THE BASIS AND APPLICATIONS OF HETEROGENEOUS CATALYSIS Edition en anglais

Author: Michael Bowker
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198559585
Release Date: 1998-01-01
Genre: Science

This series of short texts provides accessible accounts of a range of essential topics in chemistry and chemical engineering. Written with the needs of the student in mind, the Oxford Chemistry Primers offer just the right level of detail for undergraduate study, and will be invaluable as a source of material commonly presented in lecture courses yet not adequately covered in existing texts. All the basic principles and facts in a particular area are presented in a clear and straightforward style, to produce concise yet comprehensive accounts of topics covered in both core and specialist courses. Catalysis is one of the most important technologies in our modern world. We depend on it to, produce materials, such as plastics, from oil; we depend on it to produce fuel to power cars and to remove the pollutants emitted from car engines; we even depend on it for the functioning and growth of our bodies. This book concentrates on the most important type of catalysis for industry, namely heterogeneous catalysis. The book is divided into three sections, dealing with the fundamentals of adsorption and reaction at surfaces, the nature of heterogeneous catalysts and their synthesis, and the applications of this technology in the modern world. The Basis and Applications of Heterogeneous Catalysis will be useful for teachers, undergraduates, and as an introductory book for graduates specializing in catalysis and surface science.

SURFACES Edition en anglais

Author: Gary Attard
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198556861
Release Date: 1998-01-01
Genre: Science

This primer provides an introduction to the subject of surfaces at the level of undergraduates and first year postgraduates. There are four chapters, the first concerns basic thermodynamic material used to understand the properties of surfaces including; surface tension, Gibbs adsorption, surface pressure and surface phase equilibria, surfactants and micelles, wetting, detergency, and contact angle. The second chapter concentrates on gas adsorbtion at solid surfaces and covers topics including adsorbtion, Langmuir isotherms, heats of adsorbtion, BET isotherms, physisorbtion, chemisorbtion, precursor adsorbtion kinetics, well-defined surfaces, UHV, surface sensitivity and selectivity, surface diffusion and electrons interacting with matter. Chapter three then outlines the physico- chemical principles of XPS, AES, LEED, STM, AFM, work function measurements, UPS, TPD, molecular beams, HREELS and PAIRS and the types of fundamental surface information each of these techniques provides. The final chapter contains a series of worked examples and problems, bringing together the various strands developed in Chapters 1-3 in order to elucidate surface phenomena. The book is unique in its mix of 'Classical' and 'Modern' surface science and should be relevant to physicists, chemists and material scientists.

Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination

Author: Simon Duckett
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199689446
Release Date: 2015-05-01
Genre: Molecular structure

The renowned Oxford Chemistry Primer series, which provides focused introductions to a range of important topics in chemistry, has been refreshed and updated to suit the needs of today's students, lecturers, and postgraduate researchers. The rigorous, yet accessible, treatment of each subject area is ideal for those wanting a primer in a given topic to prepare them for more advanced study or research. Moreover, cutting-edge examples and applications throughout thetexts show the relevance of the chemistry being described to current research and industry. Foundations of Molecular Structure Determination covers a range of commonspectroscopic and diffraction methods alongside frequent worked examples and problem questions to assist beginning undergraduates in developing their skills in structure analysis.

Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Mark Weller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198768128
Release Date: 2018-04-19
Genre:

From the fundamental principles of inorganic chemistry to cutting-edge research at the forefront of the subject, this text provides a comprehensive introduction to the field.

Shriver and Atkins Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Peter Atkins
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 9780199236176
Release Date: 2010
Genre: Science

Inorganic Chemistry fifth edition represents an integral part of a student's chemistry education. Basic chemical principles are set out clearly in 'Foundations' and are fully developed throughout the text, culminating in the cutting-edge research topics of the 'Frontiers', which illustrate the dynamic nature of inorganic chemistry.

