The Ceren Site

Author: Payson D. Sheets
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: 0495006068
Release Date: 2006
Genre: History

Discovered in 1976 by Sheets, and under continuous excavation and study since, the spectacular Ceren site provides us with an unusually clear window into the ancient past with which to view family activities on the frontier of the Mayan civilization. Since volcanic ash did not allow people to selectively remove artifacts, the site is well-preserved and it also largely stopped natural processes of decomposition offering this rare opportunity to study the Mayan past through household archaeology. Known as the New World Pompeii, this study provides a detailed portrait of the life, houses, artifacts, and activity areas of the people who supported the elites with labor, food and goods. As Sheets says, "With any civilization that's being studied, if the households of commoners aren't being investigated, you've eliminated the bulk of the population. How can you understand the society if you ignore most of the people? It's like an ethnography. Only we can't interview people, so their possessions have to speak for them." Art and images from the author's own collection help illuminate the discussions and bring them to life, while the author's discussion of his personal trials and triumphs add a more human dimension to working in the field.

The Archaeology of Events

Author: Zackary I. Gilmore
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 9780817318505
Release Date: 2015-03-31
Genre: History

The Archaeology of Events is the first work to apply an events-based approach to the analysis of pivotal developments in the pre-Columbian Southeast.

Crossing the Borders

Author: Corinne L. Hofman
Publisher: University of Alabama Press
ISBN: 9780817354534
Release Date: 2008-03-19
Genre: History

Explores the application of a selected number of newly emerging methods and techniques. During the past few decades, Caribbean scholars on both sides of the Atlantic have increasingly developed and employed new methods and techniques for the study of archaeological materials. The aim of earlier research in the Caribbean was mainly to define typologies on the basis of pottery and lithic assemblages leading to the establishment of chronological charts for the region, and it was not until the 1980s that the use of technological and functional analyses of artifacts became widespread. The 1990s saw a veritable boom in this field, introducing innovative methods and techniques for analyzing artifacts and human skeletal remains. Innovative approaches included microscopic use-wear analysis, starch residue and phytolith analysis, stable isotope analysis, experimental research, ethnoarchaeological studies, geochemical analyses, and DNA studies. The purpose of this volume is to describe new methods and techniques in the study of archaeological materials from the Caribbean and to assess possible avenues of mutual benefit and integration. Exploring the advantages and disadvantages in the application of a selected number of newly emerging methods and techniques, each of these approaches is illustrated by a case study. These studies benefited from a diverse array of experience and the international background of the researchers from Canada, the Netherlands, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Martinique, Italy, Mexico, Dominican Republic, England, and the United States who are integral members of the archaeological community of the Caribbean. A background to the study of archaeological materials in the Caribbean since the 1930s is provided in order to contextualize the latest developments in this field. Contributors: Benoît Bérard, Mathijs Booden, Iris Briels, Jago Cooper, Alfredo Coppa, Andrea Cucina, Gareth Davies ,Hylke de Jong, Christy de Mille, Corinne L. Hofman, Menno L. P. Hoogland, Charlene Dixon Hutcheson, Daan Isendoorn, Loe Jacobs, William F. Keegan, Harold J. Kelly, Sebastiaan Knippenberg, Yvonne M. J. Lammers-Keijsers,Fernando Luna Calderón, Marcos Martinón-Torres, Lee A. Newsom, Channah Nieuwenhuis José R. Oliver,Jaime R. Pagán Jiménez, Raphaël G. A. M. Panhuysen, Roberto Rodríguez Suárez, Glenis Tavarez María, Michael Turney, Roberto Valcárcel Rojas, Annelou L. van Gijn,Rita Vargiu,Tamara Varney, Johannes Zijlstra

Ancient Mesoamerican Warfare

Author: M. Kathryn Brown
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
ISBN: 075910283X
Release Date: 2003-01-01
Genre: History

Collection of articles providing new research on warfare in ancient Maya and other Mesoamerican societies based on archaeological, ethnohistorical, and linguistic evidence

Handbook of Latin American Studies

Author: Dolores Moyano Martin
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292752113
Release Date: 1997-12-01
Genre: Social Science

