The Design of Coffee provides a non-mathematical introduction to chemical engineering, as illustrated by the roasting and brewing of coffee. Hands-on coffee experiments demonstrate key engineering principles, including material balances, chemical kinetics, mass transfer, fluid mechanics, conservation of energy, and colloidal phenomena. The experiments lead to an engineering design competition where contestants strive to make the best tasting coffee using the least amount of energy - a classic engineering optimization problem, but one that is both fun and tasty! Anybody with access to a sink, electricity, and inexpensive coffee roasting and brewing equipment can do these experiments, either as part of a class or with your friends at home. The Design of Coffee will help you understand how to think like an engineer - and how to make excellent coffee! This revised second edition presents streamlined lab experiences, adds new bonus material on industrial coffee operations, and includes a new lab experience focused on sensory analysis during traditional cupping of coffee. FEATURES: * Covers all aspects of making coffee, from green beans to the final brew * Does not require calculus or college-level chemistry * Emphasizes the scientific method and introductory data analysis with guided data sheets and lab report questions * Includes 10 full experiments, each with background on key concepts, overview of necessary equipment, and detailed instructions: Lab 0 - Safety Overview and Introduction to Tasting Coffee Lab 1 - Reverse Engineering a Drip Coffee Brewer Lab 2 - Process Flow Diagram and Mass Balances for Coffee Lab 3 - The pH of Coffee and Chemical Reactions Lab 4 - Measuring the Energy Used to Make Coffee Lab 5 - Mass Transfer and Flux during Brewing Lab 6 - Coffee as a Colloidal Fluid and the Effect of Filtration Lab 7 - First Design Trials: Optimizing Strength & Extraction Lab 8 - Second Design Trials: Scaling Up to 1 Liter of Coffee Lab 9 - Design Competition and Blind Taste Panel
Author: Robert W. Thurston
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Release Date: 2018-10-08
This engaging guide to coffee explains its history, cultivation, and culture, as well as the major factors influencing the industry today. The first book that coffee lovers naturally will turn to, it will also appeal to anyone interested in globalization, climate change, and social justice.
Author: Patrick W. Jordan
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date: 2002-08-22
Genre: Technology & Engineering
Human factors considerations are increasingly being incorporated into the product design process. Users are seen more as being important factors in the overall look and usability of products than just as passive users. We are now treated as cognitive and physical components of the person/product system. The author, who is one of the leading lights in the field of cognitive ergonomics, looks at approaches that assume that if a task can be accomplished with a reasonable degree of efficiency and within acceptable levels of comfort, then the product can be seen as fitting to the user. In this book it is argued that in practice these approaches can be dehumanizing. People are more than merely physical and cognitive processors. They have hopes, fears, dreams, values and aspirations, indeed these are the very things that make us human. Designing Pleasurable Products looks both at and beyond usability, considering how products can appeal to use holistically, leading to products that are a joy to own.
Author: Jari Nurmi
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Release Date: 2004-07-20
In Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC, we have tried to create a comprehensive understanding about on-chip interconnect characteristics, design methodologies, layered views on different abstraction levels and finally about applying the interconnect-centric design in system-on-chip design. Traditionally, on-chip communication design has been done using rather ad-hoc and informal approaches that fail to meet some of the challenges posed by next-generation SOC designs, such as performance and throughput, power and energy, reliability, predictability, synchronization, and management of concurrency. To address these challenges, it is critical to take a global view of the communication problem, and decompose it along lines that make it more tractable. We believe that a layered approach similar to that defined by the communication networks community should also be used for on-chip communication design. The design issues are handled on physical and circuit layer, logic and architecture layer, and from system design methodology and tools point of view. Formal communication modeling and refinement is used to bridge the communication layers, and network-centric modeling of multiprocessor on-chip networks and socket-based design will serve the development of platforms for SoC and NoC integration. Interconnect-centric Design for Advanced SoC and NoC is concluded by two application examples: interconnect and memory organization in SoCs for advanced set-top boxes and TV, and a case study in NoC platform design for more generic applications.