Modern Liquid Phase Kinetics

Author: Brian G. Cox
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 0198557442
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Science

The world is not at equilibrium, and the events that give vitality and movement are transitions towards equilibrium from the present state of imbalance. Chemical transformations often contribute fundamentally to this process and their study is challenging and important. The early chapters of this text provide a basic introduction to the kinetics of simple and complex reaction systems in solution. The remaining chapters present a treatment of the more advanced topics, comprising solvent effects, fast reaction techniques, and heterogeneous liquid - liquid two-phase systems. The last introduces currently active and important research areas in solution kinetics, including phase-transfer catalysis, and diffusion and transport in chemical and biological membranes.

Polar rearrangements

Author: Laurence M. Harwood
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0198556713
Release Date: 1992-04-30
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

The general principles of polar rearrangements are brought together in this undergraduate chemistry text, which deals with all the major rearrangements involving electron-deficient atoms or charged intermediates. Reactions involving migration to electron-deficient carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur, and sigmatropic rearrangements involving polar species, are thus treated in a coherent and consistent manner. Clear discussions of the reaction mechanisms are followed by examples of synthetic applications providing a concise yet comprehensive account of the nature and importance of these processes.

Management Recycling and Reuse of Waste Composites

Author: Vannessa Goodship
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9781845697662
Release Date: 2009-12-18
Genre: Technology & Engineering

This authoritative reference work provides a comprehensive review of the management, recycling and reuse of waste composites. These are issues which are of increasing importance due to the growing use of composites in many industries, increasingly strict legislation and concerns about disposal of composites by landfill or incineration. Part one discusses the management of waste composites and includes an introduction to composites recycling and a chapter on EU legislation for recycling waste composites. Part two reviews thermal technologies for recycling waste composites with chapters on pyrolysis, catalytic transformation, thermal treatments for energy recovery and fluidized bed pyrolysis. Part three covers mechanical methods of recycling waste composites. This section includes chapters on additives for recycled plastic composites, improving mechanical recycling and the quality and durability of mechanically recycled composites. Parts four discusses improving sustainable manufacture of composites, with chapters on environmentally-friendly filament winding of FRP composites, process monitoring and new developments in producing more functional and sustainable composites. Part five gives a review of case studies including end-of-life wind turbine blades, aerospace composites, marine composites, composites in construction and the recycling of concrete. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Management, recycling and reuse of waste composites is a standard reference for anyone involved in the disposal or recycling of waste composites. Reviews the increasingly important issues of recycling and reuse as a result of the increased use of composites Discusses the management of waste composites and EU legislation with regards to recycling Examines methods for recycling, including thermal technologies and mechanical methods

Automotive Engineering

Author: Brian Cantor
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420011901
Release Date: 2008-02-19
Genre: Technology & Engineering

The current automotive industry faces numerous challenges, including increased global competition, more stringent environmental and safety requirements, the need for higher performance vehicles, and reducing costs. The materials used in automotive engineering play key roles in overcoming these issues. Automotive Engineering: Lightweight, Functional, and Novel Materials focuses on both existing materials and future developments in automotive science and technology. Divided into four sections, the book first describes the development of future vehicles, aluminum alloys for manufacturing lighter body panels, and various polymer composites for stronger module carriers. It then reviews state-of-the-art functional materials and smart technologies and projects in which application areas they will most impact future automotive designs and manufacturing. The next section considers the difficulties that must be overcome for light alloys to displace ferrous-based materials and the increasing competition from lightweight polymeric-based composites. The final section explores newer processing and manufacturing technologies, including welding and joining, titanium alloys, and durable, high-performance composites. With contributions from internationally recognized experts, this volume provides a comprehensive overview of cutting-edge automotive materials and technologies. It will help you understand the key materials and engineering concerns currently confronting this industry.

Stereoselectivity in Organic Synthesis

Author: Garry Procter
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0198559577
Release Date: 1998-04-23
Genre: Science

This clear and concise text is concerned with the reactions used in stereoselective organic synthesis. These are important types of reactions which can be used for the selective preparation of new organic compounds with a defined and predictable three dimensional architecture. This informative text will be an invaluable study aid for all undergraduate chemistry students. Undergraduates in related subjects studying chemistry to second year level or higher will also find this book useful.

