types of mine and booby traps, Deployment, De-mining industry; mine-laying, mine detection, mine-clearing, minefield marking and personal protection equipment, Training, operational de-mining and consultancy, Types of mines in threatened countries and associated threat level. Intended for: Armed forces, governments, defence ministries, de-mining agencies, manufacturers, funding agencies and humanitarian organizations. Also available in online and CD-ROM formats

The Crest of the Peacock

Author: George Gheverghese Joseph
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691135266
Release Date: 2011
Genre: Mathematics

"Enthralling ... After reading it, we cannot see the past in the same comforting haze of age-old stories, faithfully and uncritically retold from teacher to pupil down the years ... Invaluable for mathematics teachers at all levels."--New Scientist.