Author: IEEE Computer Society
Publisher: IEEE Computer Society
Release Date: 1996
Presents papers from the September 1996 conference discussing the application of automated reasoning, knowledge representation, and other artificial intelligence techniques to software engineering problems, with emphasis on constructing and working with software artifacts and processes using knowledge-based techniques. Coverage includes synthesis, verification and validation, knowledge-based environments, and reverse engineering, with papers on areas including applying plan recognition algorithms to program understanding, and synthesis of local search algorithms by algebraic means. No index. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
Intended to serve as a primary text for Product Design, Capstone Design, or Design for Manufacturing, PRODUCT DESIGN FOR ENGINEERS explores techniques for managing innovation, entrepreneurship, and design. Students are introduced to the creative problem-solving method for product success through case studies that explore issues of design for assembly, disassembly, reliability, maintainability, and sustainability. The book's interdisciplinary approach, step-by-step coverage, and helpful illustrations and charts provide mechanical, industrial, aerospace, manufacturing, and automotive engineering students with everything they need to design cost-effective, innovative products that meet customer needs. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Author: Larry L. Constantine
Publisher: Pearson Education
Release Date: 1999-04-07
In the quest for quality, software developers have long focused on improving the internal architecture of their products. Larry L. Constantine--who originally created structured design to effect such improvement--now joins with well-known consultant Lucy A. D. Lockwood to turn the focus of software development to the external architecture. In this book, they present the models and methods of a revolutionary approach to software that will help programmers deliver more usable software--software that will enable users to accomplish their tasks with greater ease and efficiency. Recognizing usability as the key to successful software, Constantine and Lockwood provide concrete tools and techniques that programmers can employ to meet that end. Much more than just another set of rules for good user-interface design, this book guides readers through a systematic software development process. This process, called usage-centered design, weaves together two major threads in software development methods: use cases (also used with UML) and essential modeling. With numerous examples and case studies of both conventional and specialized software applications, the authors illustrate what has been shown in practice to work and what has proved to be of greatest practical value. Highlights Presents a streamlined process for developing highly usable software Describes practical methods and models successfully implemented in industry Complements modern development practices, including the Unified Process and other object-oriented software engineering approaches
Taking a unique "engineering" approach that will help readers gain a grasp of not just how but also why networks work the way they do, this book includes the very latest network technology--including the first practical treatment of Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). The CD-ROM contains an invaluable network simulator.
Author: Phillip A. Laplante
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date: 2011-10-24
The leading text in the field explains step by step how to writesoftware that responds in real time From power plants to medicine to avionics, the worldincreasingly depends on computer systems that can compute andrespond to various excitations in real time. The Fourth Editionof Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis gives softwaredesigners the knowledge and the tools needed to create real-timesoftware using a holistic, systems-based approach. The text coverscomputer architecture and organization, operating systems, softwareengineering, programming languages, and compiler theory, all fromthe perspective of real-time systems design. The Fourth Edition of this renowned text brings itthoroughly up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications. This fully updated edition includes coverage of thefollowing concepts: Multidisciplinary design challenges Time-triggered architectures Architectural advancements Automatic code generation Peripheral interfacing Life-cycle processes The final chapter of the text offers an expert perspective onthe future of real-time systems and their applications. The text is self-contained, enabling instructors and readers tofocus on the material that is most important to their needs andinterests. Suggestions for additional readings guide readers tomore in-depth discussions on each individual topic. In addition,each chapter features exercises ranging from simple to challengingto help readers progressively build and fine-tune their ability todesign their own real-time software programs. Now fully up to date with the latest technological advances andapplications in the field, Real-Time Systems Design andAnalysis remains the top choice for students and softwareengineers who want to design better and faster real-time systems atminimum cost.
Based around a core of design activities, this book presents the design function as a systematic and disciplined process, the objective of which is to create innovative products that satisfy customer needs. The author is widely regarded as a foremost authority on an integrated approach to product engineering. Highly suitable for all students in engineering, industrial design, architecture and computer science, as well as for the professional engineer and designer who will find in it a very useful framework to assist their design practice.