Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Release Date: 1995
Published within a few months of each other in 1906, Stones in the Sea by Fu Lin and The Sea of Regret by Wu Jianren take opposite sides in the heated turn-of-the-century debate over the place of romantic and sexual love and passion in Chinese life. The Sea of Regret, which came to be the most popular short novel of this period, is a response to the less well-known but equally significant Stones in the Sea. Taken together, this pair of novels provides a fascinating portrait of early twentieth-century China's struggle with its own cultural, ethical, and sexual redefinition. Patrick Hanan's masterful translation brings together these novels -- neither of which has before been available in any foreign language -- in a single volume, with a valuable introduction and notes. A tour de force in the art of translation. 'The Sea of Regret' is not only accurate, but, in the typical Hanan fashion, it is succinct and elegant as well. Impeccable work from an eminent scholar of Chinese fiction and a master of prose. --Lee Ou-fan Lee, UCLA These two short novels are especially interesting for their insights into the debate in educated circles concerning marriage, family, and the status of women. The chaos in China caused by the Boxer Rebellion of 1900 is also vividly rendered in both works. Readers will find not only intrinsic interest but also historical relevance in these early modern novels. --Michael S. Duke, University of British Columbia Patrick Hanan is Victor S. Thomas Professor of Chinese Literature at Harvard University. He is the author of The Chinese Vernacular Story and The Invention of Li Yu and the translator of The Carnal Prayer Mat and A Tower for the Summer Heat.
Author: Rebecca E. Karl
Publisher: Duke University Press
Release Date: 2002-04-01
Genre: Political Science
In Staging the World Rebecca E. Karl rethinks the production of nationalist discourse in China during the late Qing period, between China’s defeat in the Sino-Japanese War in 1895 and the proclamation of the Republic in 1911. She argues that at this historical moment a growing Chinese identification with what we now call the Third World first made the modern world visible as a totality and that the key components of Chinese nationalist discourse developed in reference to this worldview. The emergence of Chinese nationalism during this period is often portrayed as following from China’s position vis-à-vis Japan and the West. Karl has mined the archives of the late Qing period to discern the foci of Chinese intellectuals from 1895 to 1911 to assert that even though the China/Japan/West triangle was crucial, it alone is an incomplete—and therefore flawed—model of the development of nationalism in China. Although the perceptions and concerns of these thinkers form the basis of Staging the World, Karl begins by examining a 1904 Shanghai production of an opera about a fictional partition of Poland and its modern reincarnation as an ethno-nation. By focusing on the type of dialogue this opera generated in China, Karl elucidates concepts such as race, colonization, globalization, and history. From there, she discusses how Chinese conceptions of nationalism were affected by the “discovery” of Hawai’i as a center of the Pacific, the Philippine revolution against the United States, and the relationship between nationality and ethnicity made apparent by the Boer War in South Africa.
Author: Claudine Salmon
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Release Date: 2005-01-01
During the 1990s the Western world celebrated some of its famous discoverers: Columbus, da Gama, Cabral, and others. The year 2005 is marked by the 600th anniversary of Zheng He's first voyage to the Indian Ocean, which began in 1405. Zheng He's fleets reached various destinations around the Arabian Peninsula and along the African coast. Major countries and ports, from Mogadishu in the west to Champa in the east, would then submit tribute to the imperial court in Nanjing, thereby subordinating themselves to the Ming empire. This is reported in countless Chinese records. Events around Zheng He have always fascinated historians as well as writers, artists and even politicians. This gave rise to many legends and stories, often with political and religious implications. These in turn can be related to the circumstances of their own time. The present book looks at such images, especially in selected literary works, and with regard to their Islamic dimensions. But other themes are also considered, for example the impressions transmitted through early Iberian texts.
Author: James R. Holmes
Release Date: 2012-09-10
Alfred Thayer Mahan has been called America’s nineteenth-century ‘evangelist of sea power’ and the intellectual father of the modern US Navy. His theories have a timeless appeal, and Chinese analysts now routinely invoke Mahan’s writings, exhorting their nation to build a powerful navy. Economics is the prime motivation for maritime reorientation, and securing the sea lanes that convey foreign energy supplies and other commodities now ranks near or at the top of China’s list of military priorities. This book is the first systematic effort to test the interplay between Western military thought and Chinese strategic traditions vis-à-vis the nautical arena. It uncovers some universal axioms about how theories of sea power influence the behaviour of great powers and examines how Mahanian thought could shape China’s encounters on the high seas. Empirical analysis adds a new dimension to the current debate over China’s ‘rise’ and its importance for international relations. The findings also clarify the possible implications of China’s maritime rise for the United States, and illuminate how the two powers can manage their bilateral interactions on the high seas. Chinese Naval Strategy in the 21st Century will be of much interest to students of naval history, Chinese politics and security studies.
