The Cybernetics Moment

Author: Ronald R. Kline
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 9781421416717
Release Date: 2015-06-04
Genre: History

Cybernetics—the science of communication and control as it applies to machines and to humans—originates from efforts during World War II to build automatic anti-aircraft systems. Following the war, this science extended beyond military needs to examine all systems that rely on information and feedback, from the level of the cell to that of society. In The Cybernetics Moment, Ronald R. Kline, a senior historian of technology, examines the intellectual and cultural history of cybernetics and information theory, whose language of "information," "feedback," and "control" transformed the idiom of the sciences, hastened the development of information technologies, and laid the conceptual foundation for what we now call the Information Age. Kline argues that, for about twenty years after 1950, the growth of cybernetics and information theory and ever-more-powerful computers produced a utopian information narrative—an enthusiasm for information science that influenced natural scientists, social scientists, engineers, humanists, policymakers, public intellectuals, and journalists, all of whom struggled to come to grips with new relationships between humans and intelligent machines. Kline traces the relationship between the invention of computers and communication systems and the rise, decline, and transformation of cybernetics by analyzing the lives and work of such notables as Norbert Wiener, Claude Shannon, Warren McCulloch, Margaret Mead, Gregory Bateson, and Herbert Simon. Ultimately, he reveals the crucial role played by the cybernetics moment—when cybernetics and information theory were seen as universal sciences—in setting the stage for our current preoccupation with information technologies.

Ranulph Galnville and How to Live the Cybernetics of Unknowing

Author: Soren Brier
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
ISBN: 9781845409050
Release Date: 2016-07-19
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

A festschrift issue of Cybernetics and Human Knowing focusing on the work of Ranulph Glanville, cybernetician, design researcher, theorist, educator and multi-platform artist/designer/performer.

Constructing a Social Science for Postwar America

Author: Steve J. Heims
Publisher: Mit Press
ISBN: UOM:39015032434808
Release Date: 1993
Genre: Science

Focusing on the Macy Foundation conferences, a series of encounters that captured a moment of transformation in the human sciences.

New Horizons For Second order Cybernetics

Author: Muller Karl H
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9789813226272
Release Date: 2017-09-15
Genre: Language Arts & Disciplines

In almost 60 articles this book reviews the current state of second-order cybernetics and investigates which new research methods second-order cybernetics can offer to tackle wicked problems in science and in society. The contributions explore its application to both scientific fields (such as mathematics, psychology and consciousness research) and non-scientific ones (such as design theory and theater science). The book uses a pluralistic, multifaceted approach to discuss these applications: Each main article is accompanied by several commentaries and author responses, which together allow the reader to discover further perspectives than in the original article alone. This procedure shows that second-order cybernetics is already on its way to becoming an idea shared by many researchers in a variety of disciplines. Contents: Prologue: A Brief History of (Second-Order) Cybernetics (Louis H Kauffman & Stuart A Umpleb)Mapping the Varieties of Second-Order Cybernetics (Karl H Müller & Alexander Riegle)Part I: Exploring Second-Order Cybernetics and Its Fivefold Agenda: Second-Order Cybernetics as a Fundamental Revolution in Science (Stuart A Umpleby)Obstacles and Opportunities in the Future of Second-Order Cybernetics and Other Compatible Methods (Allenna Leonard)Connecting Second-Order Cybernetics' Revolution with Genetic Epistemology (Gastón Becerra)Shed the Name to Find Second-Order Success: Renaming Second-Order Cybernetics to Rescue its Essence (Michael R Lissack)Beware False Dichotomies (Peter A Cariani)Second-Order Cybernetics Needs a Unifying Methodology (Thomas R Flanagan)Viva the Fundamental Revolution! Confessions of a Case Writer (T Grandon Gill)Author's Response: Struggling to Define an Identity for Second-Order Cybernetics (Stuart A Umpleby)Cybernetics, Reflexivity and Second-Order Science (Louis H Kauffman)Remarks From a Continental Philosophy Point of View (Tatjana Schönwälder-Kuntze)Finally Understanding Eigenforms (Michael R Lissack)Eigenforms, Coherence, and the Imaginal (Arthur M Collings)Conserving the Disposition for Wonder (Kathleen Forsythe)Author's Response: Distinction, Eigenform and the Epistemology of the Imagination (Louis H Kauffman)Cybernetic Foundations for Psychology (Bernard Scott)Wielding the Cybernetic Scythe in the Blunting Undergrowth of Psychological Confusion (Vincent Kenny)To What Extent Can Second-Order Cybernetics Be a Foundation for Psychology? (Marcelo Arnold-Cathalifaud & Daniela Thumala-Dockendorff)The Importance — and the Difficulty — of Moving Beyond Linear Causality (Robert J Martin)Obstacles to Cybernetics Becoming a Conceptual Framework and Metanarrative in the Psychologies (Philip Baron)The Social and the Psychological: Conceptual Cybernetic Unification vs Disciplinary Analysis? (Eva Buchinger)Second Thoughts on Cybernetic Unifications (Tilia Stingl de Vasconcelos Guedes)Cybernetics and Synergetics as Foundations for Complex Approach Towards Complexities of Life (Lea Šugman Bohinc)Author's Response: On Becoming and Being a Cybernetician (Bernard Scott)Consciousness as Self-Description in Differences (Diana Gasparyan)On the Too Often Overlooked Complexity of the Tension between Subject and Object (Yochai Ataria)Where Is Consciousness? (Urban Kordeš)Theorizing Agents: Their Games, Hermeneutical Tools and Epistemic Resources (Konstantin Pavlov-Pinus)How

How Not to Network a Nation

Author: Benjamin Peters
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262034180
Release Date: 2016-03-25
Genre: Computers

How, despite thirty years of effort, Soviet attempts to build a national computer network were undone by socialists who seemed to behave like capitalists.

