Author: David L. Clark
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Release Date: 2010-05-20
Now in its third edition, The Brain and Behavior continues on its mission to present a simplified and accessible introduction to behavioral neuroanatomy. Human behavior is a direct reflection of the anatomy of the central nervous system, and it is the goal of the behavioral neuroscientist to uncover its neuroanatomical basis. Much of the new content in this edition reflects advances in functional magnetic resonance imaging. The text is presented in a highly structured and organized format to help the reader distinguish between issues of anatomical, behavioral and physiological relevance. Simplified and clear diagrams are provided throughout the chapters to illustrate key points. Case examples are explored to set the neuroanatomy in the context of clinical experience. This will be essential reading for behavioral clinicians including psychiatrists, neuropsychiatrists, neurologists, psychologists and clinical neuroscientists.
Author: Aribert Rothenberger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2012-12-06
The Brain-What Else! All senses are connected with the brain. From sense-perception derives . . . knowledge. In the brain is the sovereignty ofthe mind. Mind is interpreted by the brain. AIcmaeon of Croton (5th Century B. c. ) The ground is shifting under the traditional approaches to problems in the philosophy of mind. Earlier doctrines concerning the independence of cognition from the brain now appear untenable. P. S. Churchland (20th Century A. D. ) It is not objective of this volume to discuss the history and significance of neuroscience for philosophy from a developmental perspective, although this would be a rather interesting topic. Its object is the relationship between brain and behavior in children as exhibited by higher mental functions (e. g. , speech and language; reasoning, perception, free will and control of motor acts, dependence of behavior on neuronal constraints, the self of the child and therapeutic acti vi ties). Child psychiatrists commonly allude to the brain as the site of disturbance responsible for many developmental disabilities and psychopathological syn dromes identifiable by observing behavior (e. g. , dyslexia, delusions), neurological examination (e. g. , soft signs), psychological test performance (e. g. , Bender Gestalt Test), EEG (e. g. , alpha-theta ratio), and CCT (e. g. , pseudoatrophy). While there is nothing inherently wrong with such inferences, the fact is frequently overlooked that there is no specific set of brain-behavior relationships validating these inferences.
Author: Ahmed A. Moustafa
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2017-09-18
A comprehensive Introduction to the world of brain and behavior computational models This book provides a broad collection of articles covering different aspects of computational modeling efforts in psychology and neuroscience. Specifically, it discusses models that span different brain regions (hippocampus, amygdala, basal ganglia, visual cortex), different species (humans, rats, fruit flies), and different modeling methods (neural network, Bayesian, reinforcement learning, data fitting, and Hodgkin-Huxley models, among others). Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is divided into four sections: (a) Models of brain disorders; (b) Neural models of behavioral processes; (c) Models of neural processes, brain regions and neurotransmitters, and (d) Neural modeling approaches. It provides in-depth coverage of models of psychiatric disorders, including depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, and dyslexia; models of neurological disorders, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and epilepsy; early sensory and perceptual processes; models of olfaction; higher/systems level models and low-level models; Pavlovian and instrumental conditioning; linking information theory to neurobiology; and more. Covers computational approximations to intellectual disability in down syndrome Discusses computational models of pharmacological and immunological treatment in Alzheimer's disease Examines neural circuit models of serotonergic system (from microcircuits to cognition) Educates on information theory, memory, prediction, and timing in associative learning Computational Models of Brain and Behavior is written for advanced undergraduate, Master's and PhD-level students—as well as researchers involved in computational neuroscience modeling research.
Explore the brain and discover the clinical and pharmacological issues surrounding drug abuse and dependence. The authors, research scientists with years of experience in alcohol and drug studies, provide definitions, historic discoveries about the nervous system, and original, eye-catching illustrations to discuss the brain/behavior relationship, basic neuroanatomy, neurophysiology, and the mechanistic actions of mood-altering drugs. You will learn about: • how psychoactive drugs affect cognition, behavior, and emotion • the brain/behavior relationship • the specific effects of major addictive and psychoactive drug groups • new definitions and thinking about abuse and dependence • the medical and forensic consequences of drugs use Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior uses a balance of instruction, illustrations, and tables and formulas that will give you a broad, lasting introduction to this intriguing subject. Whether you're a nurse, chemical dependency counselor, psychologist, or clinician, this book will be a quick reference guide long after the first reading.
