The Columbia History of the 20th Century

Author: Richard W. Bulliet
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231076290
Release Date: 2000-01
Genre: History

The book is a series of twenty-three linked interpretive essays on the most significant developments in modern times--ranging from athletics to art, the economy to the environment.

The Columbia History of Twentieth century French Thought

Author: Lawrence D. Kritzman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231107900
Release Date: 2007
Genre: History

Unrivaled in its scope and depth, The Columbia History of Twentieth-Century French Thought assesses the intellectual figures, movements, and publications that helped shape and define fields as diverse as history and historiography, psychoanalysis, film, literary theory, cognitive and life sciences, literary criticism, philosophy, and economics. More than two hundred entries by leading intellectuals discuss developments in French thought on such subjects as pacifism, fashion, gastronomy, technology, and urbanism. Contributors include prominent French thinkers, many of whom have played an integral role in the development of French thought, and American, British, and Canadian scholars who have been vital in the dissemination of French ideas.

The Columbia History of Latinos in the United States Since 1960

Author: David G. Gutiérrez
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231508414
Release Date: 2004-07-20
Genre: Social Science

Latinos are now the largest so-called minority group in the United States—the result of a growth trend that began in the mid-twentieth century—and the influence of Latin cultures on American life is reflected in everything from politics to education to mass cultural forms such as music and television. Yet very few volumes have attempted to analyze or provide a context for this dramatic historical development. The Columbia History of Latinos in the United States Since 1960 is among the few comprehensive histories of Latinos in America. This collaborative, interdisciplinary volume provides not only cutting-edge interpretations of recent Latino history, including essays on the six major immigrant groups (Mexicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Central Americans, and South Americans), but also insight into the major areas of contention and debate that characterize Latino scholarship in the early twenty-first century. This much-needed book offers a broad overview of this era of explosive demographic and cultural change by exploring the recent histories of all the major national and regional Latino subpopulations and reflecting on what these historical trends might mean for the future of both the United States and the other increasingly connected nations of the Western Hemisphere. While at one point it may have been considered feasible to explore the histories of national populations in isolation from one another, all of the contributors to this volume highlight the deep transnational ties and interconnections that bind different peoples across national and regional lines. Thus, each chapter on Latino national subpopulations explores the ambiguous and shifting boundaries that so loosely define them both in the United States and in their countries of origin. A multinational perspective on important political and cultural themes—such as Latino gender systems, religion, politics, expressive and artistic cultures, and interactions with the law—helps shape a realistic interpretation of the Latino experience in the United States.

The Gold Standard at the Turn of the Twentieth Century

Author: Steven Bryan
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231526333
Release Date: 2010-08-31
Genre: History

By the end of the nineteenth century, the world was ready to adopt the gold standard out of concerns of national power, prestige, and anti-English competition. Yet although the gold standard allowed countries to enact a virtual single world currency, the years before World War I were not a time of unfettered liberal economics and one-world, one-market harmony. Outside of Europe, the gold standard became a tool for nationalists and protectionists primarily interested in growing domestic industry and imperial expansion. This overlooked trend, provocatively reassessed in Steven Bryan's well-documented history, contradicts our conception of the gold standard as a British-based system infused with English ideas, interests, and institutions. In countries like Japan and Argentina, where nationalist concerns focused on infant-industry protection and the growth of military power, the gold standard enabled the expansion of trade and the goals of the age: industry and empire. Bryan argues that these countries looked less to Britain and more to North America and the rest of Europe for ideological models. Not only does this history challenge our idealistic notions of the prewar period, but it also reorients our understanding of the history that followed. Policymakers of the 1920s latched onto the idea that global prosperity before World War I was the result of a system dominated by English liberalism. Their attempt to reproduce this triumph helped bring about the global downturn, the Great Depression, and the collapse of the interwar world.

The Columbia Companion to the Twentieth Century American Short Story

Author: Blanche H. Gelfant
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231110990
Release Date: 2004-04-01
Genre: Literary Criticism

This resource provides information on a popular literary genre - the 20th century American short story. It contains articles on stories that share a particular theme, and over 100 pieces on individual writers and their work. There are also articles on promising new writers entering the scene.

In the Name of Humanity

Author: Alain Finkielkraut
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231110200
Release Date: 2000-01
Genre: History

An unsettling reflection on the twentieth century in its twilight hours in which we are asked to rethink our assumptions about universalism and humanism. While many people look to humanist ideals as a deterrent to nationalist chauvinism, Finkielkraut challenges the abstract idea of universalism by describing the terrible crimes "civilized" Europe has committed in its name.

The Making of Salafism

Author: Henri Lauzière
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231540179
Release Date: 2015-11-17
Genre: History

Some Islamic scholars hold that Salafism is an innovative and rationalist effort at Islamic reform that emerged in the late nineteenth century but gradually disappeared in the mid twentieth. Others argue Salafism is an anti-innovative and antirationalist movement of Islamic purism that dates back to the medieval period yet persists today. Though they contradict each other, both narratives are considered authoritative, making it hard for outsiders to grasp the history of the ideology and its core beliefs. Introducing a third, empirically based genealogy, The Making of Salafism understands the concept as a recent phenomenon projected back onto the past, and it sees its purist evolution as a direct result of decolonization. Henri Lauzière builds his history on the transnational networks of Taqi al-Din al-Hilali (1894–1987), a Moroccan Salafi who, with his associates, participated in the development of Salafism as both a term and a movement. Traveling from Rabat to Mecca, from Calcutta to Berlin, al-Hilali interacted with high-profile Salafi scholars and activists who eventually abandoned Islamic modernism in favor of a more purist approach to Islam. Today, Salafis tend to claim a monopoly on religious truth and freely confront other Muslims on theological and legal issues. Lauzière's pathbreaking history recognizes the social forces behind this purist turn, uncovering the popular origins of what has become a global phenomenon.