Beginning with volume 41 (1979), the University of Texas Press became the publisher of the Handbook of Latin American Stuides, the most comprehensive annual bibliography in the field. Compiled by the Hispanic Division of the Library of Congress and annotated by a corps of more than 130 specialists in various disciplines, the Handbook alternates from year to year between social sciences and humanities. The Handbook annotates works on Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and the Guianas, Spanish South America, and Brazil, as well as materials covering Latin America as a whole. Most of the subsections are preceded by introductory essays that serve as biannual evaluations of the literature and research underway in specialized areas. The Handbook of Latin American Studies is the oldest continuing reference work in the field. Dolores Moyano Martin, of the Library of Congress Hispanic Division, has been the editor since 1977, and P. Sue Mundell has been assistant editor since 1994. The subject categories for Volume 55 are as follows: Anthropology (including Archaeology and Ethnology) Economics Electronic Resources for the Social Sciences Geography Government and Politics International Relations Sociology

Handbook of Landscape Archaeology

Author: Bruno David
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781315427720
Release Date: 2016-06-03
Genre: Social Science

Over the past three decades, “landscape” has become an umbrella term to describe many different strands of archaeology. From the processualist study of settlement patterns to the phenomenologist’s experience of the natural world, from human impact on past environments to the environment’s impact on human thought, action, and interaction, the term has been used. In this volume, for the first time, over 80 archaeologists from three continents attempt a comprehensive definition of the ideas and practices of landscape archaeology, covering the theoretical and the practical, the research and conservation, and encasing the term in a global framework. As a basic reference volume for landscape archaeology, this volume will be the benchmark for decades to come. All royalties on this Handbook are donated to the World Archaeological Congress.

Before the Volcano Erupted

Author: Payson D. Sheets
Publisher: University of Texas Press
ISBN: 0292798784
Release Date: 2010-09-01
Genre: Social Science

On an August evening around AD 600, residents of the Ceren village in the Zapotitan Valley of what is now El Salvador were sitting down to their nightly meal when ground tremors and loud steam emissions warned of an impending volcanic eruption. The villagers fled, leaving their town to be buried under five meters of volcanic ash and forgotten until a bulldozer uncovered evidence of the extraordinarily preserved town in 1976. The most intact Precolumbian village in Latin America, Ceren has been called the "Pompeii of the New World." This book and its accompanying CD-ROM and website (ceren.colorado.edu) present complete and detailed reports of the excavations carried out at Ceren since 1978 by a multidisciplinary team of archaeologists, ethnographers, volcanologists, geophysicists, botanists, conservators, and others. The book is divided into sections that discuss the physical environment and resources, household structures and economy, special buildings and their uses, artifact analysis, and topical and theoretical issues. As the authors present and analyze Ceren's houses and their goods, workshops, civic and religious buildings, kitchen gardens, planted fields, and garbage dumps, a new and much clearer picture of how commoners lived during the Maya Classic Period emerges. These findings constitute landmark contributions to the anthropology and archaeology of Central America.

The Maya of the Cochuah Region

Author: Justine M. Shaw
Publisher: UNM Press
ISBN: 9780826350909
Release Date: 2015-12-01
Genre: History

This book, the first major collection of data from the Cochuah region investigations, presents and analyzes findings on more than eighty sites and puts them in the context of the findings of other investigations from outside the area.

Moon Central America

Author: Avalon Travel
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9781631214165
Release Date: 2016-02-02
Genre: Travel

An ebook exclusive, Moon Central America combines Moon's full-length guides to seven Central American countries into one comprehensive digital guide. Moon Central America includes the following country guides: Moon Belize Moon Costa Rica Moon El Salvador Moon Guatemala Moon Honduras & the Bay Islands Moon Nicaragua Moon Panama For each country, you'll find trustworthy advice from Moon's experienced travel authors. Professional photographer Al Argueta compiles the best places to take in Guatemala's awe-inspiring volcanoes, and adventure traveler Amy Robertson shares her list of Honduras's best places to get face-to-face with nature—from caves to cloud forests. If you're dreaming of a Central American trip of any length or mix of destinations, Moon Central America is the travel companion for you.