The New Harvest

Author: Calestous Juma
Publisher: OUP Us
ISBN: 9780190237233
Release Date: 2015-09-01
Genre: Agricultural innovations

African agriculture is currently at a crossroads, at which persistent food shortages are compounded by threats from climate change. But, as this book argues, Africa can feed itself in a generation and can help contribute to global food security. To achieve this Africa has to define agriculture as a force in economic growth by advancing scientific and technological research, investing in infrastructure, fostering higher technical training, and creating regional markets.

The Transport System and Transport Policy

Author: Bert van Wee
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 9780857936905
Release Date: 2013
Genre: Business & Economics

ÔThis very interesting book provides an excellent multi-disciplinary introduction into the functioning of transport systems and the interaction with their environments.Õ Ð Erik Verhoef, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands ÔThe editors of this important book have clearly identified that few writings on transport treat the transport system as a whole. Implicit in this is a need for a genuinely multidisciplinary approach. An impressive list of contributors ensures that the book draws on the latest research whilst providing new insights into some of the key challenges facing transport students and researchers, transport providers and policy makers.Õ Ð Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, UK ÔSince ancient times transportation has brought our world together. But the need for connectivity and accessibility in a spatially differentiated world has prompted the emergence of very complex transportation systems. This book offers a fresh and operational contribution to a better understanding of the complexity and manageability of a mobile world, by addressing in a balanced way both conceptual and applied or policy aspects of modern transportation systems.Õ Ð Peter Nijkamp, Free University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands Transport impacts on people and businesses in many different ways, and presents some of the key problems that decision-makers need to address. This comprehensive textbook introduces the transport system in a holistic and multidisciplinary way, bringing together the myriad components of transport. This textbook is written for an international readership of undergraduate and postgraduate students in transport and related subjects, as well as for professionals and policy decision-makers across both public and private sectors. Key features include: ¥ Discussion of the importance of transport accessibility and the impacts of transport on the environment and safety ¥ Policy issues relating to all of the discussed issues and prescribed future options. ¥ Transport evaluation methods and modelling approaches. ¥ Examples to highlight the linkages between components of the transport system Ð for example infrastructures, land-use, vehicle technologies Ð and the relevance of these linkages for decision making.

Metadata and Semantics

Author: Miguel-Angel Sicilia
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387777450
Release Date: 2008-10-13
Genre: Computers

This is an edited volume based on the 2007 Conference on Metadata and Semantics Research (MTSR), now in its second meeting. Metadata research is a pluri-disciplinary field that encompasses all aspects of the definition, creation, assessment, management and use of metadata. The volume brings together world class leaders to contribute their research and up-to-date information on metadata and semantics applied to library management, e-commerce, e-business, information science and librarianship, to name a few. The book is designed for a professional audience composed of researchers and practitioners in industry.

Applied Organometallic Chemistry and Catalysis

Author: Robin Whyman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0198559178
Release Date: 2001-07-05
Genre: Science

This Primer has two main objectives: to provide an overview of the influence of organometallic chemistry on homogeneous and heterogenous catalysis and to provide an account of the principle commercial applications of homogeneous catalysis in industry. The book builds on the coverage of organometallic chemistry in two Primers by Bochmann, OCPs 12 and 13.

Organometallics Complexes with transition metal carbon sigma bonds

Author: Manfred Bochmann
Publisher: Oxford Chemistry Primers
ISBN: 9780198557500
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

This succinct text outlines the main classes of transition metal organometallic complexes and introduces the reader to the chemistry of compounds with metal-carbon s-bonds: metal carbonyls, metal alkyls, and metal alkylidenes and alkylidnes. The synthetic methods leading to each class ofcompounds are illustrated with pertinent examples, followed by the discussion of characteristic structures and reactivity patterns. The aim is to allow undergraduate students a quick overview over this area of chemistry. Highlights and excursions stress general principles and relate the materialto specific applications such as catalytic processes.