Release Date: 2002-06-18
Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Key Features * Contributors from 16 different countries and more than 70 institutions * Unlike any other hormone reference on the market Hormones, Brain and Behavior addresses hormone effects in all major vertebrate and non-vertebrate models * A timely, current reference on an emerging field with each chapter providing an in-depth exploration of the topic * Discusses molecular aspects of hormone function, systems, development, and hormone-related diseases * Addresses hormone effects in both the developing and adult nervous system Topics include: * Mammalian and Non-mammalian Hormone-behavior Systems * Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms of Hormone Actions on Behavior * Development of Hormone-dependent Neuronal Systems * Hormone/Behavior Relations of Clinical Importance
Hormones, Brain, and Behavior Second Edition is a comprehensive work discussing the effect of hormones on the brain and, subsequently, behavior. This major reference work has 109 chapters covering a broad range of topics with an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. To truly understand all aspects of our behavior, we must take every influence (including the hormonal influences) into consideration. Donald Pfaff and a number of well-qualified editors examine and discuss how we are influenced by hormonal factors, offering insight, and information on the lives of a variety of species. Hormones, Brain, and Behavior offers the reader comprehensive coverage of growing field of research, with a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Available online exclusively via ScienceDirect. A limited edition print version is also available. * Comprehensive coverage of a growing field of research * Unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunites for relating behavior to molecular genetics * Covers an unusual breadth ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research
Author: Arthur L. Benton
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
Release Date: 2009-06-01
Research in the fi eld of clinical neuropsychology has greatlyadvanced understanding of the complex relationshipsbetween brain functions and human behavior. This editedcollection, originally published in the early days of thisdynamic fi eld, draws from the fi ndings of clinical study,animal experimentation, and developmental observationto clarify the relationships between brain and behavior.The result is a report on the state of knowledge at thattime, and a barometer of how far the field has come. The book's contributors include some of the leadingfigures in the fi eld of human and developmentalneuropsychology. They present comprehensive reviewsof salient topics on which they themselves have doneimportant investigative work. An introduction by KlausPoeck describes the historical evolution of clinical neuropsychologyand discusses the status of the field fromboth substantive and methodological standpoints. GeorgeEttlinger and Colin Blakemore describe understandingof inter-hemispheric relations as demonstrated by studiesin animals and man. Sidney Weinstein discusses thephenomenon of the "phantom" in patients with amputatedbody parts and its implications for the concept of bodyimage. Norman Geschwind, who was instrumental in revivinginterest in the anatomical approach to aphasia, focuses onsome unsolved anatomical problems and suggests neededclinical and experimental study. Arthur L. Benton outlinesquestions concerning constructional apraxia. JosephineSemmes offers a brilliant reformulation on whether thereare discrete basic types of somatosensory function. LuigiVignolo presents a masterful analysis of the concept ofauditory agnosia and describes his own research in thisarea. Concentrating on a few important problem areas,each of which is intensively probed, this book offers valuableinsight into how research advances understanding ofthe neuroanatomical bases of behavior. Arthur L. Benton (1909-2006) wasprofessor of psychology and researchprofessor of neurology emeritus at theUniversity of Iowa. In addition to thisbook he is the editor of Behavioral Changein Cerebrovascular Disease and co-authorof Dyslexia: An Appraisal of CurrentKnowledge (with David Pearl).