Author: Mary Roberts Coolidge
Publisher: Westphalia Press
Release Date: 2015-09-10
This volume is one of a number of Westphalia titles significant in the story of the not always happy and often controversial Chinese contact with Western society. In the American case, despite appreciation by scholars for Chinese civilization, cries against Chinese immigration began in response to the development of the transcontinental railroad that saw the arrival of immigrants exploited as cheap labor. The first restrictive Act passed on May 6, 1882, and was the start of a series of increasingly more restrictive laws against Chinese, such as the Act to Prohibit the Coming of Chinese Persons into the United States, known more popularly as the Geary Act of May 1892. It wasn't until the Immigration Act of October 1965 when the exclusionary practices were lifted, despite President Truman's signing of the Act to Repeal the Chinese Exclusion Acts, to Establish Quotas and for Other Purposes in December of 1943.
Author: Jane Hunter
Publisher: Yale University Press
Release Date: 1989-08-16
At the turn of the century, women represented over half of the American foreign mission force and had settled in heathen China to preach the lessons of Christian domesticity. In this engrossing narrative, Jane Hunter uses diaries, reminiscences, and letters to recreate the backgrounds of the missionaries and the problems and satisfactions they found in China. Her book offers insights not only into the experiences of these women but also into the ways they mirrored the female culture of Victorian America. A subtle and finely written book... on] an aspect of the mission world in China that has never before received such probing, affectionate, detailed treatment.-Jonathan Spence, New York Review of Books An important and often entertaining work...New angles on imperialism and gentility alike.-Martin E. Marty, Reviews in American History A triumph of sophisticated subtle intelligence. Though quite cognizant of the dark side of the confluence of American nationalism and the missionary enterprise, Hunter's interest is in moving beyond that understanding to explore how the meeting of two cultures affected, and was shaped by, a female angle of vision.-Regina Morantz-Sanchez, Signs Jane Hunter writes better than most novelists, and she has a topic more demanding and rewarding than the subjects many novelists deal with. Her story of the valiant and ofttimes guilt-ridden women who ventured to China, singly or with spouses, to win the country for Christ creates a world and beckons readers into it.-Christian Century
First published in 1988, this reissue is an important work in the field of national literary exchange. Declared by American Library Association in its Choice publication one of the ten best reference works of 1988, the volume has survived global change - politically, socially, economically, religiously, aesthetically - to promote cultural dialogue between China and the West. Besides the scores of annotated sources, the introductory essays remain as authentic and moving as the day of their appearance. Equally to be observed is accelerating demand, especially in academic institutions, for global cultural exchange through national literatures. How can we of the English-speaking world, for example, adequately understand and converse with our Chinese counterparts without some appreciation of their culture, notably of Confucian and Taoist roles in their history as reflected in their literature? Overall, a pioneering work whose reissue will be welcomed by both scholars and general readers alike.
Author: Carol Kim Helfer
Release Date: 2012
"Cultural Imprints" broadens current scholarship on the Chinese in turn-of-the-century America by reframing representations of Chinese Americans along class lines. With a shift of focus to Chinese elites, this dissertation explores four distinct cultural projects to demonstrate the ways in which Chinese elites created unique spaces to negotiate their identities and to actively engage in American print culture. First, the writings of Edith Eaton, under the penname Sui Sin Far, provided subversive representations of Chinese Americans that challenged the notion that they were beyond the purview of American society and culture. Her writings employed middle-class Chinese characters to suggest that class status and respectability offered a measure of acceptance among white Americans. Second, Chinese merchants in America banded together to establish a Chinese village and exhibit at Chicago's 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. This dissertation also reveals that the 1892 Geary Act regenerated national debate about the status of Chinese in America within a world's fair context. Next, an analysis of newspaper advertisements for Chinese apothecaries elucidates how Chinese herbal doctors constructed their own identities in the American press and effectively treated a white clientele. Last, a study of the representations of Chinese elite women and Chinese medical missionaries in China and America counters the dominant narrative that portrays the victimization of Chinese women in missionary literature and the popular press. In spite of the Exclusionary Era, Chinese elites created public spaces where they negotiated their own identities and contested notions of Western cultural superiority in the American press. A repositioning of the portrayal of the Chinese in turn-of-the-century America produces a different vantage point from that of the working-class figure of the "coolie." An analysis of these four cultural projects indicates the various ways Chinese elites made their impressions on American print culture.
Author: Emma Woo Louie
Release Date: 1998-04-01
Genre: Social Science
The naming practices of Chinese Americans are the focus of this work. Since Chinese immigration began in the mid-19th century, names of immigrants and their descendants have been influenced by both Chinese and American name customs. This detailed study first describes the naming traditions of China, providing a base for understanding how personal names may change in the interaction between cultures. One discovers that surnames are clues to Chinese dialect sounds, that many have been Americanized, that new surnames were created and that, in more recent decades as the Chinese American population has grown, new names practices developed and surnames have proliferated. Included are ideographs to surnames and an overview of their preservation by Americans of Chinese descent.