Author: Zachary P. Neal
Release Date: 2012-08-06
Genre: Social Science
The Connected City explores how thinking about networks helps make sense of modern cities: what they are, how they work, and where they are headed. Cities and urban life can be examined as networks, and these urban networks can be examined at many different levels. The book focuses on three levels of urban networks: micro, meso, and macro. These levels build upon one another, and require distinctive analytical approaches that make it possible to consider different types of questions. At one extreme, micro-urban networks focus on the networks that exist within cities, like the social relationships among neighbors that generate a sense of community and belonging. At the opposite extreme, macro-urban networks focus on networks between cities, like the web of nonstop airline flights that make face-to-face business meetings possible. This book contains three major sections organized by the level of analysis and scale of network. Throughout these sections, when a new methodological concept is introduced, a separate ‘method note’ provides a brief and accessible introduction to the practical issues of using networks in research. What makes this book unique is that it synthesizes the insights and tools of the multiple scales of urban networks, and integrates the theory and method of network analysis.
This book explores the opportunities and challenges of the sharing economy and innovative transportation technologies with regard to urban mobility. Written by government experts, social scientists, technologists and city planners from North America, Europe and Australia, the papers in this book address the impacts of demographic, societal and economic trends and the fundamental changes arising from the increasing automation and connectivity of vehicles, smart communication technologies, multimodal transit services, and urban design. The book is based on the Disrupting Mobility Summit held in Cambridge, MA (USA) in November 2015, organized by the City Science Initiative at MIT Media Lab, the Transportation Sustainability Research Center at the University of California at Berkeley, the LSE Cities at the London School of Economics and Politics and the Innovation Center for Mobility and Societal Change in Berlin.
IBM® MessageSight is an appliance-based messaging server that is optimized to address the massive scale requirements of machine-to-machine (m2m) and mobile user scenarios. IBM MessageSight makes it easy to connect mobile customers to your existing messaging enterprise system, enabling a substantial number of remote clients to be concurrently connected. The MQTT protocol is a lightweight messaging protocol that uses publish/subscribe architecture to deliver messages over low bandwidth or unreliable networks. A publish/subscribe architecture works well for HTML5, native, and hybrid mobile applications by removing the wait time of a request/response model. This creates a better, richer user experience. The MQTT protocol is simple, which results in a client library with a low footprint. MQTT was proposed as an Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS) standard. This book provides information about version 3.1 of the MQTT specification. This IBM Redbooks® publication provides information about how IBM MessageSight, in combination with MQTT, facilitates the expansion of enterprise systems to include mobile devices and m2m communications. This book also outlines how to connect IBM MessageSight to an existing infrastructure, either through the use of IBM WebSphere® MQ connectivity or the IBM Integration Bus (formerly known as WebSphere Message Broker). This book describes IBM MessageSight product features and facilities that are relevant to technical personnel, such as system architects, to help them make informed design decisions regarding the integration of the messaging appliance into their enterprise architecture. Using a scenario-based approach, you learn how to develop a mobile application, and how to integrate IBM MessageSight with other IBM products. This publication is intended to be of use to a wide-ranging audience.
Author: Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release Date: 2018-12-17
This volume comprises six well-versed contributed chapters devoted to report the latest fi ndings on the applications of machine learning for big data analytics. Big data is a term for data sets that are so large or complex that traditional data processing application software is inadequate to deal with them. The possible challenges in this direction include capture, storage, analysis, data curation, search, sharing, transfer, visualization, querying, updating and information privacy. Big data analytics is the process of examining large and varied data sets - i.e., big data - to uncover hidden patterns, unknown correlations, market trends, customer preferences and other useful information that can help organizations make more-informed business decisions. This volume is intended to be used as a reference by undergraduate and post graduate students of the disciplines of computer science, electronics and telecommunication, information science and electrical engineering. THE SERIES: FRONTIERS IN COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE The series Frontiers In Computational Intelligence is envisioned to provide comprehensive coverage and understanding of cutting edge research in computational intelligence. It intends to augment the scholarly discourse on all topics relating to the advances in artifi cial life and machine learning in the form of metaheuristics, approximate reasoning, and robotics. Latest research fi ndings are coupled with applications to varied domains of engineering and computer sciences. This field is steadily growing especially with the advent of novel machine learning algorithms being applied to different domains of engineering and technology. The series brings together leading researchers that intend to continue to advance the fi eld and create a broad knowledge about the most recent research.
This book looks at the Ruhr region of Germany as a model for the decentralized communications culture of the digital age, and as a future workshop for new forms of communication. Using new telecommunications media to enhance the artistic dialogue between contributors to this book, Connected Cities documents interactive and spatial projects by established and emerging architects and media artists such as Paul Garrin, Ingo Gunther, Lynn Hershman, Knowbotic Research, Francesca da Rimini & Marko Deseriis, Paul Sermon & Andrea Zapp, and Supreme Particles, and includes texts by internationally respected critics, theoreticians, and architects such as Toyo Ito and Rem Koolhaas.
Author: Joseph Cortright
Publisher: CEOs for Cities' CityVitals
Release Date: 2006-01-01
Genre: Cities and towns
A detailed set of statistical measures for urban leaders to understand their city's performance in four key areas - talent, innovation, connections, and distinctiveness - in comparison to the fifty largest metropolitan areas in the United States.