The Cybernetics of Prejudices in the Practice of Psychotherapy

Author: Gianfranco Cecchin
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1855750562
Release Date: 1994
Genre: Psychology

In this book, the authors identify the therapist's values and beliefs which they describe as prejudices, they then identify the equivalent prejudices held by the family, and finally, they trace the ways a prejudice from one side affects the other and is, in turn, affected by the other.

The Moment of Complexity

Author: Mark C. Taylor
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226791173
Release Date: 2001
Genre: Philosophy

With "The Moment of Complexity, " Taylor offers a map for the unfamiliar terrain opening in society's midst, unfolding an original philosophy of time through a remarkable synthesis of science and culture. According to Taylor, complexity is not just a breakthrough scientific concept but the defining quality of the post-Cold War era.

Quantum Brain Dynamics and Consciousness

Author: Mari Jibu
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 1556191839
Release Date: 1995
Genre: Science

This introduction to quantum brain dynamics is accessible to a broad interdisciplinary audience. The authors, a brain scientist and a theoretical physicist, present a new quantum framework for investigating advanced functions of the brain such as consciousness and memory. The book is the first to give a systematic account, founded in fundamental quantum physical principles, of how the brain functions as a unified system. It is based on the quantum field theory originated in the 1960s by the great theoretical physicist, Hiroomi Umezawa, to whom the book is dedicated. It poses an alternative to the dominant conceptions in the neuro- and cognitive sciences, which take neurons organized into networks as the basic constituents of the brain. Certain physical substrates in the brain are shown to support quantum field phenomena, and the resulting strange quantum properties are used to explain consciousness and memory. This change of perspective results in a radically new vision of how the brain functions.

Summa Technologiae

Author: Stanislaw Lem
Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag
ISBN: 9783518743386
Release Date: 2013-12-09
Genre: Fiction

»Summa technologiae« faßt die zur Zeit greifbaren Ergebnisse der futurologischen Wissenschaft zusammen und entwickelt neue, bei uns bis dahin noch nicht bekannte Konzeptionen. Das Buch handelt von einigen möglichen „Zukünften“ der menschlichen Zivilisation. Die Futurologie ist keine Wissenschaft, sondern Schlachtfeld widerstreitender Interessen. Wenn künftige Entwicklungen eng mit künftigen wissenschaftlichen Entdeckungen zusammenhängen, kommt ihre Prognose der Antizipation dieser Entdeckungen gleich. Das ist logisch unmöglich. Wir können allein die Invarianten unserer Welt aufdecken und mit ihnen die Grenze abstecken, die das Mögliche (Erlaubte) vom Unmöglichen (Verbotenen) trennt. Was können wir aus der Welt machen, was ist möglich? Fast alles – nur das nicht: daß sich die Menschen in einigen zigtausend Jahren überlegen könnten: »Genug – so wie es jetzt ist, soll es von nun an immer bleiben. Verändern wir nichts, erfinden und entdecken wir nichts, weil es besser, als es jetzt ist, nicht sein kann, und wenn doch, dann wollen wir es nicht.«

Die Information

Author: James Gleick
Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft
ISBN: 9783864142246
Release Date: 2011-10-13
Genre: Science

Blut, Treibstoff, Lebensprinzip - in seinem furiosen Buch erzählt Bestsellerautor James Gleick, wie die Information zum Kernstück unserer heutigen Zivilisation wurde. Beginnend bei den Wörtern, den "sprechenden" Trommeln in Afrika, über das Morsealphabet und bis hin zur Internetrevolution beleuchtet er, wie die Übermittlung von Informationen die Gesellschaften prägten und veränderten. Gleick erläutert die Theorien, die sich mit dem Codieren und Decodieren, der Übermittlung von Inhalten und dem Verbreiten der Myriaden von Botschaften beschäftigen. Er stellt die bekannten und unbekannten Pioniere der Informationsgesellschaft vor: Claude Shannon, Norbert Wiener, Ada Byron, Alan Turing und andere. Er bietet dem Leser neue Einblicke in die Mechanismen des Informationsaustausches. So lernt dieser etwa die sich selbst replizierende Meme kennen, die "DNA" der Informationen. Sein Buch ermöglicht ein neues Verständnis von Musik, Quantenmechanik - und eine gänzlich neue Sicht auf die faszinierende Welt der Informationen.

The Cybernetics of Art

Author: M. J. Rosenberg
Publisher: Gordon & Breach Science Pub
ISBN: STANFORD:36105031960839
Release Date: 1983
Genre: Computers


The Skinner

Author: Neal Asher
Publisher: Pan Macmillan
ISBN: 9780330465403
Release Date: 2009-08-21
Genre: Fiction

IS IMMORTALITY WORTH THE PRICE? The savage ocean planet of Spatterjay draws visitors with very different agendas. Erlin is immortal and seeks a reason to keep living. Janer hosts a hive mind, which paid him to find this planet. And Keech is an agent of Earth who’s been dead for seven hundred years – but still hunts a notorious criminal. On Spatterjay’s vast waterscapes, only the Old Captains risk the native life forms and their voracious appetites. However, they are now barely human. And somewhere out there Keech’s target – the Skinner – runs wild. Keech pursues the Skinner for atrocities committed in a centuries-past war, fought with the alien Prador. But one of these Prador is fast approaching Spatterjay to exterminate witnesses to his own war crimes. And he won’t spare its visitors.