Moon El Salvador

Author: Jaime Jacques
Publisher: Hachette UK
ISBN: 9781612385938
Release Date: 2015-02-17
Genre: Travel

Moon Handbooks give you the tools to make your own choices. Can't-miss sights, activities, restaurants, and accommodations, marked with M Essential info on San Salvador, El Salvador's resilient urban heart Suggestions on how to plan a trip that's perfect for you, including: The Best of El Salvador Surf's Up! From Cool Cloud Forests to Warm Waves Art and Culture: Past and Present 13 detailed and easy-to-use maps The firsthand experience and unique perspective of author Jaime Jacques

Ruins of the Past

Author: Travis W. Stanton
Publisher:
ISBN: UOM:39015073981840
Release Date: 2008
Genre: History

From the Preclassic to the present, Maya peoples have continuously built, altered, abandoned, and re-used structures, imbuing them with new meanings at each transformation. RUINS OF THE PAST is the first volume to focus on how later Maya peoples perceived, used, and sometimes ritually destroyed ruins of structures built by ancestors.

Feasts

Author: Michael Dietler
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institution Press
ISBN: 1560988614
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Social Science

From the ancient Near East to modern-day North America, communal consumption of food and drink punctuates the life of human societies. Feasts serve many social purposes, establishing alliances for war and marriage, mobilizing labor, creating political power and economic advantages, and redistributing wealth. This collection of fifteen essays combines ethnographic and archaeological perspectives to examine the cultural, economic, and political importance of feasts, considering traditional and modern practices from Africa, Southeast Asia, the Near East, Polynesia, New Guinea, and the Americas. Recording types and quantities of food, preparation techniques, and numbers of participants, the ethnographers provide much-needed behavioral context and theoretical framework for these intricate social interactions and attempt to link feasting practices to physical evidence. The archaeologists examine the locations of roasting pits, hearths, and refuse deposits or the presence of special decorative ceramics and infer the ways in which feasting traditions reveal social structures of lineage, clan, moiety, and polity. As practices for organizing ancient and modern societies, feasts are intimately implicated in the processes of social and cultural change. This book makes these rituals more accessible to archaeological analysis and interpretation.

On the Edge of Empire

Author: Chantal Esquivias
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
ISBN: UVA:X004667883
Release Date: 2002
Genre: Social Science

This study combines ethnohistorical and archaeological evidence to investigate the social and political development of the region of Chacalapan during the Classic and Post-Classic periods (AD300-1520). The ethnohistorical evidence is taken from both Mexico and Spain and reveals the extent of imperial control in the Post-Classic period. The archaeological evidence which consists of data from excavations and artefactual analysis traces the integration of the area into a hierarchical settlement system during the Classic period.

Plants and People in Ancient Ecuador

Author: Deborah M. Pearsall
Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company
ISBN: STANFORD:36105114336394
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Social Science

This case study illustrates the contemporary archaeological field of ethnobotany, and explores the interrelationships between the prehistoric residents of a small valley in coastal Ecuador and the dry tropical forest habitat in which they lived. The work has three related objectives: 1. it is an ethnobotany – a work that explores how, through the medium of culture, people shape and are shaped by the environment in which they live, 2. it is a work that synthesizes results of some 10 years of research done by Pearsall during the Jama Archaeological-Paleoethnobotanical project, and 3. it is a work that provides Pearsall with the opportunity to illustrate paleoethnobotanical research methods, an important component of contemporary interdisciplinary archaeology. Pearsall took as her subject the 3,600-year-old archaeological record of the Jama River valley in northern Manabi, Ecuador, and she determined what plants people selected for food, fuel, building materials, and ritual; evaluated the impact of agricultural activities on the tropical forest environment; and examined the response of populations to volcanic ash fall disasters. Broken into four parts, this case study starts with an introduction to the field of ethnobotany, then goes on to describe Pearsall's experiences doing field work in the Jama River Valley and the results of her research, and concludes with an illustration of how ethnobotany fits into and contributes to archaeology.