Author: Juli Wade
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Release Date: 2012-03-01
Sex differences in brain and behavior are widespread across vertebrates. Birds exhibit remarkable examples of these types of parallels between structure and function. For example, only male zebra finches sing, and the brain areas and muscles controlling the learning and production of these vocalizations are greatly enhanced in males compared to females. These sex differences are permanently established in development. Some songbirds, unlike zebra finches, change their songs seasonally. In a number of these species, the brain regions exhibit changes in neuron loss and incorporation across these periods. The mechanisms involved in these types of sexual differentiation and adult plasticity are describedOCothey likely involve both steroid hormones and genetic (protein) factors. The strength of the relationships between morphology and behavior, as well as many other factors, has made birds outstanding models for the investigation of numerous functions. These include the mechanisms regulating vocal learning, auditory perception, neurogenesis, and cell survival. The lessons learned have broad implications for health-related processes and basic biological principles.Table of Contents: Introduction / Song and Song Learning / Other Social/Reproductive Behaviors / Conclusions and Ideas for Future Directions"
Hormones, Brain and Behavior, Third Edition offers a state-of-the-art overview of hormonally-mediated behaviors, including an extensive discussion of the effects of hormones on insects, fish, amphibians, birds, rodents, and humans. Entries have been carefully designed to provide a valuable source of information for students and researchers in neuroendocrinology and those working in related areas, such as biology, psychology, psychiatry, and neurology. This third edition has been substantially restructured to include both foundational information and recent developments in the field. Continuing the emphasis on interdisciplinary research and practical applications, the book includes articles aligned in five main subject sections, with new chapters included on genetic and genomic techniques and clinical investigations. This reference provides unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics. The topics cover an unusual breadth (from molecules to ecophysiology), ranging from basic science to clinical research, making this reference of interest to a broad range of scientists in a variety of fields. Comprehensive and updated coverage of a rapidly growing field of research Unique treatment of all major vertebrate and invertebrate model systems with excellent opportunities for relating behavior to molecular genetics Covers an unusual breadth of topics and subject fields, ranging from molecules to ecophysiology, and from basic science to clinical research Ideal resource for interdisciplinary learning and understanding in the fields of hormones and behavior
This student guide actively involves students in the text material, using a variety of engaging exercises and study tools. Students who complete the tests and exercises can better organize and apply what they have studied. Fully revised, it features a review of key concepts, terms, practice tests, short answer and matching questions, diagrams for labeling and identification, CD-ROM exercises, crossword puzzles, and Internet activities.
Ignite your excitement about behavioral neuroscience with Brain & Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Neuroscience, Fifth Edition by best-selling author Bob Garrett and new co-author Gerald Hough. Garrett and Hough make the field accessible by inviting readers to explore key theories and scientific discoveries using detailed illustrations and immersive examples as their guide. Spotlights on case studies, current events, and research findings help readers make connections between the material and their own lives. A study guide, revised artwork, new animations, and an accompanying interactive eBook stimulate deep learning and critical thinking.
Author: David Eagleman
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Release Date: 2015-12-15
Genre: Cognitive neuroscience
Brain and Behavior addresses the central aims of cognitive neuroscience, examining the brain not only by its components but also by its functions. Emphasizing the dynamically changing nature of the brain, the text highlights the principles, discoveries, and remaining mysteries of moderncognitive neuroscience to give students a firm grounding in this fascinating subject.
From authors Bryan Kolb and Ian Whishaw, and new coauthor G. Campbell Teskey, An Introduction to Brain and Behavior offers a unique inquiry-based introduction to behavioral neuroscience, with each chapter focusing on a central question (i.e., "How Does the Nervous System Function?"). It also incorporates a distinctive clinical perspective, with examples showing students what happens when common neuronal processes malfunction. Now this acclaimed book returns in a thoroughly up-to-date new edition. Founders of a prestigious neuroscience institute at the University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada, Kolb and Whishaw are renowned as both active scientists and teachers. G. Campbell Teskey of the University of Calgary, also brings to the book a wealth of experience as a researcher and educator. Together, they are the ideal author team for guiding students from a basic understanding the biology of behavior to the very frontiers of some of the most exciting and impactful research being conducted
In this unique text the author presents an assessment tool which directly links functional performance in daily activities to neurobehavioural deficits the Arnadottir OT-ADL Neurobehavorial Evaluation (A-One). Split into two parts, the first carries out a literature review of functional neuroanatomy,neurophysiology, and neurobehaviour (assuming the reader already has a knowledge of these subjects) and relates it to observations of patientsneurobehavourial performance during ADL. The second part presents the A-One and its manual. Tables are used to condense and simply information, while illustrations are based on clinical situations encountered in real cases. A thorough guide to this assessment technique.