Race Unmasked

Author: Michael Yudell
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231537995
Release Date: 2014-09-09
Genre: Science

Race, while drawn from the visual cues of human diversity, is an idea with a measurable past, an identifiable present, and an uncertain future. The concept of race has been at the center of both triumphs and tragedies in American history and has had a profound effect on the human experience. Race Unmasked revisits the origins of commonly held beliefs about the scientific nature of racial differences, examines the roots of the modern idea of race, and explains why race continues to generate controversy as a tool of classification even in our genomic age. Surveying the work of some of the twentieth century's most notable scientists, Race Unmasked reveals how genetics and related biological disciplines formed and preserved ideas of race and, at times, racism. A gripping history of science and scientists, Race Unmasked elucidates the limitations of a racial worldview and throws the contours of our current and evolving understanding of human diversity into sharp relief.

Twentieth Century Analytic Philosophy

Author: Avrum Stroll
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231112215
Release Date: 2001-10-06
Genre: Philosophy

Avrum Stroll investigates the "family resemblances" between that impressive breed of thinkers known as analytic philosophers. In so doing, he grapples with the point and purpose of doing philosophy: What is philosophy? What are its tasks? What kind of information, illumination, and understanding is it supposed to provide if it is not one of the natural sciences?

Religion Culture and Politics in the Twentieth century United States

Author: Mark Hulsether
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231144032
Release Date: 2007
Genre: Religion

Key players and themes in US religion before the twentieth century -- Changes in the religious landscape in the early twentieth century -- Religion and social conflict in the early twentieth century -- Shifts in the religious landscape from World War II to the present -- Religion and evolving social conflicts from World War II to the present -- Cultural aspects of religion from World War II to the present -- Conclusion: consensus, pluralism, and hegemony in US religion.

Richard B Morris and American History in the Twentieth Century

Author: Philip Ranlet
Publisher: University Press of America
ISBN: 0761829172
Release Date: 2004
Genre: Biography & Autobiography

Richard B. Morris, an internationally known early American scholar, was a historian at both City College of New York and Columbia University. His dissertation, Studies in the History of American Law, helped establish American legal history as a field. This biography is based primarily upon Morris' extensive papers and the recollections of historians who knew him well.

Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers

Author: Lillian Faderman
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231530743
Release Date: 2012-02-21
Genre: Literary Criticism

As Lillian Faderman writes, there are "no constants with regard to lesbianism," except that lesbians prefer women. In this groundbreaking book, she reclaims the history of lesbian life in twentieth-century America, tracing the evolution of lesbian identity and subcultures from early networks to more recent diverse lifestyles. She draws from journals, unpublished manuscripts, songs, media accounts, novels, medical literature, pop culture artifacts, and oral histories by lesbians of all ages and backgrounds, uncovering a narrative of uncommon depth and originality.

The Playful Crowd

Author: Gary Cross
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 9780231502832
Release Date: 2005-10-18
Genre: History

During the first part of the twentieth century thousands of working-class New Yorkers flocked to Coney Island in search of a release from their workaday lives and the values of bourgeois society. On the other side of the Atlantic, British workers headed off to the beach resort of Blackpool for entertainment and relaxation. However, by the middle of the century, a new type of park began to emerge, providing well-ordered, squeaky-clean, and carefully orchestrated corporate entertainment. Contrasting the experiences of Coney Island and Blackpool with those of Disneyland and Beamish, Gary S. Cross and John K. Walton explore playful crowds and the pursuit of pleasure in the twentieth century to offer a transatlantic perspective on changing ideas about leisure, class, and mass culture. Blackpool and Coney Island were the definitive playgrounds of the industrial working class. Teeming crowds partook of a gritty vulgarity that offered a variety of pleasures and thrills from roller coaster rides and freak shows to dance halls and dioramas of exotic locales. Responding to the new money and mobility of the working class, the purveyors of Coney Island and Blackpool offered the playful crowd an "industrial saturnalia."Cross and Walton capture the sights and sounds of Blackpool and Coney Island and consider how these "Sodoms by the sea" flouted the social and cultural status quo. The authors also examine the resorts' very different fates as Coney Island has now become a mere shadow of its former self while Blackpool continues to lure visitors and offer new attractions. The authors also explore the experiences offered at Disneyland and Beamish, a heritage park that celebrates Britain's industrial and social history. While both parks borrowed elements from their predecessors, they also adapted to the longings and concerns of postwar consumer culture. Appealing to middle-class families, Disney provided crowds a chance to indulge in child-like innocence and a nostalgia for a simpler time. At Beamish, crowds gathered to find an escape from the fragmented and hedonistic life of modern society in a reconstructed realm of the past where local traditions and nature prevail.

The Oxford History of Twentieth Century

Author: Michael Howard
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0192803786
Release Date: 2002-08-08
Genre: History

'This is a small book but a big achievement- praise for previous edition,' The TimesOver the course of the twentieth-century, the human population of the world tripled, two cataclysmic wars were fought, and computer technology revolutionised communication. In this ambitious book, 26 of the world's most distinguished historians survey these momentous events, with a look forward to what the future might bring. Early chapters take a global overview from a variety of perspectives - demographic, scientific, economic, cultural - and further chapters chart the century's course, region by region.