A ball and a wall used to be all you needed for hours of entertainment. But these days, when good design is an expected component of almost every experience, much more is necessary if public urban spaces are to meet the requirements of 21st century recreation and leisure. Sustainability over time and flexibility to accommodate multiple activities, for example, are key requirements. Fortunately, architects and landscape designers have answered the call and produced an amazing array of public spaces for recreation. The Good Life showcases the best and most imaginative new designs from around the globe. Stripped from the structural constraints and serious programs of so many building types, the projects here are designed for fun. But they also demonstrate the role of public spaces in enhancing daily life, fostering social and cultural identity, and contributing to urban regeneration. Zoe Ryan, Senior Curator at Van Alen Institute and organizer of the 2006 Good Life exhibition, edited this volume, with contributions from a broad team of creative experts, including Paola Antonelli, Janet Abrams, Michael Bierut, and Diana Balmori.
Author: Hambleton, Robin
Publisher: Policy Press
Release Date: 2014-11-24
Genre: Political Science
Cities are often seen as helpless victims in a global flow of events and many view growing inequality in cities as inevitable. This engaging book rejects this gloomy prognosis and argues that imaginative place-based leadership can enable citizens to shape the urban future in accordance with progressive values – advancing social justice, promoting care for the environment and bolstering community empowerment. This international and comparative book, written by an experienced author, shows how inspirational civic leaders are making a major difference in cities across the world. The analysis provides practical lessons for local leaders and a significant contribution to thinking on public service innovation for anyone who wants to change urban society for the better.
Author: Charles Montgomery
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Release Date: 2013-11-12
Genre: Political Science
A globe-trotting, eye-opening exploration of how cities can—and do—make us happier people Charles Montgomery's Happy City will revolutionize the way we think about urban life. After decades of unchecked sprawl, more people than ever are moving back to the city. Dense urban living has been prescribed as a panacea for the environmental and resource crises of our time. But is it better or worse for our happiness? Are subways, sidewalks, and tower dwelling an improvement on the car-dependence of sprawl? The award-winning journalist Charles Montgomery finds answers to such questions at the intersection between urban design and the emerging science of happiness, and during an exhilarating journey through some of the world's most dynamic cities. He meets the visionary mayor who introduced a "sexy" lipstick-red bus to ease status anxiety in Bogotá; the architect who brought the lessons of medieval Tuscan hill towns to modern-day New York City; the activist who turned Paris's urban freeways into beaches; and an army of American suburbanites who have transformed their lives by hacking the design of their streets and neighborhoods. Full of rich historical detail and new insights from psychologists and Montgomery's own urban experiments, Happy City is an essential tool for understanding and improving our own communities. The message is as surprising as it is hopeful: by retrofitting our cities for happiness, we can tackle the urgent challenges of our age. The happy city, the green city, and the low-carbon city are the same place, and we can all help build it.
To continue providing people with safe, comfortable, and affordable places to live, cities must incorporate techniques and technologies to bring them into the future. The integration of big data and interconnected technology, along with the increasing population, will lead to the necessary creation of smart cities. Big Data Analytics for Smart and Connected Cities is a pivotal reference source that provides vital research on the application of the integration of interconnected technologies and big data analytics into the creation of smart cities. While highlighting topics such as energy conservation, public transit planning, and performance measurement, this publication explores technology integration in urban environments as well as the methods of planning cities to implement these new technologies. This book is ideally designed for engineers, professionals, researchers, and technology developers seeking current research on technology implementation in urban settings.
Author: Leo Hollis
Publisher: A&C Black
Release Date: 2013-04-25
Genre: Social Science
The 21st century will be the age of the city. Already over 50% of the world population live in urban centres and over the coming decades this percentage will increase. Blending anecdote, fact and first hand encounters - from exploring the slums of Mumbai, to visiting roof-top farms in Brooklyn and attending secret dinner parties in Paris, to riding the bus in Latin America - Leo Hollis reveals that we have misunderstood how cities work for too long. Upending long-held assumptions and challenging accepted wisdom, he explores: why cities can never be rational, organised places; how we can walk in a crowd without bumping into people, and if we can design places that make people want to kiss; whether we have the right solution to the problem of the slums; how ants, slime mould and traffic jams can make us rethink congestion. And above all, the unexpected reasons why living in the city can make us fitter, richer, smarter, greener, more creative - and, perhaps, even happier. Cities Are Good for You introduces dreamers, planners, revolutionaries, writers, scientists, architects, slum-dwellers and emperors. It is shaped by the idea that cities are the greatest social experiment in human history, built for people, and by the people.
Author: Mindy Thompson Fullilove
Publisher: New Village Press
Release Date: 2013-06-04
Genre: Social Science
What if divided neighborhoods were causing public health problems? What if a new approach to planning and design could tackle both the built environment and collective well-being at the same time? What if cities could help each other? Dr. Mindy Fullilove, the acclaimed author of Root Shock, uses her unique perspective as a public health psychiatrist to explore ways of healing social and spatial fractures simultaneously. Using the work of French urbanist Michel Cantal-Dupart as a guide, Fullilove takes readers on a tour of successful collaborative interventions that repair cities and make communities whole.